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The
Tsar.

London, October 1st, 1896. decreed by the fates that for the English throne in The

Her Majesty has now broken all records. the future no man need apply. There is no disQueen. No one before her has ever occupied the paragement in this to the Heir Apparent, who his English throne for so long a period. The third intimates say will probably make as good a soveHenry, Edward and George, who with Henry VI. reign as a king can be. But not even an Act of reigned longest of our sovereigns, were all distanced Parliament can make him into a queen. on the 23rd ult., when Queen Victoria passed the

It was an event of good omen that the landmark which marked the duration of her grand

month in which our Queen thus broke father's reign. Her Majesty will not complete her

the record for length of reign-she bad sixtieth year of queenship until June next, when, if long before broken all previous records in every all goes well, there will be throughout her world- other field-found the Tsar her honoured guest at encircling Empire a celebration befitting an occa- Balmoral. Up there in the Scotch Highlands one sion so auspicious and unique. The prayer of the roof sheltered the two potentates upon whom National Anthem has been answered in her case, Destiny has conferred the overlordship of the with the result that there is a much more general Asiatic continent. England and Russia (unlimited) disposition to cry Amen to its sturdy petitions than is the name of the firm charged with the liquidation there was when she came to the throne. We have of the affairs of that bankrupt continent, which had sixty years of her sovereignty, and we are still once dominated the world, and when the heads not satisfied. We ask for more. For we shall of the firm met to talk things over in friendly never have a better sovereign, or one whose reign will fashion in the holiday home of the Queen, all friends leave a more dazzling record in the annals of our race. of peace and progress rejoiced. What came of it,

We have indeed grown so accustomed to whether anything of immediate practical result will The King.

think of the monarch as the Queen, that come of it, no one at this moment can say. But

it will be awkward indeed, when the time nothing but good can come of the deepening and comes-and may it be far distant—when we shall strengthening of the intimate personal tie which have to speak once again of the King. England has binds the oldest and the youngest occupants of prospered so well under its female sovereigns that Imperial thrones. In the intimate and affectionate many are disposed to think it would be well if we relations that exist between Nicholas II. and his never could have any other. Of course no one wife, and Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales, seriously thinks of passing such an inverted Salic lies one of the best securities for the peace and law, but so great is the force of use and wont, and tranquillity of the world. so much more splendid have been our national

France, which before these pages see achievements under Elizabeth, Anne, and Victoria The. the light will have passed through the

Republic. than under our kings, that there would be a distinct once thrilling experience of acclaiming the sense of satisfaction experienced if it could be Autocrat of all the Russias as the virtual Dictator

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of the Republic, has no such personal link to supplement the evanescent cobweb that may be spun by the Ministers who occupy the Quai D'Orsay to-day and to-morrow are seen no more, Not so long ago the spectacle of the Tsar being received by the whole French nation as if he had been & Divine Figure from the North delivering a province from the yoke of the Turk would have created some alarm in Berlin and in London. To-day Europe looks on without even a thrill of uneasiness. For it is understood now, even by those who professed at first to see in the Franco-Russian entente a menace to the peace of the Continent, that it was entered into not for war, but for peace. The Kaiser indeed is said to have harangued the Tsar at Breslau in this sense. France wished with a passionate longing to be afforded an excuse that

would satisfy her own amour propre for not embarking on the long threatened, but always postponed, war of revenge. The Russian alliance suited her down to the ground. It at once made her feel able to pose as equal in power and prestige to her German foe. But as the same time it supplied an absolute veto upon the war which every Frenchman dreads. Henceforth when any patriot howls for the Revanche an extinguisher is ready at hand. French Ministers now can say, whenever there are any difficulties to be smoothed over with Germany, and the Chauvinists clumour for war,“ My dear patriots, I am with you, heart and soul. If the decision lay with me war could be declared to-night. But, you see, I must consult my partner Jorkins at St. Petersburg, and he won't hear of it. Not on any account. I am awfully sorry-quite in despair. But I've done my

Sultan,

best with Jorkins, and it's no go.” So the Ministerial lious urchin, after admonition had been tried in vain, Spenlow in Paris will not declare war, and the was solemnly removed to a class-room, in the centre Russian Jorkins will maintain his right to the proud of which he was compelled to stand, while a title of the Prince of the Peace of Europe. .. choir recruited from the school filed in and . It is, however, neither the Queen nor the formed a circle round the room. When all The Tsar whose personality has commanded were in their places, the choir struck up the

most attention this last month. Of all lugubrious tune that was set to that famous mortals, Abdul Hamid has just now succeeded in old hymn written for the discouragement of the realising the ambition of Young's hero, of whom it ungodly, which begins, “There is a dreadful Hell, was written i

Where sinners must with devils dwell.” Over and over Fain would he make the world his pedestal, and over again rose and fell that fearsome chant, Mankind the gazers, the sole figure he.

until cowed by the imminence of the fiery doom that No other figure has for the month loomed' so black awaited them, the stubborn rascal broke down and against the sky. The Sultan, whom Mr. Gladstone discipline was established. The British public all delights to call the Assassin, but of whom Lord this month has been trying the plan of Coercion by Beaconsfield declared “his every impulse is good," Chorus on the Sultan. But so far the charm does must marvel somewhat at the excitement occasioned not seem to work. by what the Infidels of the West persist in calling A Last month there was a great lull in the massacres of Constantinople. Similar measures of Great Big politics, everyone was awày taking necessary severity he has ordered month after month D ” holidays, and those who remained at any time these last two years, and there has been next home had no leisure, and took no interest to no outcry. Now that he has had a few thousands in any other subject beyond the massacres in of these dogs of Giaours removed expeditiously and Turkey. We have had a great outburst of indignaeffectively from the city, whose tranquillity they en tion, public meetings bave been held everydangered, all England is blazing with rhetorical pyro- where, and if good, round, hard swearing from high technics, and even the craven crew of ambassadors and low in every key of profanity or of prayer are waxing insolent. It must seem very strange could have settled the Eastern Question, then to him. As strange as it would to us if the assuredly it had been settled this week. Unwhole American Republic were to go into a frenzy fortunately the influence of so much strong of indignation because the London police consigned language has not been perceptible at Constantinople. a fresh instalment of ownerless dogs to the lethal The Sultan indeed appears to be impervious to chamber at Battersea. Our police have extinguished argument or to persuasion other than that uttered the lives of some 40,000 innocent unfortunate fellow- by the Masters of many Legions, or the owners of creatures of the canine species in that way this year ships that are not afraid to use their big guns. The to the great advantage of the metropolis. And no wave of passionate indignation which has swept body in America has made a protest. How absurd through the land has produced al astonishing it would be if, after having preserved an imperturb fraternisation, the meetings in almost every case able silence over the 40,000, our cousins were to go being addressed alternately by Liberals and Coninto hysterics over the next batch of 5,000 doomed servatives, while Churchmen and Dissenters vied dogs. Such, we may depend upon it, are the reflec- with each other in expressing their detestation of a tions of Abdul the Damned, Lord Beaconsfield's Sovereign who orders and carries out, with careful Sultan of Good Impulses.

elaboration, the massacre of some 8,000 unarmed In a Midland Sunday school in olden subjects at the very gates of his own Palace. Lord days, the inventive genius of a superin- Rosebery has written and spoken, so have Mr. Bryce

tendent devised a marvellously successful and Mr. Asquith, and Mr. Gladstone has emerged from device for overawing the reckless and mischievous his retirement at Hawarden to deliver once more a spirit of undisciplined youth. When any scholars great philippic against the Turk. But the other persistently set authority at defiance, and noisily leaders have been silent, and Ministers have hardly disturbed the solemn sedateness of the school, they uttered a word. The one political event of the month were subjected to a discipline which appears to have has been the re-appearance of Mr. Gladstone on the been the original of the specific which our public has platform. Ho spoke at Liverpool, at a meeting called been attempting to apply to the Sultan. The rebel- to consider the Armenian question, and displayed all

The Public.

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