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Convention, it almost created a panic of fear that Bryan On the other hand, Mr. Bryan is equally fortunate, would lose without her presence. At that juncture a although in another way. He is only thirty-six, and his page brought a message that Mrs. Bryan was at the wife is not yet thirty. Although she has a young family door seeking admission, as she had lost her ticket. In of four, she has been his inseparable companion in his brief & few moments the chairman of the delegation rebut brilliant political
turned with a sigh of cafeer. Rumour indeed
relief-Mrs. Bryan was credits her with no small
in the hall. On the share in the composition
voting day, Mr. Bryan of those speeches with
peered over the faces which he has electrified
on the stage, and when the nation, and it is
he saw his wife amoug noted that it is only
the spectators, smiled when she is present that
with sweet confidence, he achieves bis greatest
and turning to his comLike Mrs.
rades in the delegation, McKinley, she had the
said with deep faith in best of educations, and
his future success, “Now was the head of her
for the ballot, our Mascot college class at the same
is here." time when her husband held a similar position
TWO GOOD-LIVING, RE in his college. Their
LIGIOUS CANDIDATES. marriage was the love
No one seems to think match of young people,
it worth while to set and Mrs. Bryan set her
forth the views of self at once to assist her
either candidate on the husband in his pro
subject of woman's suflession. She studied
frage; but on both sides law and was admitted
the wifo is only less to the Bar, and her
important than the position as her husband's
husband. Another point better half was so uni
of interest is that both versally recognised by
candidates are men of the party which has
strong religious prinselected him its
ciple, both are Church candidate, that at the
members, and are steady tinai balloting of the
upholders of their respecChicago Convention his partisans shrank with almost tive Churches. Mr. McKinley is a Methodist and Mr. Bryan superstitious reluctance from going to the final ballots a Presbyterian. Of the two, Mr. Bryan seems to be more until they were assured Mrs. Bryan was in the hall. actively engaged in religious work, but there seems every "When the Nebraskan delegation,” says the Times reason to believe that the campaign will be fought out Herald reporter of Chicago, “ascertained that Mrs. without what has too often been the deluge of calumnions Bryan was not in the hall during the early hours of the misrepresentations against the champions on either sid:
WIL Governor ekinley, was one of the pioneer
1.-WILLIAM MCKINLEY: A STUDY OF HIS CHARACTER AND CAREER.
BY EUGENE V. SMALLEY. WILLIAM MOKINLEY, SENIOR, the father of Virginia, North Carolina, central and southern Ohio and
Kentucky it is from the Scotch-Irish strain of blood that masters of eastern Ohio. The elder McKinley has come a very large proportion of the statesmen, jurists seems to have inherited bis bent for metal working from and successful men of affairs. The dominant traits of his maternal grandfather, Andrew Rose, who was sent this virile stock are industry, thrift, strong religions home to Bucks county, Pennsylvania, from the Revolu convictions and serious views of life. It is a large-boned, tionary army, to make bullets and cannon. The Roses muscular, long-lived race, and it has kept up its fecundity traced back to a Puritan ancestor who went from England to our own day, whereas the New England stock has to Holland with his co-religionists and followed the become so barren that in its original home it hardly Pilgrims to America. The McKinleys are of the vigorous keeps its numbers good. and prolific Scotch-Irish stock that has left as broad and The grandfather of William McKinley, senior, was a permanent an impress upon the middle belt of the United Revolutionary soldier, and the biographers of Governor States as the Puritan stock has left upon the northern McKinley all dwell upon the paternal line of ancestry in belt, from New England to Oregon. The Scotch-Irish seeking for the currents of hereditary tendency which clement never has had its full due at the hands of have gone to the making of the famous statesman, and historians. Too much stress has been placed upon the pay small attention to the maternal line; yet a very infuence of the New England element in the formation Slight acquaintance with the Governor's mother, who is of our national character. In New Jersey, Pennsylvania, now in her eighty-seventh year, is enough to convince
one that it is from her and not from his father that he gets his leading traits of character. He resembles her strongly in face, in manner, and in many mental peculiarities. She was an Allison, of Scotch Covenanter stock. There were Allisons among the victims of Claverhouse's dragoons, and there were other Allisons who after long imprisonment for conscience sake left their homes in the lowlands and sought religious freedom in the American colonies. Nancy Allison McKinley is an exceedingly competent, strong-brained woman. She is the mother of nine children, all of whom lived to maturity, and seven of whom are still living. She is profoundly religious and at the same time intensely practical. Sho imparted the stamp of her vigorous character to all her offspring. There was no black sheep in her flock. Tho children grew up to be serious, competent, independent men and woman. William was the seventh child.
BIRTHPLACE AND EARLY HOME LIFE. The senior William McKinley, born in 1807, lived to be eighty-five. He was only twenty years old when ho married Nancy Allison, aged eighteeu. He was interested in furnaces and foundries in Columbiana county for many years, and most of the children were born at New Lisbon, but in 1843, when his seventh child was born, he was managing a furnace at Niles, in Trumbull county. The fa pily lived in a long, low two-story frame building, in one end of which a country store was kept. The sojourn in Niles was of but short duration. The mother, always the guiding spirit in the household, was anxious about the education of the children, and Niles was only a petty village of ironworkers, and its sole educational equipment was the country district school. About twenty miles to the south, down the Mahoning Valley, was the village of Poland, which
possessed a seminary for boys and girls of the type of the New England academy—a type reproduced in many of the towns on the Western Reserve of Ohio. Mrs. McKinley set her mind on Poland as a good place to rear her large family, and when the boy William was two years old she persuaded the father to make the important move. In Poland the McKinleys established themselves in a large white painted wooden house, with green blinds, of a style of architecture very common on the Western Reserve and brought from New England by the first settlers. This house is still standing, but the birthplace house in Niles was recently demolished. In the Poland house young McKinley grew to manhood.
HIS EARLY ENVIRONMENT. Poland is the south-eastern township of the Western Reserve. Until the great development of manufacturing in our own day, the Western Reserve was an offshoot of New England life that was more purely and peculiarly Yankee than Massachusetts or Connecticut. The people were keerly interested in the intellectual, religious and reform movements of the time. The anti-slavery orators frequenily visited Poland while McKinley was a boy, and in Poland was supposed to exist a station on the “Underground Railroad,” where fugitive slaves from Virginia were concealed and belped along on their way to Canada under cover of the darkness of night. McKinley was eight years old when the Fugitive Slave law of 1850 was passed by Congress, and he remembers well the excitement that prevailed and the meeting held in Poland to which Ben Wade came from his home in Ashtabula county, and which adopted resolutions declaring that
come weal, come woe, come stripes, imprisonment, or death,” the people of that village would not obey the law, and wond continue to give food and shelter to
The real Cuban question is in the United States.
The protection policy to which the party is committed will donuts les ho as injarious to our trade as before
The McKinley policy of protection is a serious menace to our manu
We, as capitalists, are
(July 18, 1896.
the poor slaves fleeing from oppression. Thus young college year, however, and the way was not clear McKinley came in his boyhood under the same influences financially for going back, so he taught a country school of agitation against slavery which Garfield felt in his in a district near Poland the next winter. McKinley early manhood, and of which Joshua R. Giddings and was very fond of mathematics, but for Latin he cared Benjamin F. Wade were the leaders on the Reserve. little, although he always passed his examinations HIS RELIGIOUS MILIEU.
creditably. In the colleges and academies at that time
mathematics, grammar and the dead languages conIn the forties and the fifties the Reserve was the scene
stituted pretty much the whole stock of instruction. of much sectarian controversy. Each of the old Pro
He showed no fondness for the debates of the literary testant sects had grave doubts as to the salvation of the
societies or the orations of the regular Saturday school other sects. One branch of the Presbyterians thought it
exercises, but he was known as å good essay writer. wicked to sing anything but psalms in church. The
FOUR YEARS A SOLDIER. Methodists called their churches meeting-houses and put no steeples on them. They objected to jewelry and to
The Civil War put an end to McKinley's plans for all finery in dress, and denounced dancing and card-play- completing his school education. In June, 1861, he ing as devices of the devil. The Baptists would fellow
enlisted at Poland in a company recruited in that village ship with no one who had not been dipped in the water.
to join the Twenty-third Ohio Regiment of Infantry. The Dunkards washed each other's feet as a religious
He was eighteen at the time—a lad of medium height rite. Near Poland was a strong community of Germans
and muscular build, with straight black hair, gray eyes called Omish, who wore no buttons and fastened their
(leep-set under heavy brows, and a heavy chin that, coats and trousers with hooks and eyes and strings for
indicated a determined character. The Twenty-third conscience sake. Over all the strife of the warring sects
was a good average Ohio regiment of the first year's the Quakers exercised a benign influence. At sixteen,
enlistment, before the bounties were given and drafting William McKinley, junior, joined the Methodist Church,
began, but it was peculiarly fortunate in its field the church of his parents, and he has remained in its
officers. Its first colonel was William S. Rosecrans, communion ever since. He is as tenacious of his religious
afterward the commander of great armies; its first opinions as of his views on a protective tariff, and here is
lieutenant-colonel was Stanley Matthews, afterward shown the influence of his strain of Scotch Covenanter
a senator and an associate justice of the Supreme blood. To change his belief because of the changes in
Court, and its; major was Rutherford B. Hayes, the currents of modern thought would not be a possibility
afterward President of the United States. McKinley for him.
was not long in rising from the ranks to sergeant; THE STRUGGLE FOR EDUCATION.
and a gallant and thoughtful action at Antietam,
in furnishing the men with food and coffee while they The environment of Western Reserve life helped to form the character of the future statesman.
were under fire, was brought to the attention of Governor I was
Tod, who sent him a lieutenant's commission. He was a myself born upon the Reserve, some forty miles from Mckinley's Poland home, and I remember vividly tho
captain before the war closed and was brevetted major.
He carried into his military service the seriousness and religious controversies, the anti-slavery agitation, the
sense of duty that he had shown in his school life, and he first movement for woman's rights advocated by Lucretia
soon gained the friendship of the best officers in the regiMott, the numerous temperance revivals, the signing of
ment. Long afterward, when he was first a candidate the pledge as a boy, the debating club at the “ Centre,” where the farmers wrestled with the questions of the day,
for Governor of Ohio, Ex-President Hayes said of him : the influence of Horace Greeley's Weekly Tribune, great
· Young as he was, we soon found that in business, in bundles of which came to every country post-office, the
cxecutive ability, young McKinley was a man of rare ardent desire of the boys and girls for higher education
capacity, of imusual and unsurpassed capacity, especially than the district schools afforded, and the wholesome,
for a boy of his age. When battles were to be fought or
service was to be performed in warlike things he always took patient, self-denying life of the farms and villages. This region has produced a long list of men who
his place. The night was never too dark; the weather have made their mark in our national history.
was never too cold; there was no sleet or storm or hail The richest man in Poland at that time was not worthi
or snow or rain that was in the way of his prompt and ten thousand dollars. A man with five thousand dollars'
efficient performance of every duty.” For about two worth of property and no debts was thought to be well
years he was upon Hayes' staff; then he went to the staff
of General George Crook, and afterward to the staff of off . Mrs. McKinley helped out the narrow income of the
General Carroll. When the war ended he was urged to family by taking boarders, and herself did the cooking with the help of her girls. Young McKinley was an
ask for a commission in one of the new regiments formed ardent student. It was his mother's ambition as well as
for the regular army, but he declined, having no taste for his own that he should go through college and then
military life as a profession. Mustered out in July, 1865, study law, but whether this aim could be accomplished
he gladly returned to Poland, laid aside his uniform, was always rather doubtful. The father was frugal,
hung up his sword and began the study of law. He industrious, and self-denying, but he had a large
valued highly his arıny experience, however, and still family to provide for and his earnings were small.
looks back on those four years of campaigning as a more William did what lie could to help out the family
potent educational force than all the years he spent over income by one sort of work and another in vacation
Latin and mathematics in the seminary. times. At one time it was almost decided that the plan for his education must be abandoned, but his elder sister McKinley read law in the office of Charles E. Glidden, Annie came to the rescue with the money she had saved of Poland, who was elected judge of the Cominon Pleas as a school teacher. At seventeen he left the seminary court in 1865. Glidden was a rare man and he exercise so well advanced in his studies that he was able to enter a strong and lasting influence upon the character of the the junior class in Alleghany College, at Meadville, Pa. young soldier. Judge Glidden had a career of marked Illness obligel him to return home during his first success upon the bench, and all the older lawyers in
THE YOUNG LAWYER.
well thought of as a rising lawyer and a good political talker of a serious and thoughtful type, and in the latter year the party managers asked him to run for prosecuting attorney, and to undertake what seemed to be the hopeless task of overcoming a strong Democratic majority. He canvassed the county assiduously; his talk was persuasive and not antagonistic; he had courteous, kindly and simple manners that made the country people like him, and to everybody's surprise he was elected. The office of prosecuting attorney is regarded as a great prize by young Ohio lawyers, not for the compensation, which is small, but because it gives them an opportunity to show their mettle in the courts in criminal trials and opens the way to private practice. At twenty-six William
eastern Ohio cherish his memory and speak of him as a man who was peculiarly fitted for high judicial duties. McKinley was a hard student.
The same tenacity and singleness of purpose which made him successful as a soldier he brought to bear on his law studies. He has never been a man of side issues. A few main aims in life he has pursued with a quiet and unswerving directness that has shaped circumstances and compelled fate. He was not a recluse or a bookworm; he found time to mingle in the young society of the village, but the business in hand was to master the principles of the law, and this he never for a moment forgot. After a year and a half with Judge Glidden he managed to get the necessary money to attend a course of lectures at the Albany law school, and in 1867 he was examined and admitted to the bar. Poland was a village of only a few hundred people, and afforded no field for another lawyer. One of the most prosperous of the large towns of the region was Canton, which had then about five thousand inhabitants, was a county seat, and was developing important manufacturing industries. McKinley chose Canton as a promising field for his efforts as a lawyer. In his choico he was influenced largely by a desire to join his elder sister Annie, who was already firmly established in the goodwill and respect of the people of that town as a teacher of unusual merit, Annie McKinley was woman of unusual capacity. She had excellent judgment in practical affairs, and in her long career as a teacher in Canton she saved and wisely invested a modest competency. She died in 1890. It was througli her influence that the father and mother removed their household from Poland to Canton in 1867. She understood the business advantages of the town, foresaw its growth, and appreciated the social and educational advantages that a young city could offer over the obscure village that had been the home of the family since her childhood.
EASTERN "GOLD BCG”: “He's ours !
lots of times!”
HOW HE ENTERED POLITICS. Here the son of the ironmaster found himself, when he hang out his shingle as a lawyer, surrounded by a business public strongly interested in the protective tariff principle, which next to the maintenance of the American From Puck.)
[May 27, 1896. Union and the extinction of slavery had been the dominant idea of the Republican party. The county of Stark,
He hasn't said so yet—but he will!" however, of which Canton is the capital, was strongly WESTERN “SILVERITE": "Not much; he's ours! He's said so already Democratic in its politics. McKinley was an ardent Republican. To him Republicanism meant union, freedom, and progress—the cause for which he had fought McKinley, junior, had his feet firmly planted on the first for four years. If political ambition had beon upper- rounds of the ladder of success. most in his mind at that time he would not have selected Stark county for his home. Nevertheless he was drawn
COURTSHIP ACROSS A BANK COUNTER. into politics almost as soon as he had his first brief. In the In Canton lived the veteran Ohio journalist, John autumn of 1867 there was a hotly contested gubernatorial Saxton, who had the distinction of being the journalist campaign in Ohio, and a constitutional amendment giving of longest continuous service in the whole country west suffrage to coloured men was submitted to the popular of the Alleghanies. One of his sons, James A. Saxton, vote. The Republicans carried the election, but the became a banker, a capitalist and a min of large and amendment was lost. In his canvass McKinley made varied business affairs. One of the daughters of the bis first political speech, and it was in favour of the banker was Ida, a girl of many personal charms, a tall suffrage amendment. The place was the little village of blonde, with large, expressive blue eyes, a winning New Berlin, and the orator, then twenty-four years of manner and a quick intelligence. She was well educatei, age, spoke from the tavern steps to an antagonistic and after her graduation from Brook Hall Seminary, at audience. McKinley was at once welcomed by the Media, Pennsylvania, the father sent her to Europe with Republican county leaders as a valuable recruit, and was her sister to give her a broader view of the world and fit given numerous appointments in that campaign and in her for the carnest duties of life. It is said that he the Presidential campaign of 1868 to speak at town-halls systematically discouraged the addresses of all young and school-houses throughout the county. By 1869 le men, and that for the purpose of giving his daughter a had become generally acquainted in the county, and was serious bent he persuaded her on her return from the
foreign tour to go into his bank as his assistant. There Ida was installed as cashier. He had won a comfortable fortune, but his theory about girls was that they should be taught a business that would make thein independent of marriage and enable them to be self-supporting in case the parents should leave them without sufficient property for their support. Lawyer McKinley had frequent occasions for dropping in at the Saxton bank, and it was not long before Ida's bright eyes, charming manner and intelligent chat had made a complete conquest of his heart. No doubt the same thing happened to other young men in Canton, who transferred their accounts to Saxton's bank that they might have an excuse to meet the pretty cashier, but the ambitious young attorney, whom most of the Canton girls regarded as too serious to be good company, attracted Ida. Banker Saxton soon learned that love is stronger than any theories of life, and he yielded graciously to the inevitable. He thoroughly liked and esteemed McKinley.
MARRIED LIFE. The marriage was celebrated on January 25th, 1871, in the quaint old Presbyterian church where Ida's parents and grandparents worshipped and where the girl taught a class in the Sunday-school. The young bride was warmly attached to this church, but she immediately transferred her allegiance to the Methodist Church as a proof of her affection for her husband, who had been in the Methodist communion since his sixteenth year.
The married life of these two young people began under the happiest auspices. Mr. Saxton From Puck.)
(July 15, 1896. gave his daughter a pretty house on the best
HE COULDN'T READ. street in the town. McKinley had by this time built up a good law practice, and his income
A Pictorial Prophecy for Election Day, November 3rd, 1896. was sufficient to maintain the new home in modest comfort. But in a little time the shadows of mined that she would not allow it to interfere with her great sorrows fell and left ineffaceable marks of suffering husband's public career, and she would have forced on the characters of the loving husband and wife. Two herself to be content with a far less measure of care and children were born to them, and both were claimed by affection than he has given her, but it was not in his death before the eldest reached the age of four. The nature to be less devoted. His home tragedy has no grief of the young mother wrecked her health and left doubt intensified the natural gravity of his character, her a victim to a nervous disease which made her a and has given to his face the lines of sternness and cripple for life, able to walk only with pain and with a asceticism which are noticeable when it is in repose, but supporting arm. The devoted husband saw before him it has not in the least soured his disposition. On the the tragic vision of a childless life and the companion- contrary, it seems to have imparted additional sweetness ship of an incurable invalid. No man ever accepted such and strength. a situation with more cheerful self-abnegation. He made
CANDIDATE FOR CONGRESS. himself the faithful and skilful nurse of his unfortunate wife, and gave every hour he could spare from his work
Major McKinley was beaten when he ran a second time to the task of lightening her sorrows and cheering her
for prosecuting attorney of his county, in 1871, and for broken life. This course he has pursued unfalteringly
five years he did not come before the people for any for more than twenty years, without admitting in his own
elective office, but he never failed to appear on the stump secret thought that he has been doing anything worthy
in a political campaign, and he soon gained recognition of praise.
as one of the best platform speakers in the State. He was
wanted outside of Stark county, and his stumping tours AN IDEAL HUSBAND.
made him known to the people in the other counties of His wife's condition cut him off from most of the the Eighteenth Congressional district, then made up of social pleasures which men enjoy-the easy-going fellow the counties of Stark, Columbiana, Mahoning and Carroll. ship of clubs and smoking-rooms, of hunting excursions No doubt he had his eye on the House all this time. and pleasure trips, of dinners and receptions; for, once There has never been anything accidental in his political free from his duties as a lawyer or as a Congressman or career, and “trust to luck” was never one of his maxims. Governor, he always returned to his wife's side, feeling He has built up his political influence slowly and solidly, that she had need of his companionship. When the wife and always by methods that were straightforward and realised the lasting character of her affliction she deter legitimate. In 1876, the year that Hayes was elected