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that state from seceding. Mr. Wigfall dows. At the hotel where I stopped, came up to Mr. Johnson and asked him champagne flowed like water. The big to go out on the platform with him. parlor was crowded with men dressed Wigfall at once addressed the mob and in uniforms designed to the taste of the urged them to give Mr. Johnson a hear- wearer, so that it looked like a gathering, which they did. The latter com- ing for a fancy-dress ball. On the chairs menced his speech by saying, 'I am a and window-sills were bottles of wine Union man!' and he talked to them and glasses, while at the piano sat a until the train moved off, holding their burly German who, of course, crashed attention as though they were spell- out the everlasting Marseillaise while bound. His last words were, 'I am a his enthusiastic audience sang it. A Union man!' - and the last cry we more ridiculous sight than a lot of naheard from the crowd was, 'Hang him!' tive-born Americans, not understand

On relating the foregoing incident to ing a word of French, beating their Mr. George A. Trenholm, then Secre- breasts as they howled what they flattary of the Confederate Treasury, I ex- tered themselves were the words of the pressed the opinion that it was one of song, it was never before


bad forthe greatest exhibitions of courage I tune to witness. had ever witnessed; but Mr. Trenholm There was a moment's halt in the cast a damper on my enthusiasm by music while some one made a war saying, 'My son, I have known Mr. speech. The tired and sweating GerJohnson since we were young men. He man musician took advantage of the rode into prominence on the shoulders respite to get a little air also, and, as of just such a mob as you saw at Lynch- he stood beside me, I heard him mutburg, and no man knows how to handle ter, ‘Dom the Marseillaise!' such a crowd better than Mr. Johnson. The morning after my arrival, I went Had he weakened, they probably would to the Capitol to offer my services, and have hung him.'

the sword I intended to buy, to the govIt was the same Andrew Johnson, ernment. There were numbers of emafterwards President of the United ployees rushing about the building in a States, who granted Mr. Trenholm great state of excitement, but with amnesty and a pardon in 1866.

nothing to do. None of them could tell me where I could find the Secretary of

the Navy. At last I ran across an inII

telligent official who informed me that Continuing my journey, I at last ar- “There warn't no such person. It aprived at Montgomery, Alabama, capi- peared to be the custom of the attachés, tal of the Confederate States. My fears when in doubt, to refer the stranger to that the war would be over before I got Mr. Judah P. Benjamin, the ‘Pooh there were somewhat allayed, for I had Bah' of the Confederate government, been told positively that it would not then Secretary of State. He informed last six weeks before the South finished me that there was not as yet any Conit victoriously. I found the new capital federate Navy, and further humiliated in a ferment of excitement. Nobody me by calling me 'sonny.' However, he seemed to know exactly what it was was very kind and took me into the priabout, but it was the fashion to be ex- vate office of President Jefferson Davis, cited. From every house containing a who was kindness personified and told piano the soul-stirring strains of the me to go home and tell my parents that, Marseillaise floated out of open win- as soon as the government established

a Naval School, I should have one of (if accepted at all); but everybody was the first appointments. I left the pre- jubilant over the fact that the Confedsence of the great man crestfallen and erate Congress had appropriated fifteen convinced that the Confederacy was millions of dollars to carry the war on doomed. I had come to fight, not to go to a successful termination. to school. I had just left the greatest Finally, after endless delay, a swarm naval school in the world and here of volunteers took possession of the the best they could offer me was a place boat and we were off. The transport in some makeshift academy to be carried no guns, but she was armed erected in the dim future! I felt that I with an instrument of torture called a had been deceived and badly treated, 'calliope,' or steam piano, and as she and I mentally comforted myself with backed out into the river it broke loose, the assurance that I knew more about

shrieking an imitation of the Marseildrill and tactics than the whole mob laise, which, with few intermissions, of civilian generals and colonels who was kept up during the two days and thronged the Capitol's corridors. But nights it took us to reach Mobile. When

. Mr. Davis did not know this.

the calliope did stop, it was very soothI was a full-blown pessimist by the ing to hear the negro deck-hands break time I reached my hotel, where I was into song with their tuneful melodies. greeted by the sounds of the everlast- The volunteers were composed of ing ‘Enfants de la patrie,' being hic- fresh youthful-looking men, and almost coughed as usual in the parlor; and for every one of them was accompanied by the rest of the day I iterated and reiter- a ‘body servant,' as negro valets were ated the German's prayer, ‘Dom the called in the South. They were also acMarseillaise!'

companied by a great number of basThe only way to get from Montgom- kets of champagne and boxes of brandy. ery to Mobile was by steamboat; and Few aristocrats in those days ever all the boats had been seized by the drank whiskey, which was supposed to government for the transportation of be a vulgar tipple. They also had huge troops. After much urging, the captain hampers containing roasted turkeys, of one of the transports, as a favor, al- chickens, hams, and all sorts of good lowed me to pay for my passage to Mo- things, with which they were very genbile on condition that I would sleep on erous. Every private also had from one the deck, if I could find a place, and to three trunks containing his necessary supply my own provisions. The boat wardrobe. I saw some of these same would start when he received orders,

young men in the muddy trenches in but he did not know when that would front of Richmond in 1865, when they be. A two days' wait followed, during were clothed partially in rags, and were which I stayed on the boat so as to be gnawing ears of hard corn, and would sure that I would not be left and conse- gladly have exchanged half a dozen nequently lose the price of my passage. groes or a couple of hundred acres of That was important, as my finances land for a square meal or a decent bed were running low. Confederate money to sleep on. had not yet made its appearance, and gold was even then being hoarded. I had already lost quite a sum exchang- My record of those crowded days is so ing one state's money for another, as voluminous that I pass over the events even the paper money issued in one of the next few months, which led to my county did not pass at par in the next definite appointment as midshipman in


the Confederate Navy. After having a officers tied to their mothers' apronhand in the desperate fighting at Island strings.' And so to Charleston I went. No. 10 in the Mississippi,' I was trans- Commodore Ingraham, to whom I ferred for a short time to the James reported, was the man who, some years River, near Richmond, for gunboat previously, when in command of the duty, and then sent, by doctor's orders, little sloop-of-war St. Louis, in the port to Charleston.

of Smyrna, had bluffed an Austrian With all my state pride, I must ac- frigate and compelled her to surrender knowledge that the article of chills and Martin Kotza, a naturalized American fever handed to me on the James River citizen, whom they held as a prisoner. was superior to the brand on the lower This act made Ingraham the idol of the Mississippi, and complicated by chron- people at that time; if repeated in this ic dysentery, it so sapped my strength day (1916), it would cost an officer his that the doctor ordered me to show my- commission. Commodore Ingraham self at the Navy Department and ask also commanded the Confederate gunfor orders to some other station. Com- boats when they drove the Federal modore French Forrest was chief of the blockading fleet away from Charleston. Bureau of Orders and Detail, and I real- I was assigned to the Chicora, a little ly thought he had some sympathy for ironclad that was being built between my condition when he looked me over. two wharves which served as a navy He asked me where I would like to be yard. She was not nearly completed, ordered to, and I quickly said that I so I was forced to hunt for quarters on should be delighted if I was sent to the shore. Being directed to a miserable naval battery at Port Hudson. The boarding-house, which was fourth-rate, Commodore then asked if I had rela and consequently supposed to be cheap, tives near there, and on my assuring I found that the cheapest board to be him that my mother and sisters were had was at the rate of forty-five dollars refugees and were staying at the plan- a month, so I did not see exactly how I tation of General Carter, only a few could manage it, as my shore pay was miles distant, he turned to a clerk and only forty. However, the generous hosaid, 'Make out an order for Midship tel proprietor, when the situation was man Morgan to report to Commodore explained, consented to let me stay for Ingraham at Charleston, South Caro- that sum, on condition that I would lina. I don't believe in having young make up the other five do if my

friends at home sent me any money. 1 For many years I have treasured a copy of

The man was certainly taking a long an epitaph (evidently written by an ‘unreconstructed rebel') which appears on a headstone

chance. Where were my friends, and in the Methodist Cemetery, St. Louis: - where was my home? My mother and Here lize a stranger braiv,

sisters were refugees. As for my home, Who died while fightin the Suthern Confeder- it was a wreck. acy to save,

Lieutenant Warley, with whom I had
Piece to his dust.
Braive Suthern friend

served on the McRae, was the only huFrom iland 10

man being I knew in Charleston, and You reached a Glory us end.

the great difference in our ranks, as well We plase these flowrs above the stranger's as our ages, precluded the possibility of hed,

my making a companion of him; so, a In honor of the shiverlus ded. Sweet spirit rest in Heven

lonely boy, I roamed the streets of the Ther 'l be know Yankis there. quaint old city. Evidently the war

- THE AUTHOR. as yet had had no effect on the style

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kept up by the old blue-bloods, for I was gist, telling him the situation, and askamazed to see handsome equipages, ing him if he would credit me for the with coachmen in livery on the box, mustard, explaining that neither Holdriving through the town. Little did lins nor myself had any money. The their owners dream that before very kindly apothecary gave me the muslong those same fine horses would be tard and told me I could have any medhauling artillery and commissary wag- icines needed, and also advised me to ons, and those proud liveried servants go at once and see Doctor Lebby, who, would be at work with pick and spade he was sure, would attend to the case throwing up breastworks!

without charge. The doctor came and To my great delight, George Hollins, did all that was possible. Poor George a son of my dearly loved old Commo- grew rapidly worse; he seemed to cling dore, a boy of about my own age with to me as his only friend, and could not whom I had been shipmate on the Mis- bear to have me leave him for an insissippi River, arrived in town, and the stant. We slept that night huddled up boarding-house man consented to al together in the narrow bed. low him to share my little room at the The next morning a strange negro same rate charged me. George had man, very well dressed, and carrying a been in Charleston only a few days bunch of flowers in one hand and a bunwhen yellow fever became epidemic. It dle in the other, entered the room and was the latter part of August and the proceeded to make himself very much heat was something fearful. I had no at home. When asked what his busifear of the fever, as I had been accus- ness was, he said he was a yellow-fever tomed to its frequent visits to my old nurse. I told him that we had no monhome; but with Hollins, a native of ey and could not pay a nurse, at which Baltimore, it was different.

he burst into a broad grin and said that

a One afternoon he came into our room he did not want any money; that he beand complained of a headache and a longed to Mr. Trenholm, who had sent pain in his back. The symptoms were

him there. Through the day all sorts familiar to me, so I persuaded him to of delicacies continued to arrive, and go to bed and covered him with the to every inquiry as to whom they came dirty rag of a blanket. I then went from, the reply was, 'Mr. Trenholm.' quickly downstairs and asked the wife The second night of his illness, of the proprietor to let me have some George was taken with the black vomit, hot water for a foot-bath, and also to which, as I held him in my arms, satgive me a little mustard. The woman urated my clothes. A shiver passed was shocked at my presumption, but through his frame and without a word consented to give me the hot water; at he died. Leaving my friend's body in parting with the mustard she demurred. charge of the nurse, I went in search As I was about to leave her kitchen, of Lieutenant Warley, who told me not she demanded to know what I wanted to worry about the funeral as Mr. Trenwith hot water, and when I told her holm would make all arrangements. that my friend had the yellow fever, George Hollins was buried in the beauthere was a scene in which she accused tiful Magnolia Cemetery, and immedime of trying to ruin the reputation of ately after the funeral, Mr. Warley told the house, and threatened me with dire me that I was not to go back to the punishment from her husband.

boarding-house, but was for the present I made Hollins put his feet in the hot to share his room at the Mills House, a water and then I went to a nearby drug- fashionable hotel,



the iron gate and walked through the IV

well-kept grounds to the front door, I A few days after the funeral, as I was was a little awed by the imposing walking down Broad Street with Mr. building, with its great columns supWarley, we saw coming toward us a porting the portico. I could not but tall and very handsome man with sil- feel some misgivings as to the reception very hair. Mr. Warley told me that he I would get, stranger as I was, from the was Mr. Trenholm, and that I must family, whom I never had met. Still, I thank him for all his kindness to my did not dare run away, and so I timidly friend. Mr. Trenholm said that he was rang the bell. A slave, much better only sorry that he could not have done dressed than I, and with the manners more for the poor boy, and, turning to of a Chesterfield, appeared and showed the lieutenant, said, 'Warley, can't me into the parlor; it was all very you let this young gentleman come and grand, but very lonely, as there was no stay at my house? There are some one there to receive me. I took a seat young people there, and we will try to and made myself comfortable; it had make it pleasant for him.'

been a long time since I had sat on a I thanked Mr. Trenholm, and told luxurious sofa. In a few minutes, two him that I had recently been sleeping young ladies entered. Of course I had in the same bed with my friend, who never seen either of them before, but had died of the most virulent form of the idea instantly flashed into my mind yellow fever, and of course I could not that I was going to marry the taller of go into anybody's house for some time the two, who came toward me and into come; but the generous gentleman troduced herself as Miss Trenholm. assured me that his family had no fears While we were chatting, there arof the fever and insisted on my accept- rived a Frenchman, a Colonel Le Mat, ing his kind invitation. However, I did the inventor of the 'grapeshot revolnot think it right to go, and did not ver,' a horrible contraption, the cylinaccept at that time; but a day or two der of which revolved around a section afterwards, I again met him, with Mr. of a gun-barrel. The cylinder contained Warley, and he said, 'Warley, I am ten bullets, and the grapeshot barrel sorry this young gentleman won't ac- was loaded with buckshot which, when cept my invitation: we would try to fired, would almost tear the arm off a make it pleasant for him.'

man with its recoil. Le Mat's English Mr. Warley turned to me, saying, vocabulary was limited, and his only Youngster, you pack your bag and go subject of conversation was his invenup to Mr. Trenholm's house.'

tion, so he used me to explain to the That settled it and I went, arriving young ladies how the infernal machine at the great mansion shortly before the worked. Now that sounds all very easy, dinner-hour. I did not, however, take but one must remember that Le Mat a bag with me. If I had owned one, I was a highly imaginative Gaul and should have had nothing to put in it. insisted on posing me to illustrate his

I will not attempt to describe Mr. lecture. This was embarrassing, espeTrenholm's beautiful home. For more cially as he considered it polite to comthan half a century now it has been mence over again as each new guest pointed out to tourists as one of the entered the room. At last relief came show places of Charleston, and has long when Mr. Trenholm arrived with a since passed into the hands of stran- beautiful lady, well past middle-age, gers. I must confess that, as I opened leaning on his arm; and I was intro


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