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THE AMERICAN MUSEUM'S GROUP OF

COLOBUS MONKEYS These thumbless monkeys (Colobus abyssinicus ro082velti) are perhaps the most beautiful of their race, and for this they have paid the inevitable penalty of being hunted by African natives and by Europeans for the sake of their fur. The Abyssinians employ the skins as ornaments for their large rawhide shields and have traded at times extensively in the pelts. Colobus monkeys dwell in the tallest trees among the remote forests of East Africa where they find their main sustenance in leaves which they eat in large quantities. For digesting this unusual diet they are provided with large sacculated stomachs. They are relatively slow travelers for arboreal monkeys, even when swinging from branch to branch in their forest homes; but they can make long flying leaps (thirty feet or more) and the white "manes" and tails float out on the air as the creatures proceed from tree to tree or plunge headlong to the ground. When born these monkeys are pure white (see young in arms of monkey at the right and front view of same on opposite page), but they rapidly take on the black and white coloration of the adult.

In setting up this group at the American Museum, reproductions were made of leaves and air plants brought from their African habitat by the Congo Expedition

[graphic]

223

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CROWNED
LEMURS

FROM
MADAGASCAR

Among the unique fauna of the island of Madagascar are found the only extant species of true lemurs. The lemurs, which are the lowest of the ape tribe, resemble monkeys chiefly in their hands and feet, having an opposing thumb like most man-like a pes. "Lemur" is Latin for ghost and these animals were so called because of their nocturnal and seminocturnal habits. They sleep during the heat of the day and come out in the evening and early morning to feed

on fruits and

romp in the trees in small bands of six or eight. This American Museum group, of which but a corner is shown, contains two species (Propithecus verreauxi and P. diadema) set in a reproduction of Madagascar foliage with a background painted from a scene out of Milne Edwards' great work on that island

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A SPIDER MONKEY FROM MEXICO The spider monkeys (Ateles), so called from their unusually long arms and legs, are a thumbless genus from the New World. They are very timid and rather stupid animals and live on such fruits as are found in the tropical forests of the two Americas. Their most notable character is the prehensile tail which serves them so remarkably well that the Indians of Brazil claim they catch fish with it. This tail, the under side of which is smooth-skinned at the tip, is always moving here and there grasping branches or objects otherwise out of reach, and is sufficiently strong to suspend the weight of the monkey's body. The number of things a monkey of this type can do at one time is quite astounding.

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THE AFRICAN RED GROUND MONKEY

The Erythrocebus whitei of Africa is a very
shy and active species of monkey which lives in
level treeless country, avoiding the high and thick
woods where other monkeys usually are found.
Its food consists chiefly of grubs and insects, which it obtains by rolling back the sheets of moss covering the rocks-much as one might roll up a rug. Owing to
its great activity, as well as to the fact that the level country which it frequents is infested with lions and leopards, native hunters seldom get a chance to kill this
species. They attribute to it the power of rendering itself invisible and believe that this power is imparted to the fortunate possessor of its skull, who is thereby
enabled to approach and slay an enemy without being seen.

The large baboon (Papio doguera) at the right in the group is a representative of one of the most brutal of the genera of manlike apes. The baboons roam
in large and well-disciplined bands under the leadership of an old male and are, collectively, formidable antagonists. Only rarely has a baboon been semidomesti-
cated; its disposition is bad and its temper very unreliable

226

Notes

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The geographical and historical basis for a permanent world peace has been the subject of research since the latter part of 1917 by an American organization known as the "Inquiry.” This organization has been under the direction of Col. E. M. House, and has maintained its headquarters at the buildl. ing of the American Geographical Society in New York City, receiving cordial coöperation from every scientific bureau of the United States Government, and being visited in person by Presiilent Wilson and Secretary Lansing. Its complete personnel of about 150 persons, carrying with them all prepared effects, sailed for France on the “George Washington" December 4, 1918. The work has been of so confidential a nature that the story in detail is told for the first time in the Geographical Rerier for January, 1919. The Inquiry has, broailly speaking, investigated the political and diplomatic history, the political and economic geography, of all the nationalities in any way affected by the coming treaty of peace, together with the bearings of international law upon these questions. This work has been accomplished through close cooperation of specialists and in consultation with similar commissions in Europe and with representatives of every important nationality of Europe and Western Asia. Among the members of the Inquiry are: S. E. Mezes, President of the ('ollege of

the City of New York, Director Isaiah Bowman, Director of the American

Geographical Society, Chief Territorial

Specialist Allyn A. Young, Head of the Department

of Economies at Cornell University,

Specialist on Economic Resources Charles II. Haskins, Dean of the Graluate

School of Harvard University, Specialist

on Alsace-Lorraine and Belgium Clive Day, Head of the Department of

Economies at Yale University, Special

ist on the Balkans W. E. Lunt, Professor of History, Haver

ford College, Specialist on Northern

Italy R. H. Lord, Professor of History at Har

vard University, Specialist on Russia and Poland

Charles Seymour, Professor of History at

Yale University, Specialist on Austria

Hungary
W. L. Westermann, Professor of History

at the University of Wisconsin, Special

ist on Turkey G. L. Beer, formerly of Columbia Univer

sity, Specialist on Colonial History
Mark Jefferson, Professor of Geography

Michigan State Normal College,
Cartographer
Roland B. Dixon, Professor of Anthropol.

ogy at Harvard University Four officers from the Military Intelligence Division were also attached for special study of problems on strategy, economics, and ethnography: Major D. W. Johnson, Columbia University, Major Lawrence Mar. tin, University of Wisconsin, Captain W. C. Farabee, The l'niversity Museum, Philadelphia, and Captain Stanley K. Hornbeck, University of Wisconsin.

In connection with the research carried on by the Inquiry, the cartographers of the American Geographical Society, together with a Government staff, began a great map making program, showing the distribution of peoples and of natural resources, and location of strategie points. The Society prepared a series of base and block maps showing drainage, railways, and relief, of Europe, Asia, and Africa. These maps were later furnished to each unit of the Students Army Training Corps. A small scale edition also has been printed, available for desk use by the students in conjunction with the wall map in the hands of the instructor.

JOHN BURROUGHS visited the American Museum on January 24 and was entertained by moving pictures in which he had acted the leading rôle. Mr. Burroughs was pieturell with several of his family, and with friends, including Mr. Henry Ford and Mr. Thomas A. Edison. The groups had been “filmeil" in West Park at "Riverby," "Slab. sides," and "Woodchuck Lodge.” In conneetion with this reel, about one hundred colored slides were also displayed. Among them were several of his birthplace in the western ('atskills, many were from photographs, by Dr. G. Clyde Fisher of the American Mu

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