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seum, of Mr. Burroughs in his West Park home, and a considerable series showed him with John Muir in California and with Theodore Roosevelt in Yellowstone Park. After the slides had been shown, the local bird hall was visited and the white marble bust of Burroughs, executed by the late C. S. Pietro, was viewed. Mr. Burroughs also examined a number of exhibits in the Museum, including the Florida Group-a group showing Florida reptiles and birds set in a reproduction of a cypress swamp-and visited Mr. Carl E. Akeley's studio where African elephants and rhinoceroses were in process of being mounted. He manifested especial interest in the clay model of an African lion which Mr. Akeley is making as a memorial to Roosevelt. It was a great pleasure to Mr. Burroughs' friends to welcome him to the Museum and to find him in such vigorous health at fourscore years and two.

THE gold medal of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (Canada) has been awarded to Professor Gordon Hewitt, Dominion entomologist, and to Dr. W. T. Hornaday, director of the New York Zoological Park, “in recognition of their indefatigable services in securing the treaty between Canada and the United States for the protection of migratory birds."

AT the annual meeting of the trustees of the American Museum on February 3, Mr. Herbert L. Bridgman, journalist, explorer, and geographer, manager and editor of the Brooklyn Standard Union, and secretary of the Peary Arctic Club, was elected an Honorary Fellow of the institution, pursuant to a resolution expressing "appreciation of the valuable assistance rendered to the Museum by Mr. Herbert L. Bridgman through his service on its committees on exploration, especially in connection with the expeditions of Admiral Peary the Stefánsson-Anderson Expedition, the Congo Expedition and, more recently, the Crocker Land Expedition-in all of which his wide experience and organizing ability have been placed freely at the disposal of the Museum"-and also acknowledging his "contribution to the advancement of science and education through his editorials and other writings in the public press."

AMONG the names of the officers and founders of the American Ornithologists'

Union is that of Robert Ridgway, one of the first vice presidents. Mr. Ridgway lately has completed his fiftieth year on the staff of the Smithsonian Institution, where he occupies the position of curator of birds. He is accounted one of the leading syste matic ornithologists of America. His interest in birds began at an early age. When but fourteen he sent a life-size drawing of a pair of purple finches to the Smithsonian Institution and received from Professor Baird, then secretary of the Institution, a letter commending his skill in drawing and offering him assistance in identifying any of his specimens-a service similar to that which Audubon had performed for Professor Baird twenty-five years previously. Systematic ornithology was in its infancy when in 1867 Mr. Ridgway was called to Washington to assist Professor Baird, and its rapid growth may be attributed in large measure to his efforts.

PROFESSOR JOJI SAKURAI, director of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research in Tokyo, Japan, has been visiting scientific institutions in the United States. The Institute was founded in 1917 by private subscription and government subvention, largely as a result of the effect of the great war in giving government officials, business men, and in fact the whole Japanese nation a new interest in science, relative to such daily needs as dyestuffs and drugs formerly im. ported from Germany. In order to supply the lack of capable researchers the Institute established a number of scholarships open to university graduates and tenable for two years, and a few of its associate fellows will be annually sent to study abroad. At pres ent the Institute's work is being carried on in the buildings of the universities of Tokyo, Kyoto, and Sendai, but the projected laboratories will be built in northern Tokyo where a site has already been purchased.

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has been manifested in America toward cooperation in the work of preservation. Priceless objects of art and historic monuments are still, however, in need of protection from both foreign and domestic vandalism, but, owing to the present state of political turmoil throughout China, it is difficult to obtain any organized effort.

Mr. Roy C. Andrews, leader of the American Museum's Second Asiatic Expedition, recently discussed with Mr. Kungpah T. King ways and means of coöperation. Mr. King, a member of the Chinese Parliament


and formerly Minister of the Interior, was most active in the establishment of the National Museum of Art at Peking, and is again taking up the question of protection officially in spite of the difficulties in the way of effective action. The Peking Museum was founded with the wonderful collections left in the deserted summer residences of the Manchu emperors at Mukden and Jehol. Four million dollars (silver) were appropriated for purchasing this material from the Manchu dynasty and half of this sum has already been paid.

The following photographs depict scenes in Peking on the signing of the armistice at the close of active fighting in the World War. They were taken

by Mr. Roy Chapman Andrews, representative of the
American Museum of Natural History

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This memorial arch on Ha-ta-mên Street was erected by the late Emperor over the spot where Baron von Ketteler, German Minister to China, was shot by a Chinese soldier. The news of the signing of the armistice in the World War was received in Peking on the morning of November 12. During that afternoon the government gave permission to have the monument removed, and several hundred foreigners attempted to pull the arch down with cables. This attempt was unsuccessful but that night the German inscription was badly defaced and the pillars were chipped and cracked. Later the Chinese government decided to take down the arch, as shown in the photograph, and to use the materials in the erection of a "Victory Arch" in Central Park, Peking



Photographs by Roy C. Andrews

The upper picture shows the massive gateway to the Tung Hua Men courtyard of the Imperial Palace in Peking. The two lower pictures are taken within the court and show the fancers, part of the President's bodyguard, and the President's band. The gateway is one of the most impressive of the series of entrances through which one Its base is red and the roof is tiled with the imperial yellow, as are must pass in entering the Forbidden City. all the imperial dwellings of the city, while before the gate runs a winding canal spanned by beautiful marble bridges. The photographs of the lancers and band were taken just after the President, Hsu Shih-Chang, had passed through to attend the Allied and Chinese review, held to celebrate the signing of the armistice

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The President of China with the Allied Ministers reviewed a parade of Allied and Chinese troops in the great court before the old Throne Room or Hall of Supreme Concord (Tai Ho Tien). This court is large enough to hold 45,000 people. The brilliance of the scene was indescribable; in the background the yellow tiles of the Tai Ho Tien (one of the most superb examples of Chinese architecture) gleamed in the sunlight like molten gold and in the court and on the terraces were thousands of flags and uniforms of every color. In the picture at the bottom of the page the President is shown reading his address from the terrace of the Throne Room (politically and almost geographically the center of Peking). On the left are the foreign ministers; on the right, the foreign military attachés and General Tuan Chi-jui, ex-Premier, with members of his staff

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The upper photograph shows General Tuan Chi-jui, ex-Premier of China, with the Allied military attachés: reading from left to right are two members of General Tuan Chi-jui's staff, the Russian and the French attachés, General Tuan Chi-jui, the British, the American, and the Japanese attachés.

General Tuan Chi-jui is one of the most influential generals in China. It was he who dispersed General Chang Hsu's troops in 1917 when the latter attempted to restore the Manchu Emperor. General Tuan Chi-jui is a stanch militarist and will oppose any attempt to limit the powers of the military governors who practically govern China today.

In the lower picture Chinese troops, preceded by their colors, are seen leaving the court of the Tung Hua Men and about to cross one of the beautiful marble bridges

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