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is not so.

He shows in his essays the in- written, in the style of the reminiscences evitable historic conflict between science of an eye witness of it all; indeed, it is and religion, the gains of the former over very well possible that the author obtained the latter ; the discrediting of theology her information from contemporaries of in the intellectual advancement of the McLoughlin and Whitman, as well as race; and the validity of the modern from documents and books. [A. C. Mcsceptic's position. Few will deny the Clurg & Co., 12mo, $1.50.] logical clearness, the candor and the sweet Attractively printed and bound, Mr. spirit of reasonableness that pervade the Leon H. Vincent's little volume on the argument, which is, in the author's plan origin of the French salon, Hótel Ramthe successive re-statement of a few prin- bouillet, deserves the attention of students ciples. The papers are refreshingly free of French literature. It is little more from the theologic odium pertaining to than a sketch, but here and there in its the religious polemic as such. To the pages we get glimpses of so thorough a affirmative religionist Mr. Burroughs's knowledge of the times, the literary lights mistake will be that he does not give due and conditions of seventeenth-century place to that side of man's nature which France, that we are willingly, gladly makes faith as authentic as the processes even, led to the conclusion that Mr. Vinof reasoning. Yet perhaps this would be cent is preparing to follow up this introhardly fair to the author, for again and ductory study of a fascinating subject again in his treatment he emphasizes the with a more extended work. That he is importance of this tap-root of the religious thoroughly equipped for the task is eviinstinct ; and the lovely and familiar dent from his little volume, for, when he poem of his own, with which he intro. drops for a moment the main thread of duces his book, plainly declares that he too his narrative to draw the picture of one hopes, even against reason. [Houghton, of the characters in its throng, he at once Mifflin & Co., 12mo, $1.50.]

arrests our attention and holds it. The One of the most picturesque chapters in Marquise de Rambouillet ranks with the the history of the winning of the West is many women who have shaped French dealt with in Eva Emery Dye’s Mc Lough- intellectual life. She was the first to lin and Old Oregon, for, while the famous practice—which is preaching by example governor of the Hudson's Bay Company -the equality of brains and achievement west of the Rockies is its central figure, with birth and blood. Only a grande the book deals largely with the first dame could do it in her day; only a woman Americans who ventured into that wilder- of note can do it in ours. The study is ness and saved it for the Union, foremost not confined to the Hôtel de Rambouillet, among them Dr. Whitman, whose famous but includes also a clear review of the ride across the continent to secure the salons that succeeded it—those of the country for the United States is retold Précieuses ; and here again we are struck here. The book is not a history, but by the thoroughness of treatment, the rerather a series of sketches of the condition markable usefulness to the student of of the country, the life at the Hudson's these pages. They will find their way Bay posts and of the hunters and settlers, unaided into the hands of the small circle of the hardships the emigrants endured of those to whom they appeal. The pubon the long trip from the East, of the In- lishers have been most felicitous in giving dians and the work of the missionaries the book a daintily appropriate dress. around them. It is vivid and attractively [Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 16mo, $1.00.]

How answer you that ?

MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM iii. 1.

EDITED BY ROSSITER JOHNSON

[TO CONTRIBUTORS:-Queries must be brief, must relate to literature or authors, and must be of some general interest. Answers are solicited, and must be prefaced with the numbers of the questions referred to. Queries and ansuers, written on one side only of the paper, should be sent to the Editor of THE BOOK BÜYER, Charles Scribner's Sons, 15.3-157 Fifth Avenue, New York ]

L. P. W.

488.– Will you please inform me where Win. ston Churchill, author of “Richard Carvel,” was born ? As I understand it, there are two Winston Churchills-one an American and the other an Englishman. Will you please tell me which of the two is the author of Richard Carvel,” and what are his parents' names ?

The author of Richard Carvel ” was born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1871, and was graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1894. We do not know his parents' names. The other Winston Churchill, whose second name is Spencer, is a son of the late Lord Randolph Churchill. His mother was Miss Jerome, of New York, and has just become Mrs. George Cornwallis West. He has been in South Africa as a war correspondent.

491.-I am going to ask what I feel sure you will consider a very foolish question. If a lady enter into a literary partnership with a man who is a writer as well as herself, would it be believed by the readers of their joint novel, that there was an intimate friendship between the writers, or would it be regarded merely as a business partnership, like any other ? Are literary partnerships of this kind formed with no particular friendly relations between the parties, and where they could not be except in a business way?

Such partnerships have been formed on business principles, as where one writer was strong in construction of plot, and the other in delineation of character; but it is hardly conceivable that one could exist without some measure of friendship and sympathy. No such mechanical combination as would tan a hide and construct from it a pair of boots could be relied upon for producing liter

M. K. B.

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483.— In Kipling's volume, “ The Seven Seas"? (New York, 1896), the first half of the last verse of “The Song of the Banjo" reads as follows: " The grandam of my grandam was the Lyre

(O the blue below the little fisher-huts :) That the stealer stooping beach ward filled with fire,

Till she bore my iron head and ringing guts!" These lines are omitted in the subscription edition (New York, 1899) and the following are substituted :

492.-Referring to Stevenson's “ Vailima Letters," a correspondent asks me to give the pronunciation of · Vailima" and tell what language it comes from. I have endeavored to get this information from the books themselves, but have not been successful. I judge that the name belongs to the Samoan language, whatever that may be ; but I would like exact information, and especially how the vowels are sounded and how the syllables are accented.

The word is pronounced, as nearly as the sound can be indicated by letters: Vahy-lee-ma, in three syllables. The vowel sound in the first syllable is a little broader than

“Of the driven dust of speech I make a flame,

And a scourge of broken withes that men let fall ; For the words that had no honour till I came

Lo! I raise them into honour over all!" Can you tell me who made this change, why it was made, and what the new verse means ?

0. S. H. The change could have been made by no one but Mr. Kipling himself. It is very common for poets to make changes (sometimes radical ones) in successive editions of their work.

A. T. H. B.

6 vi."

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493.—Where can I find the quotation beginning with the line : “This is the Virgin Mary's land” ?

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M. S. L.

494:-(1) Can you tell me what general Spanish histories have been published ? I have seen Ober's and Harrison's, but think there must be others.

(2) I have heard that T. Jenkins Hains, the author of the -- Wind-Jammers," was in the Cuban war. Will you tell me if that was so, and in what regiment and company he served ?

II. B.

and resurrection alone, and of the life, works and words of Jesus he apparently knew nothing.

S. W.

(1) It can hardly be said that any satisfactory general history of Spain has been written. The older ones are confusing and to some extent contradictory, and this necessarily diminishes the value of later ones that have used them as authorities. There is an unfinished one by the Madrid Academy of History. A pretty good history of the Spanish peninsula, for the ordinary reader, was published in Philadelphia many years ago, and may be found in some public libraries, but it brings down the story only to the close of the eighteenth century.

(2) Address him in care of his father, Gen. Peter C. Hains, 812 St. Paul St., Baltimore.

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ANSWERS 386.- I cannot tell H. C. “ where to find a little poem on the words . It is more blessed to give than to receive,'" but can he tell me where to find the words he quotes ? “ Acts xx, 35,” he says, but there Paul simply quotes them from an unknown

It is a little singular that in this, the only occasion when Paul attempts to quote any words of Jesus, he gives us a sentence which none of the biographers, the writers of the gospels, in any way substantiate. Paul preaches the death

source.

447.-(1) Charles F. Lummis writes that he believes he was the originator of the expression “ Armchair Historian,” which he first used in 1888, and repeated in his “Land of Poco Tiempo" (1893).

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