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season was the defeat of the 55-foot Chicago yacht Vencedor, by the Dominion yacht Canada, over 24-mile and 20-mile courses respectively. The Canada won the first race by 22 minutes 44 seconds, and the second by only 46 seconds. This last was won on time allowance.
The annual cruise of the New York Yacht Club was in every way a success. The Emerald defeated the Colonia, the Wasp, and the Queen Mab in the contest for the Commodore cups off Glen Cove, L. I.; while off Newport, R. I., the Colonia and the Queen Mab won the Goelet cups. This last race settled once for all the superiority of the Colonia over the Emerald. The Colonia won by 14 minutes 7 seconds, over a 38-mile course.
Chess.-On August 8 the chief contest in the international chess tournament ended in the victory of Lasker over Tarrasch. The contest was held at Nuremberg, Germany, America being represented by three players, Pillsbury, Showalter, and Steinitz. Pillsbury made the third best showing in the tournament.
Tennis.-The victory of R. D. Wrenn over Neel, Larned, and Hovey, in the contest for the All-Comers' Cup at Newport again bears witness to the ability of the steady, even player to win against aggressive, brilliant, but uneven playing. Wrenn met Larned August 25, the former having had scarcely any practice, while Larned was fresh from the English courts. Although at times Larned's play was irresistible, yet in his frequent relapses into poor playing he lost all the advantage gained, and more. In the five games played the score stood thus: Wrenn to Larned 4–6, 3–6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3.
Hovey's play on the day following was even more "streaky than Larned's had been. He exhibited by turns the very acme of excellence in tennis; but at last went to pieces before the invincible regularity of Wrenn, the score standing: Wrenn to Hovey, 7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 1-6, 6-1. This being the third time that Wrenn has won the championship of America, the cup now becomes his in perpetuity.
The Turf.-On September 24 the stallion John R. Gentry beat the world's pacing record at Rigby, covering a mile in 2:00. Already on September 8 he had paced in 2:014, thus equalling Robert J's great feat at Terre Haute, Indiana, in 1894 (Vol. 4, p. 597). It will thus be seen that Gentry lowered his previous record by a full second, making a two-minute mile fully within the range of probabilities in the near future.
Cycling. The world's record for fast bicycling was beaten on September 28 at Trenton, N. J., by John S. Johnson, who covered a mile in 1:47 in the presence of 10,000 spectators. The best previous record was 1:483, made by Tyler at Waltham, Mass. These races were performed without protection from the resistance of the air, which is always the bicycler's most serious obstacle. Recently this drawback was said to have been mainly overcome in the race of a professional rider, Evan E. Anderson. This cyclist rode a 92-gear wheel behind the swiftest locomotive on the St. Louis, Chicago & St. Paul Railway, the locomotive having been boarded in to shut out the air. Under these conditions Mr. Anderson rode a mile in 1:03.
College Baseball. The new legislation in Eastern colleges regarding the "summer-nine" baseball player is calculated to make a change both in the personnel of some teams and in the attitudes of sportsmen in general toward college players. This legislation debars any 'varsity player from the team if he has played in a nine during the summer vacation. Many students who are skilful players find that the revenue from the summer playing is a necessity to them, and they will hardly forego earning it for the sake of the greater but less material honor of representing their college on her 'varsity baseball nine. This rule, it must be observed, is not universal; but the better sentiment among college athletes will probably hasten the day when it will be.
Among the Western colleges the competition on the baseball field has been particularly keen of late years. This year Chicago won the first place. Michigan was her chief rival, but the latter's team had been seriously crippled before the final game by the action of the faculty in debarring three valuable players from the nine. These players had shown characteristics which were decidedly professional. It is said that the regulations regarding professionalism among many of the Western colleges are somewhat lax.
On July 21 the barkentine, Herbert Fuller, which had sailed from Boston, Mass., July 8, for Rosario, Argentine Republic, arrived at Halifax, N. S., having on board the dead bodies of Captain Nash, her commander, his wife, and the second mate. All three had been murdered at
The case is a mysterious one.
sea on July 13. mate, Thomas Bram, has been indicted for the crime, in Boston, Mass.
Three Italians accused of murder were taken by a mob from the jail at Hahnville, near New Orleans, La., on the night of August 8, and lynched. The incident was the result of the assassination, on the night of August 5, of a French storekeeper in St. Charles's Parish, New Orleans, of which one of the lynched men, a Sicilian named Saladino, was suspected. The two other victims were awaiting trial. for a separate crime. The news of the lynching caused much excitement in Italy, and instructions were cabled to Baron Fava to investigate the circumstances. In response to Baron Fava's request, an inquiry was at once instituted by the state department at Washington.
At Glencoe, Minn., September 6, two tramps who had deliberately murdered a sheriff for attempting to arrest them on a warrant charging them with an outrage upon a farmer, were taken from jail by a body of citizens, and lynched. Separate trial had been granted the accused, and the trial of one of them had just ended in his being sentenced to state prison for life. The verdict and sentence were displeasing to many members of the community, who expressed their disapproval in the way described.
AFFAIRS IN VARIOUS STATES.
State Elections.-Up to the end of September, elections were held in four states, which excited much comment on account of their supposed indication of the trend of sentiment in the presidential campaign.
Alabama. On August 3 a full state ticket was elected in Alabama, the democrats sweeping the state against a combination of republicans and populists. Joseph T. Johnston, a free-silver man, democratic candidate for governor, was elected by a majority of 41,889 over Albert F. Goodwyn, fusionist candidate of the populists and republicans an increase of 14,307 over the democratic majority in 1894; while both branches of the legislature were also safely carried by the democrats by large gains over 1894. As usual the cry of fraud in the black counties was raised; but the fact that the democrats carried a considerable number of populist counties, showed that their gain in the election was substantial.
Arkansas.-On September 7 an election was held in Arkansas for all state judicial and county officers, including part of the state senate and popular branch of the legis
lature. An unusually large vote was polled. Jones (dem.) was elected governor by a majority of about 50,000, having received the votes of many "sound-money democrats as well as many populists who refused to support Mr. Files, the populist candidate. The prohibition vote showed a marked decrease. The elections to the legislature were regarded as insuring the re-election of United States Senator James K. Jones, chairman of the democratic national committee, who had no opposition within the party. An analysis of the official returns shows a small net republican gain. The populist vote showed a falling-off of about 17,000; but, in spite of this reinforcement to the democratic ranks, the democratic vote showed an increase of only 1,009 over 1892. The republican vote, on the other hand, showed an increase of 1,742. Altogether in 1892 the anti-republican forces polled 121,232 votes; in 1896, only 105,113 votes. Their majority over the republicans in 1892 was 87,588; in 1896, it was 69,727-a loss of 17,861.
Vermont.-On September 1 the Green Mountain state was swept by the republicans with unprecedented pluralities. Josiah Grout (rep.) was elected governor by a plurality of 38,491; while the party also elected every other state officer by majorities exceeding 30,000, and elected a solid republican senate of thirty members, besides about 200 out of 245 members of the house.
The returns (unofficial) for governor, as compared with those of 1892 and 1888, are as follows:
The vote of 1896 for governor was: Grout (rep.), 53,396; Jackson (dem.), 14,905; Battelle (pop.), 631; Whittemore (pro.), 525. The republicans more than doubled their plurality of 1892. The republican vote showed a gain of 37 per cent; the democratic, a loss of 224 per cent. Many democrats, including Hon. E. J. Phelps, voted the republican ticket.
The result of the election was generally interpreted as showing that the farmers of the East were not so deeply imbued with populistic and free-silver tendencies as those of the South and West.
Maine. An even more significant republican victory was won September 14 in Maine, a state which is the home of Mr. Sewall, candidate of the democratic party for the
vice-presidency, and which in the past had been deeply imbued with the idea of monetary inflation and had once been carried by a fusion ticket on a greenback issue. The vote of 1896 resulted in the election of Llewellyn Powers (rep.), as governor, the only state officer voted for directly, by the unprecedented plurality of 48,377. Speaker Reed, Chairman Dingley of the house ways and means committee, and the other two congressmen from the state-Messrs. Milliken and Boutelle-were also elected by increased pluralities. There were five candidates for governor. The democratic state organization, after Mr. Sewall's nomination at Chicago, substituted for its already-adopted gold-standard platform an indorsement of the Chicago platform and ticket, whereupon the "sound-money "democrats nominated a separate candidate for governor.
The vote for governor stood: Powers (rep.), 82,764; Melvin P. Frank (regular dem.), 34,387; Ladd (pro.), 2,661; Bateman (pop.), 3,322; Clifford (gold-standard dem.), 604; scattering, 16. The figures of the vote for governor in 1896, as compared with those of recent years, are as follows:
Republican State Conventions. From time to time throughout the summer, state conventions of the various parties continued to be held, in some cases the action taken at previously held conventions being reversed or annulled in view of the definite lines laid down by the national conventions at St. Louis and Chicago. As before (p. 382), space will not allow a detailed account of proceedings, and we record very briefly only a few incidents which are of general interest.
Kansas.-The convention, August 11, renominated for governor the present incumbent of that office, Governor E. N Morrill. McKinley and Hobart were indorsed, and a platform adopted of which the following is the money plank:
"Republicans of Kansas believe in sound money, that is, we favor the use of gold and silver and paper in the largest measure possible consistent with the maintenance of equal debt paying and purchasing power of all our money. We are opposed to the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 by this country, alone, because it means silver monometallism, a debased currency, and the destruction of our national credit."
Michigan.-Mayor Hazen S. Pingree of Detroit was nominated by the republicans of Michigan at the state convention held in Grand Rapids August 5-6. Mr. Pingree's leading opponent was Colonel A.