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treaty, denied that there is any unalterable enmity between

France and this country.-Not always enemies.-The re-

peated difcomfiture of France, warring against the navy of

England, at length taught her the policy of peace.-The

treaty Supported by a great majority.-Convention with

Spain. Confolidation of the customs.—Application of the

diffenters for the repeal of the test act.—Number and refpec-

tability of the diffenters as a body.-Diftinguished talents of

fome of their leaders.—Diffenters favourable to Mr. Pitt,

and thence expect his fupport of their application.—Previous

Steps to prepoffefs the public in their favour.—Mr. Beaufoy

demonftrates their zeal for liberty and the present establish-

ment.-Lord North, a moderate tory, opposes their applica-

tion, as inimical to the church.-Mr. Pitt oppofes it on the

grounds of political expediency.—The test no infringement of

toleration, merely a condition of admissibility to certain offices

of truft.-Eminent diffenters had avowed themselves de-

firous of fubverting the church ;-therefore not expedient to

extend their power.—Application rejected.-Bill for the

relief of infolvent debtors.-Lord Rawdon's enlightened and

liberal policy.-Bill negatived.—Enquiry about Scotch peer-

ages.-Magnanimous facrifice by the prince of Wales of

Splendor to juftice. - Situation of his highness.— Satisfactory

adjustments.-Proceedings refpecting Mr. Haftings.-

Writings in his defence.-The nation long averse to his im-

peachment.-Haftings's cause generally popular.—Eloquence

gives a turn to public opinion.-Celebrated Speech of Mr.

Sheridan on the Begum charge.-Its effects on the house of

commons and the public.—Singular inftance of its impref-

fon on a literary defender of Mr. Haftings.-A committee

appointed to prepare articles of impeachment.—The commons

impeach Warren Haftings at the bar of the house of lords.

-Supplies.-Favourable ftate of the finances.-Mr. Dun-

das brings forward the financial State of British India.-

Promifing afpect of affairs.
Page 130

Affairs of Holland.-Ruinous effects of the war with Britain.

-Complaints against the Stadtholder.-Charge concerning

the inaction of the fleets.-Objects of the aristocratic party

at the end of the war.-They put arms into the hands of

the multitude.-Effects of this measure.-Beginning of a

democratic party. Both the aristocratic and democratic

parties agree in hoftility to the house of Orange.-Advan-

tages which they poffeffed over the Stadtholderian party.—

They are fupported by the monied men-and fectaries.-

Circumftances favourable to the prince.-He is commander

of the army and fleet.-Civil power and authority.-He is

governor-general of the East and West India companies.

His hereditary possessions.—Several provinces favourable to

bis caufe.-Friendship and affinity with Pruffia.-Adverse

faction trufts to the protection of France. They deprive the

prince of the command of the Hague.--The Orange family

leave the Hague.-Temperate remonstrances of Pruffia-

difregarded by the faction,-who abfolve the troops from

their oath of fidelity.-Meeting of the States of Holland and

Weft Friezeland,-violence of.-Remonftrance of the

prince.-Frederic William fends his prime minifter as am-

baffador to the States of Holland.-Firm memorial of.—

Conduct of France. -Encourages the faction.-Rebellion

commences at Hattem.-The infurgents are defeated.-

Conciliatory interpofition of Pruffia-and of Britain-una-

vailing.-Joint mediation of Pruffia and France.-Dif-

ferent views of these powers.-Alarming power of the de-

mocratic party-is exerted in levelling innovation-de-

feated in an attempt to fufpend the office of Stadtholder.-

They try a new fabrication of votes.-The armed burghers

are employed as inftruments of revolution.-Fury of a revo-

lutionary mob.-The States General avow themselves fup-

porters of the conflitution.-Disorders at Amfterdam.

continues attached to the prince.-The faction

of

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