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A new issue of the revised edition of be superseded"; and after this praise Prof. Samuel Wells Williams's encyclo- from Sir Hubert it were vain to attempt pædic Middle Kingdom, “a survey of the eulogy. Miss Scidmore too pays tribute geography, government, literature, social to the book and to its author, “the great life, arts and history of the Chinese em Wells Williams, who has lent lustre to the pire and its inhabitants,” has been brought roll of American diplomats serving in out with illustrations and a new map. China.” Williams began life as a printer The first edition of this monumental work to the American Board mission, and ended appeared as far back as 1848, but of the his brilliant career as Professor of Chinese original text comparatively little remained at Yale. after it had again passed through the Still another testimonial to the merits painstaking, able hands of its author, who of Dr. Williams's book is found in the died in the year after its reissue. His third edition of Mr. J. Dyer Ball’s Things profound erudition as a sinologist was Chinese. He says that “for those who amply recognized by our Government, wish to get a general idea of the Empire, which made him interpreter to the lega- and all that concerns it and its people, tion at Peking, and nine times its chargé there is not a better book. It is a perfect d'affaires. Dr. Martin says of his magnum repository of information for the general opus, “Not to speak of minor publica- reader.” Mr. Ball's own useful alphabetitions, his Middle Kingdom is a storehouse cal handbook has been increased from of information on China not likely soon to 500 to nearly 700 pages, not only by the
the history of the con圖全善首外内城京
quest and occupation of Siberia, which might well have attracted the attention of
Russian Sienkiewicz; examines the industries, products and future possibilities of the immense country; describes the railroad itself, much of which, he says, will have to be rebuilt, and treats as fully of Manchuria, Mongolia and China. He is a close and experienced student of contemporary politics; a Briton to the core, of course; proud of his country, though discontented with its rulers that be, and an able and just exponent of the wonderful growth of Russia and the ability of her diplomatists. His book carries
weight and conviction, (From "China: The Long-Lived Empire." Copyright, 1900, by The Century Co.)
and will carry both far,
for he has the happy addition of new articles but also by the knack of presenting his masterly survey extension of many of the old ones. His of the whole Far Eastern situation in a text has been thoroughly revised through- firm, readable manner. His book certainly out down to December, 1899.
ranks high among the few that are absoMr. Archibald R. Colquhoun, reference lutely indispensable for a thorough unto whose Overland to China has already derstanding of the Chinese question in its been made in this paper, was formerly in
wider aspect. the British civil service, as Deputy Com Mr. Henry Norman’s The Peoples and missioner in Burma and Administrator Politics of the Far East may well be of Mashonaland. The practical comple- added to the list of books worth reading tion of the Siberian railroad, and the pos at the present crisis. It was written five sibilities it opens up for Russia and the years ago, and its author has since seen whole world in the coming century, led some of his prophecies verified by subsehim, in 1898, to travel by the road as far quent events, notably that of Russia's acas it was completed then, from St. Peters- quisition of Manchuria, and of a southern burg to the northern frontier of China; terminus for the Siberian railroad. His thence to Peking and southward down the prediction of Spain's loss of the PhilipYangtse. He begins his narrative with pines has also come true, but this country
MAP OF PEKING
not Japan, as he naturally enough believed, at Peking, foresaw the possibility of a risnow claims their allegiance. He believed ing of the nation most interested, a sudden in coöperation between Russia and Eng- demonstration of the magnitude of this land, and foresaw France's gradual with- task of “partition” of the immemorial drawal from unprofitable colonizing home of a fourth of the human race. The schemes, especially in case of internal or conditions of history have been reversed. external trouble in Europe. But France From Marathon to the raising of the siege still is in Tongking, and collaborates with of Vienna by Sobieski, the East has vainly Russia and Germany. As for China, his tried to invade the West. What will be belief in the ultimate partition of the the ultimate result of the final invasion of ancient empire came very near realization. the Orient by the Occident, which the But neither he, por any of the other recent Aryan race, having girdled the globe, is writers on China whom we have read, nor, about to undertake, cannot be foreseen or evidently, the great Powers themselves, foretold. not even their diplomatic representatives
A. Schade van Westrum.
THE CRISIS IN CHINA
The following list of books relating to China has been compiled, not as a com
plete bibliography, but as an aid to the reader in the selection of available volumes which will give an understanding of the trend of affairs to-day in the Celestial Empire. A few important magazine articles, recently published, have been included.
Foreign relations, 1893-1894. Washington, 1893–4.
I.-GOVERNMENT AND OFFICIAL
PUBLICATIONS BABER, E. C.
Travels and researches in Western China.
London : Royal Geographical Society, 1883. CHISHOLM, G. G.
The resources and means of communication of China. London: Geographical Journal.
November, 1898. COMMERCIAL CHINA.
United States Treasury Department, Wash
ington, 1899. CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE UNITED STATES GovERNMENT RESPECTING FOREIGN TRADE IN CHINA.
London, 1900. DENBY, CHARLES
Commerce of China. Consular Report.
Washington, 1894. DENBY, CHARLES
Reviews of China's trade. Consular Report.
Washington, 1895. DENBY, CHARLES
Missionaries and Chinese trade. Consular
Report. Washington, 1895. Douglas, R. K.
Article on China in Encyclopedia Britannica.
Vol. V. Scribner's. ELLIS, CLARK
Notes on progress of mining in China. Mint
Report. Washington, 1893. FOWLER, JOHN
China's imports and tariffs. Consular Report.
Washington, 1893. GRACEY, S. L.
Chinese postal system. Consular Report.
Narrative of the expedition under Commodore
1852-4. Washington. OUR TRADE WITH JAPAN, CHINA, AND HONGKONG ;
1889-1899. Washington, 1900. STATE DEPARTMENT.
Conventions between the United States and
America's interest in Eastern Asia. North
American Review, p. 162. March, 1896. COLQUHOUN, A. R.
England's inside track to China. Saturday
Review, p. 81. February, 1896. HENDRIX, E. R.
Li Hung Chang and missions. Independent,
p. 48. January, 1896. LITTLE, A. B.
True cause of China's decay. Public Opinion,
p. 20. February, 1896. MARTIN, W. A. P.
Relation of the Chinese government to missions. Missionary Review, p. 9. August,
November, 1896. Martin, W. A. P.
The Empress Dowager of China. Chautau
quan, p. 23. August, 1896. Douglas, R. K.
Some Peking politicians. Living Age, p. 212.
January, 1897. HALLETT, H. S.
France and Russia in China. Nineteenth
Century, p. 44. March, 1897.
Taoism, Outlook, p. 55. April, 1897.
Chinese hatred of foreigners. Missionary Re
view, p. 20. February, 1897. BAYNES, H.
Secret societies in China. Living Age, p.
219. November, 1898. BOULGER, D. C.
How China may yet be saved. Contemporary, p. 73. May, 1898.
BRANDT, M. Von.
Gerinany in China. Forum, p. 25. May,
1898. CARY, C.
Foreign relations and Chinese railway conces
sions. Forum, p. 24. January, 1898. Cary, C.
China's complications and America's trade.
Forum, p. 25. March, 1898. DENBY, C., JR.
Dispute over China. Harper's Weekly, p. 42.
January, 1898. Denby, C., JR.
America's opportunity in China. North
American Review, p. 166. January 1898. “ DIPLOMATICUS."
Monroe Doctrine for China. Fortnightly, p.
69. February, 1898. FOREMAN, J.
Partition of China. Eclectic Magazine, p.
130. May, 1898. GERMANY IN CHINA-A JAPANESE VIEW.
Review of Reviews, p. 17. May, 1898. GRIFFIS, W. E.
Ruling dynasty of China. Public Opinion,
p. 24. January, 1898. HALLETT, H. S.
British trade and the integrity of China.
Fortnightly, p. 69. April, 1898. LITTLE, A. B.
New birth in China. Spectator, p. 81. De
cember, 1898. MARKOFF, A. V.
Policy of Russia. Review of Reviews, p. 17.
May, 1898. MICLIVE, A.
Persons and politics in Pekin. National, p.
32. November, 1898. NUMBERS OF CHRISTIANS IN China.
Outlook, p. 58. February, 1898. Pixon, R.
Who will exploit China ? Living Age, p.
215. Deceinber, 1898. RALPH, J.
Dissection of China. Harper's Weekly, p. 42.
January, 1898. RELIGIOUS INTERESTS INVOLVED IN THE China QUESTION.
Spectator, p. 80. January, 1898. Ross, J.
Manchu converts. Independent, p. 49. De
cember, 1898. Wilsox, J. H.
America's interest in China. North American Review, p. 166. February, 1898.
A YEAR'S DIPLOMACY IN Peking.
Blackwood's, p. 165. April, 1899. BARRETT, J.
America, England and Germany as allies of the open door. Engineering Magazine, p. 17.
September, 1899. BERESFORD, C.
China and the Powers. North American Re
view, p. 168. February, 1899. BOULGER, D. C.
Dissolution of the Chinese empire. North
American Review, p. 168. March, 1899.
Future relations of Great Britain and the
China and the Powers. Chautauquan, p. 29.
June, 1899. Norman, A.
China: a coroner's inquest. Independent,
p. 51. May, 1899. REID, G.
American opportunities in China. Forum,
p. 27. April, 1899. REINSCH, P. S.
Russia and England in China. Arena, p. 20.
January, 1899. BARRETT, J.
Our interests in China: a question of the hour. Review of Reviews, p. 21. January,
1900. BREWSTER, W, N.
Warlike policy of the Empress-Dowager of
1900. DENBY, C.
United States relations with the far East.
Munsey, p. 20. January, 1900. Denby, C., Jr.
Kiao-Chan: the German colony in China.
Forum. July, 1900. DOUGLAS, R. K.
The intellectual awakening of China. Nine
teenth Century. June, 1900. Hastings, C. H.
Books and articles treating of China and fareastern question. Chautauquan, p. 31. May,
1900. Ho Yow.
The attitude of the United States toward the
Chinese. Forum, p. 29. June, 1900.
United States and the future of China.