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East Greenwich, R. I.
Some weeks ago a memorial was presented to con- In the event of a declaration of hostilities against gress on behalf of the people of East Greenwich, England, and the prospect of it daily increases, R. I. remonstrating against the non-intercourse every savage in alliance with that " magnanimous" law, praying for "free trade," &c. The matter nation may be expected to "unbury the tomahawk.” and manner of this memorial was pronounced in--But even in this we shall have a change, perhaps decent and its reading was suspended in the house in the end, for the better: the line will be drawn of representatives. This act of itself gave some between open enemies and pretended friends-the sanotoriety to East Greenwich; and the following vages will receive a summary punishment, while description of the place, from the Rhode-Island-just retaliation shall correct the procedings of Republican, is so irresistibly laughable that we their abettors. We have had but one opinion as to the cannot refrain from recording it. cause of the depredations of the Indians-wh.ch was, and is, that they are instigated and supported As the memorialist of the important commercial by the British in Canada, any official declaration to city of East Greenwich, are likely to become fa-the contrary notwithstanding. As it was in 1776 mous in the annals of our country, it may not be a-and 1794-so it is now.
miss to furnish the world, and the members of con- Since the battle of Tippacanoe large bodies of gress in particular, with the Geography of that na-savages have visited the British fort at Amherstburg, tional important place, in order that the energies of a few miles from Detroit, and have been most li the nation may be exerted for its protection. Cri-berally supplied with arms and all the munitions of ticks will be pleased to pass by in silence, the use war. Amherstburg is the station of the infamouswhich we make of the term Geography, as it is de-ly famous British agent Elliott, who about two years rived from the Greek word Ge, the Earth, and Gra-ago, sent a talk to the tribes, telling them to keep pho, to describe, and would seem to imply a des-the tomahawk up, but wait for his signal to strike.cription of the whole earth. But, to do away all cen- The "singal was given anterior to the battle on sure on this head, I shall consider this town as the the Wabash; and if we can judge from the frequent world in miniature. murders committed by this deluded people since, the East-Greenwich is a village, situated on the west signal" has not yet been withdrawn. To shew, bank of Narraganset Bay, about 15 miles from Pro-the importance that the British attach to the invidence, and 20 from Newport, in the state of Rhode fluence of Elliott over the savages, it is stated, that Island. Its longitude and latitude are not accurate-he, a member of the parliament of Upper Canada, ly known. It is the shire-town of the county of was ordered from his seat in the legislature to reKent. The whole number of souls 1530-of these sume his functions of agent at Amherstburg. 65 are Indians, and 2 slaves; "a simple, honest and "It is a fact (says a letter from Detroit), that industrious set of people." It is well situated for colonel Grant of the British army, who lately comcommerce, having five feet of water at full tide.-manded at Amherstburg, did acknowledge (when he The commerce of this place was formerly very in-was remonstrated with by governor Hull, in 1807 considerable; but of late it has been much improv-on the inhuman policy of calling in savages to ined. They have now 1 schooner in the W. I. trade, terfere in the disputes of civilized nations) that the 3 coasting sloops, and abount 12 fishing boats and object of himself and the Britis! agents was to ensmacks, mostly employed in the carrying trade, viz gage and retain the savages in their service in the that of clams, oysters, fish, peaches, apples, &c. event of war; and he alleged as justification of such to the several adjacent ports. Thus, the naviga-conduct, that our government would send the Kention of this immensely rich and flourishing place, tuckians into Canada!" gives employ and support to more than forty per- A letter from St. Charles, Louisiana, informs us sons. The exports of this town, for the year end-of some cruel murders committed on certain Ameing September, 1811, amounted to $3020-The im-rican traders. The Indians spared the life of Mr. ports are not known, as the schooner has not yet re-Hunt, son of the late col. Hunt, of the United turned. There are two wharves. The publick build-States army, because they supposed him to be an ings are: a wooden building lately erected for hold-Englishman, but killed the men that were with him. ing the courts, which is said to be painted; a house They told him that they had sent a party to kill a occupied as a school house, is also shingled.-The Mr. Prior, another trader; that they intended to athouses in general are built of wood, and many of tack fort Madison, and kill every American they hem either shingled or battoned; and the archi-could find.
tecture is that of the native Americans. Until the It is a matter on which we pride ourselves as reign which caused the light of heaven to be taxed, Americans-a cause of mingled exultation and hamany of the houses were furnished with glass lights; tred, that the Americans, though so justly incensed but of late we see them supplied with hats and oth- and so horribly maltrated by the savages instigated er stoppers. Natural curiosity.-There is a man in by the British, during the revolutionary war and this town, who it is said, weighs 750 wt. and under since, have never attempted to requite them like for this burthen he is able to perform the usual concerns like-we have never endeavored to excite the Indians of life. It is said he is a very small eater, (that his to scalp armed or unarmed Englishmen or their usual quantum for breakfast is only nine quarts of wives or their children, though indubitably informpudding and thirteen of milk.) led that premiums have been paid (and, we fear are
The religion of the place is catholick-but no now paid) for scalps of our citizens. The French meeting house-nor minister. first prompted the Indians to war upon us; and the The literature of this place has progressed since British, like twin-devils, follow the accursed lead Of the revolution. In fact, now it is not uncommon toja piece with such conduct, were their attempts, to meet with people of either sex, who can read Web-excite a general insurrection of the slaves in the ster's spelling book, as well as any body. southern states, and the successful adoption of a P. S. By late Boston papers, we find that the similar measure to effect the reduct on of the schooner has been condemned in a British port, for French colony of Cayenne, in 1809. The follow. having on board contraband articles of war. ling extract from a speech of lord Chathan in the
OF SAVAGE WAR.
house of lords, Nov. 28, 1777, paints with a mas-tant brethren; to lay waste their country, to desater-hand our sentiments on this unholy alliance-If|late their_dwellings, and extirpate their race and we mistake not, the occasion was the last on which name with these horrible hell-hounds of savage that great statesman exerted himself to correct and war!-HELL reclaim his wayward countrymen-he died soon Spain armed herself with blood-hounds to extirpate HOUNDS I SAY, after: "In the course of the debate, lord Suffolk, secreta-jon the inhuman example even of Spanish cruelty; the wretched natives of America; and we improve ry for the nothern department, undertook to defend we turn lose these savage hell-hounds against our the employment of the Indians, in the war. lordship contended, that besides its policy and ne-language, laws, liberties, and religion, and endcared His brethren and countrymen in America, of the same cessity, the measure was also allowable on principle. to us by every tie that should sanctify humanity For that "it was perfectly justifiable to use all the My lords, this awful subject so important to our means that God and nature put into our hands." honor, our constitution, and our religion, demands
"I AM ASTONISHED! (exclaimed lord Chatham, the most solemn and effectual enquiry. And I as he rose)-shocked to hear such principles con-again call upon your lordships, and the united powfessed to hear them avowed in this house, or iners of the state, to examine it thoroughly and dethis country-principles equally unconstitutional, cisively, and to stamp upon it an indeliable stigma inhuman and unchristian! of the publick abhorrence. And I again implore
My lords, I did not intend to have encroached again those holy prelates of our religion, to do away those upon your attention; but I cannot repress my in-iniquities from among us. dignation. I feel myfelf impelled by every duty.tration, let them purify this house and this country Let them perform a lusMy lords, we are called upon as members of this from this sin. house, as men, as christian men, to protest against My Lords, I am old and weak, and at present unasuch notions standing near the throne, polluting ble to say more-but my feelings and indignation the ear of majesty. into our hands!". I know not what ideas that slept this night in my bed, nor reposed my head on "That God and nature put were too strong to have said less. I could not have lord may entertain of God and nature-but I know my pillow, without giving this vent to my eternal that such abominable principles are equally abhor-abhorrence of such preposterous and enormous rent to religion and humanity.-What! to attribute principles.
the sacred sanction of God and nature to the massa
glo-Indian account of the battle on the Wabash, &c. from a gentleman at Amherstburg, to another
cres of the Indians scalping knife-to the cannibal We close this article by annexing the following Ansavage, torturing, murdering, roasting and eating literally my lords the eating the mangled victims of his barbarous battles! Such horrible notions shock every precept of religion, divine or natural, and every generous feeling of humanity. And my lords, SIR.-I have the honour to inform you, that just as Amherstburg, 12th January, 1812. they shock every sentiment of honor; they shock I had finished writing you yesterday, a Kickapoo me as a lover of honourable war, and a detester of Chief who was in the action on the Wabash, armurderous barbarity. rived here, and reports, that without having sent
These abominable principles and this more abo-any previous message, governor Harrison advanminable avowel of them, demand the most decisive ced from his fort against the Indians, with intenindignation. I call upon that right reverend bench, tion of surrounding the village on all sides, that those holy ministers of the gospel, and pious pas-Inone might escape if they proved refractory. He tors of our church; I conjure them to join in the completely surrounded it on the land side, and atholy work, and vindicate the religion of their God.tempted it by the river, but the Indians boldly orI appeal to the wisdom and the law of this learneddered him to desist, or it would not go well with bench; to defend and support the justice of their him.-He then asked where he could encamp and country. I call upon the bishops, to interpose the was told, “wherever he pleased, except round their unsullied sanctity of their lawn; upon the learned village." And this time the officers and cavalry had judges to interpose the purity of their ermine, to their swords ready drawn, and the infantry were save us from this pollution. I call upon the honour of drawn up ready to fire upon them. your lordships, to reverence the dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain your own. He however retreated about a quarter of a mile, the spirit and humanity of my country, to vindicate rivulet; but before he retreated, the Indians took a I call upon over a little rising ground, and encamped by a small the national character. Invoke the genius of the negro and threatened to put him to death, if he did constitution.-From the tapestry that adorns these not inform them of the governor's intention. The walls, the immortal ancestors of this noble lord negro told them that he intended to deceive them, frowns with indignation at the disgrace of his coun-and they let him go. And the governor, after he
In vain he led your victorious fleets against had encamped, sent the same negro back to them, the boasted armada of Spain; in vain he defended to desire them to sleep sound and be at ease, and not and established the honor, the liberties, the religion approach his sentinels; lest they should be shot, and the protestant religion of this country against the ar-that he would not allow any of his people to go bitary cruelties of popery & the inquisition, if these near them.
more than popish cruelties and inquisitorialpractices The Indians, however, had their picquets to pre are let loose among us; to turn forth into our settle-vent surprise, and often during the night, ordered ments, among our ancient connection, friends and the American spies to retire for their posts, withrelations, the merciless cannibal thirsting for the out doing them any injury. Two young Winibieblood of man, woman, and child! to send forth the goes no doubt out of curiosity, (for it appears the Ininfidel savage against whom? against your protes-dians had no intention to attack but defend themselves if attacked) went near some of the American
Lord Effingham. Effingham Howard was lord sentinels and were shot at, and fell as wounded high admiral of England against the Spanish arma-men, but on the sentinels coming up to dispatch da: the destruction of which is represented in the them they arose and tomahawked them. Expertly. This insuit roused the indignation of the Indians,
and they determined to be revenged, and accord-jor foe of administration-all is well! In the name of wonder and ingly commenced the attack at cock crowing is, why this security, this apathy? Is all the proceedings of go terror, how or why is all this! Exposed as the city of New-York They had the Americans between two fires; driven vernment a farce-And that so palpable a one, as to be underby the Winibiegoes, they were received by thetood by the most stupid-Or what is the reason that not the slighest anxiety is felt by ourselves. If government is in earnest, Kickapoos, alternately, until about 9 o'clock, when why have they not, why do they not proceed more rapidly? Why the Indians gave way for want of arrows and am-is our shipping permitted to run into certain capture? Either the government is most false and hypocritical-or the people is out of their senses. [N. York Evening Post.
It appears, that not above one hundred Indians fired a shot, the greater number being engaged in plundering and conveying off horses. The women and children saved themselves by cross.ng the river during the engagement.
In the two preceding articles, from both sides of the water, we see the opinion of a certain class of the energy of the American government. While people in the old world as well as in the new, as to with bitter mortification, we are compelled to acThe Americans burned the Prophet's village and all the corn of the Shawanes; but the Kickapoosdon editor, we have proof in readiness that the goknowledge the lash is too justly applied by the Lonsaved theirs by having at previously buried. Twen- vernment itself has upheld, countenanced and ennot know the number of Americans killed, but he couraged the feelings of the writer in New-York. says their loss must have been considerable, not less than one hundred.
ty-five Indians only are killed; the Kickapoo does,
Congress was convened calier than usual-the president, in his message, assumed a due responsibility, and as plainly recommended war measures as The prophet and his people do not appear as a he ought to have done the committee on foreign vanquished enemy, they re-occupy their former relations made an excellent report, and it was hoped ground. the twelfth congress would have acted promptly on The prophet's brother, who went to the souththe matters coming before them-matters on which ward in the winter of 1811, is reported by this man The business of the to be on his return, and has reached the farthest argument was almost useless. Kickapoo town, and is there in council with the dif-ranks of the peace-establishment; to raise an adsession progressed-it was agreed to fill up the ferent nations. He passed Vincennes on his way ditional military force of 25,000 men; to equip home and met the army of Governor Harrison re-50,000 volunteers; empower the president to call treating, but no insult was offered to him or few friends who accompanied him.
When the messenger I sent returns, I no doubt will receive further intelligence respecting the views of the Indians, and will lose no time in transmitting it to you, or perhaps be the bearer of it myself. The following is an account of the numbers the different nations killed in the action, viz: Kickapoos 9 Winibiegoes 6
out 100,000 militia; to fit out every vessel of war, and appropriate many millions to these and other acceded to and anticipated (as we thought) by every military purposes, according to a system generally one the least conversant in the political concerns of our country. Why were these things to be done? Because, we were told, that France had revoked her obnoxious decrees, and Great Britain per. sisted in her injurious orders; and besides, continued to impress and otherwise maltreat our citizensbecause the cup of humiliation was full, and war, for an absolute surrender of our sovereignty and independence must immediately follow. In the midst of these mighty preparations-giant-words and colossal declamations, and mountain of labor, a "ridicor-culous mouse" comes out of the war department.-The secretary at WAR proposes to congress an exception of the non-intercourse law to import [FROM ENGLAND] some 5 or 6000 blankets for the use of the Indian department?-If the very "god of war" himself, as the honourable secretary has sometimes been called, whether in fun or in earnest I know Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri. not, will so act, can we be surprised that in the It has been remarked that the present speech resembles in many parts, the speech of last year, and that the polities of Ame-height of preparations for hostilities some of rica are remarkably stationary. Every man must bear witness our less informed citizens should send their ships to the truth of this remark. America fluctuates between her in and property to "London" and " Liverpool," and
From the manner in which the Kickapoo relates his story, I sincerely believe his account to be
P. S. The Indian forces consisted of, from 250 to 300, and not more than 100 were ever engaged.
elinations and her apprehensions. She seems always to stand!
trembling and hesitating on the slippery verge of a war; and to other British ports without any fear of receiving be incessantly tossed about at the merey of every event; a con-damage thereby? We are truly humbled to think dition which, of all others, most directly tends to palsy the spirit
and to destroy the confidence of a nation. Of all the evils which that such sentiments were not entertained regardcan befal a people, the first is a government without any fixed ing the consistency and firmness of the administra principles or plan, No de seription of rulers can be as pernicious tion of 1798-9. And supposing the opinions then is that tribe of vulgar politicians, whose measures are governed or
dietated by accident, whose schemes are perpetually fluctuating and entertained to have been erroneous (as we certainly who live from day to day, and from hour to hour, agitated by every believe they were) we are almost willing to confess blast of wind, and borne away by every current." that no greater censure was cast upon them than the
(London Courier on the President's message.
"The 25,001 men bill passed congress-and in this city of New-London Courier hurls in our teeth. Thus, to use York, the sensation produced by it, was not half equal to that a parable, have I, when a school boy, seen a great which was caused by notice of tin recommended a whiskey tax, &e and every body laughed strapping country lad beaten and abused by every think what a queer thing it was for a man, who had figured solpetty upstart of the school, threatening and THREATmuch in the whiskey insurrection, to be the author of such a ENING and THREATENING to retaliate, but casure. Lang and Butler, however, still graced their columns. and we too, some times, with "For Liverpool."- For London," turning and twisting ten thousand ways to avoid an &e &e. The committee of ways and means, at last comes out appeal to his own strength-until, at last driven into with their Pandora's box of taxes; yet nobody dreams of warthe mechanics, the banks-nay, the insurance offices, go on as sual. Last of all 1,000,000 of dollars all indicating the horridal bella still no alteration in the public pulse-no concern, by friend • Editors of the New-York Gazette,
Certain manufactures in Georgia peticioned congress for liberty to supply the Indian department with sundry articles!
a corner, and literally KICKED INTO war,” be so productive as to enable them fairly to compete he was compelled to fight a hard battle which would with the old establishments of Europe. What have been avoided, had he respected himself in the faith can be placed in the patriotism of congress rebeginning. lative to manufactures, when they themselves, offi
But to return to the blankets. The whole amount cially, purchase and consume British paper,* even of goods of every description furnished the Indians, until this day," to their own disgrace and the dedoes not exceed in value $ 600,000 per annum.triment of their country? It is in vain that some of Among these articles 5 or 6,000 blankets are wanted them appear to take a pride in being clothed with -but the army to be raised and the volunteers, will the products of the United States-it is gaping at require as many tens of thousands. How are they" a gnat and swallowing a camel;" or has about as to be supplied? much relation to the real encouragement of domesThat patriot of "other years," -an oak of the tic manufactures compared with their legislative growth of the last generation, gov. Gerry, in his proceedings, as there exists between a "mathemamessage to the legislature of Massachusetts (see tical point and a mountain."
Domestic Manufactures, &c.
NOTES ON WOOL, ON BLANKETS AND KERSEYS.
WEEKLY REGISTER, Vol I. page 433) has most Here, lest the article may become tedious, we severely reprehended that timid and temporising stop. The remarks are desultory" indeed; but kind of management that has frittered away the spirit some of them, perhaps, pertinent to the subject of the nation, and abandoned the high ground we matter before us. naturally should possess in the scale of nations.— This venerable man, instead of depending on "friends or neighbors," would fairly set-in and do the work himself, like the farmer in the beautiful allegory of Esop. Were congress to do this-the editor of the There is good reason to believe, that twelve London Courier would counterpoise his contumelies, millions of pounds weight of sheep's wool were and the New-York writer soon change his opinions. wrought in the year 1810, into goods which are The proposition of governor Gerry is not chi- usually fulled, within the United States. The unmerical. Discoursing the other day with an intelli- fulled goods were also considerable in amount.gent mechanic of this city respecting blankets, he Our increase in sheep and wool is manifest and stated that, last fall, knowing that from the in-steady. Our intelligence and skill, in the woolen crease of his family, &c. several additional pairs branch, from the breeding and care of sheep to the would be wanted, he went to enquire, and was as-finishing of woolen and worsted goods, is constanttonished at the price demanded for them. Without ly extended. Yet the business requires much immore delay, he obtained a quantity of wool, and provement.
sent it to Elkton in this state directing it to be It is proposed to offer to the planters, farmers, made into blankets. The following is a statement manufacturers and capitalists of the United States, of the cost and chargessome details of the woolen branch, which it may not have been within their power to obtain.
Dr.-130 lbs wool at 50 cents manufacture, freight and portage
Cr.—14 pair blankets, 8 qrs. by 10 at
Two of the most useful articles of woolen manufacture are the plain man's tweeled blanket, called the three point blanket, and the plain man's tweeled kersey, or narrow cloth.
The three point blanket is made well, when it 21 is three pounds and one quarter or three pounds These blankets, in every respect, are equal if and one half in weight; in width one yard and not superior, to the English blankets which, before one half; and in length two yards. It has a broad the rise of that article, sold in our stores, at from 10 blue or dark stripe near to each end, and in one to 12 dollars. This little matter of fact is worth a corner are three blue marks, woven in, of the length volume of theory. and breadth of a long slender finger. These are the
It is not pretended that the present growth of wool points, which give the name or distinction to the in the United States is commensurate to all the blanket. The European blankets have been too wants of their population; but in cotton we have aloften made as low in weight as two pounds and one most excellent substitute for very many purposes, half, and without the tweel, within the last four or and aided by this staple, if need so compels, we can five years, and yet they have been shipt from Eumanage well enough until wool, also, shall become rope under the invoicè name of three point blankets. a staple of the country, an event about to ensue. This deception greatly injures the buyer, and the The vaccillations of the government have not consumer or wearer.
only injured its character and politics, but have The three point blankets are of the utmost imdone more than any thing else to keep down do-portance to military supply by land and by sea; in mestic manufactures. Hearing a gentlemen, the the hospitals, the garrisons and the field; as also on other day, complain for the want of WIRE, I said-the ocean. They are of importance in the Indian "you have capital enough, why do you want it commerce and intercourse: and are strong family Establish a manufactury and make it for your-blankets.
selves "He replied they would have done so a These three point blankets are made in England at considerable time since-and that they were willing the whole sale cash price of seven shillings sterling to do so now-but the measures of government were for each blanket weighing three pounds and one so uncertain, and no disposition existed in congress half, when the business is well done, and when payto defend such establishments, that they rather ment is made in gold or silver. The proper wool is chose to suffer present evils than attempt to remedy that of the heavy fleeced breed, called the Lincolnthem by an exertion that might be attended with shire breed, though the wool of the breeds raised on more serious consequences. This is a general rule of the rich drained swamps, marches or fens throughaction among the people. They make no calculation out England is also employed. It is to be rememas the British manufacturer does, on the protection of the government; and therefore attempt nothing that they are not morally certain will, immediately,【GISTER.
* See a note to page 462 vol. I. WEEKLY RE
bered that the average weight of the fleece of the fulijgood tweeled blanketing well raised and regularly blooded Lincolnshire breed, raised within that coun-on the upper side and dyed blue, brown, olive or ty, is considered to be ten pounds. The price there drab. for this wool is eight and one half to nine pence ster- The kersey will be in the subject of another note ling, equal to sixteen or sixteen and one half cents.being also very important to the industrious and the The wool which will card will do for blankets. military portion of our citizens, and to the cultiva The rest is combed. The weight of the carcase of tors, manufacturers, and capitalists. the sheep of that breed, fed on the rich reclaimed
fens of Lincolnshire is proportionally heavy.
THE PROCESS OF MAKING IRON WIRE.
This wool has another peculiar value. Much of The best tough softiron, such as will weld round, it will do for the hand comb or for the combing ma-is drawn into rods by smiths, using charcoal fires, chine, and may be wrought into worsted stuffs, such and taking welding heats every time, the rod is a as shalloons, rattinets, durants, camblets, bomba-bout 1-4 inch diameter, 9 or 10 feet long, containing zettes, moreens, worsted damasks, joans, spinnings, 41bs. each, tapered at each end to a long point; they wildbores, callimancoes, and worsted hosiery, and are first anealed by being brought to a bright red into worsted chain or warp for woolen weft or fill-heat, in a furnace excluding the air as much as posings, by which Great Britain obtains a vast contri-sible, for if the air can be entirely excluded, no scab bution from all countries. But to return to the im-will rise in anealing; then these rods are drawn portant article of woolen blankets, which is made through holes in places formed as follows: in the short part of the long wooled fleeces. A bar of iron 24 inches long, 2 inches broad, 1 14
It is indispensibly necessary to the right manu-inches thick, is faced on one side with good steel, facture of a well knapt or coated point blanket, 3-8 inch thick, and punched with taper holes from that the longest wool be selected. In America, the iron side, the largest hole just sufficient for the where we have not yet many distinct breeds of sheep, rods to pass through and take the hammer marks and fewer of the coarse and heavy fleeced English off, each hole a small degree less, until they dimin breeds, it is necessary to cull for these blanks the ish to the finest wire, six or eight plates will conlongest wool we can find in parts of the fleeces, and tain the whole series of holes from the largest to on the legs and other particular places, leaving the the smallest.
soft fine shorter wool for good coat cloths, and cas- The holes are punched in the plates by a set of simeres. This will contribute to render our blan-punches, made of best steel, beginning the hole ket wool cheaper, as the fine wool, when separat-with the largest first, then lesser in succession to ed, will command a better price either in the wool taper the hole gradually, until it pass through of the or in the goods made of it. This manner of sorting size wanted, a dexterous hand can punch the holes wool will redound much to the profit of the manu-down to 1-64 of inch diameter, smaller can be facturer. drilled.
It is well worthy of remembrance that the English The plates are rounded on the steel side, and the actually and regularly chop their wool when it is holes 1-4 inch assunder in a direct line in the midtoo long, to enable them to get up a rich coat of die, and the holes are regulated with a hammer poinpile upon their point blankets, and to enable them ted like an egg, to beat and close them as they wear to card long combing wool. too large, or lose their proper taper or s ze in the
The English clean and raise their blankets, and graduated series: after being closed by hammering other coarse woollens in the fulling mill, both by round them, a smooth punch or the right taper is soap and fuller's earth, a soapy clay. They raise and driven in to smooth and form them; this punch is thicken their blankets, in a great degree, by the ful-driven in first from the steel face side, then again ling mill, and then still more by the card. They from the back; hammers are also used to clean out give a moderate coat to the inside; and a full rich and smooth the holes; these plates may be a little coat of pile to the outside; making them very thick tempered by fire and water, but not so much as to so as to fill the hand when grasped. This opera-make them brittle, or they will not bear the hamtion requires the careful attention and utmost exer-mer.
tions of our manufacturers and fullers, for their pains The rods are at the beginning drawn through the and skill should be much the greater, because our holes by a pair of nippers fastened to a glide, set so as coarsest wool (taken by the fleece) is too fine, soft to vibrate horizontally about two feet or more set in and short for blankets. motion by a crank and heavy fly wheel drove by
To obtain a good thickness to blankets, to make water, or any other power, equal to the power of them easy and safe to card up into a moderate coat two or three horses: these nippers open as they push on the lower side and a rich coat on the upper side, up the plate, and shut as they draw back. The it is absolutely necessary that even the chain or plate is firmly fixed where the nippers will just warp be not too hard twisted; and that the weft reach it, and they close on the wire and draw it or filling be not so much twisted as the warp or through the hole, say two feet at a pull. chain. It should only be twisted so as to enable The rods may be reduced from 1-3 inch to say the weavers to work it. It is in managing those 816, when the wire will require to be anealed: it points well and in not driving the web too hard up may then be reduced to say 1-3 inch, when it must in the loom, and not making the web too close and be anealed again, and if the iron be good it will now tight, that the first foundations of a good blanket be ready for the cylinders and may be drawn to the are laid. The fuller must not omit to do his part, fineness suitable for wool and cotton cards. If it using his judicious endeavors to thicken the blanket, hardens too much it must be left for coarser purpoand to prepare it to yield enough of its pile easily ses, for if anealed again it will not harden sufficient. to the card: moderately on the lower side, but con-ly by drawing to become sufficiently elastic for cards. siderably on the upper side. By loosening a dozen The workmen must discover the quality of the yarns of chain and filling of a point blanket, in-iron, and by experience learn the smallest size at struction will be obtained. which it will bear its last anealing, to make good
The Aushings or lion skins for great coats are made elastic wire. in the same way, and indeed are nothing more than! The nippers reduce it to say 1-8 inch diameter