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coup d'état.

Six years later, in 1889, Mr. Stevens priation for the Greek legation. Wherewas sent by President Harrison to Hono- upon, for almost two years General Read lulu as minister resident to the Hawaiian paid his own bills, and the doors of the Kingdom ; & year later his office was legation at Athens remained open. Public raised to the next grade in the American life was an inheritance to him, for he was diplomatic service, that of minister pleni- the great-grandson of a “Signer," grandpotentiary. During the Hawaiian revolu- son of a Pennsylvania lawyer, and the son tion of 1893 Minister Stevens established of a Chief Justice of the same State. A a protectorate over the islands, and in his graduate of Brown University in 1858, despatch to the State Department said: he became in the Civil War Adjutant-Gen“the Hawaiian pear is now fully ripe, and eral of New York. He was made in 1869 this is the golden hour for the United Consul-General for France and Algeria, States to pluck it.” Secretary of State and represented during the Franco-GerFoster in part disavowed his minister's man war the consular interests of Ger

The incoming Cleveland many, yet retained and increased his administration immediately sent forth popularity in France itself. Commissioner Blount to investigate the He was early interested in historical situation. As one result of this inquiry, matters and as a young man had published Mr. Stevens was recalled and Mr. Blount a “Historical Inquiry Concerning Henry was appointed minister in his place. After Hudson.” He was connected with nuthis Mr. Stevens took little part in public merous historical bodies and was a collecaffairs, and died in 1895,

tor of documents and archives, among If he had the sense of humor which is them the letter-books of Robert Morris. promised in his shrewd, kindly face, of an His inspiration for these serious tastes unmistakable “Yankee" type, John L. came to him as a mere boy, when he fell Stevens probably spent no uncomfortable under the fascinations of Edward Gibbon hours at the close of life, mourning over the and his immortal “Decline and Fall.” sudden ending of his Hawaiian mission. He never forgot the early passion. When

at the close of his Greek mission Read JOHN MEREDITH READ

was in Switzerland, he came upon the

veritable descendants of Gibbon's “set” It was in our annals the unique dis- at Lausanne, and more than that, he distinction of General Meredith Read to covered in Gibbon's former château, La have gone a diplomatic mission at his own Grotte, immense treasures recalling a past charges. When he was minister to Greece, of burning interest to him. Here then he a post to which he was appointed in 1873, staid and buried himself in these mouldy he gained promptly the release of the archives. He died in 1896, and the fruit American ship“America,” and was nation- of his labors appeared in two stout octavo ally thanked for it. He had the business volumes the next year under the title sagacity, during the Turko-Russian war, “Historic Studies in Vaud, Berne, and to suggest the increase of the wheat ex- Savoy.” In spite of the sentimental conport of this country to Europe by the sideration which inspired it, this monutidy sum of $73,000,000 in one year. Not- ment to Read's industry is not of luminous withstanding these and other activities, interest, though the style is informal and Congress, in 1878, then suffering from an written to interest more than to inform. acute attack of economy, made no appro.

Lindsay Swift.

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THE LITERARY NEWS IN ENGLAND

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THE success of our arms in South and is the work of Mr. Sidney Lee, who

Africa, after many lamentable mis- has been associated with the enterprise takes, has been a blessing to the book- from first to last, and has been sole editor shops, which are now beginning to wake since 1891. The Prince of Wales honored up after many months of dire dullness; this great monument to our patriotic whilst the crisis in China against an enemy pride in an almost unique way by dining that is the foe of all the West, by remov- with the publishers and the editorial staff ing a certain feeling of isolation which on a recent occasion in the Carlton Hotel, had come over us, is a help in the same the “smartest" restaurant in town. The direction. The publishers have started description of Smith-Elder as "a highwarily, it is true, with novels for summer class, sleepy old firm” is singularly inapconsumption and books more or less bear- propriate in view of this achievement. It ing on the crises of the day; but there was the Smiths who gave us Thackeray are signs that the worst has been passed, and Charlotte Brontë, and who started and the autumn will bring forth its due the Cornhill Magazine and the Pall Mall quota of new books. The literature on Gazette, over the latter of which they the South African war has been immensely spent £158,000.

spent £158,000. Of recent years Mr. overdone. Much of it should never have Smith made a little fortune over a minbeen put into book form at all, for it ap- eral water. By the way, it is rumored peared while the war was yet in full swing; that Mr. Astor wants to sell the Pall Mall and, even at that, it was not particularly Magazine, and Lord Frederick Hamilton well done. Probably the only two books has resigned the editorship. that will survive out of it all are Mr. Stee- Among the many sadnesses of the South vens's and Mr. Winston Churchill's. African war, Miss Mary Kingsley's death

The sixty-third and last volume of the has been universally mourned, for she had “Dictionary of National Biography" has made her mark not only as a writer, but appeared, and brings to a close for the as a good citizen. She was very popular time being one of the most remarkable among the Boer prisoners at the Cape enterprises of publishing in our annals. whom she went to nurse. Curiously' It was in 1882 that Mr. George Smith, the enough at the very time of her death a chief of Smith, Elder & Co., resolved to monument was unveiled at Wilton, Salisstart a cyclopædia of biography on an un- bury, by Mr. A. J. Balfour, in memory of exampled scale. On the advice of Mr. the Earl of Pembroke, who traveled a Leslie Stephen he resolved to limit it to great deal in his early life with her father, British and Irish biography (to the exclu- Dr. Kingsley, and wrote a book with him, sion of Americans even), and the first entitled “ South Sea Bubbles.” Lord volume appeared, under Mr. Stephens’s Pembroke, who was very much interested editorship, on January 1, 1885. Once in the South Seas, and did not a little to every quarter since that date a volume introduce Mr. Louis Becke to English has appeared with unfailing punctuality. readers, represented the famous Herbert No fewer than 29,120 men and women family.

family. He died five years ago, to be suchave been dealt with by 653 writers (in ceeded by his brother, the present (the 29,108 pages). The longest biography is fourteenth) Earl, whose Christian name of that devoted to Shakespeare (49 pages), Sidney recalls the fact that the second earl married the sister of Sir Philip Dublin, since 1893, while he has been a Sidney. The sister of the present Earl, fellow and tutor there for seventeen years. Lady de Grey, is one of the leading figures Since the publication of his “History of in the management of the Grand Opera the Later Roman Empire,” in 1889, he has in London. She was married to the late been signalled out as a great authority on Lord Lonsdale, who was succeeded by his the neglected field of study connected brother, the Kaiser's friend. She will with the expiring empire. He has very one day be the Marchioness of Ripon. sound views on the foolishness of teachMr. Balfour in unveiling the statue of ing the classics as “dead” languages. In Lord Pembroke declared that he had a a recent article he tells the story of a man greater genius for friendship than almost who, having visited the Giant's Causeway, any man he had known.

declared that it was “too d- d scientiThe death of Stephen Crane has been fic.” “ In the same way," says Dr. Bury, much regretted, for, although he did “I feel that classical scholarship is growing nothing quite so good as “ The Red Badge too d-d scientific. It will soon be a of Courage,” that achievement had put branch of mathematics.” Professor Bury's him on a pedestal. The Cuban war prac- edition of Gibbon is one of the books on tically killed him, and the genial atmos- view at the Paris Exhibition as a speciphere of Sussex and a visit to the Black men of British (or rather Scotch) typogForest proved unavailing. He longed to raphy. go off to the South African war, and the The publication of “ Village Notes and climate of the “land of lies” might have Some Other Papers ” recalls the great instaved off the mortal disease from which terest attaching to the writer, Mrs. Pamela he suffered for some time, but he was too Tennant, who is the sister of the brilliant ill from the very first to start. He left Mr. George Wyndham, our Under Secretwo unpublished books, which will be tary for War, and the sister-in-law of Mrs. brought out by the Methuens—one a story Asquith, who is supposed to have been the of Irish life, which will probably be fin- original of Mr. Benson's Dodo. Mrs. ished by Mr. Robert Barr; the other a col- Tennant is connected with a family of lection of short war sketches. Messrs. great ability. Her great-grandfather was Methuen are publishing a history of the the brilliant but erratic Lord Edward war in parts. They advertise it widely as FitzGerald, the hero of the Irish Rebel“Methuen's history." Doubtless many lion of 1798. Lord Edward, it may be repeople have taken it as Lord Methuen's membered, was married to an equally account of the campaign. The Harms- erratic personage, known in history as worths are publishing a similar book on “ Pamela,” though her real name was Ann the same plan.

Simms. She was long supposed to have Gibbons' autobiography is to be issued been the daughter of Madame de Genlis by the Methuens, uniform with their fine by the Duke of Orleans, but recent invesedition of the “ Decline and Fall,” and tigation has shown that she was born in will be edited by Dr. Birkbeck Hill, the Newfoundland, though her parentage is Johnsonian scholar, whose minuteness is still doubtful. She came to England in almost tedious. Professor Bury, who has 1791, when Sheridan is said to have offered just finished his unique edition of Gib- her marriage. She fascinated Lord Edbons's masterpiece, is not yet forty. He ward FitzGerald, who married her in is an Irishman by birth and education, 1792. Her daughter, Pamela, married and has held a chair in Trinity College, Major-Gen. Sir Guy Campbell, whose daughter in turn became the mother of every school, and one can understand his Mr. George Wyndham. The Wyndhams partiality for D'Annunzio in his having also inherit ability on the father's side, for married an Italian, who, under the name Mr. Wilfred Scawen Blunt, the poet, is of “Kassandra Vivaria," has written a the cousin of Mr. George Wyndham. Mr. notable novel herself. Mrs. HeinemannScawen Blunt married Lord Byron's Sindici, as she is called, is said to be engranddaughter, while his daughter mar- gaged on a translation of D'Annunzio's ried the great Lord Lytton's grandson. latest romance, which contains a characIt is very rare that so much literary ability ter suspiciously like Signora Duse. Miss at any rate is found to run in the same Helen Zimmern has been protesting family for so long a period.

against the English reception of “La There is quite a run on books about Giaconda" by English people at the Lygardening, both practical and purely ceum, on the ground that it was hissed fanciful. The literature of contempla- off the stage at Naples. It was another tion has received a fillip by the work of of his plays that shared that fate; but, Bethia Hardacre, who is known in private even had it been “La Giaconda,” the life as Mrs. Fuller-Maitland. By far the great enthusiasm of Londoners for La best writer on gardening is the lady who Duse would make anything she plays parsigns herself “ E. V. B.” She has just donable. When you have said that, howwritten a new book on Hampton Court ever, you have said everything, for D'AnGarden, entitled “Seven Gardens and a nunzio is much too tropical for the circuPalace.” “E. V. B." (the Hon. Mrs. lating libraries. He has taken to politics, Boyle) is the widow of the Rev. Hon. and Ouida thinks he

may

become a new Richard Cavendish Boyle, uncle of the Rienzi.” present Earl of Cork. Her first book was The writer in Literature who has been written so long ago as 1852. She lives at declaring that “five-sixths of the reviews Huntercombe Manor, Maidenhead, a very one sees in most papers are of the indebeautiful place where Evelyn, the prince terminate, flabby, no-view-at-all variety,” of gardeners, was once a welcome guest. is well within the mark. “ The writers The gardens are unique, and under the of them,” he goes on to say, “write not fostering care of Mrs. Boyle they have what they themselves think, but what increased in splendor. Mrs. Boyle is they think the public thinks they ought seventy-four years old, and published her to think.” Morally, this is true; but it first book,“ Child's Play," a series of sev- is very difficult to substantiate when you enteen drawings—for she is also an artist come to particular cases, as Dr. Conan -so long ago as 1852. Lady Warwick has Doyle discovered on a notable occasion. also taken to gardening literature, for she One of the severest critics (in private) recently published in a semi-private way that I have met writes less pungently than an elaborate and expensive book dealing many men with half his knowledge and with her Essex home near Punmow. eclecticism. He would probably defend

One cannot think that D'Annunzio's himself on a hundred grounds, taking his work can ever become really popular in stand primarily on the desire not to hurt England, although Mr. Heinemann has the feelings of writers; but in most cases ventured to publish some translations of such a conflict between private and public the young Italian's novels. Mr. Heine- views results in the flabby review of which mann has always shown a very friendly the writer in Literature complains; and feeling towards continental writers of in the case of the weaker critics it ends in a careless cynicism that will not put itself maining part of Dickens' land in this about to discriminate. The recent at part of London is the Rag Store at the tempts to start purely literary journals corner of Lincoln's Inn Fields and its have been peculiarly disappointing, for authenticity is doubtful. Meantime Bleak the simple reason that real scholarship House at Broadstairs, which Dickens and an enormous circulation will not run loved, is in the market for £3,000. There in double harness. I believe that the is a proposal on foot to buy it for a Dickdaily newspapers will cease to do any re- ens Museum. Prices for first editions of viewing as such, but will go in for a sys- Dickens' works keep up wonderfully. A tem of bright reporting, entirely on the copy of the “ Letters of Dickens” in three lines of the news of the day. That will volumes, Grangerised to eighteen, was bring a book before the notice of more sold the other day for £90. readers than the present system of hud- Mr. Charles Frohman is reported to dling “notices" altogether, but it is not have declared recently that good plays are discriminating reviewing of the type Lit- so scarce that he means to get good novels erature's correspondent pines after. dramatized. He probably finds this in

Dickens enthusiasts who wish to see accord with the tastes of his public, for he some of the more interesting parts of annexes a book, as well as a playhouse London which the great novelist immor. audience.

audience. London, however, while also talized, must make haste, for the last of feeling the absence of good new plays, his favorite spots are rapidly disappear- shows the difficulty by harking back to ing. Notably among these is Clare Market good old ones. We are, therefore, having in the heart of London, which has already an unprecedented number of revivals. been shut up and is about to be demol- The Haymarket management has found a ished in order to make way for the great gold mine in Goldsmith and Sheridan, new street between the Strand and Hol- and has just put on “The School for born, a much needed improvement, for at Scandal.” Sir Henry Irving, rejuvenated present moment the entire traffic between

American tour, has revived these two great arteries is conducted “ Olivia.” Mr. Tree has gone back to through the narrow alley, Chancery Lane. “Rip Van Winkle.” Mr. Martin Harvey Clare Market, which has long been a hot- has had to rely again on “ The Only Way.” bed of crime, is connected with “ Joe,” Mr. Wilson Barrett is playing “ Quo Va“Mr. Guppy” and “Mr. Krook.” The dis,” one American version of which comold “Magpie and Stump,” where Mr. pletely failed; and at the minor theatres Pickwick made the acquaintance of Mr. we are getting revivals of farces and light Lowten, has been replaced by a gorgeous opera. new “gin-palace.” Almost the only re

J. M. Bulloch.

by his

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