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ALFRED TENNYSON, AGE 22

sons.

“ We talk out of the ‘Palace of Art' and
* The Legend of Fair Women.' The great
Alfred is here smoking all day. We went
on a pilgrimage to see him and found him
and Arthur Hallam and Kemble."

Of Arthur Hallam's connection with the
Tennysons one can scarcely speak without
pain. Everyone must feel for the pitiful
circumstances of his premature death a
personal sorrow like that which laments
the death of the youthful Keats and
Chatterton. One fancies how attractive
to the Tennysons was Hallam, just re-
turned, when they first knew him, from
Switzerland and Italy, brimming over
with the delights of his travels; and how

charming to him must have been their temporaries declared him to have been classic culture, which was so like his own. “near perfection as mortal man could be,” He forthwith became an adopted and and we must believe that even the gods well-beloved member of the family. His loved him, since they wrought his death in letters to Mrs. Tennyson breathe a filial his youth. “The apostles” were not wholly devotion scarcely inferior to that of her given over to religion and radicalism, as He was the sworn champion and some one said; on the contrary, many of entertainer of the smaller children, the their evenings were devoted to merry- chosen comrade and friend of all the older making. However, the regulation feature boys—of Charles and Frederick as well as of the meetings was an essay read by one Alfred. Many a morning he and the sisof the body. Alfred was one evening ters and brothers went trooping together pledged to hold forth on “Ghosts,” but over the old Lincolnshire hills. In the when his turn came a spasm of timidity evenings the great bard usually slipped possessed him and he tore up his essay on into his attic den, whence he might occathe spot. One wonders at this as he was sionally be lured for a musicale, his sisalready famous for his recitations of his ters playing and singing, he sometimes own and other's poems. A favorite diver- contributing a flute number. On other sion of “the apostles” was amateur thea- evenings Hallam was the tricals, especially in Shakespearean selec

“ Central warmth-diffusing bliss, tions. What fun there must have been

When all in circle drawn when Hallam played Verges, Kemble,

About him heart and ear were fed, Dogberry, and the future Lord Houghton, To hear him as he lay and read Beatrice! It is interesting to know that The Tuscan poets on the lawn. Fanny and Adelaide Kemble were some

“ Or in the all-golden afternoon times among their audiences. Tennyson's

A guest or happy sister sung, poems were handed about in the apostolic Or here she brought the harp and flung brotherhood like sacred fire: when copies

A ballad to the brightening moon.” of new things could not be obtained, re- One of the sisters must have hung on membered stanzas were quoted orally and Hallam's words-one with an Italian proin letters. Spedding wrote at this time, file, eyes like “deep on deep "-his be

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trothed. The “ remorseless hour that 9 hand the dreadful hollow behind the made cypress of her orange flower” pre

little wood vented a marriage of perfect mind, for Emily Tennyson's intellectuality was of of an order rare as her physical beauty. The wooing days at Somersby were not all spent in light converse and loitering in the trivial ways of love. Hallam himself taught Emily Italian, in which he was conspicuously proficient, giving her a lyric diploma significant of their poetic tastes and kindred natures: “ Lady, I bid thee to a summer dome,

Ringing with echoes of Italian song ;
Old Dante's strain encircles all the air.
Hark! again like flute tones mingling rare
Comes the keen sweetness of Petrarch's moan.
Pass thou the lintel freely—without fear
Feast on the music.”

As Hallam was bound by this and so many other links to the house of Tennyson, small wonder that his sudden and tragic death at Vienna, so far from the bosom of his friends, should have sealed Alfred's lips of song for ten years. And it

TENNYSON READING was most natural that when they did speak, [From a sketch by Dante Rossetti, 1855] their utterance should be the noble poem Doctor Van Dyke so aptly calls “a dead A few years after the deaths of these two march, but a march into immortality.” nearest and dearest, the Tennysons had to

Alfred Tennyson's capacity for great sustain another grief—the going forth grief, of which “In Memoriam” was the from the old home at Somersby. fruit, was an inheritance from his father, “ The well-beloved place who despite his genial moods was such a Where first we gazed upon the sky, victim of sorrow's cruel fellowship that

The roofs that heard our earliest cry." often his lugubriousness hung a gloom for Just before this, Charles by taking orders days over the family. Even as a child and settling in his vicarage at Grasby, did Alfred was very sensitive to this ; in a his share to gratify the grandfather's dethrill of sympathy he once rushed from sire to make parsons of them all ; and the house at midnight, ran to a church- Frederick manifested the strain of the yard and flung himself upon a grave, warm south in his veins by going to live weeping bitterly. So he could truthfully in Italy. This exodus of the two elder unite the memory of a father whose heart- brothers left Alfred as the master of the aches were his own, with that of the friend house, a position he assumed with comhe held as half divine:

placency and capability. Moving into * As down the garden walks I move

new quarters demanded a large amount Two spirits of a diverse love

of the latter quality in which he was not Contend for loving masterdom.”

found wanting. Mrs. Proctor praised his

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talent for domestic administration, saying: less did the famous friends of maturer “I have known three poets, Wordsworth, years gravitate towards them. It seems Browning and Tennyson, and on some indecorous and useless to speak bibliooccasions they could be about the most graphically of the late laureate when practical men on earth.” Carlyle meeting there is yet in the memory of men or in him about this time was surprised to find their list of books to be read next, that that he preferred “clubbing with his exhaustive “Memoir,” which makes for mother and sisters and writing poetry” to the son's as well as for the father's famemixing in the stir of London life. It was wherein are gathered the many flowers of this very domestic disposition which made homage strewn along the poet's pathway Tennyson the distinct poet of ideal Eng- by such kindred gods as Wordsworth, lish home life. The universal oracle Gladstone, Carlyle, Newman, Thackeray, Shakespere of course gave glimpses of it; the Rossettis, Fitzgerald and the generabut Shelley and Bryon and Browning tion's last great singer, Swinburne. But lived too much away from the motherland the temptation is irresistible to refer to the in spirit and in flesh to represent it; fellowship of Alfred Tennyson and his Wordsworth who perhaps approached brother-in-the-muses, Browning. They nearest to depicting it, yielded homage to stand out as a reproach to the jealousies the superior touch which wrought“ Dora," of the professional folk who desecrate art “Audley Court,” “ The Talking Oak” with despicable envy and selfishness. How and that inimitable pastoral “ The Gar- amusing must have been that tête-à-tête dener's Daughter."

Hallam Tennyson tells about, when A few years after the Tennysons left Browning, boasting his rhyming facility, Somersby, they moved to Boxley, in was given the word, “rhinoceros order to be near the Lushingtons, whose rhymable, and proceeded to achieve the family was welded to theirs by the mar- following: riage of Edward Lushington and Miss

"Oh, if you

should see a rhinoceros, Cecilia Tennyson. There have rarely And a tree be in sight, been such congenial neighbors as were Climb quick-for his might these two clans. The talents of one com

Is a match for the gods—he can toss Eros." plemented those of the other. Edward

The Brownings were closely associated Lushington, whom Alfred specially cher with another poet of the clan-Frederick ished, was a famous scholar, and so, too, Tennyson. In fact, his household and his brother Franklin, In the stanzas, theirs made an English colony in the land “ Nightingales Warbled Without,” Ten- of the bright orange flowers-Mrs. Brownnyson immortalized Henry Lushington, ing called it the "family party.” The one of the three dead men he “loved classic lands and letters had always held with a love that will ever be." The Frederick Tennyson thralled from the three brothers were poets-notably of Cambridge schooldays when he wrote his the Crimean war. Their estate-Park prize poem-a Greek ode. His villa with House-described in “The Princess," its lemon groves growing down to the sea,

scene of the young folks' had once been a home of Cicero-does it revelries; they banquetted on its spacious not seem that the place was dedicated to summer lawns, sitting beneath the stars the muse? The fountain clearer than crysmany balmy evenings, far into the night. tal which babbled midst the lemon trees

If the brilliant minds of the Cambridge Frederic lauded to his brother as a fresh days turned towards the Tennysons, no as when its silver sounds mingled with

as un

was the

the deep voice of the orator as he sat there The great singer may be said to have in the stillness of noonday devoting his served his poetic apprenticeship under his siesta hours to study. “Fitzgerald visited brother, who set him his first lyrical task him there, sat with a book of verse under- when master and apprentice were respectneath his bough, and afterwards wrote: ively nine and eight years old. Master “I am glad to have seen you,

and have Alfred was making two-sides-of-a-slate of gotten the idea of a noble fellow always in verse to the satisfaction of the elder my head.”

brother, who forth with settled him in his The shade of Cicero and the other vocation with the anxiously awaited dicclassics influenced Frederick Tennyson's tum: “Yes, you can write.” One of the work perhaps more than did that of his strongest links that united the two was illustrious brother. His verse swings with their wedding sisters, Louisa and Emily an old Roman stateliness. Though not Sellwood. fraught with so much of the Greek spirit Those who idealize the poetic life will it suggests a kinship with the young bard surely find glamour enough in the first whose soul Greece charmed, whose body meeting of Alfred Tennyson and Emily Rome holds; for instance, does not one Sellwood. Let such romanticists think hear Keats in “Venus' Birth on Lesbos "? first of the place where this meeting oc

curred-Faery Wood—and then picture “ Her tall immortal limbs Cast off the gleaming freshness of the deep

Arthur Hallam coming down through the Like scales of silver armor: with one foot

meadows and woodlands, on his arm a She prest the prow of her enchanted pearl, girl with an exquisite face. At a turn in One hand thrown back amidst her golden hair the path they find the gentle poet, who, She dashed the salt drops from her.”

thrilled by the “light of her youth and When one hears some of Alfred Tenny

her grace," addresses her: “Are you son’s platitudes and veritable juvenilia

Dryad or Oread wandering here?” Faust perpetually mouthed to the neglect of and Marguerite, Dante and Beatrice, what Frederick Tennyson's many noble lines,

more idyllic ? Yet their meeting was no the fate of having a famous brother seems

more so than the life that “ ran in golden indeed a misfortune devoutly to be de- sequence” forty-two years for the Laureplored. Charles Tennyson Turner has not

ate and Lady Tennyson. It was a parbeen such a victim of this overshadowing. ticularly happy circumstance that Lady The world seems to unite in the Laureate's Tennyson had the gift of music, for preference for him. Charles and Alfred surely her sensitiveness to concords of were bound by more than one tie. Re

sweet sounds was a source of joy to the sembling each other physically they were

poet whose final critic she was—the poet alike also in tastes, which made their per

who strove in his own cadences for effects fect comradeship from babyhood till “ the

legato as those “of petals from blown joyless June” when Alfred wrote:

on the grass." Nor is it strange

that she, after hearing his resonant voice “Thou hast vanished from thine own To that which looks like rest,

intone these cadences, should fit them to True brother only to be known,

melody, as she did. By those who know thee best.”

Anna Blanche McGill.

roses

OUR LITERARY DIPLOMATS

1

PART III

FROM THE FORTIES TO THE SEVENTIES

FOR

GEORGE BANCROFT

name; but not every man will write good

history because he always takes & horsePOR about one year George Bancroft back ride at precisely three in the after

was Secretary of the Navy under Polk, noon, though he may live to be ninetyand his record during that time was so one, as did Bancroft. brilliant that his transfer to the Court of St. James in 1846 formed a proper se

GEORGE PERKINS MARSH quence of events. The first three volumes of his “ History of the United States” had Of the more than a quarter century's already appeared, and he found himself diplomatic service of George Perkins received with double honors in London, Marsh, it can with safety be said that no where he remained until 1849, working other reflected greater honor upon the hard for a mitigation of the severe navi- country. The declaration of his eulogist, gation laws. Access to all such state pa- Dr. Samuel G. Brown, before the Univerpers as bore upon his History was afforded sity of Vermont, that "no foreign minis

“ him in England ; and, having taken his ter was more respected for learning, fill, he came home to allow the process of weight of character, and familiarity of digestion full sway.

affairs," only stated the common judgment From 1867 to 1874 he was successively of unprejudiced observers of his career in accredited by this country to Prussia, to the two important posts which he held so the North German Confederation and to long, and through such important periods. Germany, as these political divisions were As minister resident in Turkey during respectively evolved. In 1870 a remark- the five years from 1849, he had to deal able experience befell him, when the Uni- with a variety of perplexing matters which versity of Göttingen, remembering the required delicate handling, the exercise of fiftieth anniversary of his doctorate, which tact, and the parrying sometimes with the she had given him as a boy of twenty, con- arts of the most accomplished diplomats ferred upon him an honorary Ph.D. of other nations. These duties he met

Bancroft must always be gratefully re- with an intelligence and will which membered for establishing in Prussia a brought him at once into respectful relaprinciple which was generally adopted tions with his contemporaries. Indeed, his later—that of allowing the citizens of one reputation for learning and capacity had country to become naturalized citizens in preceded him, and from the first, though the country of their adoption. Great holding as a representative of our yet unBritain had long refused this privilege to regarded government, an inferior actual Englishmen, but necessarily followed rank in the diplomatic corps, he was Bismarck's lead. A man of much learn- treated with marked consideration. His ing and cultivation, Bancroft's extreme efforts on behalf of the throngs of undependence upon rigid methods of work happy and often wretched Hungarian and and recreation enabled posterity to chron- other refugees who flocked for shelter to icle a long list of achievements after his Turkey after the abortive revolutions of

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