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A GROUP OF BRITISH PHARMACISTS. In last month's BULLETIN mention was made of the more important features of the recent annual meeting of the British Pharmaceutical Conference at Dublin; in this number it may prove interesting to print portraits of the men who had most to do with making the meeting the success it was. The gentleman shown in engraving number one is Mr. William F. Wells, chairman of the local committee, and an ex-president of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland. Below him is Mr. George D. Beggs, honorary treasurer of the local committee, and this year's president of the society mentioned. The gentleman in the center is President Druce of the Conference, arrayed in the mayoral robes which he wears by virtue of being chief executive of the city of Oxford. As was mentioned last month, Mr. Druce is a practicing pharmacist, a botanical authority, curator of the Fielding Herbarium in Oxford University, and author of several botanical works. To the right of president Druce is, first, in engraving number three, Mr. Taylor, the senior secretary of the Conference, who resigned his post this year after sixteen years of faithful and able service; second, Mr. J. I. Bernard, who, as secretary of the local committee, did most to make the meeting the great social success it was; and third, Professor Ashe, lecturer on materia medica in the school of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland, who helped much to entertain the visitors. Finally, in engraving number seven the visitors are shown wending their way through "the Devil's Glen," a beautiful spot visited on one of the excursions provided by the local committee. The BULLETIN is indebted for the pictures to Mr. Thomas Maben, the well known pbarmacist of Glasgow, Scotland. Mr. Maben is the gentleman with the white waistcoat seen in the “Devil's Glen" picture.

WHYS IN PHARMACY.

The Thousand and One Processes of Pharmacy Explained – Things Which Every Pharmacist Ought to know and Remember—Especially Adapted to the Needs of the Clerk and the Student.

By EDSEL A. RUDDIMAN, Ph.M., M.D.,
Professor of Pharmacy and Materia Medica, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

(Continued from page 370 of the September BULLETIN.)

181. Why is syrup added to the solution of ferrous sulphate in making mass of iron? Sugar prevents or retards the oxidation of the ferrous salt.

182. Why is the washing of ferrous carbonate by decantation preferable to washing on a filter? There is less exposure to the oxygen of the air.

183. Why does mass of carbonate of iron sometimes become brown on keeping? It oxidizes to ferric oxide, which is brown.

184. Why is it that carbonate of iron thus prepared has a green color when pure ferrous carbonate is white ? Because all the commercial ferrous sulphate carbonate contains some terric salt, and this green product is a combination of ferrous and ferric iron. .

185. Why are honey and glycerin good for the extinguishing of mercury? Because they are viscid and keep the globules of mercury apart.

186. Why is mass of mercury called “blue mass ?" Mercury in a very fine state of subdivision has a bluish color.

OLEATES.

LINIMENTS. 171. Why does an old rancid oil make a better lini. ment when mixed with an alkali than a fresh oil? The free fat acid combines more readily, forming soap which helps to suspend the remainder of the oil.

172. Why is alcohol used in ammonia liniment? It is put in to thin the liniment and prevent it from getting too thick.

173. Why does ammonia liniment sometimes become solid ? The ammonia, acting on the oil, forms a soap which is the cause of solidification. In lime liniment a solid soap of lime is formed.

174. Why is powdered soap preferable to bar soap in making soap liniment? It is more constant in its amount of water. A nearly saturated solution is wanted, and it would be difficult to get that with bar soap without get. ting an excess.

175. Why is soap liniment allowed to stand for twentyfour hours before filtering ? Soap contains some sodium palmitate, which goes into solution at first, but which afterwards precipitates and is then filtered out. · 176. Why does soap frequently precipitate even when the directions are followed? The liniment is intended to be a saturated solution of soap; sometimes, however, an excess of soap is unintentionally put in through the fact that it contained less water at times, and this excess is often precipitated by a change in temperature or evaporation of alcohol.

177. Why, in making chloroform liniment, is there sometimes a separation into two layers? This sepa. ration is due to the use of an excess of water or a deficient amount of alcohol in making the soap liniment.

MASSES. 178. Why is it that copaiba solidifies with such a small amount of magnesia? The magnesia combines with the resin, forming a bulky resin soap that solidifies the oil. Magnesia employed with the oil of copaiba does not solidify.

179. Why is water used in making mass of copaiba ? It aids the chemical reaction.

180. Why is boiling distilled water used to dissolve the ferrous sulphate in making mass of carbonote of iron? It is free from oxygen and so will not oxidize the ferrous salt into the ferric condition.

187. Why are oleates of the metals preferably made by double decomposition? Because oleic acid combines slowly with a metallic oxide or hydrate.

188. Why is the oleate of mercury best made without heat? If even a little heat is used the oleate decom. poses much more quickly, ultimately precipitating metallic mercury.

180. Why is it generally necessary to add acetic acid to clear a mixture of lead acetate and water, as in making oleate of lead. N. F.? Lead acetate contains a little lead carbonate, which is insoluble in water, but which is converted into the acetate by the acid.

190. Why must a large excess of acetic acid be avoided in making oleate of lead, N. F.? Acetic acid would liberate oleic acid from sodium oleate, making the lead soft and sticky.

191. Why is it necessary to add some acetic acid to the solution of soap in making lead oleate? Soap is sometimes strongly alkaline, and the lead would be precipitated as the hydrate or carbonate instead of the oleate.

192. Why is boiling water used in washing lead oleate? The heat softens or liquefies the oleate and thus gives the water a better chance to dissolve out the sodium acetate.

(To be continued.)

The Establishment of Wolf & Chilson — Methods by which a Business Requiring the Services of

Sixteen Persons has been Quickly Built Up.

Certainly one of the best and most expensively fitted. The booklets and circulars that Messrs. Wolf & Chil. up pharmacies on the Pacific Coast is that of Wolf & son speak of sending the BULLETIN in the foregoing Chilson, of Los Angeles, California, shown in the en- remarks are excellent examples of good advertising. graving on the opposite page. It is often question for Three of the samples are little eight- or ten-page bookargument whether a handsome store brings increased lets, about three by four and a half inches in size, which business or not. That it indisputably does, however, are intended to be wrapped in all packages sent out of Wolf & Chilson have proved to their own satisfaction. the store. They are attractively written, and are neatly They push every possible line of advertising to the printed on a good quality of paper. In each of these utmost, and yet they unhesitatingly declare, after over booklets some special line of goods is taken up, such as two years of experimentation, that their beautiful new leather articles, toilet specialties, brushes and combs, establishment is by all means the best advertisement and the like. The prescription department, as the forethey ever had. It may be said in passing that this has going remarks of this enterprising firm would indicate, been the experience of the McArthur Drug Company, is also liberally advertised, and its merits constantly of Des Moines, Iowa, whose handsome new store was kept before the Los Angeles public. made the subject of illustration in the BULLETIN of last Wolf & Chilson send us one bit of advertising which April.

strikes us as being particularly good. It is a folder Wolf & Chilson have not been in business very long. printed on a superior quality of quite heavy paper, pea. Both men are young, and yet they have already built green in color. On the lap is a neat design of a young up an establishment utilizing the services of sixteen girl with her ear at the telephone, and near her is the people! It goes without saying that an energetic legend: “At the other end of the 'phone." Piqued with firm which can accomplish this in so short a time must curiosity to know what this fair young maid is hearing, be able to give advice worthy of being followed by you open the folder and find that “at the other end of other aspiring and ambitious mortals. Asked for a your 'phone is the splendid service of the Finest Drug statement of their business methods; Wolf & Chilson Store on the Pacific Coast”_Wolf & Chilson's. In a replied as follows:

very sincere and earnest manner you are made to realize

that your business over the 'phone is requested; that Our first business rule is promptness, especially in attending orders given over it will be delivered promptly; that customers; in fact, we almost meet customers at the door. They five boys are constantly used to deliver goods; that the don't like waiting, either to give an order, or to receive the goods stock is large and complete in every particular; that after the order is given.

anything you might possibly want you are sure to get; Nor do we suggest another preparation when a patron asks

and, in short, that you have only to call up Wolf & for some standard patent or other remedy, as many stores feel compelled to do because of the awful cuts in retail prices.

Chilson and briefly express your wish to have it promptly Our town is badly demoralized as to prices, but, though we are

gratified without any trouble or inconvenience. On the cutters from necessity rather than choice, we have always kept top of the folder is a printed and gummed slip, bearing on the bottom and let the fact be known.

the name, business, and address of the firm, and their We advertise both in the morning and evening papers, running two telephone numbers. You are requested to tear this a four-inch “ad." every day; but the major portion of our adver off and paste it on your 'phone, so that you will know tising is in the form of booklets and circulars, which we wrap in

whom to call up and what number to give. packages and send by mail to possible patrons. We enclose you several of our recent booklets. We are great

This 'phone folder was sent to every telephone subbelievers in advertising if one keeps everlastingly at it. Spas

scriber in the city-to 6800 persons; and it “boomed" modic and jerky efforts, however, are useless.

the 'phone-order feature of the firm's business to a surOur prescription department has always been our special care. prising extent. We had litile or none four years ago, on taking this store, and This goes to show that it pays to advertise-if it is have seen it grow until now we have one of the best prescription done properly and wisely. The most successful drug.

partment isolated as gists to-day are those who make a careful study of this much as possible from the rest of the store, thereby creating more confidence in both doctor and patient. We have a prescrip

all-important question, and who strive earnestly to keep tion check system that practically keeps the department free from

their names and their business before the public. There mistakes.

are a good many ways of doing it; some are better suited Finally, we have endeavored in every way to make the name to a given locality than others; and each druggist must of Wolf & Chilson stand for everything that is best in pharmacy. work out his own salvation.

business

We

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THE BEAUTIFUL PHARMACY OF WOLF & CHILSON, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. (See article on opposite page.) Forty - ninth Annual Meeting of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Held at St. Louis Last

Month-One of the Most Successful Gatherings in the History of the Organization-
Much Work Done of Great Practical Value to Retail Pharmacists—The New

Exhibit Feature-Critical and Classified Review of the Proceedings.

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The forty-ninth annual meeting of the American Phar- and surgery. The deaths of Drs. Squibb and Rice were maceutical Association, held in St. Louis during the then mentioned, and the services of these men to pharweek beginning September 16, was one of the most suc- macy spoken of with appreciation and insight. The cessful in the entire history of the organization. In Special Committee on National Legislation was highly accordance with the new policy of the association, more commended for its efforts in assisting similar committees time and attention were given to things of direct prac- to secure the repeal of the odious and burdensome stamp tical interest to pharmacists generally, including the tax last winter; and it was recommended that the comexhibits of manufactured products, and the session at mittee be made a standing one-a recommendation which the exhibitors explained their goods; and interest which was adopted by the association. President Patton in these features was very great during the entire meet. is a member of the old school who believes in the efficacy ing. More than the usual

of apprenticeship training proportion of retailers were

in pharmacy, and who is present, and that they

inclined to doubt the value found the gathering of

of training in the colleges great profit to them was

of pharmacy. Particularly evidenced by their close

does he believe that the attendance upon the ses

poorer schools of pharmacy sions. Never within the

have done serious harm to experience of the present

the calling. He looks for writer has such interest

some improvement, howbeen shown in the sessions,

ever, from the newly-organand never has the atten

ized “Conference of Phardance at them been so uni

maceutical Faculties," formly large. The signifi

whose efforts will be dicance of this is dwelt upon

rected “towards raising the at some length in an edi.

standards of quality, and torial on another page.

demanding better training Then, too, Local Secre

on the part of those who tary Whelpley had worked

enter the curriculum of the indefatigably for months to The Southern Hotel, where the meeting was held.

college.” * * * Presisecure a large attendance

dent Patton, besides doubtand to perfect the local arrangements in every possible ing the value of the pharmaceutical colleges as sucway. He was enthusiastically assisted by members of the cedaneums for apprenticeship training, doubts also the local trade and their wives and daughters, and by Mrs. value of organization which is to-day “esteemed the Whelpley, chairwoman of the Ladies' Committee; and it panacea for the various ills that afflict the body politic." is not too much to say that every possible comfort and He rebels under the limitations which he believes these convenience was provided the 435 or more visitors in impose upon the individual; and, though he did not say attendance. The unceasing and well directed efforts of so in his address, it would seem that he had in mind such Dr. Whelpley and his assistants had much to do with bodies as the N. A. R. D. the unusual size of the gathering, and with the smooth and successful manner in which it was conducted

THE PROCTOR MEMORIAL. throughout the entire week.

President Patton discussed at some length in his ad

dress the form of memorial which should be chosen to THE ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT PATTON

honor the services of the “father of American pharopened with a brief résumé of the achievements of the macy,” William Proctor, Jr. In his opinion a research century just closed in the various sciences and arts, par laboratory would be most desirable, but he did not think ticular mention being made of electricity, telegraphy, the necessary money could be obtained for it. Moreprinting, bacteriology, and, finally, medicine, pharmacy, over, “the ground in this direction is already somewhat

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