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Warsaw, 11:30 A. M........ ......... Silver Springs, 11:45 A. M.
Dunkirk, 4:00 P. M.
Friday, November 2nd.
.Cuba, 1:05 P. M. Cuba, 1:20 P. M......
.Friendship, 1:35 P. M. Friendship, 1:45 P. M.
.Wellsville, 2:05 P. M. Wellsville, 2:45 P. M... ......Hornellsville, 3:30 P. M. Hornellsville, 5:00 P. M.
..Addison, 5:40 P. M. Addison, 6:00 P. M....
.... Waverly, 7:00 P. M. Waverly, 7:10 P. M........ .........Owego, 7:45 P. M. Owego, 11:00 P. M................. New York.
Saturday, November 3rd-Arrive New York City about seven o'clock.
It should be in mind looking over this list of appointments, that they were filled after the Oklahoma journey, and that the most important work anyone did at any time during the campaign was after the imposing programme had been carried out, including keeping the peace in New York City by readiness for war, and speaking at Oyster Bay, to home friends and neighbors. The master stroke was the one by which the Governor of the State called down the Mayor of New York City. It was well when the Governor got home that the situation was clear to the Mayor.
Mr. Roosevelt preserved his strength for the duties of the closing days of the campaign, by insisting upon regular habits, and subjecting himself and those in his company to a discipline of personal caretaking, the most important item being sufficient sleep, the next moderate eating, simple food, and certain precautions to give Mr. Roosevelt intervals, brief but very desirable, of relief from conversation about the campaign. Of course, such a campaign would have been impossible without the special train system.
The use of special trains for political campaigning has been so often tried that it is made scientific. It is well understood what is wanted and how to provide. The railroad facilities do almost, if not altogether, as much to hold the vast diversified Union together, as the reference of local questions to the States and the identification of specialties with sections—all aiding in keeping the balance of trade with us. The fact that the National Capital, near the Eastern border, appears immovable is accounted for by the steel roads across the continent, the comfort of travel and the rapidity of journeys.
An argument for not securing our title to Oregon was that if a Representative had to make an annual journey between his constituency and the seat of government, his whole time would be taken up, as it was a six months' ride from where the Oregon rolled to where the Potomac lapsed into the tidal water. An anti-Oregon speech to this effect was made in Congress. Now one can make the trip in a week and rest two of the days.
The most superb special train that ever made so long an excursion before the one provided for President McKinley and Mrs. McKinley and the Cabinet across the continent, and were as often as desired in direct contact by wire with the several Departments, was that of Governor Roosevelt in 1900. The headquarters of the Government of the United States were on the train, and all business transacted as promptly as if the responsible men were in Washington. The freedom of the news that is gathered from all parts of the world, the easy and thrifty use of the telegraph and telephone from city to city, the speed and regularity of the mails, the impossibility of a monopoly of news; the certainty that all the news of all the peoples and nations is sold for a cent a day, puts the busy millions and the master minds in close connection. The Capital City may be thousands of miles away, but it is heard from every hour, makes it near for all. Time and space are annihilated by wires.
No man who labors is without means, except when in sudden trouble, to buy from day to day the news of the world, and with that there is a ready solution of mysteries, and common intelligence is kindred to general opportunity. The private car that may travel a mile a minute is an expensive luxury -a home restricted in latitude crossing the continent, but not parallels.
As it was public policy for the President to remain at his country home, and address the public in written communications, when the issue of his re-election was before the people, it was held to be required that the VicePresidential candidate should be called upon to go forth to meet the people. Mr. Roosevelt's tour carried him before the people of half the States of the Union. He was at the front where the combat was hard and hot, meeting audiences aggregating millions, journeying more than twenty-two thousand miles
-all this within eight weeks. His special train consisted of observation, dining, sleeping and luggage cars, and one for passing guests and committees. There were reliable railroad employees-experts in all the offices of handling trains and serving travelers. The main matter was to give the Governor of New York, and candidate for the Vice-Presidency, such attention that he should
be in condition for the severe strain of his task. The speeches averaged about fourteen a day, when there was not detention in large towns. The audiences numbered from a few hundred or two or three thousand to five or ten thousand, and multitudes that could not be numbered. There were long processions through cities, with countless swarms covering the streets and roofs and packing the yards and doors and windows for miles. Mr. Roosevelt is a very strong man, and on his great journey managed to be the higher authority in the care for himself. He had to decline many suggestions of hospitality. He thought it necessary when, as was the case at all the speaking places, he should have to himself an interval of a few minutes, from five to fifteen, between the committee that belonged at an appointed town and remained, and the one that got on to be useful at the next place. He took time to himself from the movement of the train to within a certain number of minutes of the next stop and speech; and his way of resting was to pick up one of two books on his desk-a classic (Latin) and a novel (spirited but light)—and he would release himself from the pressure of the surroundings, to read something remote as attainable from the theme of the speeches and the thoughts of the people. Nothing rested him like the interludes with an ancient poet or a modern novelist.
There was a stirring speaker with him, an old college friend, who could be relied upon to entertain a mass of people with great intelligence, and his voice rang clear all the while. His anecdotes were excellent. He was as good to occupy time as a brass band, or à bugler. Such a lieutenant is most desirable in across-the-continent stump speaking. Mr. Roosevelt was much in earnest, and talked with fearless freedom about the opposing persons and policies; and he was not habitually careful of his phrases. More than that, the crowds seemed to know that when “Teddy” was kindled, he gave a fiery interest to what he was saying, and this was an entertainment equal to a drama. Often there were disturbers whose language was not meant to be polite, and it was not hard to get a rise out of the Governor.
Not unfrequently the local politicians, feeling that things were going on well, liked to talk about the prospects, and Mr. Roosevelt invited them not to talk at the same time he did. As a rule, there were from fifty to one hundred and fifty yards to walk from the car to the platform, and if carriages were taken, the ride was from a furlong to a quarter of a mile. It was in the smaller towns that the minimum of police protection was attainable, and the committees of escort were modest. Mr. Roosevelt understood it, and if no one broke through the crowd for him, he took the lead, and had the knack of shaking hands right and left, putting his friends aside just enough to force his way, step upon the car stairs, take the platform, hat in hand, and bow as the wheels began to go around. In half a minute after this he would be in his favorite
corner, book in hand, reading as if "getting a lesson," as the school children say. Sometimes, where there were some hours of a night spent, he consented to be a guest and sleep in a house, but not often. With a good bed on the car, and just the attention he needed—no more-it was the customary make-up of the time table that there was a long run to make before morning. At the same time, the talking traveler must have sleep, and not talk at unseemly times and places and of themes that are wearing. Mr. Roosevelt is fond of good advice, asks for it frankly and heartily, and has a well developed taste as to true goodness. He made the train his home, performed feats of sleep most refreshing, and when the day dawned, he was fit for a day's work; and he held a reserve of force with which to fight the finish, though there was hardly a conjecture it would turn out as important as it did.
STATES IN THEIR ORDER, AND PRINCIPAL CITIES THEREIN,
VISITED BY GOVERNOR ROOSEVELT IN THE
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1900. MICHIGAN—Detroit, Lansing, Saginaw, Bay City, Grand Rapids, Holland, Niles.
SOUTH DAKOTA-Sioux Falls, Mitchell, Huron, Pierre, Chamberlain, Deadwood, Rapid City.
NORTH DAKOTA-Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Fork, Dickinson, Medora.
MONTANA—Miles City, Billings, Butte, Helena, Boulder, Great Falls, Kalispell.
IDAHO—Boise, St. Anthony, Blackfoot, Pocatello, Rock Creek.
COLORADO–Denver, Colorado Springs, Leadville, Pueblo, Cripple Creek, Victor, Durango.
KANSAS—Dodge City, Sterling, Newton, Topeka, Kansas City, Lawrence.
NEBRASKA-Lincoln, Omaha, Hastings, McCook, Fremont.
ILLINOIS—Chicago, Joliet, Galesburg, Bloomington, Quincy, Springfield, East St. Louis, Peoria, Cairo, Elgin.
INDIANA-South Bend, Fort Wayne, Decatur, Muncie, Indianapolis, Terre Haute, Evansville.
KENTUCKY-Louisville, Lexington, Morehead, Covington, London.