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HE following “Wherever such a bird shall enter,
'Tis sure some power above has sent her,
(So said the mystic book) to show
The human dweller forth must go,"—
But where it did not say. markable book, Then anxiously the bird addressing, “Things Chi
And my ignorance confessing,
“Gentle bird, in mercy deign
Where is my future way?"
To answer me by simple speaking,
Then folded up its sable wing, Poe in Chinese literature, B. C. 200. The Nor did it utter anything,
But breathed a “Well-a-day!" Chinese prototype was an eminent statesman, Kia Yi by name, who was also “no More eloquent than any diction,
That simple sign produced conviction, mean poet."
Furnishing to me the key
Of the awful mystery
That on my spirit lay.
“Fortune's wheel is ever turning,
To human eye there's no discerning 'Twas in the month of chill November,
Weal or woe in any state;
Wisdom is to bide your fate;"
This is what it seemed to say
In that simple “ Well-a-day.”
Poe's apparent obligation to early
Chinese literature brings to mind another
interesting parallel. Many persons have Flew a bird of omen ill, And seemed inclined to stay.
remarked the similarity between Poe's
tale of The Cask of Amontillado” and To my book of occult learning, Suddenly I thought of turning,
Balzac's story of “Le Grand Breteche” All the mystery to know,
the motive being the same in each caseOf that shameless owl or crow, That would not go away.
burying a living man in a tomb of masonCopyright, 1900, by CHARLES SCRIBNER'S Sons. All rights reserved.
ry. But we wish somebody who is wise book, “A Cycle of Cathay," published in dates would inform us whether Poe some years ago, has acquired new timeliwas indebted to Balzac for this incident, ness through the recent events in China, or Balzac to Poe. It seems to us that it ranks with Sir Robert Hart, the British is more likely that Poe read Balzac than Inspector of Chinese Customs, as the leadthat Balzac read Poe, whose fame has ing authority on the country, its people, waxed since his death. But we should conditions, and policies. Dr. Martin has like to be assured by somebody who knows. spent the greater part of his life in China, Perhaps Mr. Stedman can tell, or Mr. where he went in 1850 as a Presbyterian Woodberry.
missionary. Returning to the United States in 1856, he received two years later
from our Government an appointment as From South Africa to North China is a
official interpreter in the conduct of negofar cry, but within a few days the eye militant has changed its focus from Africa tiations with the Chinese government by to-Asia. The latest and in many respects
Mr. William B. Reed, then United States
Minister at Peking. In the following year the best book to give one a correct idea of
he was attached to the staff of our Minthe present conditions in North China is
ister to Japan-Mr. John E. Ward. “ Village Life in China,” by Arthur H. Smith, who is now at P’ang Chuang near
Returning to China, Dr. Martin reTien-Tsin, the storm centre of the present rendered a service, not only to that coun
sumed his missionary labors, and in 1865 hostilities. Although issued but a few months the book is now in its second
try, but to the whole civilized world, by ago, edition, and many eminent critics have the translation into Chinese of Wolseley's said that it is quite equal, if not superior, kind to be published in the language. It
"International Law," the first book of its to Dr. Smith's inimitable “ Chinese Characteristics,” now in its tenth thousand.
gave the Chinese an insight into the rules “ Chinese Characteristics” has been
governing the relations of nations, and translated into German and “Village Life
became the authority to which they looked in China” has been so much appreciated
for guidance in their intercourse with in the land of its birth as to induce a
Western powers. Dr. Martin was specially Pekin publisher to arrange for a Chinese
thanked for his labor by the Tsung-Li
Yamen. translation by a gentleman in the Imper
Soon afterward Dr. Martin was put at ial customs. Dr. Smith’s volumes are published by the F. H. Revell Co., of New
the head of the Tung Weng college for
the training of Chinese for the governYork.
ment service, established at the suggestion
of Sir Robert Hart, with whom he conThe initial at the head of the Rambler stantly collaborated, and was closely asis from Mr. Mansfield's new edition of “In
sociated in his further educational work. Memoriam” for which Blanche McManus
Dr. Martin was made a mandarin of the has made 140 specially designed letters.
first class in 1885, and of the second class The volume will be printed in two colors
in 1898, sharing this honor, if we mistake and will contain a frontispiece portrait of
not, only with Sir Robert Hart, who has, Hallam on Japan vellum.
beside the Red Button, the Double Dragon
and the Peacock Feather. Dr. William A. P. Martin, President of In 1894 Dr. Martin returned to this the Imperial College at Peking, whose country, and wrote “A Cycle of Cathay," one of the most informing books on China available to the student. It was his intention at the time to spend the remainder of his days among us, but the offer of the presidency of the newly established Imperial college at Peking opened up so vast a field of usefulness to him, that he readily accepted the post, which he holds to this day.
The venerable clergyman and educator Dr. Martin is over seventy-five years oldhas been submerged by the upheaval in China. His fate, like that of the Envoys, and of so many missionaries, is, at the moment of this writing, unknown. The last direct communication from him was addressed to his granddaughter, and dated at the “ temple called the Pearl Grotto," near Peking, on May 18. His son, Mr. Newell Martin, recently made public extracts from this letter, which show, that, while the movements of the Boxers had not entirely escaped the Doctor's attention, he did not consider them as of a particularly threatening nature. "They have killed one missionary," he wrote, Miss Josephine Preston Peabody's new “and burned down a good many churches, volume of verse, to be published this fall and killed some hundreds of Christians. by Small, Maynard & Company, will show They pray to the idols just before making this young poet in a new light to those an attack, and then believe themselves who have known her only from her first bullet-proof. A few weeks ago, however, volume, “ The Wayfarers.” some sixty of them were killed in an The new book is to be titled “Fortune attack on a Christian village. Their faith and Men's Eyes-New Poems, with a is naturally somewhat shaken.”
Play.” The play which opens and names On June 9th two cablegrams from China the volume is a one-act Elizabethan were received in this city in answer to drama, founded on the sonnets of Shaketelegraphed inquiries regarding Dr. Mar- speare. The "player" of the piece is tin's whereabouts. The first of these, none other than Master W. S. himself, from Chefoo, said: “Uncertain; last ac- and the play somewhat audaciously precounts, Peking.” The second, from Shang- sents, with a good deal of ironic humor hai, addressed to the Presbyterian Board and human sympathy, the spiritual crisis of Foreign Missions, simply said: “Mar- of the sonnets at a climax on the same tin, Peking." There the matter rests at afternoon with a bear baiting in South present. We can only hope that Dr. London. Martin, one of the ablest of our represen- It is not intended as a contribution to tatives in the Orient, may have escaped Shakespeariana, but as a picture of a great the wave of fury and fanaticism.
man in his day of self-doubt, elbowed by
MISS JOSEPHINE PRESTON PEABODY
R. N. STEPHENS
(From a photograph by Hollinger]
Robert Neilson Stephens, author and a thousand circumstances, and the spir- dramatist, came into literary work by the itual story remains the same, whether one
natural pathway leading through newspabelieves or disbelieves in the Pembroke theory and Mary Lytton. The poetic
Mr. Stephens was born in Pennsylvania, quality and the purity of the Elizabethan
July 22, 1867, his father being principal diction and imagery promise for the play of an academy in Bloomfield. He entered a rare literary and artistic success.
business life as a printer's devil in the The new poems and lyrics which com
office of a country newspaper; later, he plete the volume show a considerable ad
became clerk to a bookseller and stavance over Miss Peabody's former volume, tioner; then learned shorthand, and evenhaving wider range, deeper insight, and
tually became secretary to the managing much more forthright speech, as well as
editor of the Philadelphia Press in Demore evident human interest.
cember, 1886. He was soon promoted to
a staff position, taking charge of the theTo the Century Company, his pub- atrical department, and doing reporting lishers, we are indebted for the liberty and correspondence. During this period of publishing a new portrait of Mr. several short stories from his pen were Reid whose “Problems of Expansion" published in various magazines. In 1893 Mr. Edward Cary reviews on another he made his début as a theatrical agent page.
and dramatist, writing melodramas and a