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VHE sale of Colonel Grant's library at Messrs. Vol. II. –Title to Parts III and IV, contents of

Part III (2 leaves), map, voyage to Laputa, etc., last month has called especial attention to etc., pp. 1–155. Title and contents to Part IV, the eighteenth century writers. It was particu (3 leaves), map, voyage to the Houyhnhnms, pp. larly rich in original editions of Pope, Swift, Gold- 1–199. This was also issued on large paper, the smith, Gray, Prior, Burney, Boswell, and a few number of copies being unknown. others. Colonel Grant was one the highest author- No. II.—The parts are paged separately as in ities in England on these authors, and was always No. I, but the inscription is round the oval of the ready to loan his books for serious editorial work. portrait, thus: “Captain Lemuel Gulliver, of RedHis collection was rich in presentation copies, and riff, Ætat. suæ LVIII," and beneath are two lines the prices realized at the sale is a fresh illustration in Latin from Persius. Several small differences of the value put upon “association books” by the in collation occur, viz. : “ The Publisher to the collector. A few examples will suffice to indicate Reader” begins on verso of A 2 and ends on verso this upward tendency. Pope's “Dunciad," 1728, of A 4. The Contents of Part I begins on verso with MS. additions, £75 ; Boswell's “Corsica,” of A 5 and ends on verso of A 6. Signature B 1768, presentation copy to David Garrick, fetched begins at page 5 and Part I ends on verso of K £17, while his “ Tour to the Hebrides,” 1785, a 8. In the second volume Part II ends on page 154. presentation copy, uncut, £9.15. Miss Burney's No. III has each volume paged continuously “ Evelina," 1778, with an autograph letter insert- throughout, instead of having a separate paginaed, realized £10. Of other notable prices realized, tion for each of the four parts. The portrait is as the following were most conspicuous : De Foe's in No. II. The “Publisher to the Reader" be"Fortunate Mistress," 1724, £12.15 ; Goldsmith's gins on verso of A 2, and the contents of Part I “Deserted Village,” 1770, 8vo, £21 ; Dryden's are printed in small type on one leaf (A 6). B “Oliver Cromwell,” 1659, £21. The new edition begins at p. 5, and Part I ends on verso of K 8. of Swift's works being issued by Messrs. George The contents of Part II are set in large type and Bell & Sons, and edited by Mr. Temple Scott has occupy 4'pp. Part II begins at (M) p. 149 and ends added much to our bibliographical knowledge of at p. 310 (verso of Y 1). The first issue to have the learned and witty dean. It has settled defi- Volume II on the title is this one. Part III ends nitely through the researches of Mr. Scott the at p. 154, and Volume II ends at p. 353 (Aa 8). variations and peculiarities of the early editions A volume entitled “Travels Into Several Reof “Gulliver's Travels," which has long been a mote Nations of the World," by Captain Lemuel puzzle to collectors.

We give in brief a summary Gulliver, Volume III, was issued in 1727; but it is of this information that the buyer who has not yet needless to say it is a rank forgery, and should acquired a copy of the editio princeps of this fam- not deceive the collector. It was chiefly a transous book may be aware, and that the owner who lation of a book entitled “Histoire des Sevahas already bought the wrong one may groan and nambes,” published originally in 1677–1679. lament his misfortune in placing too much confidence in his own judgment when buying his. The publication of a new monograph by WilThe summary of the facts is as follows: There are liam Loring Andrews is an event in the collector's three issues dated 1726; they may be designated world of no mean importance. This time the as I, II and III. In the genuine first issue the book is not on an entirely new subject, although portrait has the inscription “ Captain Lemuel one that is creating more and more interest. All Gulliver, of Redriff Etat. sui 58,” in two lines the excellent printing, careful reproductions of under the oval, and each of the four parts have engravings, model typography which have marked separate pagination, viz.:

the former issues by Mr. Andrews characterize Vol. I.-Portrait, general title, contents, “ Pub- this also, although the volume is practically lisher to the Reader.” 3 leaves (A 3-A 5). Title nothing more than a supplementary chapter to a and contents to Part I. 2 leaves (A 7 and 8), map, book issued in 1893, entitled “The Bradford voyage to Lilliput, pp. 1–148 (text begins B 1 Map.” and Part I, ends on verso of L 2. Title and Con- Mr. Andrews has made an effort in this volume tents to Part II (2 leaves), map, voyage to Brob- to nail a mistake before it is too generally circuladingnag, pp. 1–164.

ted, and in the process he has pinned no less an

authority than John Fiske, the noted historian. The object of this monograph is to call attention to the fact that there are only two genuine, simonpure original Bradford maps in existence (one owned by Mr. Andrews himself, and the other by the New York Historical Society), and that all the facsimile reproductions are taken from a spu

It is to warn the collector of this error, and to open his eyes to the fact, that this volume is published. Three facsimile maps are shown-one to show the original and the other the spurious facsimile. Of this supplementary chapter only 170 are printed on hand-made paper and 32 on Japan paper.

rious one.

one of the founders of the club. He discourses most pleasantly in the first three chapters—on “ Boston in Colonial Times,” “Introduction of Printing into the English Colonies,” “ Early American Booksellers," etc., etc.

There is much valuable information included in this volume, and in perusing it one has only a single desire, viz., that a second volume may soon follow, bringing the history at least one hundred years later. Numerous illustrations adorn the pages, as well as many facsimiles.

The arrangement is chronological, beginning with Captain William Pierce and ending with John Phillips. An excellent index adds to the completeness of the book. The fact that only 150 copies were printed for members of the club, and that the book has already risen in price will be sufficient to make the collector want the volume instanter. There is much curious and interesting information tucked into these brief biographies of Boston booksellers, and the whole forms an interesting and important contribution to our knowledge of this early period of our country. The year 1711 was chosen as a limit, because in that year a fire occurred, burning out all the booksellers in the city.

Ernest Dressel North.

The Club of Odd Volumes in Boston was founded in 1887, the year after the formation of the Grolier Club in New York. Its financial success has not been as great, nor its real estate transactions so profitable ; but it has always kept up a high standard in its publications, and the latest is no exception to the rule. “Early Boston Booksellers, 1642–1711," is a handsome octavo, printed on excellent paper by John Wilson & Son, of Cambridge. The author, George Emery Littlefield, is the well-known bookseller of Cornhill, a graduate of Harvard, and, if we mistake not,


The simple, little wayside rose
To me is sweeter far,
And more begirt with grace, than those
From sheltered gardens are ;
And vagrant shreds of homeless song
May keener pleasures hold
Than to the grander bards belong,

Though bound in silk and gold. - From A Book of Verses” by Nixon Waterman. By courtesy of Messrs. Forbes & Company.


arguments of morals, of constitutional auTHE PROBLEMS OF EXPANSION thority and of expediency against this

course, and it is simple justice to him to T is a striking proof of both the novIT


very little has since been added elty and the complexity of the ques- to the substance of the discussion. When tions growing out of the war with Spain, he was appointed one of the Peace Comthat there is no single term under which missioners at Paris, 'it was with full they can be grouped clearly and fully. knowledge on the part of the Government Mr. Whitelaw Reid's papers and addresses that his views were those explained in this dealing with them have the above title. article, which was published a few days It is as good as any, but it implies that later. the problems have arisen from some fairly Just at this time, when the course of definite and conscious process of expan- the Administration has been proclaimed sion in our nation. In fact they arose in the opposition party to be the “ dominant the course of a practically defensive war, issue” in the pending political canvass, undertaken to suppress a dangerous nuis- Mr. McKinley and his associates may well ance at our doors, and prefaced by a sol- be grateful for such support as they reemn and sincere disclaimer of any inten

ceive from Mr. Reid. But his writing is tion to extend our sovereignty or control singularly free from the spirit of partizan over the territory to which all supposed advocacy, is especially free from the sensethat the war should be confined.

less abuse of opponents which partizans It is Mr. Reid's view, however, that the are often silly enough to think effective actual expansion, though not intended or with the public, and is honestly and canexpected, or, as far as he is concerned, at didly addressed to the writer's fellow citifirst desired, has been inevitable. Hold- zens, and based on what he believes to be ing that view, he was originally the common duties, rights and interests. In prophet of the policy since adopted; he this regard Mr. Reid is entitled to much has had important and responsible share credit, and all the more because he is himin shaping it, and he is now its consistent self a convinced and loyal Republican, has and very influential advocate. In the first for thirty years been the editor of a party of the papers included in this volume, organ, and has shared largely in the party written for The Century Magazine in the counsels.

. summer of 1898, before the signing of

Mr. Reid's book should be carefully the peace protocol he wrote: “As a neces- read by all who wish to understand the sity of the position in which we find our- nature and the history of the problems of selves, and as a matter of national duty, expansion, but it may be useful here to we must hold Cuba, at least for a time, state briefly the line of his argument: We and till a permanent government is well were justified in destroying the Spanish established, for which we can afford to be fleet in Manila Bay ; we were then obliged responsible; we must hold Porto Rico; to assume responsibility for the future of and we may have to hold the Philippines.” the islands as to which we had rendered He examined with much acuteness the Spain practically helpless ; when Spain

sued for peace, we could not honorably PROBLEMS OF EXPANSION. By Whitelaw Reid. The Century Co., 12mo, $1.50.

restore to her misrule the region in which

the future and of the military and naval MIhats veteran traveler and fund of

we had abolished it; there was no other even long deferred. Mr. Reid's little volpower that could take it ; we were entitled ume is a substantial contribution to the to its possession as an indemnity for the discussion not only of their origin but of cost of the war ; we could take it under the methods by which we may hope fairly the sovereignty inherent in our national to deal with them. government; we could rule it under the

Edward Cary. provision of the constitution giving “all needful power” to Congress “ respecting the territory or other property belonging MRS. BISHOP'S VENTURE INTO to the United States ; ” it was our interest

THE HEART OF CHINA to take it as the base of the commerce of

RS. establishment that might be required ;

that veteran traveler and fund of having taken it, it is our duty, while ut- interesting gossip concerning things in terly rejecting the notion of incorporating the far East, gives us in two handsome it in the Union in the form and with the volumes the record of a trip, undertaken powers of States, to govern it firmly, justly, in 1897, extending two thousand miles up honestly, so as to secure all the civil rights the valley of the Yangtze, the great river of its people and as complete political upon which floats down to the sea a large rights as they shall be found fitted to ex- part of China's contribution to the comercise. “ If this be imperialism,” says merce of the world. All of this country Mr. Reid, “make the most of it.”

has been gone over before. Nevertheless, Personally I agree with the general rea- Mrs. Bishop finds much to tell that is soning of Mr. Reid, though he does not worth telling of the present condition of make it as clear as I should like that the this vast

this vast and wonderfully rich valley, good government of the Philippines and teeming with human life, with its hunthe safety of all foreign interests there dreds of cities whose very existence and could not have been provided for without names are unknown to most readers, and our assuming complete responsibility for where the life of the " foreign devil ” is them, nor is it plain that any other way even to-day not quite safe, and traveling out was sought. Nor can I persuade my- a task to daunt all but the most deterself that the argument from the constitu- mined spirits. tion and the decisions of the Supreme The length of the Yangtze is supposed Court for the authority to administer to be about three thousand miles. The these new possessions is conclusive. But area of its basin already explored by white whether there is explicit authority or not men and fairly well known, is estimated there is the actual power such as has al- at about 650,000 square miles, with a ready repeatedly been exercised and will population of no less than 180,000,000. prove adequate for the future. Compared

Compared For the first six hundred miles, from with the means, moral and material, that Shanghai to Hankow, it is a calm, majestic we possess for their solution, the problems waterway ; further on the rapids begin, of expansion now confronting us are not the stream is confined between high near so formidable or so obscure and dif- mountains and precipices, until finally, ficult as those the nation has mastered in about fifteen hundred miles from the sea, the past. If they were far more so than they are, no one who dreads them has yet THE YANGTZE VALLEY AND BEYOND. By Mrs. Isabella it becomes unnavigable, especially in the native distrust and dislike of all foreigndry season. Notwithstanding the difficul- ers remains smouldering, to break out ties and dangers of navigation upon the every few years with horrible results. upper Yangtze, beyond Hankow it is Even when a Chinaman accepts medical traversed annually by thousands of junks or surgical aid that he sorely needs he carrying valuable cargoes and employing does it under protest. Mrs. Bishop tells half a million men whose work is of the the story of a blind beggar, whose catahardest and miserably paid. From Han- ract had been successfully removed, inkow Mrs. Bishop made the trip practically sisting upon a large compensation bealone, and, after reading an account of her cause his means of livelihood-beggingadventures, it is safe to say that few men had been taken away from him! and no women will care to repeat it so Among the discomforts of the trip, the long as the Chinese of the far interior per- overcrowding at the inns, the awful sist in looking upon all foreigners as in stenches, the impossible food, dwindle in league with the devil, and bent upon kill- significance as compared with the vermin, ing children for the purpose of using their the impossibility of keeping warm, and eyes for medicinal purposes. Ata thousand the constant discourtesy, if not abuse. miles from the sea even the mandarins, Mrs. Bishop admits that much of this illsupposed to be men of culture, had never will arose from the fact that she was a heard of any countries but China, Japan woman. According to Chinese ideas no and Russia. The common people be- respectable woman ever travels. The fact lieved that all the nations upon earth paid that she was a lone, strange woman far tribute to China. The vague rumors of from home indicated viciousness or worse; war with Japan became tales of triumph, moreover she could write, for they saw and all the picture shops sold represen- her taking notes, and no respectable tations of the final annihilation of the woman knew how to write; furthermore Japanese army and navy.

Bird Bishop. With map and illustrations. pointed out how they may be evaded or

nam's Sons, two volumes, 8vo, $6.

G. P. Put

she used a diabolical instrument for makIt is probable that Mrs. Bishop rather ing magic pictures, and nothing was more underestimates the hardships of her trip. certain than that every person whose picShe speaks of appalling discomforts as ture was thus obtained would die within adding merely to the interest of her story. a year. Perhaps we might not make it Thus in almost every city of the real in- pleasant for a person who so outraged all terior, beyond the influence of foreign our ideas of propriety. Certainly the consuls, it was only with difficulty that Chinese of the upper Yangtze really did she could obtain lodging at the inns or not make it pleasant for Mrs. Bishop. even food for herself and the seven native In every inn her private room was the servants she employed to carry her open centre of attraction. If the partitions sedan chair and act as guards. The hatred were of wood, every crack had a long row of the foreigner seems to be as inbred as of eyes glued to it; if the walls were of it is inexplicable among these peaceable, plaster, scores of holes were quickly made. industrious and highly worthy people. As fast as a curtain was hung over one set The missionaries have done wonders in of holes another set appeared, perhaps on the way of establishing schools and hos- the other side of the room. This was pitals, always at personal risk and discom- particularly annoying when the traveler forts of which we can form but a faint wished to have complete darkness in order conception, and yet right within the to develop her negatives, and Mrs. Bishop sphere of their benevolent activity the attributes the "fogged "condition of some

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