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enthusiastic over the installation of a Roman found ha:l they remained subject to France ;* Catholic as Prime Minister. But although no one but he had no hesitativa in saying that muce can deny the genuineness of the Catholicism of Mr. as he loved England, he loved Canada still more, Laurier, he was thrown into sharp antagonism with and if their interests ever clashed, he would be for the Bishops of his Church. If there is one country Canada against England. To that some exception in the whole world where the voters are supposed to has been taken in this country, but surely it is be priest-ridden, it is in the province of Quebec. the very condition upon which we hold our Colonies. But at the last election the whole force of the We never expect any Colonist to advocate the Catholic hierarchy, from the Archbishop down to interests of the mother country against those of his the parish priests, was thrown against Mr. Laurier, own Colony. What Scotchman, for instance, woulil on the ground that he was opposed to the so-called dream of siding with England against Scotland if Remedial Bill which had been introduced for the the interests of the two countries came into collision ? purpose of establishing separate Catholic schools in This is, however, a very different thing from believing Manitoba. The drum ecclesiastic was beaten with that whenever there is a difference of opinion might and with main, while the doctrine that a between the partners there should be a dissolution, Catholic citizen must vote as his priest tells him of partnership. The permanent interest of all was asserted with the most uncompromising the partners in the continuance of the firm is emphasis ; but the only result was that instead of greater than any separate interest which o:e could securing a majority for the Conservative, Mr. Laurier 'secure by withdrawal. It is this conviction which carried no fewer than fifty out of sixty-five seats. has kept the Empire together until now, and The worm has turned at last with a vengeance. the moment it disappears the Empire will go to

There is no need for entering into the pieces. Significance details of the Manitoba question. It

Last month the Legislatures of New of his will not be settled in the precise way poonjav Zealand, South Australia, Queensland, Victory proposed by Sir Charles Tupper, but it

and Newfoundland were opened. On will be settled by some compromise to which the the whole, the Governors had favourable reports to Catholics will be all the more willing to agree because make. New Zealand is to be congratulated upon it will be negotiated by one of their own Church, the general prosperity of the Colony, Queensland and because they will have a salutary recollection upon the improvement of the revenue and the of the mischief of “trying it on ” too far. Apart revival of business, while Newfoundland has to from this question, Mr. Laurier's accession to power rejoice that after its financial distress, the credit of is heartily to be welcomed upon two grounds. First, the Colony has been restored and the revenue for because the Liberals, who have been out of office for the year will show a surplus of 200,000 dollars. In twenty years, ought to have their innings if the good South Australia the Governor made special constitutional principle is to be kept up of having references to the successful working of two trained teams always ready to take the field. the Act conferring the suffrage upon women, Nothing is worse for a party than to be constantly in and announced measures embodying the popuopposition, unless it is being constantly in office. Dar referendum and elective Ministries. South The second great gain is that the French Canadians Australia, it would seem, is about to vie with New are now able to feel that they have a man of their Zealand as the Colony of experimental legislation. own race as Prime Minister of the Dominion. We all know about the referendum, but the demand Nothing promotes loyalty so much as the simple for elective Ministries is a somewhat startling expedient of making the people feel that loyalty to novelty. From the point of view of Australian the State is loyalty to themselves. It is only the development the news from Western Australia is people who are permanently kept on the outside probably more important than the opening of any track who endeavour to “bust up the show.” Of legislature. At Coolgardie a spring of good fresh Mr. Laurier's loyalty there is not the shadow of a water has been struck in the centre of the towndoubt, any more than there is of his honesty and ship at a depth of 170 feet, yielding 4,000 truthfulness. He once declared, “I am loyal to gallons daily. Now that they have struck water, the flag of England because under the banner the one great obstacle in the way of developof England my fellow-countrymen have found ment of the Western Australian gold fields will ten times more freedom than they would have disappear.

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THE SITUAT.ON IN SOUTH AFR:CA: A MAP SUOWING THE DISPOJITION AND STRENGTH OF TROOPS.

The

While the reports from our self-governing this country from time to time as to the savagery Distressful Colonies are uniformly encouraging, we with which beleaguered whites are avenging themContinent.

his own.

have less satisfactory news from the two selves on their foes. The English-speaking man, as extremities of Africa, where our countrymen are a rule, is not ruthless in dealing with the coloured struggling with varying success against the aboriginal races, because he is always so confident he can hold forces of barbarism. The news from Rhodesia last

But when once he feels, as it were, the month has been almost uniformly bad. All the ground moving under him, as in India during the natives appear to be in insurrection, even the timid Mutiny, or i:a. Jamaica under Governor Eyre, or as it Mashonas, þave risen, and the English appear to hold seems in Matabeleland to day, the aboriginal devil as much territory as they can cover with their guns. asserts itself with a vengeance, and then there is The ravages of the rinderpest, which is probably the little to choose between him and any other Eurochief cause of the rising, have fatally crippled our pean. For a long time the settlers clung to the transport, and unless something can be do:ne in the belief that they would be able to deal with the course of the next two months, our garrison, natives without appealing for Imperial aid, but which includes many woznia and children, will the rising which threateas Salisbury, and necessibe put to

straits for lack of food. tated the despatch of a contingent from Bulawayo Bad as is the news

of the native uprising, to relieve the beleaguered town, has convinced even it is less painful tha: the intelligence whic! reaches the

optimists that the time has come for the

severe

redcoats to put in an appearance, and they are decided to attack. Three brigades of infantry marched accordingly being moved up. Mr. Rhodes's resig at night down the river until they were within four nation has been accepted at last. The situation miles of the enemy's position. Breaking camp at looks ugly, and it would seem extremely probable early dawn, they came up to the enemy at five o'clock. that Matabeleland will have to be reconquered from At the same time the force of cavalry and horse India.

artillery fell upon their rear. After two and a half Nothing is more remarkable than the hours' fighting the Dervishes fled. As usual the India in Africa

emergence of India as the dominating chief loss of life took place in the pursuit. The

military factor of the southern half of Egyptians only lost twenty-one killed and eighty the Eastern hemisphere. For some time past Sir wounded, while nearly 900 of the Dervishes were killed H. H. Johnstone has recruited his bodyguard in and over 1,000 were taken prisoners. Most of the Nyassaland from the Sikhs of Northern India. The Emirs were killed, and nine boats were captured, construction of the East African railway has been and many camels. The railway has been pushed on placed in the hands of Indian contractors, who will and the road is now open to Dongola. execute it by Indian labour, protected by Indian

Wanted : Cash

To that point Sir Herbert Kitchener troops. Suakim is now garrisoned by 4,000 Sepoys, for a Sortie has an entirely free hand. Lord Salis

to Khartoum. and nothing is more probable than that the relief

bury last month abandoned the reserve of Bulawayo will ultimately be effected by an which has hitherto been maintained so strictly, and Indian army landed at Beira. Mr. Rhodes dreaded proclaimed his decision that Khartoum must be this in the days when he regarded the Cape as his reconquered before Egypt could be evacuated, and natural base. It is possible that he may take a that one of the chief advantages of going to Dongola different view of matters now. The fact that the is that it is on the road to Khartoum. At present, whole of East Africa will be more or less under the not having funds at their disposal, Ministers do not military and industrial dominion of India lends great see their way to go beyond Dongola, but if they are importance to the discussion which is raging as to established there they can constantly threaten whether or not the Indian exchequer should be Khartoum. Lord Salisbury's words are very precise. saddled with the cost of the Suakim garrison. A He repeated his conviction that “ we shall not have paper has been published giving the opinions of the restored Egypt to the position in which we received Anglo-Indian authorities on this subject, but there her, and we shall not have placed Egypt in that is very little doubt as to how the question ought to position of safety in which she deserves to stand, be decided. Africa ought to pay its own way. If until the Egyptian flag floats over Khartoum." In it can call upon India for trained troops

justice to humanity, it is sincerely to be hoped that of need, it ought to pay for them. India is not a some of the millionaires who, in Lord Salisbury's country that can afford to pay the cost of expeditions somewhat cynical phrase, “ spent their money in to other continents.

supporting raids and invasions,” will undertake to While affairs have been going very badly The Egyptian

find the sum necessary to enable Sir Herbert Victory at in Matabeleland, we have to rejoice Kitchener to give a coup de grâce to the tottering Ferket

over a brilliant victory gained by the fabric of iniquity which the Khalifa has maintained British-led Egyptian army on the road to Dongola. in the Soudan. He is quite as bad as the Turk in It is a very hideous necessity to have to take the field Armenia, and it would be an enterprise worthy, let us against the Dervishes, just as it was a hideous say, of Mr. Astor's ambition, to finance a sortie necessity to hang the four murderers who went to across the desert to regain the capital of Soudan. the gallows last month at Newgate ; but when such

Lord Salisbury would hardly have spoken

Friends cxecutioner's work has to be put through, it is well and Allies,

as he did had he not felt that his rear that it should be done smartly, and that there should Triple and

was secure against any hostile action on

otherwise, be no such needless aggravation of its horrors as

the part of any of the other Powers. A is said to have taken place at the execution of Milsom. story was put into circulation last month to the From a military point of view, nothing could be effect that France had secured the support of Russia better than the way that Sir Herbert. Kitchener did for a demand that England should retire from Egypt, his work at Ferket. The Khalifa had sent forward and that the Nile Valley should be neutralised under some 3,000 to 5,000 of his best fighting men to bar the general supervision of the Powers. No such demand the advance of the Egyptian troops. It was this he can be made unless all the Powers agree, and there

in case

Li

seems to be good reason for thinking that the Triple length the imperious reasons which led him to Alliance will have no part or lot in this scheme to deprecate such a step. Great Britain and the eject us from Cairo. The German Emperor twice United States, however, bad refused to recognise the over last month sent telegrams in which he declared, anomalous position established by the French conin reference to England and Germany, that blood quest. Until the annexation of the island had been was thicker than water. He forgets, however, that declared, they maintained that their treaties still there are very few Germans who, like himself, are of held good. To put an end to this ambiguous the same blood as the English. Still, this repeated situation Madagascar is to be annexed to France. declaration as to the identity of the German and the There is reason to believe that France has all her English races seems to indicate that the Kaiser troubles still to come in Madagascar. It cost her wants to be on good terms with Great Britain. It a great deal of trouble to get to the capital, but is even stated that he will come to Cowes after all to the moment she was within striking distance cal] witness what he expects will be the victory of his opposition collapsed. She will probably find, as we yacht Meteor over all her rivals.

are finding in Matabeleland, that barbarous nations Beyond the fact that the Russian have a disagreeable habit of rallying after a time, if Hung Chang Emperor had an attack of the jaundice their conquest has been too easy. in Europe

at the conclusion of his Coronation festivities, and that his wife is not in a condition to accompany him on his visit to Berlin, no definite news has reached us from Russia. It is stated that Marshal Yamagata has returned to Japan, convinced that from the Japanese point of view nothing can be got out of Russia. Li Hung Chang, on the other hand, is said to have fixed everything up with Prince Lobanoff. Russia is to have a free passage for her railways, with exclusive trade facilities in China, who in return will, it is understood, be able to count upon the assistance of her northern neighbour in

any

further trouble with Japan, or, possibly, with England ; but that, of course, is not stated at present. Li Hung Chang, who has been made a great deal of in Russia, and has been much lionised by the astute Germans on the look-out for orders for German shipyards, is making the tour of Europe, taking Paris and London en route. What will happen after he returns, no one seems to know. Wild schemes are being discussed, but the probability is that the Chinese Empire will continue to creak along like an old wheelbarrow in the old ruts. Note, by the way, that Lord Salisbury publicly censured as

The internal condition of France, whether pusillanimous those fears which are so constantly

[ The French regarded from the view of population or of finding expression in the press as to the inability of

revenue or of trade, is hardly such as to Great Britain to continue to hold her position in the justify launching out into fresh colonial adventures. Eastern markets.

The census returns, which have just been published, The Annexa- France, after having conquered Mada show that a limit has at last been reached in the

gascar, in order to establish a pro growth of the great towns. Marseilles and Toulon Madagascar.

tectorate, has found herself obliged to are almost the only ports which show any considerable annex the country outright. The Bill which increase. The increase of the population of Paris is constituted Madagascar a French colony

only 64,000. M. Cochery has produced å fiscal introduced and defended in the Chamber of Deputies scheme by which he proposes to tax foreign stocks by M. Hanotaux, who, only a few months since, and Rentes. The attention of the country is more set forth in one of the French reviews at great and more concentrated on the great Exhibition which

[graphic]

case of

M. MELINE.

The French Premier.

tion of

was

is to be held in 1900 at Paris. Meanwhile a the subject of the currency. Then Mr. McKinley passing interest has been occasioned by the efforts came out emphatically in favour of sound money, the of the Empress Eugénie, Princess Clementine, Convention drew up a platform condemning free and three other great ladies, who have been silver and demanding the preservation of the gold trying to effect

a fusion between the Royal- standard until an International agreement could ists and Bonapartists. Prince Victor, however, be obtained in favour of the free and unlimited objects to be sacrificed to the cause of Conservative coinage of silver, which agreement they pledged Reunion.

themselves to promote. As M. Meline, the French Count Goluchowski, Minister of Foreign Prime Minister, and the British House of Commons The Powers and the Affairs for Austro-Hungary, made his both

express

themselves in favour of an International Sultan.

annual statement at Budapest last month. So far as can be gathered from his very guarded remarks, it seems that Austria is in hearty accord with the British policy in Egypt. For Armenia nothing can be done, but the Turk must beware less he go too far in Crete. The situation in that island seems to show no improvement. The Powers have agreed to press upon the Turk, by a joint Note, the appointment of a Christian governor, the declaration of an amnesty, the re-establishment of the Convention of Halepa, and the summoning of the Cretan Assembly with its old powers. The Sultan, finding the Powers in earnest, has promised to concede all their demands, as the fighting between Christians and Turks continues briskly up and down the island, with the usual resulting atrocities. The Sultaa is playing with fire in Crete. One single picturesque massacre of Greek villagers, after the Bulgarian or Armenian fashion, would necessitate the immediate landing of European troops, and the final severance of Crete from the Ottoman Empire.

As universally anticipated, the
The
Selection of Republican Convention at St. Louis

McKinley. selected Mr. McKinley as
sidential candidate. At the moment of writing no
one knows who will be selected by the Democrats who
are to meet at Chicago. One thing seems to be
certain: they will not select President Cleveland; and

Republican Vice-Presidential Candidate. the only other certainty is that the man who will receive the nomination will be a very dark horse agreement on the subject of silver, the Republican indeed, for owing to the dearth of eminent men in platform does not carry the party very far in the the Democratic camp, there is no one in the running direction of the silver men. All the hopes of the who has a record worth speaking of. The chief latter are concentrated on the carrying of the Demo interest of both the Conventions has been, not per cratic Convention at Chicago. Some of the party sonal, but financial, viz., what line would be taken Conventions in the saner States have condemned by the great American parties on the subject of free silver, but at the moment of writing it seems bimetallism? For some time Mr. McKinley, acting probable that the Chicago Convention will be carried thereby in accordance with the prudent strategy of his for silver with a rush, although whether the silver wirepuller-in-chief, Mr. Hanna, sat on the fence men will have a two-thirds majority, without which, until it was quite clear that the solid men of the according to the tradition of the Democrats, it is Republican party would not tolerate any fooling on impossible to act, is said to be still doubtful.

[graphic]

was

their per

BIR GARRETT A. HOBART.

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