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[From a photograph by Lambert.]

KENNETH GRAHAME a frontispiece in colors, and will include

[From a photograph by Hollyer.] mention of all the most famous belles of the different sections of our country dur

edition of “The Golden Age,” with Par

rish's pictures, which appeared last year. ing each decade of the century.

Among other forthcoming books with the

same imprint are two volumes of fiction, The noteworthy fiction announced by

Scruples,” by Thomas Cobb, and “Love the Appletons this autumn includes of Comrades,” by Frank Mathew-both Maarten Maartens's “ Some Women I

better known in England than here. For Have Known” and a new story by Ellen the new portraits of these writers we are Thorneycroft Fowler, entitled “Cupid's indebted to the courtesy of the publisher. Garden,” two volumes that invite the attention of critical readers and are sure of A new volume of C. D. Gibson's draw. a generous welcome from the general ing called “ Americans,” heads the list of public.

Mr. Robert Howard Russell's announce

ments of autumn publications. Over A new edition of Kenneth Grahame’s ninety pictures are included in the Gibson charming “ Dream Days," with a quantity book, and about the same number of of illustrations by Maxfield Parrish, re- drawings by A. B. Wenzell will be issued produced in photogravure, is announced in a similar volume, with the title, “ The by Mr. John Lane. The book will be in Passing Show.” Besides these and a lot some sense a companion volume to the of attractive picture books for children

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ALLEYNE IRELAND

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FRANK MATHEW
[From a photograph by Giacomo Brogi.]

the colonization of the tropics by white and older readers--among them a book of races. In addition to the study of the child verses by Miss Helen Hay, il- political, historical and economic aspects lustrated in color by Mr. Frank Ver of his subject, Mr. Ireland made a thorBeck—Mr. Russell announces a fine edi- ough investigation of labor conditions in tion of “ L'Aiglon,” in which Miss Maude the tropics. While engaged in this part Adams is billed to play, this autumn; an of his work he accepted the position of edition of the “Knickerbocker History overseer on several sugar estates in the of New York,” handsomely printed and West Indies and in South America. The illustrated with eight large drawings by result of these investigations has been outMaxfield Parrish; a series of drawings by lined in two books, “Demerariana Essays, William Nicholson, called “Characters of Historical, Critical and Descriptive," Romance,” in which Mr. Nicholson has and “Tropical Colonization;" and in a outdone his own excellence; Pinero's number of addresses and magazine articles. “ Gay Lord Quex," and a long list of at- The work on which he is now engaged tractive books of minor importance. and which will appear in November, is

entitled “China and the Powers; a Brief Mr. Alleyne Ireland, the author of “ The History of Chinese Intercourse with the Anglo-Boer Conflict,” was born at Man- United States, Great Britain, Russia, chester, England, and educated abroad. France, Germany and Japan.” Mr. Ire

He has lived for some time in this land's object in writing this book is to country and for the past thirteen years place within handy compass the leading has devoted himself to the study of facts of Chinese foreign relations, from with the Russian navy. This he has made good use of in the preparation of the “Life” which the Scribner's have just published in two handsome volumes.

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AUGUSTUS C. BUELL

The illustrated chronicle of “Lord Leighton, P. R. A.,” by Ernest Rhys, just published by the Macmillan Company, affords a very complete survey of the famous academician's life and work, and contains two photogravures and about eighty half tone reproductions of his pictures. Another notable book issued by the same firm is “Roman Art; Some of its Principles and their Application to Early Christian Painting," by Franz Wickhoff. It is illustrated with fourteen plates and eighty half tone reproductions

in the text. “Fra Angelico and his Art," the earliest times down to the present. by Langton Douglas with sixty-four illusThe book is in no sense a war book, but a

trations, among which are some fine photowork of reference for the use of those who gravures, is still another book of note from have not the time to read the many vol

the same publishers. umes which cover the relations of China with the great powers. It may be added Mr. Oliver Herford has had a prolonged that Mr. Ireland's chapter on “The interval of industry this autumn, and part United States and China” will be the

of the fruits thereof are to be seen in two first complete account of American inter

of the season's new books. “Overheard in course with China that has yet been at

a Garden," is the title of a collection of tempted.

his verses and pictures which the Scribners are to bring out very soon.

It will his portrait of the author of “ Paul include many rhymes and drawings not Jones: Founder of the American Navy," previously published, and will be a rival the new historical biography of the fam- to that much admired brochure “ The ous patriot, privateer or pirate, as he is Bashful Earthquake, and Other Poems," variously regarded by prejudiced and un- which was successful from its day of pubprejudiced minds, is made from a recent lication, last year. Moreover, Mr. Herphotograph. Mr. Buell is a ship-builder ford has done some thoroughly delightful associated with the great business of work in illustrating a new fairy book by the Cramps, in Philadelphia, who has Mrs. Mabel Osgood Wright, “ The Dream found interest and relaxation for years in Fox Story Book," which the Macmillans the study of Paul Jones's career. A few have in press. Mrs. Wright's story is as years ago he went to Russia on business charming as her earlier books, and Mr. for his firm, and while there came across Herford has contributed more than eighty a great quantity of entirely new material capital pictures. regarding Paul Jones and his connection

The Rambler.

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VIEW OF TAE STRAND, SHOWING (ON THE LEFT) THE OFFICE OF THE OLD Morning Chronicle, WHERE DICKENS WAS EMPLOYED FROM 1835 to 1836, AND THE CHURCH OF ST. MARY IN WHICH HIS PARENTS WERE MARRIED

[From a photograph by Lionel Gowing.) ** To the wholesome training of severe newspaper work, when I was a very young man, I constantly refer my first

successes."—DICKENS, Speech to New York Editors.

THE WRITING OF PICKWICK

I

THE twenty-one months over which for the child sister-in-law, Mary Hogarth, ,

the writing of the “Pickwick Pa- who was so soon to be snatched away. pers” extended were, undoubtedly, the They found him an almost unknown youth most interesting and the most important with a youth's boundless prospect of hapin the life of Charles Dickens. They in- piness. They left him a famous man with cluded his happiest and his most distress- an outlook obscured by the gloom of a ful days; they knew his frankest and most

great sorrow. natural manner. They saw the rise of his The story of the origin of the “ Pickfame, before the world had hailed him as wick Papers ”—how it was proposed that the most popular novelist of the age, be- Seymour, the artist, should draw a series fore the burden of a great reputation and of sketches illustrating the adventures of a the cares of a large family had worn their sporting club, and that Messrs. Chapman lines upon his character. They saw his & Hall, the publishers, should find some marriage, the birth of his eldest child, the one to write a story to fit them; how they beginning of his life-long friendship with found young Dickens; how young DickForster and the growth of his affection ens pointed out that the plan put the cart before the horse, and that the work would lar “Sketches by Boz” to the Evening be in every way more satisfactory if the Chronicle, a new venture edited by Mr. sketches illustrated the text instead of the George Hogarth, to whose eldest daughter, text illustrating the sketches; how his Catherine, he is about to be married. views were accepted; how he“ thought of Two years have passed since the first of Mr. Pickwick," and how poor Seymour the first series of his“ Sketches" appeared killed himself before the second number in the Monthly Magazine, and in the was published-all this has been told by man who now stands before him he recogthe author of the “Pickwick Papers" in nizes the publisher at whose hands he his preface to the first cheap edition of then bought-in a shop at the corner of the book. It is not necessary to repeat it Arundel Street, Strand, on the site now here in detail, but before turning to Dick- covered by the premises of Messrs. W. H. ens's life during the writing of the story, it Smith & Son, news agents—the precious may be interesting to glance in fancy over periodical which contained his first printed the shoulder of Mr. William Hall, of the contribution to imaginative literature. firm of Chapman & Hall, as he waits upon He has just sold for £150 the copyright Dickens with the first suggestion of the of the first series of the “Sketches," and work, and see what manner of man is this has prepared them for publication in two young author who has the assurance to volumes, which are destined to find for a argue with a publisher. The date is De- season a wider popularity than the early cember, 1835, or January, 1836. Dickens numbers of the “ Pickwick Papers." He has not quite completed his twenty-fourth is an able young man, well satisfied with year, but for nine years he has been earn- what he has done, and conscious of the ing wages, first as office boy to a firm of power to do greater things yet, but there solicitors at thirteen shillings and sixpence is no trace of affectation or conceit in the a week, then as shorthand writer to the handsome face which greets the visitor. proctors * of Doctors' Commons, and “ It has the life and soul in it," wrote lastly as a newspaper reporter, parliamen- Leigh Hunt, “of fifty human beings.” tary and descriptive. He is now a val- “As if made of steel,” said Jane Welch ued member of the staff of the Morning Carlyle, thus suggesting in a word the Chronicle, a newspaper published at 332, diverse capabilities of flashing brightness Strand, † within a stone's throw of the and cool reflection, of flexibility and church of St. Mary, where his father and strength which go to make a character mother were married in 1809. In the that is both vigorous and engaging . service of his paper he has seen as much

I have said that the date of Mr. Hall's of England as any man of his years, for he visit to Dickens's rooms in Furnival's Inn has traveled North, East, South and West, was either December, 1835, or January, and (to quote his own words) has been 1836. If in December, the interview “ upset in almost every description of probably took place in the chambers at vehicle known in this country.” A year No. 13, which Dickens occupied for twelve ago his weekly salary was raised from five months ; but it is more likely that the to seven guineas in consideration of his date was January or perhaps February, contributing a second series of the popu- 1836, when he had moved from No. 13,

to the top floor of No. 15, having taken *For a full explanation of the now extinct profession of the new and larger rooms, no doubt, in proctor, see “ David Copperfield," Chapter XXIII.

view of his approaching marriage, from +Now the office of the Weekly Despatch. The front of the building above the first floor is unaltered to this day. Christmas, 1835, “ for three years certain'

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