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are going ever farther and farther away from the true and
THE REVUE DE PARIS. difficult solution of that most complicated of all problems—how The most interesting articles, from the general and to help human distress and weakness, without increasing it
literary point of view, are the two dealing with the late where it exists, and at the same time developing it where
Edmond de Goncourt, noticed elsewhere. it does not.
of the great Russian writers the most popular among THE DEFECTS OF THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES.
French readers is still Ivan Tourguenieff. He spent much Professor William Macdonald, of Bowdoin College, of his later life on the banks of the Seine, in a charming writing on " The Next American University,” remarks : villa at Bougival; but although he was the centre of a It cannot be out of place to insist that a university should
literary and artistic society he rarely alluded to his stand for culture as well as for learning, for charm of manner youth, and until quite lately little or nothing was known as well as for accuracy of statement, for wealth of spirit as of his early life, or of the conditions which led to his well as for mastery of facts. Just at these points it is that becoming a great writer. M. Haumant has been at some our universities are now most deficient: their habit of thought pains to fill in the blanks, and the material he here tends to be feverish, critical, and small, rather than large, presents will be of the greatest value to Tourgueniert's easy, and free. And the next American university must be
future biographers, and to those concerned with the prepared to meet this question with the rest.
evolution of the Russian novel. TIE MATRIMONIAL MARKET.
Like Tolstoï and Pouchkine, the author of "James Mr. Edward Cary has a rather disappointing article on
Passynkow” was of noble birth, and French, not Russian, this subject. He quotes the figures from the census,
was the language currently talked by his parents and showing that the number of women employed in various
playfellows; indeed, he owed much of his intimate knowindustries is steadily on the increase; but while one
ledge of peasant life to his nurse, who was fond of telling person in three of the total population is engaged in
him weird stories and legends, many of which afterwaris gainful occupation, only one in about twenty of the
found their place in his writings. His education was female population is so employed. Still, this one in
conducted, first at Moscow, and later at St. Petersburg, twenty represents an increase, and Mr. Cary says :
where he made the acquaintance of Pouchkine shortly
before the latter's tragic death, and took what correWhether a smaller proportion of women will marry, whether
sponds to the B.A. degree. A sojourn in Berlin, which they will marry at a later age, whether fewer children will be born, whether the average of happiness in wedded life will be
lasted some two years, does not seem to have done more greater, whether the offspring will be better cared for,-are
than provide the future novelist with “copy” of a kindl the subordinate or associated questions as to which there is
not flattering to his Prussian hosts. In Ivan Tourroom for much honest difference of opinion and for endless dis guenieff's curious and complicated personality it is easy cussion. The facts I have noted, the statistics I have cited to understand the elements which made of him, at least and they would undoubtedly be much more striking were they during his later and working life, a Franco-Russian of brought down five years later-show that it is becoming the most pronounced type. clearly easier for the average woman in the United States to M. Larroumet, inspired by a late visit to Greece, gives earn her livelihood without marriage-if she so choose. an interesting and learned little account of the Acropolis,
The only other article is the paper Mr. Gennadius has “the red rock dominating Athens, respected both by the written on “ Recent Excavations in Greece."
old city and the new, calling to mind alternately a citadel, a pedestal, and an altar.” The French traveller
tells in brief the story of the famous spot, and recalls the The Engineering Magazine.
fact that from 1000 B.C. to. 1827 the Acropolis was THERE are several articles in the Engineering Magazine constantly in a state of siege, being attacked in turn by for August of considerable interest outside the United Spartans, Venetians, and Turks.
These few page, States. Mr. W. T. Stevens discusses British railway admirable alike in substance and literary style, will be stocks as desirable investments. The result of his survey found of real help to any visitor to Athens familiar with is that the railways of the United Kingdom are, on the the French language, for M. Larroumet has here written whole, sound undertakings, ably administered and finan a travel paper which is a model of what such writing cially strong, presenting a remarkable contrast in this should be. respect to the railways of the United States. Mr. George The loves of “Elle et Lui”-i.e., George Sand and H. Paine, in an elaborately illustrated article, endeavours Alfred de Musset-seem a source of perennial interest to to make plain the first principles in railway signals. At French writers and readers. M. Clouard, who apparently present there is no compulsory signalling law in force in holds a brief for the family of the poet, publishes a fresh the United States. Mr. F. M. Loomis, in a paper entitled version of the affair as explained by a number of hitherto “ The Fallacy of Municipal Ownership of Franchises," unpublished letters written by the lovers to various speaks as strongly as he can against the argument in mutual friends. As a psychological cas passionnel the case favour of regarding control and not opposition the solu will remain to the end of time of extraordinary interest tion of the problem. Mr. Burton E. Greene, in his paper to the few who care for such things, and to them may on “ The Era of Extravagance in the Electrical Business," be commended the new light thrown by M. Clouard on thinks that the electrical business has emerged from the the strange unnatural relations which once existed era in which great sums were sunk with very little between two of the greatest writers France has ever return, and that if only Mr. McKinley is elected President had, and an obscure Italian doctor, whose part in the of the United States, all will go well. Mr. Gardner's drama has conferred on him unsought immortality. paper on “ The Architecture of Bridge-building" is Other contributions comprise a brief retrospective copiously illustrated by views of an immense number of view of the Hungarian Exhibition, a colourless diary bridges in America and Europe. Jír. Wells discusses written during the Coronation Fêtes at Moscow last the question of the validity of the cyanide patents. His spring, and an historical paper describing the intrigues conclusion is that the patentees are claiming as their which brought about Mme. Du Barry's presentation at own discoveries what were public property long prior to Court. Fiction is well represented by Sudermann, Allais, their patents.
THE REVUE DES DEUX MONDES.
A FRENCH VIEW OF AUSTRALIAN PROBLEMS.
M. Leroy Beaulieu, in pursuing his studies of Australia In the first August number of the Revue des Deux
and New Zealand, contributes a paper on the woman Mondes M. C. Benoist continues his series on the organisa
movement and other social experiments in the Colonies tion of universal suffrage with an essay on the application
of Australasia. He has grave suspicions of the raw to France of his theory of an ideal representation of a
socialism to be met with in theso Colonies. Side by side
with the woman movement he notes a steady postponecountry. Such doctrinaire proposals have always found a ment of the age at which the women marry, a symptom much warmer welcome on the Continent than in England, which is bound to curtail the natural expansion of the where the reception accorded to the prophets of propor population so necessary to these new and little developed tional representation, for example, has been, to say the
countries. However, he has confidence that the practical least of it, chilly, M. Benoist proposes a territorial con
common-sense of the Anglo-Saxon race will check any stituency determined by the department, and a social
further advance in the path of reckless and grandconstitutency determined by the profession. The pro
motherly legislation on which Australasia has started. fessions he divides into seven: agriculture, industry,
M. Mélinand's philosophical defence of memory, against
which he thinks there is a general prejudice, is a good transport, post and telegraph service, commerce, public example of the kind of article which the French reader administration, the liberal professions, and lastly, per likes and the English reader skips. sons living exclusively on the proceeds of their invested In the second August number of the Revue the place capital. This is practically the classification employed of honour is given to Count d'Haussonville's paper on the in the official statistics. If M. Benoist's plan were
journey from Turin to Fontainebleau, in continuation of adopted the Chamber of Deputies would have 225 repre
his series on the Duchess of Burgundy and the Savoy
Alliance under Louis XIV. sentatives of agriculture instead of 38 as now, 164 of industry instead of 49, 65 of commerce and transports
M. Dubufe writes on the ideal and the future of art.
He sees a new religion, or a new form of the eternal instead of 32, 8 of the public administration instead of 43, 13 of the liberal professions instead of 296, and 25 of per
religion, which renews ideas, civilisation and arts. Withsons living on the interest of their investments instead of
out some conception of divinity no ideal and consequently 97. It is easy to see from these simple figures what a
no art is possible. But this other religion differs from revolutionary change M. Benoist is proposing in the
Christianity, in that it has not yet brought together a personnel of the Chamber of Deputies. If this change were
sufficient body of proof to be believed, nor has it attracted
to itself enough love to secure obedience to its precepts. carried out-an improbable "if”—the whole character of French legislation and of the proceedings of the Chamber would be transformed, probably very much for English readers will be more interested in M. Goyau's the better. M. Benoist's theory is that the Chamber series on the “Evolution of German Protestantism." should represent the individual elector, and the Senate His paper on this occasion deals with the doctrinal the various groups of electors. Thus, while the repre tendencies of Germany. The two main lines of theosentation in the Chamber would be according to popula logical speculation may be called supranaturalistic and tion, in the Senate every department, large or small, rationalistic, the former leading to a passive faith and would have three members, elected one by the Council the other to absolute negation. M. Goyau, like a true General of the Department, another by the Municipal Fronchman, notes at once the lack of homogeneity which Councils of the Department, and the third by the characterises Protestant dogmas. He explains the corporate bodies, such as universities, academies, extraordinary influence exercised on German Proteschambers of commerce, legal corporations, and so on.
tai sm by Schleiermacher's little book published in Unfortunately, M. Benoist's scheme, before it could be Berlin a few months before the dawn of the nineteenth carried out, would have to be submitted to the judgment century under the title “Of Religion : Discourse to Cultiof the professional politicians whose occupation it would vated Spirits among its Detractors." This brochure has in all human probability destroy.
reigned, so to speak, over German Protestantism for nearly
a century. It teaches a kind of pantheism. The universe is FOURIER AND HIS PHALANSTERY,
God considered in His multiplicity, just as this universal M. Faguet contributes a study of Charles Fourier, Being is God considered in His unity. Every man is an whose ideas form a most curious chapter in the history emanation or phenomenon of this essence. of social philosophy. Fourier, who was born in 1772 and the great service which Schleiermacher rendered. He died in 1837, taught that association would produce brushed aside the fine-spun subtleties of supranaturalism general riches, honesty, attractive and varied industry, and rationalism alike, and restored Luther's great conhealth, peace and universal happiness. He believed in ception of placing man in a personal relation with God. a universal harmony flowing from God, the author of Ho made faith a matter of experience, gained by the all harmonies, and he tried to discover the form of whole Christian community through the centuries, and human society which was most in obedience to natural miracles, prophecies and inspiration he relegated to a laws. This he considered he found in what he called secondary place as details about which the old schools the " phalanstery," consisting of four hundred families were continually arguing. This conception of religion or one thousand eight hundred persons, living in ono earned the easy jeers of Hegel, who argued that on immense building in the centre of a highly-cultivated Schleiermacher's theory the dog ought to be the most domain, and furnished with all the appliances for industry religious of creatures, but Hegel himself attempted a and amusement. The whole product of each phalanstery reconciliation of Christianity and Pantheism. he proposed to divide into twelve parts, of which five he The other articles include one by M. Bonet-Maury on assigned to labour, four to capital, and three to talent. the French precursors of Cardinal Lavigerie in MahoThe weakest point of his system was that he proposed medan Africa, in which we have a terrible picture of that all the passions of the human soul should have the ravages the old corsairs of Algeria and
inflicted on the merchant marine of Christian Europe.
THE ECONOMIC REVIEW. The Economic Review for July contain: a'r article by Mr. Ludlow upon
" Thom is Hughes,” which is noticed elsewhere.
THE RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL. Mr. Rashdall contributes an article upon the above subject, in which he lays down the following three principles :
1. That the individual's only absolute right is equality of consideration.
2. That the State has an absolute right to interfere with the individual to any extent conducive to the general good, interpreted in accordance with the principle of equality of consideration.
3. That the development of individual character is in itself of primary importance, in enabling the State to do whatever it undertakes to do-whether little or much-for the promotion of that highest well-being, or good life, for which it exists.
AUSTRIA AS UTOPIA, The Rev. M. Kaufmann, in an article entitled “Socialism and Social Politics in Austria,” puts forward a claim for that country which I do not remember seeing before. He thinks that, if the Church could become more nationalised, and the people more rationalised, Austria offers an almost ideal arena for solving the social question. He hopesthat this country of mixed races, each contributing its own special gifts and a corresponding diversity of soil and climate all tending to promote material prosperity, may prove to be very favourable for attempts in solving the social problem. In Austria, where a healthy Conservatism is still maintained by the side of a cautious yet progressive Liberalisin, there are special opportunities for an attempt at reconciling liberty with law and progress with order. Here, in the land across which so to speak, the East and West shake hands, may be found a middle path, safe and sound, between Oriental immobility and the disquieting restlessness of Occidental nations.
HOW THE MIDDLE CLASSES SPEND THEIR MONEY, Mr. Edward Grubb contributes an interesting paper, entitled "Some Statistics of Middle-class Expon litura.' He has obtained the terms of forty-two families, most of tv hom are members of the Society of Friends. The following is the last table, in which he sum marises the percentages of expenditure under different heads. Ten per cent. expenditure on charity might be a rule that prevails in the Society of Friends, but it is not safe to conclude that the middle-class as a whole contributes so largely out of its income for altruistic purposes. The allowance for sport is also low. Que of the forty-two, under the heading “sport,” had only one entry: for ons mousetrap--twopence! Per cent.
Per cent. For Food
21:1 For Furniture, etc. 4:7 Charity
Rates and Taxes. 3.8 Rent
Coals and Light. 3:6 Clothing 10:3
Dctors, etc. 1:7
1:4 Education. 5:+ Books and Papers 1:1 Travel.
Sport, Music, ctc. 1:0 Insurance. 5:0
adopted by the Agricultural Banks Association. The two papers leave the general impression that the writers are not agreed, and that there is no love lost between them, but the outsider will find some difficulty in appreciating the points of difference between the two. Mr. Wolff say3—
Agricultural banks as well endowed, as influentially patronised, have been set up with a big flourish of trumpeis abroad-only to find themselves doomed to a miserable tiis , and to become the laughing-stock of the public. On the other hand, the humble creation of Raiffeisen's poverty, raised upon the right principle, though they multiplied slowly at first-at the close of twenty years there were still only four-have, in course of time, overspread the Continent, have grown string, and continue to do unspeakable good. It is bound to be tlie same thing here.
DR. GOULD'S REPORT ON THE HOUSING OF WORKING
There is a brief review by the Rev. A. Robins on Dr. Gould's Report on the Housing of the Working Peope, which has been published in Washington. Mr. Robins praises Dr. Gould's work very highly. President Cleve. land introduces it, but Mr. Robins says:
This report is really a proligious and exemplary effort t) collect and collate information from almost the whole of tie civilised world, and to tabulate laboriously the well-digestel statistics that absunt in these pages. There are no less than one hundred and fifty drawings, elevations, and ground-plans of model block buildings, model smull houses, and molek lodging-houses. To accomplish these results, the housing of the people in Great Britain, the United States, and indeed in almost every capital of Europe, is in its every possible asp:et brought before us up to date. But quite beyond the Presidential introduction, which is short anl solemn, the report is, in the main, a message to all people “ who on earth do dwell." The housing of the working people in Great Britain, the United States, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Denmark, and elsewhere is considered with an open mind in almos: every aspect, and consequently without prejudice, in a mass of well-digested statistics that are invaluable ---that is, so far as they go.
THE CHILDREN OF THE STATE. There is a careful analysis of the Report of the Departmental Committee on the way in which workhouse children are cared for in this country. Mr. Cannan, who writes it, says :
Never before has a Government Department received so crushing a condemnation from a committee appointed by itself. The beautiful theory of the poor-law since 1831 has been that a strong central authority exists to check guardians inclined to go wrong, and to keep all well informed as to the best metho.ls of doing their work. In practice--so far, at least, as children are concerned-the Report gives the impression that the Local Government Biard esists to disregard every abuse and put a stop t) every improvement.
McClure's Magazine. This magazine contains an account of Dr. Morton's discovery of the art of producing anæsthesia, written by his widow. Mrs. Stuart Phelps, in her autobiographical reminiscences, tells us how it was that she first took to public speaking. A man was killed in a saloon in her neighbourhood. She held a meeting the following Sunday in the room where he died, and thus made her debut as a temperance speaker. Lincoln's “Lost Speech,” which forms one of the features of the number, was a dressed to the Bloomington Republic Convention in 1856, and has never before been published.
100.0 AGRICULTURAL BANKS. There are two papers, one by Mr. Leman, the Secretary of the Agricultural Association, the other by Mr. Wolff, discussing from opposite points of view the principles
the author derives no pecuniary benefit from his book. INTERESTING IMPRESSIONS FROM LONDON.
The honour of being read and known is considered In Tilskueren for July, the most interesting article is
reward sufficient. There is no literary copyright, and Dr. George Brandes' "Impressions from London," con
whosoever desires so to do may reprint the book. “It tinued from the previous number. Of the many notable
is a democratic principle,” said Marquis Tsêng, “and we personalities of whom Dr. Brandes gives pleasant and
Chinese are democrats. I consider the system advansympathetic portraits--Stepniak, Prince Krapotkin, tageous and good.” and others-perhaps he evinces most admiration for courageous, exiled Vera Sássulitch (whose name once
THE ARENA. rang throughout the whole of Europe), working away Professor PARSONS has now reached the eighth part of steadily and modestly under an assumed name in the
his indictment of the Telegraph Monopoly. Mr. Will pathetic loneliness of her London quarters, while her
publishes thirteen pages of classified catalogue entitled heart turns ever homewards to her Russia. She is
* Bibliography of Literature dealing with the Land simplicity itself, with most beautiful grey eyes, earnest
Question;" Doctor Holbrook points out the influence of careworn features, older than her years, but with an
associated effort on human progress.
Miss Muzzey inner energy, a fiery animation of gesture, and a
describes Hull House, the famous social settlement of fascinating fluency of speech that give an impression
Chicago, and C. S. Crawford denounces club life on of unweakened youthfulness. “My English acquaint
account of its pernicious influence on the family, ances,” says Dr. Brandes, “were wont to pass jokes, betweenwhiles, on my odd penchant for the society of murderers' and 'murderesses' in London. But I can
THE ITALIAN REVIEWS. honestly assert that, when I had spent an evening The Civiltà Cattolica (August 15th), following up the with my ‘murderers,' and was next day invited to an Jesuit crusade against Freemasonry, has an article aristocratic dinner-party, I had the feeling of having intended to prove the wide-spread existence of Satanism sunk from the higher and better society into one of much in the English Masonic Lodges; but the conclusions are lower grade.”
somewhat vitiated by the fact that throughout the Writing on Prince Krapotkin, Dr. Brandes finds fault article American and English Freemasonry are treated solely with his optimism and lack of selfishness. He is as though they were necessarily identical both in aims fully at one with him in his condemnation of the present and methods, whereas there are many reasons for supday order of society, and finds no expression of Prince posing that they are very different. Even the facts and Krapotkin's too strong. But “ those who would build, figures concerning the various Lodges quoted by the must build on granite, and the granite-layer in humanity's Jesuit author in support of his contention apply almost nature is self-love, which Krapotkin wholly thrusts exclusively to the United States. aside. His great merit is that he has brought together Criticising in the Nuova Antologia (August 1st) the powerful evidence of a strong desire for mutual help; most recent Papal Encyclical on the Reunion of the but to build a system and a future on optimism is to Churches, Signor Chiappelli affirms that the Pope has build on sand.”
taken up a far less liberal attitude towards the separated One of the most interesting portions of Dr. Brandes' churches than in his previous pronouncements, nor does “ Impressions " is that in which he deals with Armenian the author anticipate that any good or visible results matters, and describes his meeting with Avetis Nazarbek, will spring from it. To the same number Professor the real chief of the Armenian rebellion—"a young, Pasquale Villari contributes an able and sympathetic strikingly handsome man, beautiful as Italian article on the industrial conditions of the "trecciaiole,” portrait-ideal from Apno 1500.” Dr. Brandes felt a the picturesque straw-plaiters of Tuscany, who may be painful interest in the Armenians, and Avetis Nazarbek seen by all travellers busy with their work before their told him much about his people-a people, strange and cottage doors. Serious rioting amongst this usually highly intelligent, who, in positicn and in energy, and in peaceful population has recently drawn the attention so much more, remind one so strongly of the Israelites of the authorities to their economic condition, and à nation of some four millions, with one of the oldest Professor Villari shows conclusively that they have cultured languages in the world, and the educated people fallen on very evil days. Early in the century of which speak, beside their mother tongue, the neigh the earnings of a straw-plaiter amounted to two shillings bouring Turkish, Persian, and Russian languages.
a day; now the same work has to be performed for twoAvetis gave Dr. Brandes also an outline of the history of pence or threepence! The workers, mostly women and the Armenian newer literature and some idea of the in girls, are at the mercy of the middlemen, and often as fuences, mostly French and English, which had affected many as three of these men intervene between the strawit. With a certain pride the Armenians remember still plaiter and the wholesale merchant, each of whom expects that Byron, while in Venice, studied their language to make a living out of the transactions. Various under the monks of San Lazaro.
causes are given by the Professor to account for the fall At one of Mr. Douglas Sladen’s receptions, Dr. Brandes in prices: the rapid change of fashions with which the fell in with Mr. Kingeast Tsêng, son of the famous Italian peasantry do not keep in touch, the large demand Marquis Tsêng, and had some conversation with him for cheap machine-sewn straw hats, and finally the comrespecting literary and social matters in China—a con petition of China and Japan. As a remedy to the versation which Dr. Brandes had opened with the undoubted poverty of the workers, the author suggests remark that he was well acquainted with the name of the establishment of technical schools, in which the Mr. Tseng's father. To which remark Mr. Tsêng, with quick-fingered Tuscan peasant could be trained in more a slight, smile-veiled, but, nevertheless, apparent touchi- profitable fields of labour. M. Paul Sabatier, in the ness, replied, “I may point out, however, that I here mid-August number, still occupied with St. Francis, represent not my father but the Chinese Government." describes the original foundation of the “Pardon” of The conversation, nevertheless, flowed on very smoothly Assisi, known as the Partiuncula Indulgence, by the and pleasantly, and Dr. Brand. s learnt that in Chinà Saint, according to some recently discovered documents.
SOME ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINES.
The Badminton. THE Badminton Magazine, which is devoted to sports and pastimes, is admirably illustrated. The Marquis of Granby writes enthusiastically of partridges ; Lady Middleton discourses on pets in the articles on Petland; Mrs. Batten supplies an article on swimming for ladies.
Pearson's A GOOD number. Melbourne and Sydney are described this month as Ports and Pillars of the Empire. Lady Violet Greville's paper on“ Lady Athletes ”is interesting, but she has confounded Miss Elizabeth Robins with Mrs. Joseph Pennell.
The Windsor. THE Windsor continues to do its best with the aid of exciting serials to compete with the Strand. The interesting paper on the Australian cricketers is noticed elsewhere. Mr. Coulson Kernahan is developing quite unexpected resource as a writer of sensational fiction.
The Cosmopolitan. THE Cosmopolitan continues to provide at 10 cents one of the very highest class illustrated periodicals. In the August number Mrs. Reginald De Kovenes has an article entitled “Golf and the New Woman." From this it would seem that golf has many feminine votaries in the great Republic. The travel papers are very interesting. In August Cordova is described, in September the Alhambra.
Good Words and the Sunday Magazine. Sunday Magazine is strong in natural history papers. Mr. Cornish illustrates his article on nightingales' nests with excellent photographs of nests not exclusively of the nightingale. Sophia Beale's paper on Zoology in Wool and Stone is illustrated by many pictures reproducing the quaint birds and beasts carven in gargoyle and in choir, in cathedral and abbey. There is an article describing Principal Caird in Glasgow University Chapel. In Good Words Canon Dickson concludes his description of Ely Cathedral. Mr. Jane attempts to make us realise what a cruise in a submarine torpedo-boat would be like.
Harper's. Harper's Magazine does not call for much notice this month. Washington has the place of honour. Mark Twain brings his story of “ Tom Sawyer: Detective” to an unexpectedly early close. The travel paper describes a summer spent among the cliff-dwellings in Western America. The paper on musical celebrities of Vienna is illustrated by twelve portraits.
Ludgate. Ludgate contains one notable feature—a series of short papers by the younger novelists of the day upon the Fiction of the Future. The men thus selected to prophesy are Mr. H. G. Wells, Mr. Frankfort Moore, Mr. E. W. Hornung, Mr. Walter Raymond, Mr. G. Manville Fenn, Mr. Eden Philpotts, Mr. Arthur Morrison, Mr. Gabriel Setoun, Mr. F. W. Robertson, Mr. Morley Roberts, Mr. Bertram Mitford, and Mr. H. B. Marriott Watson.
The Pall Mall Magazine. THE Pall Mall Magazine for September is supplied for 1s. net. One of the most interesting papers is that describing the late Lord Lilford's vivaria, in which he had acclimatized many strange birds and beasts, in Northamptonshire. The most interesting story, and one that is quite worthy of special notice, is that written by Lord Ernest Hamilton - I did not know that any of the Hamiltons could write so well. If Lord Ernest can turn out much more work like this we have an addition to our short story writers of no mean merit. Lord Gough contributes reminiscences of his adventures at the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny. Another article that calls for notice is the first instalment of the whitewashing of Marat, who is presented to us as quite an irreproachable personage.
Architecture. With the current number the quarterly Architectural Record of New York begins its sixth volume. In it Mr. Wm. H. Goodyear writes on Mediæval Architecture; Mr. Barr Ferree on French Cathedrals; M. Alphonse de Calonne on Modern Hospitals in Europe; and Mr. Glenn Brown on Dr. William Thornton, an American architect who died in 1828.
There are several excellent articles in the August number of Architecture, notably the article on Lincoln Cathedral, which is profusely illustrated.
Scribner. Scribner has an interesting paper, by the Director of the American School of Practical Studies in Athens, which describes the new Olympian games with much spirit and with pardonable American pride. Mr. Brander Matthews pays a tribute to the memory of Mr. H.C. Bunner, one of the editors of the best American comic paper. Jr. Cosmo Monkhouse gives an account of the British National Portrait Gallery, and illustrates it with reproluctions of several famous portraits. The article on Country Roads in New England is interesting, and well illustrated.
The Century. THE Century for September has a frontispiece devote! to Mrs. Beecher Stowe, but the best portrait of Mrs. Stowe is that showing her as she was when “ Uncle Tom" was written. Mrs. Pennell writes, and Joseph Pennell illustrates, an account of their midsummer holiday in southern Spain. It is very charming, but the account of the heat makes us prefer to enjoy such a holiday in a magazine rather than in Spain. The “Life of Napoleon Bonaparte” is now drawing to a close; Napoleon having returned from Elba, there is little left for Mr. Sloane to describe. From the extracts of the Journals of the late Mr. Glave, it now appears that the inscription on the tree at the foot of which Livingstone's heart is buried is still very clear and distinct.
DR. ALBERT SHAW contributes to the September Review of Reviews, New York, an illustrated description of " John Brown's Country in the Adirondacks.”