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to be educated. Mr. Lee matriculated at Yale, where he graduated with honors His book, which is still in print, is specially interesting as giving an intimate picture of the home life and family customs and habits of the people of the Celestial Kingdom some twenty years ago.

MR. W. A. FRASER

Dr. John Clark Ridpath, the noted historian and author of popular lives of President Garfield and James G. Blaine, died at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York on the 31st of July. Dr. Ridpath, who was born near Fillmore, Putnam County, Indiana, in 1840, was a graduate of the Du Pauw University, where later he became professor of English literature and history and finally vice-president. His influence upon the multitude was no less wholesome and stimulating on account of his reputation being, perhaps, subordinate to most of the great historians among the cultivated few. His “ History of the (Photograph by Wm. Kay, Georgetown, Can.) World” is probably better known and more widely read in this country than any

Mr. W. A. Fraser, well known as the of the works of Parkman, Bancroft, Mac

writer of many interesting stories of the Masters, Gibbon, Hume or Freeman.

American Indian, has in press a volume of stories of the North Woods, entitled

“ Mooswa and Other Animals," which will Among the new books about China an- be illustrated by Arthur Heming. Both nounced for early pablication is one by author and artist know the Canadian Rounserelle Wildman, formerly United wilderness with the thoroughness of long States Consul General at Hong Kong, en- familiarity, and they have co-operated in titled “ China's Open Door.” This vol- making this story of the woods and its ume will contain an introduction and a denizens a book of imaginative interest chapter on Peking, of special interest at and romantic realism. the present time, by Colonel Denby, formerly United States Minister to China. Two interesting contributions to the The John Murphy Company, of Balti- romance of American history are more, announce also “ The World Crisis nounced for early publication by Messrs. in China," being an account of various Charles Scribner's Sons. The first of these uprisings and wars in the Celestial Em

is a graphic and interesting portrait of the pire, including the present war with the most romantic figure in American RevoBoxers. This work is by Mr. Allen S. lutionary history, and reveals many hithWill, of the Baltimore Sun, and will be erto unknown exploits in the career of handsomely illustrated.

“ Paul Jones, the Founder of the Ameri

an

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can Navy.” This definitive life of Paul religion and science to pastimes, politics Jones is the work of Augustus C. Buell, and social questions. and will be published in two volumes with many illustrations. Mr. John R. Spears's

Professor Henry A. Beers's experience “ History of the American Slave Trade,” in writing fiction, much of which is huwhich has been appearing in the pages of Scribner's Magazine, will appear in an oc

morous, may to some degree explain the tavo volume with illustrations by Mr. Ap- the Eighteenth Century,” of which

charm in his “English Romanticism of pleton Clark toward the end of September. Messrs. Henry Holt & Co. are bringing No one who has seen these papers in the

out the third impression. Professor magazine needs to be reminded of the

Beers expects to have his “English Rounusual interest of Mr. Spears's account

manticism of the Nineteenth Century" of the slave trade, or of Mr. Clark's realis

ready in the spring of 1901. tic pictures which illustrate it. Governor Roosevelt's brilliant mono

Mr. Lloyd Osbourne, Stevenson's stepgraph on Oliver Cromwell will appear in

son and collaborator in “The Wrong book form at once, with fifty illustrations

Box," publishes his first volume of stories from original drawings by distinguished this autumn, under the title “ The Queen English and American artists, and with

versus Billy, and Other Stories.” The

Scribners also announce a new book of portraits, fac-similes, etc., from the most notable British collections of interesting

short stories by Mr. Stockton, called documents relating to the Protector.

“Afield and Afloat”; a volume of Cy

Warman's tales, called “Short Rails"; a Professor Barrett Wendell's “Literary

book of short character sketches by Paul History of America,” upon which he has Bourget, called “ Domestic Dramas,” and been at work for several years, will be

another volume of Q's capital yarns, with published by the Scribners this autumn.

the attractive title, “ Profitable Ghosts." The nineteenth century is treated in greatest detail, the eighteenth is discussed

We do not remember ever to have seen less fully, and the seventeenth century M. Gribayedoff's etched portrait of Stevenobviously more briefly still. The author son reproduced before in any periodical. has tried to define the ways in which the

This portrait seems to us almost as fornative character and thought of America

tunate and vivid as the same artist's etchhave diverged from those of England.

ing of Paderewski's wonderful head. The

Stevenson portrait was made about ten Mr. John Murray announces a forth- years ago. coming periodical The Monthly Review, whose first number, edited by Mr. Henry Mr. Henry T. Finck contributes a new Newbolt, is to appear this month, in Eng- volume upon “ Songs and Song Writers” land. The Monthly Review will be illus to the “Music Lover's Library," of which trated, and will contain a serial novel, the Scribners published the initial volume besides poetry, criticism of current litera- last year in Mr. Henderson’s “ Orchestra ture and art, and editorial comment upon and Orchestral Music.” the whole field of human interest, from

The Rambler.

OUR LITERARY DIPLOMATS

PART IV

FROM THE SEVENTIES TO THE PRESENT DAY

SCH

EUGENE SCHU YLER

he was made consul at Moscow, and two

years later Secretary of Legation at St. CHUYLER was a public official of Petersburg. Here he remained until 1876,

whom any nation might well be acting from time to time as Chargé proud. After he had finished, without d'Affaires. During these years Schuyler being asked to resume it, the highest dig- was busy in the Russian archives collectnity to which he ever attained—the ing material for his “Peter the Great mission to Greece, Roumania, and Servia (1884: 2 v.). Had it not been for the (1882-1884)—he delivered some lectures opportunities afforded the young Secretary at Johns Hopkins University and also at of Legation, his valuable work on TurkesCornell University. These lectures were tan could not have been prepared for or published in 1886 as “American Diplo- written. macy and the Furtherance of Commerce." Again his activity showed itself in Three years later President Harrison 1876, when he was Consul-general at Copnamed him as First Assistant Secretary of stantinople. His reports at that time on State under Mr. Blaine. Now this book the Bulgarian horrors roused public opinwas written by a man who at the time of ion, especially in England. In 1878 his retirement stood probably highest in Schuyler was made Consul at Birmingthe American diplomatic body for actual ham, then Consul-general at Rome, experience and variety of performance. 1878-79, and later at Bucharest. At the He was a thoroughly trained man, and latter place he devoted himself to Rouhad from the ninth number of The Nation manian literature and folklore. Italy, been a contributor to that journal, to where he died, seems to have been the which he continued to write almost till country most endeared to this much travthe hour of his death. Practice in such a eled man, and it was while there, in 1888 journalistic school had taught facility of and 1889, that he wrote an admirable style and fearlessness of expression. As series of letters to the Nation on Dickens, a consequence this book was too truthful Shelley and Byron, Mrs. Browning, Hawto be always agreeable--at all events it thorne, and other literary and historical did not suit the fancy of the Senate, which memories identified with Italian scenes. refused to confirm the appointment to the His particular fondnesses were languages, State Department, and Mr. Schuyler was music, and botany. rather gingerly honored with the post of In his journeyings through Turkestan Consul-general at Cairo. He died in and Bulgaria, a rare courage and a mastery Venice in 1890, while an incumbent of of inferior men were necessary. this office.

ploits may have seemed to lack the dash His diplomatic and his literary life kept of a Burnaby riding to Khiva, but they an even pace. In 1866, seven years after were probably no less hazardous. A colhis graduation at Yale (he was born in lege friend at Yale-Mr. James M. Hub1810) and three years after he had finished bard-told in the Nation after Schuyler's his course at the Columbia Law School, death, how timid, retiring, and almost

His ex

girlish was Schuyler's nature in college. changes which followed upon the death of Meeting Schuyler years afterward, this the Emperor Nicholas, he was not allowed friend questioned him, regarding his to neglect the study of Thomas Jefferson change of manner in this respect, where and his works under the stern eye of his upon the honest answer: "In all my jour- official chief. His duties, chiefly those of neyings I never mounted my horse in the interpreter, brought him into contact with morning without a shudder of terror.” typical Russian politicians, and thus he “ From that day,” concludes Mr. Hub bad come to understand the instruments bard, “I have regarded Eugene Schuyler of despotic statescraft before he had as the bravest man whom I have ever studied first hand the political necromanknown.”

cers of his own country.

After some years passed in the universiANDREW DICKSON WHITE ties of Paris and Berlin Mr. White re

turned to America. In 1863 he was sent The fame of the present ambassador to to the State senate from Syracuse, N. Y., Germany as a man of letters rests not and retained the seat till 1867, his most only on the one book which he has writ- important work being in connection with ten, "A History of the Warfare of Science readjusting the relations between the with Theology in Christendom," but on Federal and State governments, which had the book which he has not written—a been upset by the war. history of the French Revolution. For With Ezra Cornell he planned and though the great mass of material which founded Cornell University, of which he he collected while in France with the am was the first president, and upon his head bition of producing a work of broad scope even more than upon that of Mr. Cornell and ample dimensions has yielded up to fell the shower of bitterness which was the present time only the brief pamphlet, aroused among church people when it be“Paper Money in France," and the bibli came known that the new institution was ography which appears in the American really to be non-sectarian. A lecture deedition of W. O'C. Morris's “ French Rev- livered by President White in protest olution and First Empire,” the material against these attacks, and through a itself is esteemed to be the most elabor course of years extended and elaborated, ate on that subject of any in existence on formed the nucleus of the two volumes, this side the Atlantic.

above referred to, which were published in Mr. White's diplomatic career began 1896. The treatment in this work of when he was twenty-four years old. He church history and of the struggle of scihad concluded his studies at Yale and ence against dogma and superstition has spent a year in Paris when in 1854 Gover had much the same effect upon unthinking nor Thomas H. Seymour, of Connecticut, minds as the lectures of the late Colonel invited him to become an attaché of the Ingersoll. “Do you revere a pound of legation, and not only made him a mem butter because it is old?”—one of Mr. ber of his official family, but also took White's shafts—has a distinct Ingersollian him into his own house. The governor flavor. Mr. White is withering, but fair; was not one to become forgetful of his witty, but logical; tremendously down on democracy when sojourning amid the the arrogance of theological obstruction, grim tokens of despotism tempered by as but wholly in earnest and serious in pursassination, and while young White was pose. He did not intend to make a “popobserving the Crimean war and the ular” book.

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