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which the Museum itself is dedicated-namely, that without deepening appreciation of nature, no people can attain to the highest grades of knowledge and worth.

Publications of the Museum

The Scientific Publications of the Museum comprise the Memoirs, Bulletin and Anthropological Papers, the Memoirs and Bulletin edited by Frank E. Lutz, the Anthropological Papers by Clark Wissler. These publications cover the field and laboratory researches of the institution.

The Popular Scientific Publications of the Museum comprise the Handbooks, Leaflets, and General Guide, edited by Frederic A. Lucas, and NATURAL HISTORY, edited by Mary Cynthia Dickerson.

Publications Relating to the Exhibits or to the Work of the Museum

These are plainly written accounts of the exhibits or of the subjects illustrated by the exhibits and are intended to give much more information than could be put on labels. These publications are issued at or below cost, hence the prices are net; postage is extra, and there are no discounts either to dealers or when the leaflets are purchased in quantities. They may be purchased of the Attendants or from the Librarian. Leaflets not included in this list are out of print and in most cases probably will not be reprinted.


These deal with subjects illustrated by the collections, rather than with the objects themselves.

No. 1. NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS OF THE PLAINS. By CLARK WISSLER, Ph.D., Curator of Anthropology. October, 1912, 145 pages, maps and illustrations. Paper, 25 cents; cloth, 50 cents.

This gives an account of the Material Culture, Social Organization, Religion, Ceremonies, Arts and Languages of the Plains Indians of North America.


By PLINY EARLE GODDARD, Ph.D., Curator of Ethnology. March, 1913, 190 pages, maps and many illustrations. Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75 cents.

A résumé of our present knowledge of these interesting Indians. Among the subjects treated are the Spanish Conquest, Cliff Dwellings, Native Weaving, the Potter's Art and the Hopi Snake-dance. A new edition in course of preparation.

No. 3. THE ANCIENT PEOPLES OF MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA. By HERBERT J. SPINDEN, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology. August, 1917, 238 pages, 75 illustrations. Cloth, 75 cents.

Intended as a general commentary and explanation of the more important phases of the ancient life and history of the Indians of Mexico and Central America, popularly considered as Aztecs, but actually including a number of distinct though related races, notably


the Maya. Dr. Spinden is one of the very few who have studied the strange hieroglyphs found in the Maya monuments, and he tells among other things what has been done and what possibly may be done in the way of translating them.

No. 4. ANIMALS OF THE PAST. A popular account of some of the Creatures of the Ancient World. By FREDERIC A. LUCAS, Sc.D., Director of the Museum. 250 pages with 41 illustrations by Charles R. Knight and Joseph Gleeson. Paper, 35 cents.

This, now revised as one of the series of Museum Handbooks, tells of mammoth and mastodon, of the giants among birds, the sea lizards, the huge dinosaurs and other creatures of the past.

No. 5. DINOSAURS. By W. D. MATTHEW, Ph.D., Curator of Vertebrate Palæontology. December, 1915, 102 pages, 49 illustrations. Paper, 25 cents.

An account of these huge monsters, describing also the conditions under which they lived and flourished and telling of their distribution in the days when the earth was young and how their bones are discovered, collected and mounted.

No. 6. HEALTH IN WAR AND PEACE. By C-E. A. WINSLOW, D.P.H., Curator, Department of Public Health. May, 1917, 50 pages, no illustrations. Paper, 10 cents.

Health is today, as never before, a national duty, and this little Handbook points out some of the ways in which it may be gained and preserved.

No. 7. FISHES OF THE VICINITY OF NEW YORK CITY. By J. T. NICHOLS, A.B., Assistant Curator of Recent Fishes. December, 1918, 122 pages, 60 illustrations and frontispiece in color, octavo. Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75 cents.

A popular account of the fishes of this vicinity accompanied by a key for identifying them and a detailed list of all species that have been taken within a radius of fifty miles. With an introduction by W. K. Gregory treating of the structure of fishes and their adaptations for an aquatic life.


These describe some exhibit, or series of exhibits, of special interest or importance, or may deal with the contents of an entire hall.

No. 4. THE COLLECTION OF MINERALS. BY LOUIS P. GRATACAP, A.M., Curator of Mineralogy. February, 1902, 21 pages, 13 illustrations. Price, 5 cents.

The minerals have been moved since this leaflet was issued, but it contains much information about the collection and a number of figures of interesting specimens.

No. 5. NORTH AMERICAN RUMINANTS. By J. A. ALLEN, Ph.D., Curator of Mammalogy and Ornithology. Revised edition, February, 1904, 29 pages, 19 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

Describes the rapidly disappearing large game of North America, such as the Bison, Elk and Mountain Sheep.



UTAH. BY GEORGE H. PEPPER, Assistant in Anthropology. April, 1902. Second edition, May, 1909, 26 pages, 16 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

No. 11. THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS OF THE INCAS. By CHARLES W. MEAD, Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology. July, 1903, 31 pages, 5 plates, 1 figure. Price, 10 cents.

No. 16. THE INSECT GALLS OF VICINITY OF NEW YORK CITY. By WILLIAM BEUTENMÜLLER. October, 1904, 38 pages, 87 illustrations. Price, 15 cents.

No. 24. PERUVIAN MUMMIES. By CHARLES W. MEAD, Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology. March, 1907, 24 pages, 9 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

No. 28. THE HABITAT GROUPS OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS. By FRANK M. CHAPMAN, Curator of Ornithology. February, 1909. Second edition, May, 1916, 64 pages, 36 illustrations. Price, 25 cents.

These celebrated groups are designed to illustrate not only the habits but also the haunts, or habitats, of the species shown. The backgrounds are careful studies from nature and each represents some definite locality. Twenty-eight of these groups are shown in this leaflet.

No. 34. PLANT FORMS IN WAX. By E. C. B. FASSETT. November, 1911,

26 pages, 25 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

Tells how reproductions of foliage and flowers, such as are used in the various groups, are made.

No. 36. THE EVOLUTION OF THE HORSE IN NATURE AND UNDER DOMESTICATION. By W. D. MATTHEW, Ph.D., Curator, Department of Vertebrate Palæontology, and S. H. CHUBB. September, 1913, 64 pages, 39 illustrations. Price, 20 cents.

The past geologic history of the Horse affords the most complete and convincing illustration of evolution among mammals. This leaflet, based upon material in this Museum, describes the successive stages in its evolution from the four-toed "Eohippus no bigger than a fox" to the single-toed horse of today.

No. 38. OUR COMMON BUTTERFLIES. By F. E. LUTZ and F. E. WATSON, Department of Invertebrate Zoology. April, 1915, 30 pages, 40 illus trations. Price, 15 cents.

Describes and figures life-size 36 species of butterflies, including the majority of those most frequently seen not only in the vicinity of New York City but in our eastern states generally.


No. 39. HOW TO COLLECT AND PRESERVE INSECTS. By F. E. LUTZ, Associate Curator, Department of Invertebrate Zoology. Third edition, December, 1917, 21 pages, 12 cuts. Price, 10 cents.

The purpose of this work is sufficiently explained by its title, but it will be found very useful by those wishing to collect and study insects.

No. 41. THE INDIANS OF MANHATTAN ISLAND AND VICINITY. By ALANSON SKINNER, formerly Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology. New edition, April, 1915, 54 pages, 27 illustrations. Price, 20 cents.

There is no subject which makes a more forceful appeal to the student, the historian or even the general reader than that of the native inhabitants of what is now Greater New York, yet there is no subject on which it is more difficult to obtain information. It is the object of this leaflet to briefly supply this information so far as it is available.


No. 42. THE BIG TREE AND ITS STORY. BY GEORGE H. SHERWOOD, Curator, Department of Public Education. New edition, April, 1915. 23 pages, 9 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

This big tree started in life in 500 A.D., and during the fourteen hundred years of its existence occurred all the more important events of history, while what we term biology, or the knowledge of living things, has been acquired during the last three hundred years of its growth.

No. 43. MAMMOTHS AND MASTODONS. By W. D. MATTHEW, Curator, Department of Vertebrate Paleontology. November, 1915, 25 pages, 12 illustrations. Price, 10 cents.

These extinct relatives or ancestors of the existing elephants have been found in every part of the habitable world except Australia. They and their remains are described and figured in this leaflet.

No. 46. PERUVIAN ART. A Help for Students of Design. By CHARLES W. MEAD, Assistant Curator, Department of Anthropology. July, 1917, 16 pages, 6 full-page plates. Price, 10 cents.

Shows how the strange designs on the textiles and pottery of the ancient Peruvians are really representations of birds, of beasts, and of fishes that have gradually been transformed from pictures of animals to curious figures in which only the trained student can recognize the creatures depicted.

No. 48. INSECTS AND DISEASE. By C.-E. A. WINSLOW, Curator, Department of Public Health, and F. E. LUTZ, Associate Curator, Department of Invertebrate Zoology. June, 1918, 73 pages, 39 illustrations. Price, 25 cents.

"One of the most interesting and important chapters in the history of the interrelationships between mankind and the lower forms

of life is that which deals with the triple relation between the microbe, the insect and the human being in the spread of certain communicable diseases," the more interesting and more important of which are described in this leaflet.


of Important Articles from the American Museum Journal

THE GROUND SLOTH GROUP. By W. D. MATTHEW. April, 1911. Describes the structure and habits of these giant relatives of our sloths and ant-eaters. 8 pages, 4 illustrations. Price, 5 cents.

THE ANCESTRY OF THE EDENTATES. By W. D. MATTHEW. December, 1912. A chapter in the history of the sloths and their relatives. 8 pages, 4 illustrations. Price, 5 cents.

METHODS AND RESULTS IN HERPETOLOGY. BY MARY C. DICKERSON. October, 1911. Describes the methods used in mounting or reproducing Reptiles and Amphibians. 12 pages, 19 illustrations. Price, 5 cents. A new edition in course of preparation.

THE WHARF PILE GROUP. By Roy W. MINER. March, 1913. Illustrating specialization to an inactive life as shown by sponges, hydroids, and sea anemones. 8 pages, 4 illustrations, Price, 5 cents.

THE SEA WORM GROUP. By Roy W. MINER. November, 1912. Deals with the marine worms of the Atlantic Coast and the battle of life that must be waged by all living creatures. 16 pages, 18 illustrations. Price, 10 cents. HEREDITY AND SEX. By FRANK E. LUTZ. April, 1916. A brief exposition of Mendelism and some of its developments. 14 pages, 10 cuts. Price, 10 cents.

THE NEW AFRICAN HALL. BY CARL E. AKELEY. May, 1914. pages, 10 plans and illustrations. Price, 10 cents. The African Hall is now a "castle in the air" but some future day will see the realization of the carefully thought out plan for the display, on an unprecedented scale, of the wonderful animal life of the Dark Continent.

THE STORY OF MUSEUM GROUPS. By FREDERIC A. LUCAS. February, 1914. A sketch of some of the more important steps that have led to the present beautiful habitat groups, with notes on the improved methods that have made them possible and pictures of many notable pieces. 32 pages, 32 illustrations, many full-page. Price, 10 cents.

IN MORGAN HALL. By GEORGE F. KUNZ. April, 1913. Gives much information in regard to the collection of gems and minerals. 11 pages, 8 illustrations. Price, 5 cents.

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