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THE LITERARY NEWS IN ENGLAND
THE end of the season always forms a
been astute in confining his output mainly point in the progress of the year to books dealing with the political side of where we can mark time; and far removed South Africa. Mr. Fitzpatrick's essay, as Society—with the big S, which suggests “ The Transvaal from Within,” was the Park and an endless succession of great success, and another volume, “The smart frocks—may be from anything in- Rise and Fall of Krugerism,” made a hit. tellectual, the end of the season serves to
Mr. Heinemann has also issued
“ The remind us forcibly of the poverty of the South Africa Conspiracy,” by Mr. F. W. book world and the complete failure of Bell. The manuscript was one of the few the playhouses. In fact, the effects of the belongings of the author rescued from the war are now beginning to be felt with steamer Mexican, which was run into off some force. It is many years since busi- Cape Town. ness has been so bad, telling especially on And yet, despite the dullness of the advertisement revenues; and in the mat- days, we have had a new publisher in the ter of luxuries, such as books, the shop- person of Mr. Brimley Johnson, who bekeepers have wry faces. One firm of pub- gan his career with “ Two Stage Plays," lishers has been unable to meet its credit- by Lucy Snowe, which is evidently a ors with twenty shillings in the pound, pseudonym borrowed from the Brontës. while other houses have scarcely ventured Mr. Brimley Johnson has done some good to do more than supply books for the critical work, and knows a good book passing hour. Even this has been largely when he sees it; but the publication of overdone, so that war books are a drug in belles-lettres, pure and simple, does not, as the market, and the publishers are now a rule, bring much beyond kudos to a pubturning to the crisis in China with all sorts lisher. Mr. Johnson has started, like most of wares to allure customers. Indeed, of the younger men, in the West. nothing has been so marked in the book Several biographies are announced, world than the ease with which books on among which the most interesting is Mr. matters of topical interest are rushed out, Morley's “ Cromwell,” which the Macreminding one of the dead days of pamph- millans will issue in the autumn. Mr. A. leteering
W. Pollard, who is assisting him in preEvery one of the besieged cities in South paring the sketch for book form, is an OxAfrica has had two and sometimes three
He is an assistant in the Libook historians, and the campaigns car- brary of the British Museum, where Mr. ried on for their relief have been even Morley, who is one of the trustees, has more minutely described. By the time been an assiduous reader of late in connecthis letter appears most of the correspond- tion with his forthcoming life of Mr. ents will have returned home, and unless Gladstone. Mr. Pollard has done some the publishers grow chary, the congestion good work in Chauceriana. Another of war literature will be more acute. One librarian at work on a biography (the of the more recent war books is a history“Life of Tolstoi ") is Mr. Hagbert Wright of the siege of Mafeking, written by Mr. of the London Library in St. James's J. Angus Hamilton, who is a stepson of Square. He is the brother of Professor Mr. A. W. Pinero, and who went out on Wright, the pathologist at Netley, who has behalf of the Times. Mr. Heinemann has had much to do in introducing the enteric
anti-toxine for our troops in South Africa. of the D'Urbervilles,” which is scarcely a A life of the late Field-Marshall Sir Don- book for the crowd, is going into that ald Stewart, who died quite recently, and form. Miss Corelli, who met with an acwas buried on the day his Indian suc- cident the other week when out driving, cessor, Sir George White, reached Eng- is reported to have received £5,000 on land from Ladysmith, may also be ex. account of the royalty for her new novel, pected in the autumn. One of Sir Don- « The Master Christian," while Mr. Hall ald's sons has gone to China with some Caine has got £1,500 for the serial rights of our Indian troops. The second has
of “The Eternal City," which will appear been fighting in Kumasi. A third inter- in Pearson's new magazine for women, esting biography of a modern will be that Miss Corelli made some good friends at of the late Professor Gordon Blaikie, Stratford-on-Avon recently when she met whose son, Mr. Walter Blaikie, is identi- the members of “The Whitefriar's Club," fied with the great printing firm of Con- a body of very staid Bohemians who have stable in Edinburgh. It is announced that since visited Mr. George Meredith at Boxthe Blacks are to incorporate " Men and hill. Mr. J. M. Barrie is gradually beWomen of the Time" in their ingenious coming more interested in playwriting “ Who's Who?” having acquired the copy- than in novels, much to the regret of some right from the Routledges. The rumor of his early friends. He has finished two that Mr. Winston Spencer-Churchill is to new plays-one for the Haymarket-and write his father's life has attracted much is engaged on a third. A new writer of attention.
fiction has come forth in the shape of Mr. Mrs. Craigie has not made the success Oliver Onions. His “Compleat Bachelor' one anticipated with “Robert Orange,” has been issued by Mr. Murray, who is the sequel to “The School for Saints.' venturing fiction to a much greater extent That the latter romance should have been than he was wont. published in a sixpenny form argues for The rumored intention of Ibsen to visit its popularity, and is encouraging in view Orkney and Shetland in the autumn of the great sales of novels absolutely de- should draw attention to the charm of void of brains; but Mrs. Craigie has taken Ultima Thule. The islands remain most herself a little too seriously in “Robert markedly Scandinavian in their characterOrange," which bears the marks of a la- istics to this day, and Ibsen, who has boriousness which is not always enliven- Scots blood in his veins, is said to have ing. She is at her best when she is flip- several relatives there. The Shetlanders pant. She has written a new play which still speak of the people on the mainland will be produced early in the new year at
across the Pentland Frith as “foreigners.” the Haymarket Theatre. She has been They have an interesting literature of spending part of the summer with her their own and are represented in London father at Steephill Castle, in the Isle of by the Viking Society, which includes Wight, which has been the temporary Danes and Norwegians as well. One of home of the late Empress of Austria and the most distinguished literary writers the ex-Queen of Naples. Miss Helen from Orkney is Sir George Robertson, Mathers, the author of “Comin' Thro’ who made his mark with a book on the the Rye,” used to visit the Castle in “ Defence of Chitral," where he was seformer years.
verely wounded. The sixpenny reissue of modern novels M. Brunetière is going to spend a holihas again begun to boom, for even “ Tess day in Scotland with a view to studying
the vernacular and the influence of French the “ Bull & Mouth of the West," as the literature upon early Scots verse. This is hotel was known, under an arch, which a most fascinating subject, which was was abolished in 1851, when many imbrilliantly dealt with by Michel. Differ- provements were carried out. The early ent as the peoples are, there remains to Victoria stucco still remains, but iu recent this day far more affinity between the years the lower part has been completely Scots and the French, than between the remodelled on the lines of a first-rate French and the English proper. It is
It is restaurant, which has very little flavor of most interesting to work out the connec- the Pickwick period. Apropos of Rochtion between the metres used by Burns ester I may note that Cobham Park, deand the metres of the old French verse- scribed in “ Pickwick,” is the property of makers, as exampled by ballades and ron- Lord Jarnley, who threw it open the other deaux more especially. Several French · week for a soldiers' and sailors' fête. and Belgian scholars are working at this Another old inn in the market is “ The problem at the moment.
Bell” at Edmundton, immortalized in The proposal to destroy some of the “John Gilpin.” Mosseil Inn, which stands printed material in the British Museum between Hawick and Langholme, has just has raised keen opposition, and it now
It is not only associated appears that the trustees of the museum with Scott, who frequently stayed there, are promoting the bill because the treas- but the prototype of Sam Weller's father ury will not give them money to extend is believed to have been Tom Laidlaw, a buildings until they have destroyed what well-known character, who used to frethe treasury considers rubbish. During quent this old hostelry. While on the last year there was a slight decrease in the subject of literary topography, which is number of students in the reading-room, less appreciated by us than by Americans, the daily average being 627. The museum I may remark that Mr. Kipling has desometimes suffers from the book thief, nied that he was called Rudyard after the who has a fine field in London.
Only the lake in North Staffordshire, near which other day a thief stole the colored plate of his father and mother are fondly believed “The Descent of Madame Sanguie" from to have become betrothed. Mr. Kipling Thornton's “Don Juan," whilst that work writes that “so far as he knows there is was on view at Puttick & Simpson's, who no connection between his family and the have recently remodelled their historic place named Rudyard.” premises (Sir Joshua Reynolds's house) in Several new journalistic ventures are Leicester Square. The experience of li- announced, the three great competing brarians who have tried the readers’access firms being specially involved. Pearson to lending-library shelves has not been is to start a new magazine for women. very happy in this country.
Sir George Newnes has started The TravThe recent appearance in the market of eller, which deals with all sorts of travel. the Golden ('ross Hotel, Charing-cross, Two of Mr. Alfred Ilarmsworth's brothers serves to remind us that it was from there (Cecil and Hildebrand) are to edit that Mr. Pickwick and his friends began monthly called the New Liberal Review. their journeys on the Rochester Coach. The Review will be the organ of Liberal Dickens was specially devoted to it, for Imperialism. Its appearance from the he introduced it in “ David Copperfield,” house of Harmsworth is exceedingly inMr. Peggotty having often visited David teresting, for the firm do not champion there. In Dickens's day the coach left lost causes. They have enormous facili
ties for floating new ventures, so that the torship of the Pall Mall Magazine, which fact of their issuing a journal of this kind Mr. Astor is understood to be anxious to does not argue much for the success of the sell. “Little Englanders," who are in such a Visitors to the Paris Exhibition who minority at the present moment, what- are interested in book-making should exever the future may bring forth. The amine the fine collection of books sent by fact that the Harmsworths should embark the English publishers. I think they on such a venture is also hopeful for the will note a very marked improvement in whole journalism of ideas which runs the general format of our books, while such risks of becoming quite obliterated the question of paper will be found to by the art of the unrelated fact. Lord
Lord have been tackled, though by no means Frederick Hamilton is to resign the edi- solved.
J. M. Bulloch.
NOTES OF RARE BOOKS
T is always a kindness to the seeker after defi- known English authority ; Incunabula at
nite and accurate information to call his Grenoble,” by R. Proctor, and other interesting
attention to some new source of positive items. knowledge, or to suggest some way in which The third number presents as a frontispiece the
bag his game more successfully. face of our Librarian of Congress, Mr. Herbert A propos of this remark, there has been started in Putnam. Among other articles of more than London—or more accurately revived—a new passing interest to the collector, may be mentioned quarterly, entitled The Library. The Decem- English Royal Collectors,” by W. Y. Fletcher ; ber, March and June nuinbers are issued, and “The Children's Books That Have Lived," by everything that ink, paper and good taste can do Charles Welsh ; “ The British Museum Revised to make it appeal to the elect has been done. Rules for Cataloguing,” by H. B. Wheatley. AlEach number has a photogravure of some impor- together, the first three numbers are thoroughly tant collector or librarian, and the text is particu- informing and attractive, besides being well illuslarly interesting to the collector. The initial trated. number contains such articles as "A Sketch of Readers of the London Atheneum will doubtDr. Garnett,” apparently by Mr. Macalister, the less recall that in 1894 Mr. J. Dykes Campbell editor; The Paper Duties of 1696–1713 : Their (who always signed his erudite communications Effect on the Printing and Allied Trades," by Mr. J. D. C.) started an inquiry concerning the first Macfarlane, of the British Museum ; “ Catalogue four editions of Lord Byron's " English Bards and of Danton's Library,” by H. Belloc, the biogra- Scotch Reviewers.” From that day until the pher of Danton ; “ Woodcuts in English Plays," present much information has been brought to by Alfred W. Pollard, the English secretary of light concerning the original as well as spurious the Bibliographical Society, and many other editions, and it may be of interest to the collector shorter articles.
to summarize this information, as the mazes of The second number contains a frontispiece of bibliography are not interesting reading where Mr. R. C. Christie, who combines in one person
the facts are all that are sought for. Briefly “the hobbies of the book-fancier with the tools of stated, the facts are these : The first edition was the scholar,” and a brief sketch of his life by the issued in March, 1809, by Cawthorn ; by the end editor ; an article by Dr. Garnett on “Early of April the author was engaged in preparing a Spanish-American Printing”; the Edinburgh second edition. The genuine first edition is to be edition of Sidney's “Arcadia.” by II. R. Plomer; recognized by being printed on thick paper, with “Three Recently Discovered Bindings with Little the water-mark “E. & P. 180.5” on it. The poem Giddings Stamp," by Cyril Davenport, the well- contained 696 lines, and was printed on 54 pages.
On the verso of page 54 is the imprimatur, in italics, of “ T. Collins, Printer, Harveys Buildings, Strand.” Some copies have a leaf of advertisement at the end, containing Cawthorn's list of books.
Besides this first edition two spurious ones were issued, easily recognizable-one having no watermark, and one having water-mark dated 1812.
In the second edition Byron added over 400 lines, making the total 1,050, and the pages were 86 instead of 54. On the recto of page 85, at the bottom of the page, is Deans & Co., Hart Street, Covent Garden ”; on the verso an advertisement announcing a novel entitled “Henry, Count de Kolinski, a Polish Tale.” So far as known, there was no spurious issue of this edition.
In the case of the third edition the complications and intricacies are more numerous, but the evidence points to the following identification of the genuine first issue of the third edition. It has the date 1810 on the title-page, the paper has the water-mark “E, & P. 1804." This seems to have
been re-printed many times with water-marks bearing the dates 1812, 1815, 1816, 1817 and 1818. Many printer's errors occur in the reprints.
In the case of the fourth edition there are two issues, one containing one thousand and fifty lines, and the date 1810, and another containing two lines more and dated 1811, this latter might really be classed as a fifth edition, or a fourth edition with variations, as the investigators might elect.
There is evidence of much weight that the edition bearing the date 1811 is the genuine fourth, while that of 1810 is spurious. The imprint on this fourth edition runs thus, and may help the collector to identify his edition: “London: / Printed for James Cawthorn, British Library, No. 24, | Cockspur Street ; and Sharpe and Hailes, Piccadilly | 1811. | We are all waiting for the Bibliography to be published in the new edition of Byron edited by his grandson, the Earl of Lovelace. In the meantime we have to be contented with such information as we have on the subject.
Ernest Dressel North.
THE POET'S HERITAGE
Some men have wealth and vast estates,
I Like no book whose hero goes And acres broad and palace gates;
Page after page through desert prose, One is a prince and one a king,
And wanders wearily along And one an humble underling.
Far from the happy hills of song. And lo! the poet, what hath he,
For me a heroine who trips That he doth trudge so merrily ?
With lilting lyrics on her lips, About his happy footsteps throng
And lovelight in her eyes sublime, A thousand little waifs of song.
By rippling rivulets of rhyme. - From “A Book of Verses.” By Robert Loveman. By permission of The J. B. Lippincott Co.