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and a committee was appointed to make a test case others, has been in existerce a number of years, has a of one of the convictions and strive to secure a re- ball annually, this year's event having taken place reversal of verdict in a higher court. From the reports cently. A ball was also to have been given by the of this meeting we should judge that it was not largely Illinois association early in January. attended, and that it did not represent the pharmacists of the city. The Philadelphia Association of Retail Druggists, which, in acting for those in its STATUS OF THE WAR REVENUE REDUCTION BILL. membership who had been proceeded against by the This measure—which provides, among other things, board, succeeded in securing the wholesale dismissal of for the repeal of the tax on proprietary medicines, etc., cases referred to in the first portion of this paragraph, in Schedule B-was passed by the House the fifteenth seems apparently satisfied with the manner in which the of last month and sent promptly to the Senate. Here it board has acted. The board, at a special held last was referred to the Finance Committee shortly before month, decided to continue the prosecutions throughout Congress adjourned for the holidays. It will doubtless the State. Nearly 400 cases have either been settled
remain in committee some time before it reaches the out of court or have been brought before a magistrate floor of the Senate, inasmuch as there is considerable in Philadelphia; and a large number of cases have been objection to certain features of the bill, and more or less brought in other parts of the State-in Titusville, Blairs changing will doubtless be indulged in. The recomville, Canonsburg, Pittsburg, etc. A good many drug. mendation of Secretary Gage that the cut be restricted gists plead guilty and pay the penalties without appear to thirty million dollars is finding many supporters in the ing in court; others, however, fight their cases, and not Senate; and there has been a great deal of protest in a few express determination to appeal if convicted and Democratic quarters against the disproportionate extent attack the constitutionality of the law. The board
to which the tax on beer is reduced, about one-quarter meanwhile comes in for a good deal of censure. Fail of the entire reduction of forty millions being in favor ure to display the renewal certificates is the charge of the beer interests, while the tax on tea, for instance, made by the board in most of the cases, though in a remains in its entirety. The entire removal of the tax few of them the sale of adulterated drugs and the com on proprietary medicines under Schedule B has met with pounding of prescriptions by unregistered clerks are no protest, so far as we know, and it seems reasonably charged.
sure that the drug trade will be provided with the relief
for which it has prayed so long and so continuously. SOCIAL FEATURES OF DRUG CLERKS' ASSOCIA Apparently the only danger which this portion of the TIONS.
bill is under lies in the possibility of a general lessening Nearly all of the associations of drug clerks formed
by the Senate of the extent of the reduction. If the re
duction is cut down to thirty millions it may be that throughout the country during the last seven or eight
some of the taxes in Schedule B will be restored. This, months have inaugurated social features, which have done much to increase their popularity and to render
however, is not regarded as likely. them more enjoyable. The association in Springfield, Mass., concerning which much has appeared in recent
THE PHILADELPHIA DAMAGE SUIT. issues of the BULLETIN, held a banquet early last month. Music and speech-making added to the interest of the The N. A. R. D. plan is evidently "working" in Philaaffair; and the event was on every hand declared so delphia. C. G. A. Loder, the one cutter who has refused pleasant and successful that it has been decided to have to cooperate with the Philadelphia Association of Retail similar ones follow it from time to time. The Michigan Druggists, and who has been accordingly declared an association, with headquarters here in Detroit, has an “aggressive cutter,” has brought three suits for damages informal social gathering at each alternate meeting, the first against members of the P. A. R. D., the secthat is, once a month; besides this, occasional “smokers" ond against the resident members of the N. A. R, D., are had, once or twice a year a ball is given, and in the and the third against the resident members of the summer a "moonlight" or two is indulged in on the N. W. D. A. Mr. Loder alleges that he was repeatDetroit river. The result is that the association is made edly refused goods for cash by jobbers. He says he a kind of club, and vital interest is felt in it by every has been so boycotted that he has been compelled to member. Besides making the association a pleasure. buy at retail and sell at cut prices, thus entailing a great giving body, this all serves to keep it together, so that a loss. The Philadelphia retailers and jobbers do not strong organization is constantly ready for action when seem to be at all frightened. The jobbers believe they ever it becomes necessary for the clerks to protect or have a perfect right, as agents of the proprietors, to advance their united interests in any way. The St. refuse goods to whomsoever the proprietors order them Louis association, which, unlike the majority of the not to sell, and that this right was upheld in the decision handed down by Judge Russel in the famous Parke last meeting declared for the removal of the sale of case last March. Judge Russel's decision, however, liquors from druggists or the repeal of the prohibition applying to the rebate plan, did not have specific ap- law, the pharmacists being wearied of the odium cast plication to the N. A. R. D. plan; and for this reason upon the whole profession by the practice of a few we trust that the Philadelphia suits will be brought fully “drug stores." to trial and a decision reached which will serve as a precedent. * * * Concerning the two similar suits
ANN ARBOR'S CASE. brought some time ago in Wheeling, W. Va., and Los Angeles, Cal., and mentioned in the October BULLETIN, Ann Arbor suffered a severe outbreak of cutting early there is nothing new to report.
last month. One druggist–Saulisbury by name-began the thing, and the others got together and decided to
adopt the smoking-out method. In the window of every THE PHENYO-CAFFEINE PLAN.
drug store in town a placard was put announcing “One.
third off on drugs." Ann Arbor's fall from grace is a Dr. Garst, the proprietor of Phenyo - Caffeine, whose
very deplorable thing. For years she has been an examcontract plan to prevent cutting was discussed at some
ple of full price piety and harmonious cooperation-at length in the last BULLETIN, has now sued another drug
once the object of envy and admiration. But, alas ! gist for cutting the price on his product. Having se
when her fall did come it was sudden and great. A cured a precedent in the decision of the Massachusetts
pardon is always waiting for penitent backsliders, Supreme Court, Dr. Garst now doubtless intends to
though, and we hope to see Ann Arbor soon restored enforce his plan and proceed against every retailer who
to grace. cuts prices in violation of the contract under which he is enabled to buy the goods. Since Dr. Garst's court victory his plan bas been discussed widely and almost
THE ILLINOIS DECISION. always with favor. Its simplicity and effectiveness com
The Supreme Court of Illinois has denied a rehearing mend it to general attention. The Boston Druggists'
of the case in which, as was reported in the last BULLEAssociation, after discussing the plan at length at its
TIN, that section of the pharmacy law was declared December meeting, passed the following resolution:
unconstitutional which restricted the sale of proprietary Resolved. That this association indorses the plan for the preven. medicines to registered pharmacists. There is consetion of price-cutting proposed by Julius Garst, M.D., of Worces- quently nothing to do now but repeal this section and ter. Believing that if adopted and enforced by a goodly number leave the law without a flaw in the shape of an unconof the manufacturers of proprietary preparations, it will abolish stitutional provision. Such action has already been gross injustice to retail druggists and facilitate the sale of the
decided upon. With the faulty section repealed, the law price-protected goods, we carnestly urge the members of the Pro.
will be entirely constitutional. prietary Association of America to accord to this plan due consid. eration, and request the members of the National Wholesale Druggists' Association and the members of the National Association of Retail Druggists to consider the possible practicability
THE ST. LOUIS MEETING. and advantage to be derived from the use of invoice blanks with restrictive notices thereon and a list of the goods to be protected
The A. Ph. A, will meet at St. Louis September 16 to on the backs thereof.
21. At Richmond last May the association selected the Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing resolution be sent to place, and the Council has just fixed the date for the the Secretaries of each of the aforesaid associations.
forty - ninth annual meeting. The A. Ph. A. has not convened in St. Louis since 1871. An unusually large
attendance and an exceptionally interesting and instructLIQUOR TROUBLE IN NORTH DAKOTA. ive meeting is anticipated. The local secretary is Dr. The Northwestern Druggist reports that some of the
H. M. Whelpley, 2342 Albion Place, St. Louis. North Dakota druggists are giving up their liquor permits rather than submit to the continued espionage of the detectives of an “enforcement league.” The league
DRUG CLERKS REFUSE THE BOND SCHEME. bas made much trouble for druggists in Walsh, Pembina, The question of bonding drug clerks, which has been and Cavalier counties, and a recent decision of the discussed in Minneapolis for some months, has been Supreme Court holds that a drug store may be closed as decided in the negative. The drug clerks protested a nuisance. This carries with it the other penalties against the idea, of course, and it was finally given up. following conviction, namely, the destruction of the It seems that the proposition was advanced and fostered furniture and belongings used in the dispensation of by an insurance or bond company which hoped to furliquor. The State Pharmaceutical Association at its nish the clerks with bonds in case the scheme succeeded.
ADMISSION OF THE UNFIT.
Views of Representative Pharmacists and Teachers on the Vital Subject Treated in the November Bulletin - What the Colleges Should Demand of Every Beginner—Whom They Should Exclude- The Right Measure of General and Preparatory Education—The
Grave Evils which Spring from Low Entrance Requirements.
(Continued from page 498 of the December BULLETIN.)
LUCIUS E. SAYRE, Ph.G., B.Sc.Ph.,
THE AMERICAN CONFERENCE OF PHARMACEUTICAL Dean of the School of Pharmacy of the University of Kansas.
FACULTIES. I want to say that while the BULLETIN editorial on
I am glad that you have taken this matter up and the subject of preliminary education is a careful,
have pointed to a work in which I feel quite well asthoughtful, and fair statement, and one that will be
sured that the American Conference of Pharmaceutical calculated to do much good, still there are some things
Faculties will take a deep interest. If the sentiment of to be said which may modify the coloring of the picture
the community demands this we are very glad, for no you have portrayed.
action on the part of any such body will be effective
unless it has back of it and behind it a healthy senti. AN OPPOSITE VIEW.
ment on the part of the public. I hope that this new
body formed at Richmond will enter upon such work Doubtless the time will come, in fact may not be far with wisdom and proper caution, and I trust that its off, when the man without a common school education efforts in this and every other direction will be for the will be an exception; then we may demand and may benefit of the profession and the good of the comeasily obtain such a preparation as you suggest for en- munity. trance to any course of study, professional or otherwise. In the meantime it does not seem entirely wise to forbid
Lawrence, Kansas, November 1. the entrance of every one lacking such qualifications. There are men who, lacking early advantages but hav
FRANK X. MOERK, Ph.G., ing a chance later in life, desire to enter a professional course of study. The average man of this kind will Professor of Analytical Chemistry in the Philadelphia College of make a good student. He will not waste time. He
Pharmacy. is old enough to see the advantages. He is thought. Your editorial, “This is the least that the colleges ful and he is earnest, with the earnestness which only owe to Pharmacy" seems to be based, in large part, years can bring. For such a man the test should lie at upon the conviction that colleges of pharmacy make the end, not at the beginning, of his course of study; for pharmacists, and that by regulating the former you will he will in the meantime, by his own perseverance and correct the existing and forcibly denounced evils set the aid of instructors who are always glad to help such forth, whereas it is a fact that probably 95 per cent of a student, work himself up in those things which he the college applicants have spent one or more years in lacks, and at the end of his course will be fully com- the business before seeking admission to the colleges. petent to go out and practice his profession. Give him
THINKS COLLEGE ACTION WOULDN'T CORRECT THE an examination at this time, and, if he be successful,
EVIL. give him his diploma. He deserves it.
Of course, too great care cannot be exercised in Granting that the colleges should maintain a strict regard to this class of students. They should not be entrance examination, would this bring about your entered in our schools as "regulars," but as special desired results? I think not, because the young men students who are not candidates for degrees, but refused admission to the colleges are not thwarted in who can be made candidates for degrees when their their efforts to secure employment or the privilege of preliminary deficiencies have been made up. There opening a store so long as only a State board examinashould be an age qualification for entrance, and the tion is the necessary legal requirement. By private management should have the right at any time to “turn instruction, or otherwise, the young men can be coached down" any one who has manifestly mistaken his calls for, and eventually will pass, such examinations; and ing or who is not making the most of his opportuni- their example and influence will not be for the good of ties. I do not believe there will be many such in the higher education. above class.
The effect of a rigid entrance examination would
necessarily improve and elevate the standard of the Surely, it is
HIGH TIME TO CALL A HALT, is only interested in itself and cares nothing for the ele- and much is expected from the Conference of Pharmavation and progress of pharmacy as a profession.
ceutical Faculties, but what this aggregation of diverg
ing and conflicting interests can actually accomplish BELIEVES APPRENTICESHIP EXAMINATION NECESSARY.
awaits to be seen. For there are largely concerned To do justice to the profession and also to this unde. those private—in a broad sense-enterprises that needs sirable element requires, in my opinion, prompt measures must look after the financial aspects and immediate conbefore the young men have spent one or more years in sequences. Hence there immediately arises the questhe business and before they are ready to go to college. tion, Is not the time approaching when our schools of Why not do the sisting before giving them a foothold in pharmacy should be relegated to the State universities, pharmacy? This can very easily be done by a State in view of the radical changes American society has board examination in the elementary branches before undergone since first broad-minded and unselfish pharallowing the time spent in the store to count as experi- macists took this matter in hand ? No longer then could ence. The boards of pharmacy then would have a rec- the demand for a higher preliminary education be called ord of the young men's entrance in the drug business an “iridescent dream of a hopeless ideal!” (i.e., the date of the successful examination in the ele. With fully equipped pharmacy schools attached to our mentary branches), and the board would also know when State universities, and a diploma equivalent to the grad. they were eligible for certificate examinations. And in ation requirements of those institutions made a precase of removal to another State, communication between requisite to admission to examination by the board of the two boards would prevent possible abuse. Inasmuch pharmacy, the pace would be set for all competing as the State boards of pharmacy are constituted for the colleges and schools. This would mean, of course, the protection of the public, it is but natural that this pro- completion of a high-school course and at least two tection should commence with the application for en years in the university course. But this is in the future trance into the ranks.
and can only be an ideal toward which to bend our A young man desirous of entering pharmacy and fail. course. ing to pass the entrance examination will do his utmost,
FOR THE PRESENT, at this early stage, to make up his deficiencies, or he will
presumably, we must content ourselves with the good seek some other employment; in either case, it means
grammar-school education as demanded by the BULLEthe elevation of the profession, and in addition a just
Tin, and, surely, our colleges at this day can insist upon dealing with the young man, for he is not then allowed
that, and make sure of the fact. On the other hand, as to waste one or more years of his life before he is made
has been pointed out, our boards must take the same to realize that he is not fit for the profession.
stand, demanding educational standing not only as a Philadelphia, November 3.
prerequisite to examination, but to admission to appren
ticeship in the drug business.
THE COLLEGE REQUIREMENT.
A truly valuable diploma, indeed, should be “the only The Bulletin is right in saying that in the ranks of key to the portal of practice,” but it must mean much the pharmaceutical press our schools of pharmacy have more than now, under present conditions. However, their warmest friends and most active supporters, and this demand must not emanate from the institutions the BULLETIN has only acted as a true friend of those themselves, as by such a course they only prevent legisinstitutions in holding up to them for self-contemplation lation in that direction by arousing antagonism. If the the truthful mirror in its November issue, it affording colleges will quietly go on raising their own standards me great pleasure to indorse singly and as a whole the and preeminently look after the intellectual caliber of arguments there set forth. It is only too true that under their graduates, aside from the special knowledge stress of competition for support, some of our pharma- crammed into them by the professors, they will in due ceutical schools are admitting into the educational ranks time find proper recognition without turning a hand. anything that comes along with a clinking dollar in its
“THE SENTIMENT OF THE COMMUNITY." pocket, and grinding out professional cripples of the variety described by Professor Searby at an alarming Incidentally and in conclusion I make free to express rate, and the damage done to legitimate pharmacy by dissent from one statement found in the BULLETIN artithose unfits and misfits has been not a whit overdrawn cle, to the effect that “sentiment of the community deby the BULLETIN.
mands" a higher standard of education for pharmacists, This I do not believe. The people do not care one whit sacrifice a little popular glory and a part of his income. one way or the other, nor do they care whether there are Neither, however, can in the long run stay much ahead pharmacy laws for their protection or not. They do not of popular opinion. give this matter a second thought, and I wonder in how In the education of the druggist to the needs of the many States they would grant State appropriations for hour lies the only salvation. This can be accelerated carrying on the work, were the druggists not willing to by object-lessons such as I have referred to. To give tax themselves.
but one example of the inefficiency of boards, let me Chicago, Illinois, November 5.
call your attention to an annual occurrence in the State whose board you justly praise. What do all the stric
tures of this board on poor colleges and their enforceEDWARD KREMERS, Ph.., Ph.D.,
ment of the three “R's" amount to, if the very candidate Director, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin.
who has failed several times in the examinations can
demand registration (under certain restrictions, it is true, The question of preparatory education and training but often sufficient for all practical purposes) from this which you raise in your editorial is by far the most im- same board, according to law? In spite of such disportant educational problem before the pharmaceutical couraging features, I hope that this particular board world. The question of pharmaceutical degrees, which will continue its good work, and that others will follow. stirred the sentiments of American pharmacists a few Demand college graduation as a prerequisite for the years ago, was but the sounding of brass and the tink State board examinations, if this be constitutional: do ling of cymbals.
not recognize those colleges, by law, which do not deThe only way in which the status of the pharmacist mand for admission the certificate of admission to the can be raised to that of other professional men—to strive science courses of State universities or similar institufor or to adopt a lower standard is but miserable patch- tions of their respective States, and the problem of prework that will soon necessitate renewed mending-is, liminary education of the pharmacist is solved. first of all, to make the standard of preparation the same
Madison, Wisconsin, November 6. for the pharmaceutical student as for the general science student in the respective States. The superstructure
S. A. D. SHEPPARD, Ph.O., may be improved later, if desired. If this more rigid educational requirement for admission will do away with Treasurer of the American Pharmaceutical Association. the two or more years of drug-store experience before It would seem that I had already placed myself so graduation, by all means let that traditional requirement
squarely on record for years past in favor of your posi
squarely on record for years disappear. It is being dropped, and with the evolution tion that it is not worth while to emphasize the fact now. of professional training must be dropped in pharmacy I think you are just right. as well as in other callings. This practical experience
Boston, November 6. requirement before graduation, more than any one factor, is now in the way of demanding a better entrance
H. M. WHELPLEY, Ph.G., M.D., F.R.M.S., requirement. In order to make possible the adoption of such a
Professor of Microscopy, St. Louis College of Pharmacy. standard in the older and larger colleges of pharmacy, I am confident that all teachers in the colleges of these will either have to secure a large endowment or pharmacy and the colleges of medicine of this country surrender their independence. To become a part of — have occasion to observe that the classes are divided I mean an integral part, not a mere attachment to—a into two distinct grades of pupils. One grade comlarge State university or of institutions like Harvard, prises those with suitable preliminary education, who Columbia, Pennsylvania, or Johns Hopkins, ought not are capable of following, in an intelligent manner, the to require much self-denial. West of the Alleghanies, the course of instruction. The other class consists of stuState universities can look after the welfare of pharma. dents who are so deficient in preliminary training that ceutical institutions. If the druggists but want State aid they fail to comprehend many of the words, phrases, and they can get it. In the older eastern States, the prop- expressions used by the teachers; they are unable to folerty of the better colleges is the equivalent of a fair low lines of reasoning, and, above all, do not know how endowment, which the druggists could easily increase if to study. Of course, we find pupils standing midway they wanted better education.
between these two extremes. The editorial in the BulIn one particular I cannot fully agree with your edi. LETIN OF PHARMACY for November, entitled “This is torial. You state: “To the boards we turn for the only the Least that the Colleges Owe to Pharmacy," conremedy that can search out and destroy the roots of the siders pharmaceutical education in such a light that I malady.” That they can do much if they will, I gladly trust it will have a tendency to diminish the proportionadmit; so can the college professor, if he is willing to ate number of poorly prepared pharmacy students.