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which subdue the resin and vegetable nature of the wood, that is further treated with chloride of lime-three hundred pounds of sulphur used for the manufacture of a ton of the pulp. This goes into the creek. The Governor uses the names of the companies engaged in this profitable work, seems to be correctly informed as to the amount of their capital stock, states that the water of the creek, after acting as the solvent in the chemical processes, finds is way back into the stream, “carrying in solution acids, alkalis, organic and inorganic matter, in such large quantities that a decidedly acid reaction can be detected four miles down the stream.” And these acids and alkalis, coming in contact with large quantities of sewerage, hasten chemical action and fermentation, generating gases and offensive odors, “often producing nausea ;” and into the same creek is discharged the drainage of Saratoga Springs. The shores of the lake are lined with cottages and hotels, and the Governor touched this up by saying that those most bitterly complaining about the pollution of the lake, “seemed to forget the ancient rule established in Jerusalem that each person should sweep before his own door.” Fish are killed by contamination with the water and ferment and decay "producing stenches more or less offensive, according to the customs and habits of those obliged to inhale them.”

The waters of this creek and Saratoga Lake "are not directly used for potable purposes, but ultimately find their way into the Hudson river. And many other of the waters of the State, fresh and pure twenty-five or fifty years ago, have come to be open sewers, 'transmitting disease germs from one place to another.'

The State Board of Health co-operated with the Governor, who declared that after July 1st, 1899, there should be a sweeping change along the shore of the lake, and the streams tributary thereto, and that no "raw sewerage" should be discharged into the lake or streams tributary, and that the villages of Saratoga and Ballston Springs and Ballston Spa, should provide works for the sanitary treatment of the nuisance they produced. The great tannery on Gordon Creek was declared a nuisance, and the firm ordered to abate it.

The language of the Governor was as follows: "That the discharge of effluent and waste material from the paper and sulphite mills”—the names and locations of the establishments given-were a nuisance to be abated on or before April 1st, 1900; and this, according to process, to be approved by the State Board of Health.

There has been widespread discussion abroad, as well as at home, about the public character of President Roosevelt, and the usual Americans who wish to enlighten Europe when there is a crisis in our country, have appeared in the usual way in the London newspapers.




The respect in which President McKinley was held in Europe developed after the assassination in all the journals, and in the utterances of public men of merit and moment, without exception. Occasionally there was a reflection of the vindictiveness of the belittlers of our country by some of our citizens who find their greatest relief from sorrow in the indulgence of their own vain conceits of virtue. President Roosevelt seems to have encountered a share of this distrustful comment. It was touched up broad with the folly of excessive self appreciation attended with public indifference.

In an English journal, within a few days of the death of McKinley, there appeared a volunteered American production, in which the producer claimed that he was well acquainted "with the new President" and called him a “demagogue.” There was compensation for this intrusion of an impertinence in a reply from an American gentleman-once a Democratic CongressmanHon. W. M. Beckner, in the London Times of October 7th, saying of the charge of “demagogy: "If it is meant to say Mr. Roosevelt is one who seeks popular favor at the expense of honest conviction, it is a very unjust characterization. The quality which, above all others, makes Theodore Roosevelt the strongest individuality in America to-day, is his absolute sincerity in dealing with public questions and his unfeigned indifference to what others may think or say with regard to his course in discharging his official duties. He is the personification of courage, truth and manliness, and is a clean, straight man in all the relations of life. When he was President of the Board of Police Commissioners of New York City, he compelled a strict enforcement of the excise and other laws, and this incurred the bitter enmity of the element that controlled votes. When the Spanish War came on, and his regiment was filled so promptly by the best fighting material in the States, he asked the President to appoint to its command an unknown assistant surgeon in the army who had had experience as a soldier, and whose talents and ability he had learned to appreciate. He took a subordinate place himself, but his judgment had been confirmed by the fact that his selection is now a majorgeneral and the able and accomplished Military Governor of Cuba. These were not the acts of a demagogue, but of a faithful and patriotic citizen, who preferred the public good to his own selfish interests. He despises all trickery and sham, and is strong enough to lead without resorting to any base or unworthy practices. My testimony is not that of a partizan-I know the President personally, but we were trained in different political schools. Whilst he was a Republican member of the Civil Service Commission at Washington, I was a Democratic Congressman. He believes in party organization as a means of carrying out the principles which he thinks should be observed in administering the Government, but has never been narrow or bitter in dealing with political opponents. He is the first President we have had in forty years whose views are uncolored by personal experiences or observation during thu Civil War, and is emphatically the product of a new era in American politics. He did not want the nomination for the Vice-Presidency last year, as he had his heart set on seeing completed work which he had begun as Governor of New York. He is hampered by no pledges, has no especial favorites to reward or enemies to punish, and is controlled by no clique or ring or boss. He has been a voluminous writer, but has dealt with no theories, and is therefore committed to no peculiar politics. In writing the history of the Winning of the West, or of your Cromwell, or of his own Rough Riders, or of his hunting adventures, he has always dealt with action. He has never been a dreamer or a poet or a philosopher, but an earnest, practical man of affairs, who takes the world as it is and tries to make it better by what he does and not by what he preaches. I have several times seen it stated that because the family whose name he bears came from Holland he may take sides with the Boers against England. This will not be given much consideration when it is known that his ancestors were three-fourths British and not exceeding one-fourth Dutch, and that he is altogether American. Nor is he a man to forget how generously Great Britain treated his country during the Spanish War, in which he bore so heroic a part. He has enough of care and responsibility as chief executive of the United States without interfering in any respect with the affairs of other countries."

It will be remembered that Secretary Long, called by President Roosevelt when Assistant Secretary of the Navy his Chief, was under consideration at Philadelphia in June, 1900, as a candidate for the Vice-Presidency, and would have been more prominent if there had not been a demand that could not be checked or diverted by Roosevelt.

The New York Independent of September 6th succeeding the convention, contained an article from Secretary Long, on the character of the nominee for the Vice-Presidency, that is a reminder of their relations in 1884. The Secretary said of his promoted Assistant:

“Theodore Roosevelt is one of the interesting personalities of our day and generation. He is a picturesque figure, and was so before the Rough Rider uniform and hat existed, and would be even if he had never worn them. A puny child, whose health was despaired of, he grew to be a stalwart athlete. Within him was a vital spark that has flamed into perfect physical vigor. His characteristic is force. This is the central quality. But with this are an honest mind, right motives, readiness and directness in speech, frankness and courage, and high ideals of public and private duty and service. It could not be otherwise than that such a man should not only fill the popular eye, but command the popular favor. The people like a bold man, a square man, a strong man, and they know instinctively that he is all these.

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