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And once (such power to kings is given)

I sent my post-boy up to heav'n.

(Apart to H.) And soon shalt thou! my yielding fair,

Open thine arms and take me there.
(To M.) Stay, Signor, yet one moment, take
These bright Napoleons, for my sake.
Now, fare thee well, good Theodore,
And mind you prove my wife a whore.
(Exit Majocchi.)
Sweet angel! with delight I turn
From bus'ness, and with passion burn,
Come, all thy glowing beauties bring
To deck the chamber of thy King.
(Exeunt Embracing.)

TOLERATION.

WHO art thou, vain mortal, that darest intrude thyself between my GOD and me? If I have an account to settle with heaven, am I not competent to effect it myself? Can you be more interested than I am! or, if you are, why insult me -why denounce me; why publish me to the world as the vilest animal in existence? May I not, by possibility, beright as well as you? If so, by what grant, either of heaven or earth, can you be justified in assailing the purity of my motives? The great God of heaven suffers me to enjoy the liberty-suffers me to investigate freely and without fear, all subjects my mind may chance to pursue-and informs me, by the eternal laws of my nature, that I can only believe as my understanding directs me. Yet you, you, dust and ashes of the earth, arrogating to yourself Heaven's power, would do what heaven refused to do-you would end all inquiry which did not exactly suit you-you would prostrate me in the eyes of society, and send me headlong to eternal punishment! Away from this land, thou persecuting spirit-Intolerance.

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.

SUBSCRIPTIONS.

An Enemy to Persecution..

Twelfth and Thirteenth Payment of the Weekly
Pence of a few Friends to Civil and Religious

Liberty.....
J. C. (Monthly)....

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Printed by M. A. CARLILE, 55. Fleet Street.

No. 1, Vol. 4.] LONDON, FRIDAY, Dec. 15, 1820. [PRICE 6d.

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A LETTER TO

THE QUEEN.

THE TRIBUTE OF A REPUBLICAN.

(Concluded from page 520.)

HAD George the Fourth possessed even the virtues of Henry the Eighth, he would not for a moment have tolerated that slander which has been five-and-twenty years preying ineffectually upon your character. The religious scruples of Henry the Eighth were as powerful as his lust, and I rather think preponderated, but it cannot be said of him that he made his religion and that of the whole Church subservient to his lust, as can be truly spoken of George the Fourth. Henry the Eighth was despotic, but had George the Fourth lived in that age he would have been more so, and had the former lived in the present age he would have been less so than in the sixteenth century. Your letter to the King was an admirable and most appropriate production, but I cannot desist from saying, that it is above all things important, that the public should be favoured with a complete memoir of your life, written immediately under your dictation and forming a complete exposure of the conduct of the whole of the present Royal Family towards you; in fact, it has become necessary as a more impressive stamp of infamy upon your enemies, and to leave no room for scepticism on the merits of all parties connected with your persecution. This the people of this island have a just claim upon, as a legacy from you to them in remuneration for their support. Every means should be taken to shew them that the object of their support was fully deserving of it, for be you assured, that if unfortunately you should not outlive your enemy, no means will be neglected to blast your character after your death. It is all important, that this exposition should take place at this moment, whilst you are excluded from a palace, and whilst new schemes of annoyance are in contemplation. It cannot well appear at a future period, when your triumph shall be more complete, and your enemies powerless. Then it will have the appearance Vol. IV. No. 16.

Printed by M. A. CARLILE, 55, Fleet Street.

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of revenge, now it would be a just retaliation, and one which your situation imperiously calls for immediately. It is the only necessary blow that you will be individually called upon to strike, and let a humble adviser entreat you not to spura this request. All public proceedings against you have been published, but the proper key and comment upon them are in your hands alone, you alone can do yourself the justice to publish them, and to neglect this object will be doing yourself a manifest injustice.

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Multifarious as are your virtues and acquirements, I confess myself incompetent to make an arrangement of them, or to give full expression to that portion which passes my recollection; but as the Printing-Press has become the most prominent object in the Temple of Fame, as one of its most humble contributors, I shall beg leave to state my opinion on another point which has been construed into a crime-I mean your general affability with your household. Above all things, I hold it to be a proof of a noble spirit, to see a person, who has the power of employing servants, treat them as creatures of the same and not as animals of an inferior species. It is well known, that there are savages in all aristocracies, who think less of their servants, and feel less for them, than for their dogs, horses, and other cattle. Ignorance of the laws of Nature, combined with wealth, makes them imagine that they are superior beings, and they impiously exclaim that God created rich and poor! The God of Nature creates male and female of the human species, and every other species of animals, but not rich and poorunnatural systems of Government create the extreme of riches and poverty. I am any thing but an advocate for equality in property, my reason rejects the idea, and assures me, that an attempt to establish such a system would be a fatal check to moral virtue and aspiring worth. But equal rights and equal laws are quite a different thing to an equality in property. The extension of moral virtue in society should be the foundation of all law, but this cannot be the case under the Monarchical or Aristocratical system of Government, because; in either instance, the Democratical part of the community is degraded and treated as something inferior to the party in power-a sure prelude to occasional convulsions. It is the same in a family, the greatest degree of moral virtue will be found in that family where an affability and respect is shewn by the head to the inferior branches. Servants who are well treated, and addressed by their employers in mild and becoming, and still dignified, language,

will feel their minds elated and a desire to sustain a corresponding degree of respectability: if they know themselves well, they will not take advantage of that affability and kindness to assume unbecoming freedoms, but they will return their answers, or state their ideas, information, or complaint, in an equally corresponding degree of mildness and respect. This produces what is termed amiability-and amiability is the main source of content and happiness, for there is an amiability in servants as well as in masters. It is passing strange, Madam, that your enemies should be so ignorant of the laws of moral virtue and humanity, as to censure your unparalleled kindness in visiting the sick beds of your servants, and to construe the act to criminality! Would they make their own base and brutal ideas the criterion of virtue, of kindness, or of humanity? Thanks to the moral power of the Printing-Press-the People are as alive to the hypocrisy as to the wickedness of your enemies, and will no longer be the dupes of either, nor much longer suffer from the effects of both. In their endeavour to defame you they have exhibited to the world your latent virtues, and whilst they have anxiously sought to attach an infamy to your name, they have been the unintentional heralds of your good qualities. It is thus that virtue will ever triumph over vice-it is a law of nature which bends to neither human laws nor human passions, and is justly considered an attribute of Deity. You have not only visited your servants while sick, but even when there was an avowed danger from that sickness being contagious. Your kindness was more than that of the good Samaritan.

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Another point has, above all things, given a death blow to the infamous conspiracy which has existed against you, and that is, your voyage to Jerusalem. Your enemies, in endeavouring to draw criminal inferences from inevitable incidents and situations which that voyage occasioned, have published to the world your motives, and have displayed the beauty of that mind they had vainly hoped to have degraded. Every individual who has made the shortest voyage by water in a small vessel, must have felt the impossibility of such a situation being selected for scenes of wantonness and amour. Nothing but an ardently virtuous mind could have induced an unprotected woman, and that woman as noble by birth as by nature, past the meridian of life, to have quitted the shores of Italy, and to have explored the ruins of Athens, of Ephesus, of Utica, and of Jerusalem.' Your husband would have sunk under the fatigues and hard-" ships which you encountered in that trip, for it is evident that

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