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capitulate. On the 27th, the English took possession of the fort and town, with the islands of Cape Breton and Prince Edward, and nearly all the coast to the mouth of the St. Lawrence. Wolfe was the soul and genius of the expedition, and Pitt, clear-headed enough to see to whom honor was due, resolved to reward effective officers, regardless of precedents and family lineage. General activity prevailed throughout the colonies. The generous voice of Pitt inspired the Americans with such hope and enthusiasm as they had never before known. While Amherst and Wolfe were conquering in the east, Abercrombie and young Lord Howe were leading seven thousand regulars and nine thousand provincials through the forests of the upper Hudson and over Lake George, against the French stronghold at Ticonderoga. On the 1st of July, an army of fifteen thousand was at the head of Lake George. If Wolfe was the genius of the eastern campaign, Howe was of the north. He was a military Lycurgus, introducing sweeping reforms in the army. Ornament in dress was abolished. He caused the hair of his soldiers and officers to be cut short to prevent maladies engendered by wet locks. He shortened the muskets to make them more convenient in tangled woods, and had the barrels painted black to prevent discovery by their glitter.
He made his men wear leggins, like the Indians,
and the first intimation which the outposts of the
through the fight, “never once seeing the flash of a French musket.” Colonel Bradstreet, after earnest solicitation, was permitted to lead three thousand men against Fort Frontenac (on the site of Kings. ton, Canada), which, on the 27th of August, was captured, with the shipping in the harbor; so English dominion over Lake Ontario was secured. Though he lost but three men in the fight, five hundred perished from a malignant camp fever which broke out soon afterward. With the remainder, he assisted in building Fort Stanwix, on the site of the town of Rome, on the upper Mohawk. Meanwhile, Abercrombie, after garrisoning Fort George, which had been built near the head of the lake, returned with the remainder of his troops to Albany. The body of Lord Howe was conveyed to that city by Captain Philip Schuyler and placed in the family vault. Though Montcalm did not follow the retreating English, he was not idle. He strengthened Ticonderoga, and sent out scouting parties to annoy the English and capture their foragers. These scouting parties were closely watched by rangers under Rogers and Israel Putnam. The skirmishes and adventures of these daring men would fill volumes. On one occasion, Captain Molang, a French officer, had captured some English supply wagons, and Rogers and Putnam hastened with their rangers