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of all sorts of hallucinations. In this very Ballad ” we are introduced to a ship of a rating hitherto unknown in the navies of the world—a “seventy-three.” Mr. Kipling was perhaps misled by Thackeray's pleasantry:


“They hanged fat Jack and flogged Jim

mee, But as for little Bill, they made him The captain of a seventy-three."


Then there is another, the “ Ballad of the Clampherdown," in which Mr. Kipling makes a battleship

open fire at seven miles," on a light cruiser, armed with the most awful little Hotchkiss gun, with which the cruiser walloped the battleship, and then the battleship's crew, as she was going down, stepped aboard the cruiser, which was grinding against the battleship's side, and the cruiser's

company all lay down and died of From "Paul Jones : Founder of the American Navy." astonishment, and then, without beCopyright, 1900, by Charles Scribner's Sons.

ing in the least affected by the big battleship's suction, the cruiser

sheered off, defying all the laws of that, during those years, Paul Jones, the physics as she had defied those of the gardener's son, was received on a footing universe, to say nothing of the naval of perfect equality by the haughty provin- regulations. But that is another story. cial gentry of Virginia. And Professor It will, however, be a severe shock to Laughton's charge, that Paul Jones's

that Paul Jones's Mr. Kipling and Professor Laughton to “character was detestable,” was ever dis

read Mr. Buell's book. It proves that proved by the company he kept—George this “ notorious pirate,” Paul Jones, was Washington, for example. As for the old received in England, after the close of his slanders of smuggler, privateer and pirate, alleged piratical career, in a manner which they have long been thrown out of court.

indicated that persons of the greatest conIt is true that Mr. Rudyard Kipling, in sideration and highest honor reckoned his those amazing “Sea Ballads” of his, notes acquaintance & privilege. Besides the that his “ Ballad of the Three Captains” mere social distinction of being enter“appears to refer to one of the exploits of tained by Horace Walpole at Strawberry the notorious Paul Jones, the American Hill, by Lord Lansdowne at Lansdowne pirate,”—thus, selecting the ranking offi- House, by Lord Wemyss, of having been cer of the American Navy during the put up at the Carlton Club and introRevolution as the figure and type of a pi- duced to the Prince of Wales, he enjoyed rate. But as soon as Mr. Kipling gets the far greater honor of the friendship of into blue water he seems to be the victim such men as Charles James Fox, Admiral

Sir Roger Curtis, Admiral Lord Barham, considerable sum of prize money due the Captains Brenton-Wright, Trowbridge, officers and men of the Bon Homme Foley, Ball, Hood, Harvey, Saumerez and Richard, of which Paul Jones chose to others, many of whom were destined to consider the alleged pension a part. immortality as “Nelson's men.”

“Nelson’s men.” When Captain Mackenzie, in his Life of Paul he visited Portsmouth dockyard, at the Jones, unqualifiedly accuses him of being invitation of Admiral Lord Barham, he bought off from prosecuting the claim of was received with the most flattering at- prize money due his ship's company, by tention by all the officers, especially by this pension to himself. But Paul Captain Brenton-Wright, who had been Jones's whole life contradicts this calfirst lieutenant, and Lieutenant Hood, umny. If it were true, it would prove had been a midshipman in the Serapis. him to have been a fool as well as a And on the same visit, his acquaintance rogue; for the pension was never paid, was sought by Lieutenant Pearson, nephew and he could not have enforced its payof his old antagonist. Paul Jones says, ment legally. For the prize money, howwith natural gratification : “I felt par- ever, due for the sale of ships in Denmark, ticularly complimented at the assiduity he had a perfectly legal claim, and had he with which these young officers plied me lived and retained his health there is no with questions."

doubt he would have got it. The transTo create, out of the great mass of ma action, however, is a mysterious one, and terial left by Paul Jones, a clear and con should be cleared up, particularly as there nected story of his singular life, was in is not the least reason to suppose that itself a difficult undertaking. Particu Paul Jones in this one instance went conlarly is this true concerning Paul Jones's trary to every principle of his life, and campaign on the Liman, of which he turned rascal for a bit of paper which was wrote so much, so passionately and so

not worth sixpence. often, that it is not always easy to follow The other point is, an alleged cruise him. But this Mr. Buell has done, and made by Paul Jones, of which no record it is not the least admirable part of his has been printed. The fact that Mr. admirable book. Two points, however, Buell does not mention it, is presumpin ul Jones's career, are not touched tive proof that it did not

But upon by Mr. Buell, and it would be well, was the question ignored by accident or in future editions, to remedy this. Both design ? of them may be mere Jack-o'-lanterns of The style of the book is charming, full tradition, but if so, Mr. Buell should say of the pith, the manly directness, the


One is the pension which is com- vigor and color which such a subject remonly reported to have been allowed to quires. Mr. Buell is not carried away by Paul Jones by the King of Denmark, but the enthusiasm which the consideration of which was never paid. The details of such a personality as Paul Jones must this affair have never been wholly under evoke in every normal mind. But his stood. Many surmises have been made readers are likely to become so, when a regarding it, the most plausible being great man is limned before them with so that Paul Jones accepted the offer as com much truth and force as this book reveals. mitting the King of Denmark to pay a

Molly Elliot Seawell.



THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY, whose friends loved him. Yet he could be

life and letters prepared by his son severe enough when severity was required. are among the most notable books of the Witness his crushing rejoinder to that year in history and biography, was one of Archbishop of Canterbury who had made He was noted not merely as a scientist of him the subject of silly jests on a public the most remarkable characters of his day, occasion of serious moment. the first order but as a philosopher and Though he was an atheist in the full controversialist, a philanthropist and edu- meaning of the word he attained a promicator. The penalty of greatness is publi- nence and acquired a position which is recity. The public at large knew Professor markable in à country outwardly as Huxley in some, or all, of these capa. insistent upon Christianity as England. cities; it has remained for his son to re- Perhaps he is better known to humanity veal the intimate personal character of the because he invented the word “agnostic" man. Indeed, the revelation is from than from any other cause; and that one Huxley himself, for the book is mainly of his opinions should have been able to composed of his own letters; letters to reach and enjoy the position he filled is a everyone on every conceivable subject; wonderful tribute to his personal characand however widely we may differ from ter and to his methods as a controverhis conclusions upon some of the sub- sialist, for he argued with reason and jects—which from my point of view as a respect. He never made religious belief, clergy man are not even at issue—it is im- however absurd from his point of view, possible to withhold a tribute of admira- the subject of a coarse jest or a rude wittition for the man.

cism; he seems to have felt sorrow that he He was one of the most lovable char- was so constituted mentally as to be unacters with which the writer has ever be- able to accept the things in which friends come acquainted in history or in life. whom he loved believed. Though born Honest as the day is long, open and frank in humble circumstances and springing as the sunlight, his character singularly from the middle class, the world has not enough exhibited in large measure those known many who better bore the grand graces and qualities which

old name of gentleman. Now, these conaccustomed to describe Christian. clusions are the result of a reading of the Throughout the book there bubbles a book. I knew little or nothing of the perennial spring of humor of the kindli- personal character and private life of Huxest and most winsome description. He eley until these wonderful volumes wer was never too serious for a bit of fun and put into my hand. it was fun that had no sting to it. It The most interesting portion of the never descended to buffoonery, he seems book from a non-scientific point of view always to have been good-natured. One is contained in his correspondence with does not wonder that his family and his Charles Kingsley. The temptation to

comment upon his assertions and concluLIFE AND LETTERS OF THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY. By his son, Leonard Huxley. D. Appleton & Co., 2 vol- sions is strong, but such an action would umes, 8vo, illustrated, $5.00 net.

be entirely beyond the province of this

review. Of course, only Huxley's letters Work. By P Chalmers Mitchell. 12mo, $1.50.

to Kingsley are given and one longs for





A Sketch of His Life and

G. P. Putpam's Sons,

[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Kingsley's answers for comparison. It is evidence. His clear thinking and brillike listening to a brilliant conversation liantly logical way of putting things carried on through a telephone-you only really provide the Christian controversialget half of it. Though he was a strenu ist with some splendid weapons for his ous opponent to the great dogmas of armory, and I think Huxley meant to do Christianity-yet that is hardly a fair that very thing. For instance, there is a statement, for his position was not so thought in one of his letters about the much one of opposition as of interroga- possibility of prayer which is so striking tion-he longed for evidence that should and brilliant that it alone seems to estabconvince him. Miracles were pot antece lish the efficacy of prayer-postulating dently incredible to him, it was only a the existence of God, of course. question of evidence. The immortality His achievements as a scientist were reof the soul was reasonable, still he wanted markable. Beginning with a new dis

long life.

the pages.

“I am

covery in physiology while still a child, he to the size of the volume. For the rest was found in the forefront of every move- the brief comments of the author and ment for the advance of human knowl- compiler are lucid and helpful, and his edge in the scientific field during his own personality does not obtrude itself in

It is Thomas Henry Huxley While it may be questioned whether he from beginning to end, and Thomas belongs in the front rank of the great cre- Henry Huxley is a good man to study and ative scientists like Darwin, yet no man to know. did more to establish the theory of evolu- In addition to the brilliant and vivid tion than Huxley.

Darwin's self-revelation of Huxley contained in sword,” he used to say, and it is not too his son's compilation, Mr. P. Chalmers much to affirm that the battle for scien- Mitchell has made an important contritific truth which has been won in the last bution to the literature of the subject. half of the century was fought on Dar- His book is not so much a life as it is a win's creed by Huxley's sword.

clear and consecutive statement from an It seems to me that the man went impartial and outside standpoint of what through life with Pontius Pilate’s question Huxley actually accomplished, a critical upon his lips, “What is truth?” And he comment upon his views, words and work. found so much that was true on his own It supplements the larger volumes in a account and helped others see so much natural and pleasing way. For instance, that was true in the work of men who in reading the son's biography, you somewere greater in mind but less in person- times find it difficult not to lose sight of ality than himself, that we may confi- the work in the man and the impression dently hope, in spite of his failure to see you get is not so much what Huxley did other truths—though he seems to have but what Huxley was. In the later book, sought diligently for them—that he has it is what Huxley did that engages the his reward; and that, though aforetime attention, rather than what he was. From he could not even see through the glass the two you derive a complete and comdarkly, he now sees face to face.

prehensive idea of the man, his work and To turn from the man to the book, if his time. I know few eminent people any criticism is to be made it may be said who have been so well served by those there is too much of it. Many letters are who sought to draw them for the future. given which are of little importance and Mr. Mitchell has done his work im parwhich merely cumber the pages and add tially, lucidly and well.

Cyrus Townsend Brady,


These are the best of him,

Passions were strong in him-
Pathos and jest of him ;

Pardon the wrong in him ;
Earth holds the rest of him.

Hark to the song of him !
Each little lyrical
Grave or satirical

Musical miracle ! - From On Life's Stairway,by Frederic Laurence Knowles. By permission of Messrs. L. C.

Page & Co.

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