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talent for domestic administration, saying: less did the famous friends of maturer “I have known three poets, Wordsworth, years gravitate towards them. It seems Browning and Tennyson, and on some indecorous and useless to speak bibliooccasions they could be about the most graphically of the late laureate when practical men on earth.” Carlyle meeting there is yet in the memory of men or in him about this time was surprised to find their list of books to be read next, that that he preferred “clubbing with his exhaustive “Memoir,” which makes for mother and sisters and writing poetry” to the son's as well as for the father's famemixing in the stir of London life. It was wherein are gathered the many flowers of this very domestic disposition which made homage strewn along the poet's pathway Tennyson the distinct poet of ideal Eng- by such kindred gods as Wordsworth, lish home life. The universal oracle Gladstone, Carlyle, Newman, Thackeray, Shakespere of course gave glimpses of it; the Rossettis, Fitzgerald and the generabut Shelley and Bryon and Browning tion's last great singer, Swinburne. But lived too much away from the motherland the temptation is irresistible to refer to the in spirit and in flesh to represent it; fellowship of Alfred Tennyson and his Wordsworth who perhaps approached brother-in-the-muses, Browning. They nearest to depicting it, yielded homage to stand out as a reproach to the jealousies the superior touch which wrought“ Dora," of the professional folk who desecrate art “Audley Court,” “ The Talking Oak” with despicable envy and selfishness. How and that inimitable pastoral “ The Gar- amusing must have been that tête-à-tête dener's Daughter."

Hallam Tennyson tells about, when A few years after the Tennysons left Browning, boasting his rhyming facility, Somersby, they moved to Boxley, in was given the word, “rhinoceros order to be near the Lushingtons, whose rhymable, and proceeded to achieve the family was welded to theirs by the mar- following: riage of Edward Lushington and Miss

"Oh, if you

should see a rhinoceros, Cecilia Tennyson. There have rarely And a tree be in sight, been such congenial neighbors as were Climb quick-for his might these two clans. The talents of one com

Is a match for the gods—he can toss Eros." plemented those of the other. Edward

The Brownings were closely associated Lushington, whom Alfred specially cher with another poet of the clan-Frederick ished, was a famous scholar, and so, too, Tennyson. In fact, his household and his brother Franklin, In the stanzas, theirs made an English colony in the land “ Nightingales Warbled Without,” Ten- of the bright orange flowers-Mrs. Brownnyson immortalized Henry Lushington, ing called it the "family party.” The one of the three dead men he “loved classic lands and letters had always held with a love that will ever be." The Frederick Tennyson thralled from the three brothers were poets-notably of Cambridge schooldays when he wrote his the Crimean war. Their estate-Park prize poem-a Greek ode. His villa with House-described in “The Princess," its lemon groves growing down to the sea,

scene of the young folks' had once been a home of Cicero-does it revelries; they banquetted on its spacious not seem that the place was dedicated to summer lawns, sitting beneath the stars the muse? The fountain clearer than crysmany balmy evenings, far into the night. tal which babbled midst the lemon trees

If the brilliant minds of the Cambridge Frederic lauded to his brother as a fresh days turned towards the Tennysons, no as when its silver sounds mingled with

as un

was the

the deep voice of the orator as he sat there The great singer may be said to have in the stillness of noonday devoting his served his poetic apprenticeship under his siesta hours to study. “Fitzgerald visited brother, who set him his first lyrical task him there, sat with a book of verse under- when master and apprentice were respectneath his bough, and afterwards wrote: ively nine and eight years old. Master “I am glad to have seen you,

and have Alfred was making two-sides-of-a-slate of gotten the idea of a noble fellow always in verse to the satisfaction of the elder my head.”

brother, who forth with settled him in his The shade of Cicero and the other vocation with the anxiously awaited dicclassics influenced Frederick Tennyson's tum: “Yes, you can write.” One of the work perhaps more than did that of his strongest links that united the two was illustrious brother. His verse swings with their wedding sisters, Louisa and Emily an old Roman stateliness. Though not Sellwood. fraught with so much of the Greek spirit Those who idealize the poetic life will it suggests a kinship with the young bard surely find glamour enough in the first whose soul Greece charmed, whose body meeting of Alfred Tennyson and Emily Rome holds; for instance, does not one Sellwood. Let such romanticists think hear Keats in “Venus' Birth on Lesbos "? first of the place where this meeting oc

curred-Faery Wood—and then picture “ Her tall immortal limbs Cast off the gleaming freshness of the deep

Arthur Hallam coming down through the Like scales of silver armor: with one foot

meadows and woodlands, on his arm a She prest the prow of her enchanted pearl, girl with an exquisite face. At a turn in One hand thrown back amidst her golden hair the path they find the gentle poet, who, She dashed the salt drops from her.”

thrilled by the “light of her youth and When one hears some of Alfred Tenny

her grace," addresses her: “Are you son’s platitudes and veritable juvenilia

Dryad or Oread wandering here?” Faust perpetually mouthed to the neglect of and Marguerite, Dante and Beatrice, what Frederick Tennyson's many noble lines,

more idyllic ? Yet their meeting was no the fate of having a famous brother seems

more so than the life that “ ran in golden indeed a misfortune devoutly to be de- sequence” forty-two years for the Laureplored. Charles Tennyson Turner has not

ate and Lady Tennyson. It was a parbeen such a victim of this overshadowing. ticularly happy circumstance that Lady The world seems to unite in the Laureate's Tennyson had the gift of music, for preference for him. Charles and Alfred surely her sensitiveness to concords of were bound by more than one tie. Re

sweet sounds was a source of joy to the sembling each other physically they were

poet whose final critic she was—the poet alike also in tastes, which made their per

who strove in his own cadences for effects fect comradeship from babyhood till “ the

legato as those “of petals from blown joyless June” when Alfred wrote:

on the grass." Nor is it strange

that she, after hearing his resonant voice “Thou hast vanished from thine own To that which looks like rest,

intone these cadences, should fit them to True brother only to be known,

melody, as she did. By those who know thee best.”

Anna Blanche McGill.

roses

1

OUR LITERARY DIPLOMATS

PART III

FROM THE FORTIES TO THE SEVENTIES

GEORGE BANCROFT

name; but not every man will write good

history because he always takes a horseFOR OR about one year George Bancroft back ride at precisely three in the after

was Secretary of the Navy under Polk, noon, though he may live to be ninetyand his record during that time was so

one, as did Bancroft. brilliant that his transfer to the Court of St. James in 1846 formed a proper se

GEORGE PERKINS MARSH quence of events. The first three volumes of his “ History of the United States” had Of the more than a quarter century's already appeared, and he found himself diplomatic service of George Perkins received with double honors in London, Marsh, it can with safety be said that no where he remained until 1849, working other reflected greater honor upon the hard for a mitigation of the severe navi- country. The declaration of his eulogist, gation laws. Access to all such state pa Dr. Samuel G. Brown, before the Univerpers as bore upon his History was afforded sity of Vermont, that “no foreign minishim in England ; and, having taken his ter

ter was more respected for learning, fill, he came home to allow the process of weight of character, and familiarity of digestion full sway.

affairs," only stated the common judgment From 1867 to 1874 he was successively of unprejudiced observers of his career in accredited by this country to Prussia, to the two important posts which he held so the North German Confederation and to long, and through such important periods. Germany, as these political divisions were As minister resident in Turkey during respectively evolved. In 1870 a remark the five years from 1849, he had to deal able experience befell him, when the Uni with a variety of perplexing matters which versity of Göttingen, remembering the required delicate handling, the exercise of fiftieth anniversary of his doctorate, which tact, and the parrying sometimes with the she had given him as a boy of twenty, con arts of the most accomplished diplomats ferred upon him an honorary Ph.D. of other nations. These duties he met

Bancroft must always be gratefully re with an intelligence and will which membered for establishing in Prussia a brought him at once into respectful relaprinciple which was generally adopted tions with his contemporaries. Indeed, his later-that of allowing the citizens of one reputation for learning and capacity had country to become naturalized citizens in preceded him, and from the first, though the country of their adoption. Great holding as a representative of our yet unBritain had long refused this privilege to regarded government, an inferior actual Englishmen, but necessarily followed rank in the diplomatic corps, he was Bismarck's lead. A man of much learn treated with marked consideration. His ing and cultivation, Bancroft's extreme efforts on behalf of the throngs of undependence upon rigid methods of work happy and often wretched Hungarian and and recreation enabled posterity to chron- other refugees who flocked for shelter to icle a long list of achievements after his Turkey after the abortive revolutions of

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'48, were of the most practical sort ; and in common with the American missionaries then there an exceptionally fine and devoted set of men of heart and brain

- he made personal and pecuniary sacrifices in their aid, while their sympathisers in America talked much but did nothing. His efforts to secure a favorable reception in England and America for the remnant of the Polish Legion upon their dispersion from Turkey, won their warmest gratitude.

Most notable, however, was his handling of the "King case" in Athens, whither he was sent in 1852 on a special mission. He felt himself obliged to master the entire Greek code bearing on the question of religious toleration; to study the institutions and laws of the country, the exact relation of the municipal corporation to the State, and the legal responsi. bility of each; he had to examine a mass of documentary evidence, blindly written in the modern Greek manuscript charac

Marsh ter, " totally illegible and decipherable only inspiration-wise,” as he afterward wrote.

ling to pay it with !” Fortunately, the The treatment of Mr. Marsh by our payment of this long-hung-up expense government was one of those instances of bill was sufficient to relieve him almost its not uncommon dishonorable neglect entirely from debt. of honest work done by its servants. The Turkish (his first) mission was not When his work was finished he sent in the place most desired by him. A Boston his bill of expenses, in accordance with

paper recommended him as Minister to Webster's directions, but it did not reach Berlin because he “could speak German the department tiil after Webster's death. like a brick.” When he reached the post This account included no charge for extra he began at once the study of the Turkservice, only his own personal hotel bills, ish language, and followed that with the which were kept down to an unextrava Arabic and Persian. He could already gant basis, and the expense of a single converse in French, German, Italian, servant. The latter item was struck out Swedish, Danish and Spanish; but he deby the precious economists at Washington sired to have command of those other as an “unnecessary luxury." The account languages that he might form independlay unsettled for eight years. Just before ent judgments, make investigations for its settlement Marsh wrote to his friend, himself, and not be obliged to depend Dr. Lieber: "At the age of fifty-nine I be upon others or interpreters. gin the world with a debt of ten thousand In 1861 the mission to Italy came to dollars in good new notes, and not a shil him unsought from Lincoln, who was

as

moved by some of Mr. Marsh's influential rich in the department of linguistics, is
friends. When Marsh heard that this preserved intact in the University of
mission had been reserved for Bryant, he Vermont.
asked the withdrawal of his name, saying
that Bryant was the fitter man; but

ROBERT DALE OWEN
Bryant, when consulted, with equal cour-
tesy declared that he would not take it, Spiritualist, diplomatist and Scotch-
and that his influence would be given for man! This felicitous composite is too
Marsh. The Italian service began with rare to be allowed to escape without a few
the new kingdom of Italy, and through words on the close connection between his
its long continuance-till his death at official life and some of his strongest liter-
Vallombrosa in the summer of 1882—it ary work. When Owen returned to this
was, like his personal influence in the country in 1858, after five years' residence
court, as “efficient as it was wise and at Naples, as Minister to the Kingdom of
beneficent."

the Two Sicilies, he set to work on While so large a part of Mr. Marsh's strange a task as ever resulted from the long active life (born in 1801, at Wood- experiences of a foreign minister. The stock, Vt., he lived to eighty-one) was material for this, his first book on Spiritspent in public service, and in the practice ualism—“Footfalls on the Boundary of of an exacting profession, he pursued con- Another World "-he had secured in the stantly his scholarly studies and re- intervals of treaty-making, partly by study searches. His “insatiate greed of know- and partly by observation; "and this, with ing things” (the phrase is Donald G. his · Debatable Land' (1872), remains the Mitchell's) was manifest from his youth, most respectable and impressive contribuand it never weakened till his death. tion to the subject that has ever proceeded His knowledge was abundant, thorough, from a believer in the reality of Spiritual exact. It covered letters, the arts, and phenomena." science. His researches were most pa- Owen's early knowledge of his father's tient and exhaustive. His chief books- methods at New Lanark, and his training “ Lectures on the English Language,” at the famous school at Hofwyl, both " Origin and History of the English Lan- served to emphasize a natural inclination guage,

,” “The Earth as Modified by Hu- toward "a somewhat inconsiderate philanman Action "-are less read nowadays than thropy;" and he advocated, during his they deserve to be. His Icelandic gram- life, a variety of unpopular theories. He mar of 1838 is forgotten; while his treat- is charged with being responsible for the ise on the camel, designed to demonstrate lax divorce laws of Indiana, as a result of the value of that deserving animal in do- his contention for a fairer attitude of the mestic and military service in the United law toward women. Horace Greeley enStates, lies dust-covered on the bookshelf. tered into a lively tilt with him upon this His rare collection of etchings and en- subject, but Owen, like many another gravings, deposited by him in the Smith- humane radical, believed that the hand of sonian Institution, in which he was so justice should not be stayed because its much concerned, long ago suffered injury sweep could not be kept within the preand neglect; but his fine library, of cise bounds prescribed by conservative twelve thousand volumes, valuable in judgment. The results of such a man's choice editions of standard works in the life will always be uneven, but the balance literatures of the world, and especially is sure to be upon the right side.

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