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ON GUARD BEFORE THE TEMPLE OF PEACE.

THE GERMAN EMPEROR'S LATEST POLITICAL Cartoon.

EVENTS OF THE MONTH.

opposition of the National Vigilance Associa- 20. The Rt. Rev. Dr. Temple, Bishop of London tion and Social Purity Association.

nominated Archbishop of Canterbury. O t. 1. Armenian Indignation Meetings held The Germau Emperor received an Autograph Ambassadors met in Constantinople to consider throughout the country. Letter from the Sultan.

the situation. Fatal Accident in the Pacific Squadron on Sep The Extradition of l'atrick Tynau refusel by Assassination of Mgr. Bartolomeos attempted in tember 6th reported. the French Government.

Constantinople. Armenian Revolutionists addressed a last appeal New Press Law and the Alien Expulsion Bill The Lord Mayor-Elect received Her Majesty's to the Embassies of the Great Powers. enacted in the Transvaal.

approval of his election from the Lord ChanStrikes broke out in the coal mines of North 15. The National Agricultural Union discussed a

cellor.
Bohemia.
new programme.

Report that Spain has not funds to continue the A malignant Fever reported to have carried off The Postmaster-General received a deputation Cuban War denied by the Spanish Minister. 10,000 people in Ceutral Asia during the last

from the National Agricultural Uniun, al Li Hung Chang appointed Chinese Minister for two months. vocating Parcel l'ost Reforms.

Foreign Affairs. Congregational Union, at Leicester, pledge 1 An attack by Natives upon the Sanari Statio: 27. Mrs. Creighton presided at the Opening of the itself to work for a universal system of Free on the Quetta Railway reported.

Annual Conference of the National Union of Unsectarian Schools.

16. Wedza's stronghold captured by Lieut.-Col. Women Workers at Manchester. Worcester Diocesan Conference resolved in

Baden-Powell after two days' fighting.

Re-opening of the French Chamber. favour of Rate-aid for Voluntary Schools.

Funeral Services for the Archbishop of Canter Letter from Mr. Gladstone read at an Armenian Imperial Iradé ordered the formation of a bury held in the Principal Churches, as well Mass Meeting in New York Flotilla for defence of the Dardanelles. as at Canterbury,

Because of non-payment of wages the men in Deputation of the Cabdrivers' Trade Union Meetings in varions Towns discussed the the Constantinople Arsenal stopped work. Te veived at the Home Office.

Armcuiau situation.

Several Native Chiefs offered to surrender in 2. Powder Magazine exploded at Bulawayo.

consequence of the destruction of their strougGeneral Amnesty again promised by the Sultan.

holds by Lieutenant-Colonel Baden-Powell. The Sultan's Special Commissioners recallel

28. A communication from the Porte explaining from Crete.

the present collecting of funds was ruceived The Sirdar decorated by the Khedive.

by Turkish Embassies abroad. Sail Khalid, the usurper of Zanzibar, prcte tej

29. Three thousand cab-drivers called out by the by German soldiers, conveyed to the German

Drivers' Union in London.
East Africa coast.

The Woman's Suffrage Bill passed by the Arrests and expulsions continued in Turkey.

Victorian Legislative Council. First sod cut for the foundation of a Memorial

30. Resolutions urging Government Aid for Eleto John Wycliffe at Lutterworth.

mentary Schools passed by the National 3. William Morris died at Hammersmith.

Society. 4. Demonstration at Trafalgar Square to protest

Mr. Chamberlain received at Birmingham a against the present cab system.

Deputation from the National Union of Schoo) Winter Session of Toynbee Hall inaugurated.

Teachers praying for a Scheme for the Super5. Nonconformist demonstration against the Arme

annuation (f Teachers. pian Horrors held in the City Temple.

Lord Knutsford appointed a Trustee of the First Huxley Lecture given at Charing Cross

National Gallery. Hospital

The Report of the Committee on the Mercautile Mr. Asquith declared himself unable to pro

Marine Fund issued. nounce upon the merits of the Cab Strikers'

A Marine Laboratory opened at St. Andrews by demands.

Lord Reay. National Free Labour Association Conference

The Madagascar Minister of the Interior and opened at Manchester.

Prince Ratsimananga executed for complicity The Tsar and Tsaritsa received by M. Faure

in the Rebellion. at Cherbourg.

31. Report of Welsh Land Commission published. 6. Armenian Indigoation Meetings held in Shef

MrChamberlain elected Lord Rector of field and Manchester,

Glasgow University. The Church Congress convened at Shrewsbury,

Archbishop Temple opened the Pepys Mission) The Amalgamated Society of Railway Servauts

House and Clubs at Westminster. met at York.

Lord Wolseley opened a new Drill-ball and William Morris buried at Kelmscott.

SUN-YAT-SEN.

Buillings of the Tower Hamlets Roya) Lord Rosebery resigned the Leadership of the

The Imprisoned Chinaman.

Engineer Volunteers at Bethnal Green. Opposition. Guayaquil, Ecuador, nearly destroyed by Fire.

(Photograph by Taber, San Francisco.) 7. Severe fighting reported from Cuba

SPEECHES. 8. George du Maurier died.

Safe conduct granted by the Sultan to Armenian 9. Cabmen's Union decided to continue strike.

wives and children whose husbauds or Oct. 1. Mr. Asquith, at Leven, on the Eastern The Porte's claim to search foreign steamers

fathers are in America.

Situation. for Armenians rejected by the Council of

Estimated that 16,000 cattle died during Sir Edward Clarke, at Plymouth, on the Ambassadors, who also call attention to the September in the Mafeking district.

Armenian Question, unbearable condition of Crete.

Further outrages committed by the Marri tribe. Mr. Bryce, at Aberdeen, on British Foreiga The Armenian clergy refuse to sign the 17. Greek Officers who deserted to assist the Cretans

Policy. Address to the Sultan.

acquitted by the Court Martial.

Lord Londonderry, as Chairman of the London 10. The Tsar and Tsaritsa arrived at Darmstadt.

The Sultan again declaret his intention on en

School Board, on the work of that Board. 11. Government called upon by an Open-air Meet

forcing the Anatolia Reforms.

Lord Cross, at Bradford, on the necessity of ing in Hyde Park to end the Armenian 19. Marble Bust of the Duke of Cambridge unveilel

Secondary Education. Massacres.

in the Guildhall.

2. Lord Justice Lindley, at St. Thomas's Hospital; Charles Parnell's Grave visited by a procession National Meeting hell at St. James's llall to

on the Opposition to Vivise tion. of Irish Nationalists.

Protest against Armenian Massacres

R. Cooke, M.P., before the Royal Horticultura) Italy demanded punishment of the Turk who Italian Ambassados denouncel to the Porte the

Society, on Cider-Making Industry. killed one of her citizens.

insolence of bis Minister of Police.

Baron F. de Rothschild, at Aylesbury, on the 12. The Austrian Embassy demanded in lemnity 20. Velson's Monument in Trafalgar Square Ceco

Arineniau Question. for the family of M. Zlato.

rate l by the Navy League.

Sir Wilfril Lawson, at Carlisle, ou the Evacua13. Opening of the Incorporated Law Society Con Emperor Nicholas visited the German Emperor.

tion of Egypt. gress at Birmingham. Li Hung Chang arrived in lekin.

Mr. Diggle on the Education Question. Sir H. H. Kitchener and staff arrivelin Cairo. 21. A Mohammelan Poll-tax levied, and other taxes Mr. John Daly, at Limerik, on Justice for the Lord Dufferin presented his letters of recall to

increased by the Sultan.

Treason-felony Prisoners. President Faure.

23. Sun-Yat-sen liberated from the Chinese Leca- 4. Mr. John Burns, at Trafalgar Square, on the The Funeral Services of George du Maurier took

tion upou Lord Salisbury's order.

Privilege Cab Sys em. place at Hampstead Church.

24. Marriage of the Prince of Naples with Princess 5. Sir Williim Harcourt, at Ebbw Vale, on the Final Peace conference with the Matabele

Helen of Montenegro celebrated in Rome.

Eastern Situation. chiefs.

Foundation-stone of a Public Library laid at Lord Halifax, at Shrewsbury, on tbe Pope's 14. Resolutions regretting Lord Rosebery's Resig

Dulwich by Sir Henry Irving.

Letter concerning Auglican Orders. nation passed by the National Liberal Sir J. H. Puleston laid Foundation-stone of St. 6. Sir William Harcourt, at Rhymney, oh DomesFeueration. David's Welsh Church, Paddington Green.

tic Affairs. Licences granted to the Oxford Music-ball, 25. Trafalgar Square Meeting beld by the supporters Lord Ripon, at Middlesborough, on the GovernEmpire and Palace Theatres, in spite of the

of the Cab-Drivers' Strike.

ment and Armenia.

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14.

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12. vArmenian w others, at burst, Rey. Stron.

12. Sir William Fitz-Herbert, 88.
13. W. H. Wrench, British Consulat Cone

stantinople.
14. Francis Wakefield, author of "A Saxon

Remedy for Irish Discontent." 15. Rev. John S. Jones, Chairman of the Exeter

Synod, 55. 16. Henry Trimen, late Director of the Royal

Botanical Gardens, Ceylon, 52
17. Colonel Walter Raleigh Gilbert, C.B., 83.

Sir Edward Bates, 80.
Admiral C. L. D. Waddilove. 68.
George Arthur Fripp, R.W.S., 83.

Henry Abbey, theatrical manager.
18. C. M.Shane, Inspector General of Hospitals, 76.
19. Sir James Ramsden, 74.

William Rodgers, Founder of the British Lib

guistic Reform Society. Rev. Anthouy Holliday.

Chief Justice William A. Richardson, 75.
20. Rev. W. M. Campion, President of Queen's

College, Cambridge, 75.
M. Tisserand, Director of the Paris Observa-

tory, 51.
William H. White, F.R.I.B.A., 58.
21. James H. Greathead, civil engineer,
22. Fie!d-Marshal von Matteek.

General P. y Lacy, Marques de Novaliches, 92. 23. Charles F. Crisp, late Speaker in the l'. S

House of Representatives, 51.
Sir Albert A. D. Sassoon, 78.

Wm. D. Allen, of H. Bessemer, L'tl. 25. Rev. Carr J. Glyp, 98.

George Phillips, British Cousul in Chin. 60.
26. M. Chall-mel-Lacour, ex-President of Selate, 62.

Rear-Admiral Walter Stewart, 55.
Lord Farubam, 83.

8. Holman Hunt, at Shrewsbury, on Art in its

Relation to the Church. 9. Lord Rosebery, at Edinburgh, on the Eastern

Policy of the Government. 10. Sir William Priestley, at Liverpool, urging . Government aid toward scientific instruction. 11. Mr. J. Burns, Mr. Broadhurst, Rev. H. P.

Hughes and otbers, at Hyde Park, on the

Armenian Massacres.
12. Mr. Asquith, at East Fife, on the Future of the

Liberal Party.
Jobn Redmond, M.P.. at Dublin, on Irish

Affairs.
Geoffrey Drage, M.P., at Blyth, on Poor Law

Reform.
13. Sir Michael Hicks Beach, at Darlington, on

Domestic Politics. 14. Mr. Curzon, at Glasgow, on the Foreign Poisy

of Great Britain. Mr. Bryce, at Whitechapel, on the Solution of

the Armenian Question. 15. Sir Edward Clarke, at York, on the Venezuelan

and Armenian.Questions.
Sir G. Trevelyan, at Glasgw, on Lord Rosebery's

Resignation and the Armenian Situation.
P. Stanhope, M.P., at Manchester, on Lord

Rosebery and English Foreign Policy.
W. Woodall, M.P., at Leicester, on Foreign

Competition and Technical Education.
Lord Cromer, at Cairo, ou the Conquest of
Khartoum.

THE LATE MR. W. H. WRENCH, C.M.G. 16. Mr. Asquith, at Edinburgh, iu support of the

Radical Candidate for the Lord-Rectorship. British Consul and Commercial Attaché to the 29. Mr. Asquith, at Galashiels, on the Political

Embassy at Constantinople.
Outlook.
The Bishop of Rochester, the Bishop of Here- (Photograph by Abdullah Prères, Constantinople.)

ford, the Mayor of Belfast, Rev. J. E. C.
Welldon, Sir Arthur Arnold, Mr. F. S. Steven- 27. Mr. Labouchere, at Northampton, on the
sou, M.P., Earl Beauchamp, Professor Ramsey, Leadership of the Opposition.
Rev. Dr. Clifford and others, at St. James's Lord Dufferin, at Belfast, on the Political
Hall, on the Armenian Situation.

outlook.
Mr. Chamberlain, at Birmingbam, on the Value

of Debatiug Societies.
Lord C. Beresford, at the Constitutional Clul),

on the British Occupation of Egypt.
28. Lord Londonderry, at Gateshead, on Domesti.

Politics.
Sir Pbilip Magnus, at Bolton, on the True

Cause of the Growth of Germau Trade.
The Bishop of London, at Hampton, on

Diminishing the Temptations to Drink.
Justin McCarthy, M.P., at the Crystal Palace,

on the History of the Queen's Reigo.
Mr. Laurier, at Quebec, on the Canadian Fast

Steamship Service.
29. Sir M. Hicks Beach, at Bristol, on the Federa-

tion of Unionist and Conservatire Clubs.
30. Sir H. Campbell-Bauperman, at Stirling, on

England and the European Powers.
Sir John Gorst, at Manchester, on Museums and

Art Education.
Archbishop Temple, at the Mansion House, on

Temperance.

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OBITUARY.
Oct. 1. Edward Hudson, solicitor.

Prince you Schönburg-Hartenstein, Vice-Pre

sident Austrian Upper-House. Colonel Robert Guthrie-Craig, 67.

2. Mrs. Emmi Darwin, widow of Charles Darwin, THE LATE LORD KENSINGTON.

88. (Photograph by Dickinson and Foster.)

William Foxton, 65.
3. William Morris, poet 62.

THE LATE GENERAL TROCHU. 20. Earl Rosebery, at Colchester, on the solution of Canon Elward Hawkins, 96. the Armenian Question.

D. Tudor Evans, journalist, 76.

27. Dr. George Harley, F.R.S., 68. 21. Lord C. Beresford, at Birmingham, on the union 5. Byron Reed, M.P.

Sir Colman Rashleigh, 75. of Conservatives and Liberal Unionists. Dr. J. A. Moloney, African traveller, 33.

Richard Davies, Lord Lieut. of Angleses, 78. Mr. Walter Long. at Edinburgh, on Agricul- 6. Francis Pattrick, President, Magdalene, Cam- 28. Sir Joseph G. L. Iubes, Judge of the Suprein. tural Improvements. bridge.

Court of New South Wales, 62. Sir Henry Roscoe, at the College of Preceptors, George H. West, journalist, 45.

30. Cardinal Hobenlobe, Prince Gustavus Adolpbus on the Education Bill. General Sir James Abbott, 89.

of Hohenlohe-Scbillingsfurst, 73. Mr. Asquith, at Leeds, on Education. 7. Lord Kensingtoa.

Surgeon-General William Mugro, 72. 22. Mr. Goschen, at Birmingham, ou International Sir Edward Hunter-Blair, 79.

31. Jan Verhas, painter, 63. Prejudice.

J. A. Beith.
The Bishop of Peterborough, at Northampton, General Trochu, First Governor of Paris, 81.

DEATHS ANNOUNCED.
on His Impressions of Russia.
Edward Bumpus, bookseller, 64.

Miss Julia Goddard, Sept. 30. Sir Charles Dilk', at Fishmongers' Hall, on George du Maurier, 62.

Francis Playford, 72. • Our Merchant Nivy.

9. Baron F. von Mueller, Austrian explorer, 71. General William Cavaye, 94. 26. Earl Spencer, at Worcester, on the Cyprus Con Thos. Rowley Hill.

Cavalier Edward W. St. it. Stanford, ex-Sicilias vention. Cardinal de Ruggiero, 80

Consul-General iu Calcutta, 73. Earl Cadogan, at Culford, ou his reported resigua- 10. Sir James Naesmyth.

M. D. Ordinaire, journalist, 70. tion. Lord Congleton, 87.

M. Auguste Trécul, botanist, 78. Lord Balfour of Burleigh, at Ipswich, on the 11. Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canter M. Conti, publisher solution of the Armenian Trouble.

bury, 67.

Rear-Admiral Fourier, 57. 27. Lord Lansdowne, at Lee is, against single-han led Anton Buckner, composer, 72.

Rey. Canon Hector Arisom, 80. intervention in Turkey. Stepheu Lynch, 49.

Surgeon-General Darley Bergine, 70.

1.-SIR WILLIAM HARCOURT. PERHAPS by nature I am rather an optimist. Some people enjoy being pessimists, and their greatest pleasure in the world is to think that everything is very bad and that it is going to be worse. I do not think that is a fortunate temperament. At all events in life the optimists have the best of it, and the pessimists have the worst of it, because the pessimist is unhappy in the present, where there may be no ground for it at all, and things may turn out well; but the optimist is happy, at all events in the present, even though things ultimately turn out badly. I should recommend people to cultivate the habit of optimism rather than that of pessimism, for after all they may never live to see the bad times which the pessimist enjoys in expectancy. I remember a great man whose friendship I had the honour to enjoy, the late Lord Beaconsfield, saying to me once that the greatest suffering man ever endures is in the anticipation of evils which never occur. That is a very true thing in the history of life.- Sir W. HARCOURT, June 14, 1894. I.—DUGALD DALGETTY.

In this skeich I shall deal with Sir William Harcourt T HAVE screwed up my courage to attempt the as a regenerate politician. It is necessary to do so in

Character Sketch of Sir William Harcourt by order that the Liberal Party may continue to preserve

perusing the sage reflections on optimism which I some degree of self-respect. What the unregenerato have placed at the head of this article. It is assuredly a Harcourt was-or, rather, how he appeared to me in

those unregenerate days when, in Northumberland Street, I lived in the Palace of Truth, and said such things of leading politicians as seemed calculated to do them good, and to promoto in them a growth of that humble and contrite spirit which is so much to be desired, if not in the statesman, at least in the saint-may be gathered from the following reprint of an article I published in the Pall Mall Gazette in 1886:

A PROFESSIONAL CONSCIENCE. The question was debated the other day whether it was advantageous that the leader of a party should be a conscientions politician. It was maintained by one who might himself, had he possessed more of the saving salt of personal ambition, have been sitting in Mr. Gladstone's seat during Mr. Gladstone's absence, that it was much better the leader of a party shonlil have no more conscience than a barrister—that is to say, he should have merely a professional conscience, which will assure him that he does right when he obtains a verdict for the wrong, according to the rules of the game. A leader in the House, it was said. must be above all things

tactician He must have all his faculties concentrated on the manoeuvring of the moment. Entrusted with the guidance of a more or less undisciplined mob of two or three hundred M.P.'s, hoy must be master of the arts of management, and be able to say

with the utmost alacrity exactly what course shoull be taken From a photo by]

[London Stereoscopic Co.

in the interests of the party in any and every fresh com

bination of circumstances. A conscientious politician in such MR. (NOW SIR) WILLIAM VERNON HARCOURT, M.P.,

a position has two things to think of: first, What does my AT THE TIME OF HIS FIRST SPEECH IN PARLIAMENT IN 1869.

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22

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frue philosophy that would avoid the greatest suffering man ever endures, by refusing to anticipate evils which may never occur.

Hugging this consolation to my heart, and reflecting that in all probability we shall never be fated to encounter the disaster of seeing Sir William Harcourt Prime Minister of England, I will endeavour to deal with the subject in the spirit of all my Character Sketchesviz., that of seeing an individual, not as he appears to his critics at his worst, but as he appears to himself at his best. At the same time it would be impossible adequately to appreciate the effort that must be made in order to live up to this excellent ideal by devoting the whole sketch to an exposition of Sir Willianı Harcourt as he seems to himself at his best. For this would be so very good that the casual reader would utterly fail to understand how it is that among the rank and file of the Liberal Party there should be so intense a feeling of dismay at the mere prospect of having to regard Sir William Harcourt as their chief.

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From the Clarion.]

october 17, 1896.

The Lion and the Unicorn were fighting for the Crown.
And so, between the pair of 'em, they pulled the party down.

conscience advise me ? and, second, What is the most expe some recent changes of what we suppose we must call Sir T. dient move for the party? A professional politician eliminates Harcourt's jrdgment, makes a headlong plunge to the ground. the former question. He has, therefore, only one thing to

THE LACKING SENSE OF CONTINUITY. think of instead of

His friends would have more confidence in Sir W. Harcourt two, and hence he

if they ever could be sure that he believed what he said, and can arrive at a de

a sweet peace would steal into their minds unknown before if cision more rapidly in

he attained sufficient consciousness of the continnity of his cases where action

existence not to maintain in private propositions exactly must be taken im

opposed to those which he proclaimed in public. It is not the mediately than nis

first qualification for a pilot who is wanted to weather the rival who is worried

storm, this capacity of boxing the compass, nor is the ship with a conscience.

likely to make much progress towards her destination when We need go no

her captain's only rule of seamanship is to spread his sails and further to account

run before the wind, no matter from what quarter it may for the nomination

blow. Sir W. Harcourt has never been known to profess any of Sir William

conviction which he was not ready to change on deman.. Harcourt to the re

Even when inwardly he has cursed the necessity which corversion of the Liberal

pelled him to execute so rapid a curve, he has obeyed. No leadership.

one was ever so pledged against Home Rule-so determined ITS DISADVANTAGES. to crush Home Rule. But Mr. Gladstone gave the word, and It is a somewhat "Hey, presto!” behold the doughty champion of the Umon

"Hey, presto!” behold the curious reflection transformed into the eloquent and even fervent advocate of an upon the earnestness Irish Parliament. He may have made up for his complaisance and sincerity of a before the public by damning Home Rule up hill and down

dale to his colleagues and his friends; but if so those shrieks IN 1873.

sat at the feet of of private freedom only emphasise the disgrace of his public

Carlyle, and Maurice, humiliation. It would, however, be unjust to Sir W. Harcourt and Newman, and Browning, that both the heirs presumptive not to admit that this astonishing facility of conversion may in to party leadership are men who are as conscienceless part be due to the fact that he was trained for the bar. He is not as Disraeli himself. Sir W. Harcourt and Lord Randolph the only Home Secretary, by any means, who has shown to the Churchill are more or less avowedly imitators of Lord world that a barrister who is briefed by the refresher of the Beaconsfield. Whether Sir W. Harcourt was born originally portfolio of the Home Office, and a retaining fee of £5,000 without a conscience, or whether, like the man in Mark a year, can execute a right-about-face with as mucli alacrity Twain's story, he strangled it and tore it to shreds, is not accurately recorded by the historian. All that is known is that if he had a large conscience once, he now has one o small that it has no place in practical politics. As for the advantage of this, even from the tactical point of view, there is room to doubt. It may be well to have your politician in these days of chopping and changing winds built like White's famous boats, which, with their double helm, can veer with any eddying gust; but it has its disad vantages. Some degree of stability is necessary even in party leaders. It is the weight of the tail which enables a kite to rise. If by any accident the tail is cut, the kite, after a series of evolutions in the air almost as sudden

SIR WILLIAM HARCOURT'S STUDY AND LIBRARY AT MAL WOOD. and as frunticas

(Photograph by Mr. J. G. Short, Lyrdhurst.)

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