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AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

FOR THE PEOPLE

FOR EDUCATION

FOR SCIENCE

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ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION U.S. AND CANADA $ 2.00. FOREIGN $2.50. SINGLE COPIES 25 CENTS

The American Museum of Natural History

BOARD OF TRUSTEES

President
HENRY FAIRFIELD OSBORN

First Vice-President CLEVELAND H. DODGE

Second Vice-President
J. P. MORGAN

Secretary
ADRIAN ISELIN

Treasurer
HENRY P. DAVISON

THE MAYOR OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK
THE COMPTROLLER OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

THE PRESIDENT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PARKS
GEORGE F. BAKER

MADISON GRANT FREDERICK F. BREWSTER

WILLIAM AVERELL HARRIMAN R. FULTON CUTTING

ARCHER M. HUNTINGTON THOMAS DEWITT CUYLER

ARTHUR CURTISS JAMES
HENRY C. FRICK

WALTER B. JAMES
A. D. JUILLIARD

CHARLES LANIER
OGDEN MILLS
PERCY R. PYNE
JOHN B. TREVOR
FELIX M. WARBURG

Director FREDERIC A. LUCAS

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS

Assistant Treasurer
THE UNITED STATES TRUST COMPANY

OF NEW YORK

Assistant Secretary GEORGE H. SHERWOOD

SCIENTIFIC STAFF
FREDERIO A. LUCAS, Sc.D., Director

Geology and Invertebrate Palæontology
EDMUND OTIS HOVEY, Ph.D., Curator
CHESTER A. REEDS, Ph.D., Assoc. Curator (Inver.
tebrate Paleontology)

Mineralogy
HERBERT P. WHITLOCK, Curator

Woods and Forestry
MARY CYNTHIA DICKERSON, B.S., Curator

Invertebrate Zoölogy
W. M. WHEELER, Ph.D., Honorary Curator
HENRY E. CRAMPTON, Ph.D., Curator
Roy W. MINER, A.B., Assoc. Curator
FRANK E. Lutz, Ph.D., Assoc. Curator
A. J. MUTOHLER, Assistant
WILLARD G. VAN NAME, Ph.D., Assistant
FRANK E. WATSON, B.S., Assistant

Vertebrate Palæontology
HENRY FAIRFIELD OSBORN, LL.D., D.Sc.,

Honorary Curator
W. D. MATTHEW, Ph.D., Curator
WALTER GRANGER, Assoc. Curator (Mammals)
BARNUM BROWN, A.B.. Assoc. Curator (Reptiles)
WILLIAM K. GREGORY, Ph.D., Assoc. in Palæon
tologs

Anthropology
CLARK WISSLER, Ph.D., Curator
PLINY E. GODDARD, Ph.D., Curator Ethnology
ROBERT H. LOWIE, Ph.D., Assoc. Curator
HERBERT J. SPINDEN, Ph.D., Asst. Curator
N. C. NELSON, M.L., Asst. Curator
CHARLES W. MEAD, Asst. Curator
LOUIS R. SULLIVAN, A.M., Asst. Curator
LESLIE SPIER, B.S.. Assistant

Anatomy and Physiology
RALPH W. TOWER, Ph.D., Curator
CHARLES F. HERM. Assistant

Ichthyology and Herpetology
BASHFORD DEAN, Ph.D., Honorary Curator
JOHN T. NICHOLS, A.B., Assoc, Cur. Recent Fishes
MARY CYNTHIA DICKERSON, B.S., Assoc. Curator

Herpetology
G. K. NOBLE, A.M., Asst. Curator Herpetology
KARL P. SCHMIDT, A.B., Assistant Herpetology

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Mammalogy and Ornithology
J. A. ALLEN, Ph.D., Curator
FRANK M. CHAPMAN. Sc.D., Curator Ornithology
Roy C. ANDREWS, A.M., Assoc. Cur. Mammalogy
W. DEW. MILLER, Assoc. Curator Ornithology
H. E. ANTHONY, B.S., Assoc. Curator Mammalogy
HERBERT LANG, Assistant Curator Mammalogy
JAMES P. CHAPIN, A.M., Assistant Ornithology
LEO E. MILLER, Assistant Ornithology

Books and Publications
RALPH W. TOWER. Ph.D., Curator
IDA RICHARDSON HOOD, A.B.. Asst. Librarian

Research Associates M. D. C. CRAWFORD, Textiles, Anthropology

GEORGE F. KUNZ, Ph.D., Mineralogy W. ELMER EKBLAW, A.M.. Geology

CHARLES W. LENG, B.S., Coleoptera ALESSANDRO FABBRI, Physiology

J. HOWARD MCGREGOR, Ph.D.. Anthropology
GEO. BIRD GRINNELL, Ph.D., Ethnology

BARRINGTON MOORE, A.B., M.F., Forestry
A. L. TREADWELL, Ph.D., Annulata

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VOLUME XIX
CONTENTS FOR MARCH

NUMBER 3 Frontispiece, Total Eclipse of the Sun, June 8, 1918.

From the painting by Howard Russell Butler, N. A. The Total Solar Eclipse of 1918...

...S. A. MITCHELL 215 Various American astronomical expeditions were dispatched to favorable localities for intensive study of the sun and its atmosphere during the few seconds of totality

With photographs of the corona by Lick, United States Naval, and Lowell observatories Painting the Solar Corona...

HOWARD RUSSELL BUTLER 264 Mr. Butler is the first artist to make a record of the solar corona on canvas. The painter tells how he overcame the difficulties of transcribing his subject, which posed for only 112 seconds With reproductions in color of two paintings made by H. Russell Butler at the time of the

solar eclipse of June 8, 1918 The Plant Life of Northwest Greenland....

W. ELMER EKBLAW 273 The perpetual northern snows, far from reigning supreme over Greenland, give place in summer to flowers and grassy plots with Lilliputian forests of trees scarcely three inches tall

Illustrations from photographs of Arctic flora by members of the Crocker Land Expedition Our Centrifugal Society..

...G. T. W. PATRICK 292 Do we need to consider again the social importance of the ancient virtues of restraint, moderation, and self-control! The dominant ideals of the day, self-expression and self-realization,

although marks of great vitality, tend to become disruptive forces American Indian Poetry.

HERBERT J. SPINDEN 301 This cultural heritage of the New World appeals in its lyric beauty not alone to the ethnologist,

but to the modern poet as well Unknown Panama..

TOWXSEND WHELEN 309 At the very doors of the Canal lies a virgin tropical jungle, uncharted and unexplored The Senses of Fishes.

.C. Judson HERRICK 322 Recollections of English Naturalists.

T. D. A. COCKERELL

325 The stimulation of greater scientific interest calls for a greater regard for the amateur natu

ralist Nelson's “Wild Animals of North America”: A Review.JOEL ASAPH ALLEN 331

Dr. Nelson has given a valuable account of North American mammals, large and small. The book is illustrated in color from paintings by Louis Agassiz Fuertes and in black and white

from drawings by Ernest Thompson Seton and photographs by various naturalists “Our National Forests”: A Review...

BARRINGTON MOORE 334 A brief survey of Mr. Boerker's book on the purpose, administration, and protection of our

national forests Food for a Family of Five...

MARY GREIG 337 With the vast increase in the prices of foodstuffs it has become more imperative to select a diet which will give maximum nutrition value for the money expended. We should market

less by the pound and more "by the calorie" and other food values Scientific Zoological Publications of the American Museum for 1918....

FRANK E. LUTZ 311 Summary of the technical publications on invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, and birds A New Director for the British Museum..

317 The Climbing Fish..

R. D. 0. JOHNSON 319 Notes

351

MARY CYNTHIA DICKERSON, Editor

Published monthly from October to May, by the American Museum of Natural History, New York, N. Y. Subscription price, $2.00 a year.

Subscriptions should be addressed to the Secretary of the American Museum, 77th St. and Central Park West, New York City.

NATURAL HISTORY is sent to all members of the American Museum as one of the privileges of membership.

Entered as second-class matter February 23, 1917, at the Post Office at New York, New York, under the Act of August 24, 1912.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized on July 15, 1918.

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