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dress—and therein the Board are

a day behind escaped involving the Government in a contest with the fair. The dietary should be "adequate and the House of Lords. It was, indeed, a curious suitable for all, no doubt, but for the worthy it spectacle, that which ths early days of August might be a little more varied. Also it might often presented to the world. The Unionist Administrabe most advantageous to make a distinction in dress. tion—which, through Lord Lansdowne, had humbly The final recommendation of the circular is of recommended the Irish Lund Bill to the House of obvious importance, directed as it is to the separation Lords as being very, very much less objectionable of honest unfortunate girls from enforced contact than Mr. Morley's Land Bill—found itself confronted with the hardened harlot who has sought a refuge by a revolt of the landlords, who carried amendment in the workhouse. On the whole, the circular marks after amendment in a fashion which seemed at first an advance. Before long we may expect the Local to threaten the measure with extinction. Even the Government Board to sketch an ideal workhouse for Unionist press was scandalised at this display of class Guardians to live


interest posing naked and unashamed in the Parliament rose on the 14th of August,

Chamber of Review. Ministers could only command The

since which date all English politicians Close

their own votes and the votes of the devoted Liberal of have been mute. Irish politicians may remnant, fifteen strong, and about as many Indethe Session,

be expected to give tongue at the great pendent Unionist peers. The Duke of Abercorn and National Convention which meets to-day in Dublin, Lord Londonderry did as they pleased, being masters but for another month English political men will be of the big battalions, and for a time it seemed as if mute. It is rather late to survey the results they would make hay of the Bill, But when the of the Session. Mr. Balfour scored heavily by amendments came to be considered in the House the success of his new rules, by which the voting of Commons, it was discovered that they did not of Supply was distributed over the Session ; but amount to much after all. Some were rejected, be lost heavily over the Education Bill. Mr. others were accepted, and ultimately an arrangeChamberlain's meteoric career dazzled every one

ment was arrived at, by virtue of which the Bill when Parliament opened. At its close nothing as amended received the Royal Assent. Perhaps the remains of it but a certain dismal looking forward to most important result of the Bill has been to intensify of judgment to come when the Committee of Inquiry the antagonism between the different sections of the reassembles next February. Other Ministers remain

Irish party by detaching Mr. Healy finally from the with their reputation much the same. They have party led by Mr. Dillon, neither gained much nor have they seriously lost

Among the measures of the Session ong

Arbitration ground. The Cabinet as a whole has survived, and

of the most important, although the least

Trade survived intact, notwithstanding all the stress and

noticed, is the Conciliation (Trades Dis

Disputes, strain of foreign affairs. The Opposition has been

putes) Act. It authorises the registrapicking up a bit, and that, even from the Ministerial tion of every Board of Conciliation and Arbitration point of view, is distinctly to the good.

under the Board of Trade Rules -a provision owing When members begin talking there will

its importance solely to the security which such Legislation.

be of course the customary exaggeration registration gives the State that it will always have in eulogy and in depreciation of the legislative output

a full record of the proceedings of such Boards. of the Session. It may therefore be as well to put

But its most important clause is that which gives on record the summary from the Queen's speech of the

the Board of Trade a mandate to stimulate the measures placed on the Statute Book this year :

establishment of Conciliation Boards in places where

they do not exist, and to take such other steps a3 I have given my consent, with much pleasure, to measures for completing the naval defences of my Empire, for lighten they deem fit, to promote peace between employers ing the fiscal burdens which press upon the agricultural and employed. It is to be hoped that the Board of population, and for protecting the flocks and herds of these islands from the importation of disease. Important measures


may be able to interfere to prevent the strik have also received my sanction for the settlement of trade that threatens to paralyse the whole engineering (lisputes, for the prevention of explosions in mines, which have caused the loss of many valuable lives, for amending the

trade-over a dispute as to the employment of one Truck Act, for the construction of light railways, for the non-union workman in the yard of one of the amendment of the Irish Land Laws, and for facilitating the creation, by purchase, of a larger class of occupying freeholders

associated employers. In 1893 thirty million day;' in Ireland.

work were lost by strikes and locks-out, to say Of these measures, the Irish Land Act narrowly nothing of the permanent loss of work entailed by


[graphic][subsumed][merged small][merged small]

diverting British trade to the foreigner. Another

The Yellow man with the white money

Li gigantic strike is threatening in the docks, one of Hung has been on a visit to this country, and

Chang. the premonitory incidents of which has been the

has even called

upon the Duke of Devon. arrest of Mr. Tillett and Mr. Sexton by the Belgian shire, although he did not propose to purchase Chats

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Government for taking part in a strike of the Belgian dockers. The Belgian authorities who whitewash the murderer Lothaire, naturally arrest English agitators. But even agitators have rights, and Lord Salisbury will do well to see to it that Mr. Tillett and Mr. Sexton have the protection to which they are entitled as British citizens.

worth. Li Hung Chang came to England to seek permission to double the useful duties now levied by China on foreign goods. The duties are fixed by treaty, and can only be increased by our consent. Lord Salisbury, it is said, has only promised to give the proposal a favourable consideration, and Li has had to depart with that. During his stay in





from the Pole, and 200 miles further north than any one had

reached before. Then they travelled for four months, enduring great privations, to Franz Josef Land, where they wintered, living chiefly on the Polar bears which came to eat them but were eaten instead, until they were picked up by Mr. Harmsworth's Arctic Expedition on the Windward. They were brought back with unprecedented rapidity to the confines of civilisation, where a few days later the Fram herself arrived. Dr. Nansen has done better than any who preceded him. But the

North Pole remains to this FRAM."

day undiscovered. England he was taken about to see everybody and

It is announced as these pages are going

The Tsar everything, and in his train travelled a swarm of

to press that the Queen has invited Lord newspaper correspondents whose chief function Balmoral.


Salisbury, Mr. Balfour, Lord Lansdowne, was to report Li Hung Chang's interviews the Duke of Devonshire and Mr. Goschen to meet with his hosts. The Chinese Grand Old Man

the Tsar on his approaching visit to Balmoral. This paid a visit to the Grand Old Man of Hawarden ;

would seem went as far north as Glasgow, where he bought a to indicato sewing-machine ; and as far south as Osborne, where a desire to he was received by the Queen, and inspected the arrive at an fleet. On the whole he is said to have been much understandimpressed (1) with the extent to which this small

ing with island has become the workshop of the world ; Nicholas (2) with the ease of travelling in a first-class saloon II., which a railway-carriage ; and (3) with the ease with which demi - semiour Artillery carry their batteries at a gallop over C a binet hedge and ditch. He is now in the United States Council on his way home. He left an agreeable impression must be on on the British public, which hopes much but expects the spot to little from his progressive tendencies on his return ratify. Let to Pekin.

us hope that
Dr. Nansen has come back from his quest Lord Salis-

for the North Pole without having bury will Failure.

attained the great object of his ambition. have the Leaving his stout ship, the Fram, in March 1895,

courage to (Photograph by Hansen and Weller, Copenhagen.) Dr. Nansen and one companion started northward finally with sledges and canoes to reach the Pole across break with evil traditions, and offer to the Tsar, the ice. They travelled 212 miles, and then had as a proof of his anxiety to arrive at a definite to turn back, having reached a point only 250 miles understanding with Russia, the shreds of the Anglo



Win ?


Turkish Convention, and an undertaking to evacuate a necessary incident of Imperial policy--fails as Cyprus the moment the Concert of Europe can agree signally as those same editors in discharging the as to what securities should be taken to protect the duties of their respective offices. The failure of the Cypriotes from the uncovenanted mercies of the Turk. Sultan to maintain order in Crete and to execute

Parliament has been prorogued, and the reforms in Armenia cannot be more complete than The Presidential voice of the politician is silent in the the failure of English editors to keep their readers Campaign. land.

But across the Atlantic the great informed as to the progress of this great campaign debate or national hurly-burly that precedes a in the West. Whether regarded from the point of Presidential election is booming through the land. view of Imperial policy, economic interest, or Not even the hot weather and it has been as hot sociological development, this semi-revolutionary as if the gates of Tophet had been unbarred --has uprising of the Populist democracy of the South and sufficed to check the preparations which, from Maine West is much the most important phenomenon of to California, are being made to bring every citizen the Recess. But not one single London paper has up to the polls in November. Never before, say the taken the trouble to send even a third-class correparty managers, has there been such a demand for spondent to the scene of the great conflict. To campaign literature. Pamphlets and broadsides, chronicle the advance of the Egyptian forces in posters and handbooks, cannot be produced in Dongola a whole army of specials are despatched, sufficient quantities to satisfy the electors' appetite. who, regardless of expense, telegraph reports of All that the wit of man can suggest and the thunderstorms and dust-storms, while not a man can ingenuity of the printer can accomplish will be done be spared to watch the progress of Mr. Bryan's to bring the issues home to every citizen in the campaign. As for correspondents in New York, whole Union. There is something imposing in the they might almost as well be in the moon. spectacle.

The map on p. 209 will show how baseAccording to the New York papers,

Who will less is the assumption that Mr. Bryan Real Arena which, with the exception of the Journal,

is out of the running. Such a cool are unanimous in backing Mr. McKinley, and dispassionate observer as Dr. Albert Shaw the Fight.

Mr. Bryan has not got a chance, nor declares that if the poll could have been taken in even the ghost of a chance. And the English August Mr. Bryan would probably have been elected. newspapers, whose correspondents are all located in A Republican of eminence in Minnesota, who arrived New York, print telegrams to the same effect. They in London last week, told me that be believed Mr. may be right, just as I may be right if I assert Bryan was almost sure to win. He was working for that at this present moment a great cyclone is raging Mr. McKinley, upon whom he had called on his way round the ears of the Grand Lama of Thibet. But to Europe ; he was well posted in the latest news they know about as much of how things are going in from the doubtful States, and his deliberate judgment America as I do about the weather in the City of was that Mr. McKinley would have to fight for his Lhassa. The battle will not be decided in New life, and could only hope to win, if at all, by the skin York. The headquarters of both the contending of his teeth. The fact is that no one in New York, parties have been established in Chicago, which is or in places which rely upon New York for their 1,000 miles from New York; further, that is, than information, has any idea of the discontent of the Berlin or Vienna or St. Petersburg is from London. West and the South. How deep that discontent But even in Chicago we are but on the Eastern edge goes remains to be proved.

But the emergence of of the arena in which the battle will be fought out. this new factor in the politics of the greatest EnglishBeyond Chicago, in the Real West, there lies a speaking race is certainly deserving of much more whole continent, of which none of our mentors seems careful and anxious observation than our “able even to have heard; but it is there where Mr. Bryan editors ” appear to realise. hopes to win.

So far neither party has succeeded in

Our newspapers have been busy-com-

crystallising its programme into a phrase. Our “Able

Progress Editors" mendably busy-in berating Abdul

A political parson has achieved a mode

the Fight. Napping. Hamid for his scandalous neglect of his

rate degree of success by declaring that most obvious duties. But it is a fair question the Bryanite Party was operated on a basis of Lungs, whether the Sultan-to whom the extinction of a Lunacy and Larceny, but not even the alliteration few thousand noxious Christians must always appear of the three L's will make that generally current.


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