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VOLUME XIX CONTENTS FOR APRIL-MAY NUMBERS 4-5 Frontispiece, Portal of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris

In connection with "Zoological Sculpture in Relation to Architecture," page 449 New College of Fisheries in the Northwest.

.. HUGH M. SMITH A new branch of technical education inaugurated by the University of Washington The Red Salmon..

. DAVID STARR JORDAN 370 The New Gaspé Bird Sanctuaries..

..JOHN M. CLARKE 373 Notes on Our Hawaiian Reservation.

ALFRED M. BAILEY 383 Alexander Wilson....... Quotation from The Kentucky Warbler by James Lane Allen, through courtesy of Author and Publishers...

397 Thomas Jefferson's Contributions to Natural History...JOHN S. PATTON 405

Jefferson's political activities have tended to crowd out remembrance of his wide interest and investigations in American natural history. It was his scientific zeal which prompted

him to sponsor the Lewis and Clark Expedition War Impressions of French Bird Life....

LUDLOW GRISCOM 411 Conserving Our Natural Resources of Sugar.

...E. F. PHILLIPS 416 The Evolution of the Human Face..

WILLIAM K. GREGORY 421 The bones about the orbit of the eye in the human skull can be definitely traced back through

an evolutionary series to homologous bones in the primitive fish The Wars of the Wind at Timber-line.

. Esos A. MILLS 427 Art Motives in Snow Crystals....

HERBERT P. WHITLOCK 437 Among the infinite forms of snow crystals are to be found geometrical designs for textiles, jewelry, and china

Microphotographs of snow crystals by W. A. Bentley Cinema-microscopy an Essential to Modern Science and Education...

.CHARLES F. HERM 111 Zoological Sculpture in Relation to Architecture

.S. BRECK PARKMAN TROWBRIDGE 449 The history of the architectonic use of animal and human designs from the Cro-Magnon cave sculpture to the present day illustrates the necessity of a blending of architectural and sculptural form, restrained and stylized with the repression of all unnecessary detail. Both an. cient and modern sculptural realism have marked periods of architectural degeneracy

Illustrations from photographs of a series of Assyrian sculptures in the British Museum Wild Life in Art.....

.CHARLES R. KNIGHT 461 Critical review of a recent exhibition, at the Brooklyn Museum, of contemporary American art

dealing with plant and animal life Zoological Statuary at the National Capital.... .R. W. SHUFELDT 471

Recent statues by Proctor in Washington illustrate the sculptural possibilities in native big game

With photographs of Washington zoological statuary by the Author Studies in Aquiculture or Fresh-water Farming... .. FRANK BAKER 479

By systematic study of the life conditions in our lakes for fresh-water fish we may still fur

ther utilize these as valuable sources of food supply Quest of the Ancestry of Man....

489 Organizations to stimulate anthropological and archa o'ogical research and investigation of

the problems relative to the origin and early history of man A Letter from John Burroughs....

191 Reply to Mr. Burroughs by Dr. W. D. Matthew.

491 Notes



Published monthly from October to May, by the American Museum of Natural History, New York, N. Y. Subscription price, $2.00 a year.

Subscriptions should be addressed to the Secretary of the American Museum, 77th St. and Central Park West, New York City.

NATURAL History is sent to all members of the American Museum as one of the privileges of membership.

Entered as second-class matter April 3, 1919, at the Post Office at New York, New York, under the Act of August 24, 1912.

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized on July 15, 1918.


MEMBERSHIP For the enrichment of its collections, for scientific research and exploration, and for publications, the American Museum of Naturai History is dependent wholly upon membership fees and the generosity of friends. More than 4000 friends are now enrolled who are thus supporting the work of the Museum. The various classes of membership are: Benefactor

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annually 10 Associate Member (nonresident)

annually 3 Full information regarding membership may be obtained from the Secretary of the Museum, 77th Street and Central Park West.

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NATURAL HISTORY, recording popularly the latest activities in natural science and exploration, is published monthly from October to May, inclusive, by the American Museum of Natural History. The subscription price is Two Dollars a year. NATURAL HISTORY is sent to all classes of members as one of the privileges of membership. Subscriptions should be addressed to the Secretary of the Museum.

POPULAR PUBLICATIONS A large number of popular publications on natural history, based on the exploration and research of the Museum, are available in the form of handbooks, guide leaflets, and reprints. A detailed list of these publications will be found in the Appendix to NATURAL HisTORY. Price lists and full information may be obtained by addressing the Librarian of the Museum.

SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS The field and laboratory researches of the American Museum of Natural History and other technical scientific matters of considerable popular interest are represented by a series of scientific publications comprising the Memoirs, Bulletin, and Anthropological Papers. A condensed list of these publications will be found on the inside back cover of NATURAL HISTORY. Price lists and complete data may be obtained from the Librarian.




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Among the val.
ued possessions of
the American Mu-
seum is a yel.
lowed paper, bear.
ing this drawing
in color of the
head of the great
white crane, and
this description,
the work of the
pencil and brush
of Alexander Wil.
son in 1808, five
years before his
death. The docu
ment was given by
Wilson to George
Ord, his friend
and the compan:
ion of many of his
field journeys, and
came to the Mu
seum in the ef-
fects of Titian
Peale (youngest
son of Charles
Willson Peale, an.
other naturalist
friend of Alexan.
der Wilson and

p. 211, AMER.

March, 1917). It
is a pleasure to
give a reproduc-
tion of the plate
in this issue of
TORY which
prints James
Lane Allen's
story of the life of
Wilson (p. 397)

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TO ARCHITECTURE The world rejoices with France that the war did not reach Paris Every figure in this portal of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, in Paris, expresses with infinite skill the beauties of Gothic architecture-the pose of the heads in the tympanum, the lines of the draperies and the shadows are all designed with reference to the structure. Even the voussoirs of the great arch are expressed by the shadows under the canopies over the saints' heads. The central post is the acme of architectonic sculpture

-From "Zoölogical Sculpture in Relation to Architecture," page 449

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