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ON EDUCATION AND LABOR.

WILLIAM S. KENYON, Iowa, Chairman. WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho.

ANDRIEUS A. JONES, New Mexico. THOMAS STERLING, South Dakota.

KENNETH D. MCKELLAR, Tennessee. LAWRENCE C. PHIPPS, Colorado.

JOSIAH O.WOLCOTT, Delaware.
FRANCIS E. WARREN, Wyoming.

DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts.
FRANK B. KELLOGG, Minnesota.
SAMUEL M. SHORTRIDGE, California.

ROY RANKIN, Clerk.
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PROTECTION OF MATERNITY.

MONDAY, APRIL 25, 1921.

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D. C. The committee met pursuant to the call of the chairman at 10.30 a. m. in committee room, Capitol, Senator William S. Kenyon presiding

Present: Senators Kenyon (chairman), Warren, Phipps, Jones (New Mexico), Sterling, McKellar, Shortridge, Sheppard, and Kellogg.

Also present: Mrs. Henry W. Keyes, 2400 Sixteenth Street, Washington, D.C.; Mrs. Ellis A. Yost, Hotel Driscoll, representing National Women's Christian Temperance Union; Julia C. Lathrop, Children's Bureau, United States Department of Labor; Mrs. LaRue Brown, representing the Child Welfare Committee, National League of Women Voters; Ella Oppenheimer, M. D., representing Children's Bureau, Department of Labor; Miss Elizabeth Skinner, representing the Florida Federation of Women's Clubs; Mrs. Maud Woods Park, representing National League of Women Voters; Mary G. Kilbreth, representing National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage; Mrs. J.'S. Eichelberger, representing the Woman Patriot.

The committee then proceeded to the consideration of the bill (S. 1039) for the public protection of maternity and infancy and providing a method of cooperation between the Government of the United States and the several States.

(The bill is here printed in full, as follows:)

[S. 1039, Sixty-seventh Congress, first session.]

A BILL For the public protection of maternity and infancy and providing a method of cooperation between

the Government of the United States and the several States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby authorized to be appropriated annually, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sums authorized in section 2 of this act, to be paid to the several States for the purpose of cooperating with the States in promoting the care of maternity and infancy in the several States; to provide instruction in the hygiene of maternity and infancy, and the sum authorized in section 5 for the use of the Children's Bureau, for the promotion of maternal and infant hygiene, for the administration of this act, and for the purpose of making such studies, investigations, and reports as will further the efficient administration of this act.

SEC. 2. That for the purpose of paying the expenses of said cooperative work in providing the services and facilities specified in this act, and the necessary printing and distribution of information in connection with the same, there is permanently authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $480,000 for each year, $10,000 of which shall be paid annually to each State, in the manner hereinafter provided: Provided, That there is hereby appropriated for the use of the States, subject to the provisions of this act, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, an additional sum of $1,000,000, and annually thereafter a sum not to

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exceed $1,480,000: Provided further, That the additional appropriations herein authorized shall be apportioned among the States in the proportion which their population bears to the total population of the United States, not including outlying possessious, according to the last preceding United States census: And provided further, That no payment out of the additional appropriation herein authorized shall be made in any year to any Ştate until an equal sum has been appropriated for that year by the legislature of sich State for the maintenance of the services and facilities provided for in this act.

So much of the amount appropriated apportioned to any State for any fiscal year as remains unexpended at the close thereof shall be available for expenditures in that State until the close of the succeeding fiecal vear, Any amount apportioned under the provisions of this act unexpended at the end of the period during which it is available for expenditure under the terms of this section shall be reapportioned, within sixty days thereafter, to all the States in the same manner and on the same basis, and certified to the Secretary of the Treasury and to the State agencies described in section 1 in the same way as if it were being apportioned under this act for the first time.

Sec. 3. The Children's Bureau of the Department of Labor shall be charged with the carrying out of the provisions of this act, and the Chief of the Children's Bureau shall be the executive officer. The Chief of the Children's Bureau, as exerutive officer, is hereby authorized to form an advisory Committee to consult with the Chief of the Children's Bureau and to advise concerning any problems which may arise in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of this art, such advisory committee to consist of the Secretary of Agriculture, the Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service, and the United States Commissioner of Education. The Children's Bureau shall have charge of all matters concerning the administration of this act, and shall have power to cooperate with the State agencies authorized to carry out the provisions of this act. It shall be the duty of the Children's Bureau to make or cause to be made such studies, investigations, and reports as will promote the efficient administration of this act.

SEC. 4. That in order to secure the benefits of the appropriations authorized in in section 2 of this act, any State shall, through the legislative authority thereof, accept the provisions of this act and designate or authorize the creation of a State agency with which the Children's Bureau shall have all necessary powers to cooperate as herein provided in the administration of the provisions of this act: Provided, That in any State having a child welfare or child hygiene division in its State agency of health, the said State agency of health_shall administer the provisions of this act through such divisions. The Children's Bureau may recommend to the State agencies cooperating under this act the appointment of advisory committees, both State and local, to assist in carrying out the purposes of this act; the members of such advisory committees shall be selected by the State agencies, and at least half of such members shall be women, all of the members of which advisory committee shall serve without compensation. 'If in any State, the legislature of which does not meet in 1921, the governor of that State, so far as he is authorized to do so, shall, under the provisions of law, accept the provisions of this act and designate or create a State agency to act in cooperation with the Children's Bureau, the said Children's Bureau shall then recognize such State agency for the purposes of this act until the legislature of such State meets in due course and has been in session sixty days.

Sec. 5. That so much, not to exceed 5 per centum, of the amount authorized for any fiscal year under this act, as the Children's Bureau may estimate to be necessary for adminsitering the provisions of this act, shall be deducted for that purpose, to be available until expended. Within sixty days after the close of each fiscal year the the said Children's Bureau shall determine what part, it any, of the sums theretofore deducted for administering the provisions of this act will not be needed for that purpose, and apportion such part, if any, for the fiscal year then current in the same manner and on the same basis, and certify it to the Secretary of the Treasury and to the several State agencies described in section 4, in the same way as other amounts authorized by this act to be apportioned among the several States for such current

SEC. 6. That out of the amounts authorized under this act the Children's Bureau is authorized to employ, to be taken from the eligible lists of the Civil Service Commission, such assistants, clerks, and other persons in the city of Washington and elsewhere, to purchase such supplies, material, equipment, office fixtures, and apparatus, and to incur such travel and other expense as it may deem necessary for carrying out the purposes of this act.

Sec. 7. That within sixty days after the approval of this act the Children's Bureau shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury and to each State agency described in

fiscal year.

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