Moses Hess: The Holy History of Mankind and Other Writings

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Cambridge University Press, 2004 M12 2 - 148 pages
Moses Hess is a major figure in the development of both early communist and Zionist thought. The Holy History of Mankind appeared in 1837, and was the first book-length socialist tract to appear in Germany, representing an unusual synthesis of Judaism and Christianity that showed the considerable influence upon Hess of Spinoza, Herder and Hegel. In due course many of Hess's ideas would find their way into the work of Karl Marx, and into subsequent socialist thought. The distinguished political scientist Shlomo Avineri provides the first full English translation of this text, along with new renditions of Socialism and Communism, A Communist Credo; and The Consequences of a Future Revolution of the Proletariat. All of the usual reader-friendly series features are provided, including a chronology, concise introduction and notes for further reading, in a work of special relevance to students of politics, modern European history, and the history of Zionism.

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Contents

THE PAST AS THE FOUNDATION OF WHAT
5
The Second Main Period of the Holy History or
21
Exile of the Papacy
28
The Third Main Period of the Holy History or
37
An Interlude instead of an Introduction to a correct
52
THE FUTURE AS THE CONSEQUENCE
59
Our Present Plight as the Mediator of
77
The New Jerusalem and the End of Days
85
SOCIALISM AND COMMUNISM
97
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
116
CONSEQUENCES OF A REVOLUTION OF
128
Christ and Spinoza from Rome and Jerusalem
136
Index 140
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Page 10 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down ; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves : they have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them...
Page 9 - Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee...
Page 7 - And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
Page 15 - Who is there among you of all his people? His God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah ; and build the house of the Lord God of Israel, he is the God which is in Jerusalem.
Page 7 - There were giants in the earth in those days ; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
Page 45 - The Lord did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people ; for ye were the fewest of all people : but because the Lord loved you...
Page 6 - THIS is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam; in the day when they were created.
Page 17 - And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.
Page 12 - Have I conceived all this people? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child, unto the land which thou swarest unto their fathers ? Whence should I have flesh to give unto all this people?
Page 14 - So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading.

About the author (2004)

Moses Hess was both a colleague and protagonist of Karl Marx in the early communist movement, and one of the forerunners of Zionism: he died in Paris in 1875.

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