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ON GUARD BEFORE THE TEMPLE OF PEACE.

THE GERMAN ESPEROR'S LATEST POLITICAL CARTOON.

EVENTS OF THE MONTH.

opposition of the National Vigilance Associa- 20. The Rt. Rev. Dr. Temple. Bishop of London tion and Social Purity Association.

nominated Archbishop of Canterbury. 0 t. 1. Armenian Indignation Meetings held The Germau Emperor received an Autograph Ambassadors met in Constantinople to consider throughout the country. Letter from the Sultan.

the situation. Fatal Accident in the Pacific Squadroa on Sep- The Extradition of Patrick Tynau refuse l by Assassination of Mgr. Bartolomeos attempted in tember 6th reported. the French Government.

Constantinople. Armenian Revolutionists addressed a last appeal New Press Law and the Alien Expulsion Bill The Lord Mayor-Elect received Her Majesty's to the Embassies of the Great Powers. enacted in the Transvaal.

approval of his election from the Lord ChanStrikes broke out in the coal mines of North 15. The National Agricultural Union discussed a

cellor. Bohemia.

new programme.

Report that Spaic has pot funds to continue the A malignant Fever reported to have carried off The Postmaster-General received a deputation Cuban War denied by the Spanish Minister.

10,000 people in Central Asia during the last from the National Agricultural Uniun, ale Li Hung Chang appointed Chinese Minister for two months. vocating Parcel Post Reforms.

Foreign Affairs. Congregational Union, at Leicester, pledge 1 An attack by Natives upon the Sanari Statio: 27. Mrs. Creighton presided at the Opening of the itself to work for a universal system of Free on the Quetta Railway reported.

Annual Conference of the National Union of Unsectarian Schools.

16. Wedza's stronghold captured by Lieut.-Col. Women Workers at Mapchester. Worcester Diocesan Conference resolved in Baden-Powell after two days' fighting.

Re-opening of the French Chamber. favour of Rate-aid for Voluntary Schools.

Funeral Services for the Archbishop of Canter- Letter from Mr. Gladstone read at an Armenian Imperial Iradé ordered the formation of a L bury held in the Principal Churches, as well Mass Meeting in New York Flotilla for defence of the Dardanelles. as at Canterbury,

Because of non-payment of wages the men in Deputation of the Cabdrivers' Trade Union Meetings in varions Towns discussel the the Constantinople Arsenal stopped work. Te veived at the Home Office.

Armcoiau situatio:1.

Several Native Chiefs offered to surrender id 2. Powder Magazine exploded at Bulawayo.

consequence of the destruction of their strougGeneral Amnesty again promised by the Sultan.

holds by Lieutenant-Colonel Baden-Powell. The Sultan's Special Commissioners recalle!

28. A communication from the Porte explaining from Crete.

the present collecting of funds was ruceived The Sirdar decorated by the Khedive.

by Turkish Embassies abroad. Said Khalid, the usurper of Zanzitar, prcte tej

29. Three thousand cab-drivers called out by the by German soldiers, conveyed to the Germau

Drivers' Union in London. East Africa coast.

The Woman's Suffrage Bill passed by the Arrests and expulsions continued in Turkey.

Victorian Legislative Council. First sod cut for the foundation of a Memorial

30. Resolutions urging Government Aid for Eleto John Wycliffe at Lutterworth. 3. William Morris died at Hammersmith.

mentary Schools passed by the National

Society. 4. Demonstration at Trafalgar Square to protest

Mr. Chamberlain received at Birmingham a against the present cab system.

Deputation from the National Union of School Winter Session of Toynbee Hall inaugurated.

Teachers praying for a Scheme for the Super5. Nonconformist demonstration against the Arme

annuation f Teachers. nian Horrors held in the City Temple.

Lord Knutsford appointed a Trustee of the First Huxley Lecture given at Charing Cross

National Gallery. Hospital.

The Report of the Committee on the Mercautile Mr. Asquith declared himself noable to pro

Marine Fund issued. nounce upon the merits of the Cab Strikers'

A Marine Laboratory opened at St. Andrews by demands.

Lord Reay. National Free Labour Association Conference

The Madagascar Minister of the Interior and! opened at Manchester.

Prince Ratsimananga executed for complicity The Tsar and Tsaritsa received by M. Faure

in the Rebellion. at Cherbourg

31. Report of Welsh Land Commission published. 6. Armenian Indigoation Meetings held in Shef

Mr. Chamberlain elected Lord Rector of field and Manchester,

Glasgow University. The Church Congress convened at Shrewsbury.

Archbishop Temple opened the Pepys Mission Tbe Amalgamated Society of Railway Servauts

House and Clubs at Westminster. met at York.

Lord Wolseley opened a new Drill-ball and William Morris buried at Kelmscott.

SUN-YAT-SEN.

Buildings of the Tower Hamlets Roya) Lord Rosebery resigned the Leadership of the

The Imprisoned Chinaman.

Engineer Volunteers at Bethnal Green. Opposition. Guayaquil, Ecuador, nearly destroyed by Fire.

(Photograph by Tuber, San Francisco.) 7. Severe fighting reported from Cuba

SPEECHES. 8. George du Maurier died.

Safe conduct granted by the Sultan to Armenian 9. Cabmen's Union decided to continue strike.

wives and children whose husbauds or

Oct. 1. Mr. Asquith, at Leven, on the Eastern The Porte's claim to search foreign steamers fathers are in America.

Situation. for Armenians rejected by the Council of Estimated that 16,000 cattle died during Sir Edward Clarke, at Plymouth, on the Ainbassadors, who also call attention to the September in the Mafeking district.

Armenian Question. unbearable condition of Crete.

Further outrages committed by the Marri tribe. Mr. Bryce, at Aberdeen, on British Foreigo The Armenian clergy refused to sign the 17. Greek Officers who deserted to assist the Cretans Policy. Address to tbe Sultan.

acquitted by the Court Martial.

Lord Londonderry, as Chairman of the London 10. The Tsar and Tsaritsa arrived at Darmstadt. The Sultan again declared his intention of en- School Board, on the work of that Board. 11. Government called upon by an Open-air Meet- forcing the Anatolia Reforms.

Lord Cross, at Bradford, on the necessity of ing in Hyde Park to end the Armenian 19. Jarble Bust of the Duke of Cambridge unveile1 Secondary Education. Massacres.

in the Guildhall.

2. Lord Justice Lindley, at St. Thomas's Hespital; Charles Parnell's Grave visited by a procession National Meeting hell at St. James's Hall to on the Opposition to Vivise tion. of Irish Nationalists.

Protest against Armenian Massacres

R. Cooke, M.P., before the Royal Horticultura) Italy demanded punishment of the Turk who

Italian Ambassados denouncel to the Porte tb2 Society, on Cider-Making Industry. killed one of her citizens.

insolence of bis Minister of Police.

Baron F. de Rothschild, at Aylesbury, ou the 12. The Austrian Embassy demanded in lemnity 20. Nelson's Monument in Trafalgar Square deco- Armenian Question. for the family of M. Zlato.

ratel by the Navy League.

Sir Wilfril Lawson, at Carlisle, oa the Evacua13. Opening of the Incorporated Law Society Con- Emperor Nicholas visited the German Emperor.

tion of Egypt. gress at Birmingham. Li Hung Chang arrived in lekiu.

Mr. Diggle on the Education Question. Sir H. H. Kitchener and staff arrived in Cairo. 21. A Mohammelan Pull-tax levied, and other taxes Mr. John Daly, at Limerick, on Justice for the Lord Dufferin presented his letters of recall to increased by the Sultan.

Treason-felony Prisoners. President Faure.

23. Sun-Yat-sen liberated from the Chiuese Lega- 4. Mr. John Burns, at Trafalgar Square, on the The Funeral Services of George du Maurier took

tion upon Lord Salisbury's order.

Privilege Cab Sys em. place at Hampstead Churcb.

24. Marriage of the Prince of Naples with Princess 5. Sir William Harcourt, at Ebbw Vale, on the Final Peace conference with the Matabele

Helen of Montenegro celebrated in Rome.

Eastern Situation. chiefs.

Foundation-stone of a Public Library laid at Lurd Halifax, at Shrewsbury, on the Pope's 14. Resolutions regretting Lord Rosebery's Resis, Dulwich by Sir Henry Irving.

Letter concerning Anglican Orders. nation passed by the National Liberal Sir J. H. Puleston laid Foundation-stone of St. 6. Si iam Harcourt, at Rhymney, on DomesFederation.

David's Welsh Church, Paddington Green.

tic Affairs. Licences granted to the Oxford Music-ball, 25. Trafalgar Square Meeting held by the supporters Lord Ripon, at Middlesborough, on the GovernEmpire and Palace Theatres, in spite of the of the Cab-Drivers' Strike.

ment and Armenia.

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8. Holman Hunt, at Shrewsbury, on Art in its

12. Sir William Fitz-Herbert, 88. Relation to the Church.

13. W. H. Wrench, British Consulat Con9. Lord Rosebery, at Edinburgh, on the Eastern

stantinople. Policy of the Government.

14. Francis Wakefield, author of "A Saxon 20. Sir William Priestley, at Liverpool, urging

Remedy for Irish Discontent.” Government aid toward scientific instruction.

15. Rev. John S. Jones, Chairman of the Exeter 11. Mr. J. Burns, Mr. Broadhurst, Rev. H. P.

Synod, 55. Hughes and others, at Hyde Park, on the

16. Henry Trimen, late Director of the Royal Armenian Massacres.

Botanical Gardens, Ceylon, 52. 12. Mr. Asquith, at East Fife, on the Future of the

17. Colonel Walter Raleigh Gilbert, C.B., 83. Liberal Party

Sir Edward Bates, 80. John Redmond, M.P., at Dublin, on Irish

Admiral C. L. D. Waddilove, 68. Affairs.

George Arthur Fripp, R.W.S., 83. Geoffrey Drage, M.P., at Blyth, on Poor Law

Henry Abbey, theatrical manager. Reform.

18. C. M‘Shape, Inspector General of Hospitals, 76. 13. Sir Michael Hicks Beach, at Darlington, on

19. Sir James Ramsden, 74. Domestic Politics.

William Rodgers, Founder of the British Liu14. Mr. Curzon, at Glasgow, on the Foreign Poli.y

guistic Reform Society. of Great Britain.

Rev. Anthony Holliday. Mr. Bryce, at Whitechapel, on the Solution of

Chief Justice William A. Richardson, 75. the Armenian Question.

20. Rev. W. M. Campion, Presidect of Queen's 15. Sir Edward Clarke, at York, ou the Venezuelan

College. Cambridge, 75. and Armenian'Questions.

M. Tisserand, Director of the Paris ObservaSir G. Trevelyan, at Glasg W, on Lord Rosebery's

tory, 51. Resiguation and the Armenian Situation.

William H. White, F.R.I.B.A., 58. P. Stanhope, M.P., at Manchester, on Lord

21. James H. Greathead, civil engineer. Rosebery and English Foreigu Policy.

22. Field-Marshal von Matteek. W. Woodall, M.P., at Leicester, on Foreign

General P. y Lacy, Marques de Novaliches, "2. Competition and Technical Education.

23. Charles F. Crisp, late Speaker in the l'. S. Lord Cromer, at Cairo, on the Conquest of

House of Representatives, 51. Khartoum.

24. Sir Albert A. D. Sassoon, 78.

THE LATE MR. W. H. WRENCH, C.M.G. 16. Mr. Asquith, at Edinburgh, iu support of the

Wm. D. Allen, of H. Bessemer, L'tl. Radical Candidate for the Lord-Rectorship. British Consul and Commercial Attaché to the 25. Rev. Carr J. Glyn, 98. 19. Mr. Asquith, at Galasliels, on the Political

Embassy at Constantinople.

George Phillips, British Consul in Chiny, 50. Outlook.

26. M. Challe-mel-Lacour, ex-President of Senate, 69. The Bishop of Rochester, the Bishop of Here- (Photograph by Abdullah Prères, Constantinople.)

Rear-Admiral Walter Stewart, 55. ford, the Mayor of Belfast, Rev. J. E. C.

Lord Farubam, 83.
Welldon, Sir Arthur Arnold, Mr. F. S. Steven- 27. Mr. Labouchere, at Northampton, on the
bou, M.P., Earl Beauchamp, Professor Ramsey, Leadership of the Opposition.
Rev. Dr. Clifford and otbers, at St. James's Lord Dufferin, at Belfast, on the Political
Hall, on the Armenian Situation.

outlook.
Mr. Chamberlain, at Birmiugham, on the Value

of Debating Societies.
Lord C. Beresford, at the Constitutional Club,

on the British Occupation of Egypt.
28. Lord Londonderry, at Gateshead, on Domesti:

Politics,
Sir Philip Magnus, at Bolton, on the True

Cause of the Growth of German Trade.
The Bishop of London, at Hampton, on

Diminishing the Temptations to Drink.
Justin McCarthy, M.P., at the Crystal Palace,

on the History of the Queen's Reigu.
Mr. Laurier, at Quebec, on the Canadian Fast

Steamship Service.
29. Sir M. Hicks Beach, at Bristol, on the Federa-

tion of Unionist and Conservatise Clubs.
30. Sir H. Campbell-Bavnerman, at Stirling, on

England and the European Powers.
Sir John Gorst, at Manchester, on Museums and

Art Education.
Archbishop Temple, at the Mansion House, on

Temperance.

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THE LATE GENERAL TROCHU.

OBITUARY.
Oct. 1. Edward Hudson, solicitor.

Prince rou Schönburg-Hartenstein, Vice-Pre

sident Austrian Upper-House. Colonel Robert Guthrie-Craig, 67.

2. Mrs. Emmı Darwin, widow of Charles Darwin, THE LATE LORD KENSINGTON.

88. (Photograph by Dickinson and Foster.)

William Foxton, 65.

3. William Morris, poet 62. 20. Earl Rosebery, at Colchester, on the solution of Canon Elward Hawkins, 96. the Armenian Question.

D). Tudor Evans, journalist, 76. 21. Lord C. Beresford, at Birmingham, on the union 5. Byron Reed, M.P. of Conservatives and Liberal Unionists.

Dr. J. A. Moloney, African traveller, 33. Mr. Walter Long, at Edinburgh, ou Agricul- 6. Francis Pattrick, President, Magdalene, Camtural Improvements.

bridge. Sir Henry Roscoe, at the College of Preceptors, George H. West, journalist, 45. on the Education Bill.

General Sir James Abbott, 89. Mr. Asquith, at Leeds, on Education.

7. Lord Kensingtoa. 22. Mr. Goscben, at Birmingham, ou Internatio:al Sir Edward Hunter-Blair, 79. Prejudice.

J. A. Beith.
The Bishop of Peterborough, at Northampton, General Trochu, First Goveruor of Paris, 81.
on His Impressions of Russia.

Edward Bumpus, bookseller, 6+.
Sir Charles Dilk, at Fishmongers' Hall, on George du Maurier, 62.
Our Merchant Navy.

9. Baron F. von Mueller, Austrian explorer, 71.
26. Earl Spencer, at Worcester, ou the Cyprus Con- Thos. Rowley Hill.
vention.

Cardinal de Ruggiero, 80. Earl Cadogau, at Culford, ou his reportel resigna- 10. Sir James Naesmyth. tion,

Lord Congleton, 87. Lord Balfour of Burleigh, at Ipswich, on the 11. Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Cantersolution of the Armenian Trouble.

bury, 67. 27. Lord Lansdowne, at Lee is, against single-han led Autou Buckner, composer, 72. intervention in Turkey.

Stephen Lynch, 49.

27. Dr. George Harley, F.R.S., 68.

Sir Colman Rashleigh, 75.

Richard Davies, Lord Lieut. of Anglesey, 18. 28. Sir Joseph G. L. Innes, Judge of the Supreme

Court of New South Wales, 62. 30. Cardinal Hobenlohe, Prince Gustavus Adolphus

of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfurst, 73.

Surgeon-General William Muuro, 72.
31. Jau Verhas, painter, 63.

DEATHS AXXOUNCED.
Miss Julia Goddard, Sept. 30.
Francis Playford, 72.
General William Cavaye, 9t.
Cavalier Edward W. St. H. Stanford, ex-Sicilian

Consul-General iu Calcutta, 73.
M. D. Ordinaire, journalist, 70.
M. Auguste Trécul, botavist, 78.
M. Conti, publisher.
Rear-Admiral Fourier, 57.
Rev. Canou Hector Arlsom, 80.
Surgeon-General Darley Bergine, 70.

I of

1.-SIR WILLIAM HARCOURT. PERHAPs by nature I am rather an optimist. Some people enjoy being pessimists, and their greatest pleasure in the world is to think that everything is very bad and that it is going to be worse. I do not think that is a fortunate temperament. At all events in life the optimists have the best of it, and the pessimists have the worst of it, because the pessimist is unhappy in the present, where there may be no grourd for it at all, and things may turn out well; but the optimist is happy, at all events in the present, even though things ultimately turn out badly. I should recommend people to cultivate the habit of optimism rather than that of pessimism, for after all they may never live to see the bad times which the pessimist enjoys in expectancy. I remember a great man whose friendship I had the honour to enjoy, the late Lord Beaconsfield, saying to me once that the greatest suffering man ever endures is in the anticipation of evils which never occur. That is a very true thing in the history of life.- Sir W. HARCOURT, June 14, 1894. 1.-DUGALD DALGETTY.

In this sketch I shall deal with Sir William Harcourt HAVE screwed up my courage to attempt the as a regenerate politician. It is necessary to do so in

order that the Liberal Party may continue to preserve perusing the sage reflections on optimism which I some degree of self-respect. What the unregenerate have placed at the head of this article. It is assuredly a

Harcourt was-or, rather, how he appeared to me in those unregenerate days when, in Northumberland Street, I lived in the Palace of Truth, and said such things of leading politicians as seemed calculated to do them good, and to promote in them a growth of that humble and contrite spirit which is so much to be desired, if not in the statesman, at least in the saint-may be gathered from the following reprint of an article I published in the Pall Mall Gazette in 1886:

A PROFESSIONAL CONSCIENCE. The question was debated the other day whether it was advantageous that the leader of a party should be a conscientions politician. It was maintained by one who might himself, had ho possessed more of the saving salt of personal ambition, have been sitting in Mr. Gladstone's seat during Mr. Gladstone's absence, that it was much better the leader of a party shoull have no more conscience than a barrister—that is to say, le should have merely a professional conscience, which will assure him that he does right when he obtains a verdict for the wrong, according to the rules of the game. A leader in the House, it was said, must be above all things a tactician. He must have all his faculties concentrated on the manoeuvring of the moment. Entrusted with the guidance of a more or less undisciplined mob of two or three hundred M.P.'s, ho must be master of the arts of management, and be able to say

with the utmost alacrity exactly what course should be taken From a photo by]

[London Stereoscopic Co. in the interests of the party in any and every fresh com

bination of circumstances. A conscientious politician in such MR. (NOW SIR) WILLIAM VERNON HARCOURT, M.P., a position has two things to think of: first, What does my

AT THE TIME OF HIS FIRST SPEECH IN PARLIA-
MENT IN 1869.

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true philosophy that would avoid the greatest suffering man ever endures, by refusing to anticipate evils which enay never occur.

Hugging this consolation to my heart, and reflecting that in all probability we shall never be fated to encounter the disaster of seeing Sir William Harcourt Prime Minister of England, I will endeavour to deal with the subject in the spirit of all my Character Sketchesviz., that of seeing an individual, not as he appears to his critics at his worst, but as he appears to himself at his best. At the same time it would be impossible adequately to appreciate the effort that must be made in order to live up to this excellent ideal by devoting the whole sketch to an exposition of Sir William Harcourt as he seems to himself at his best. For this would be so very good that the casual reader would utterly fail to understand how it is that among the rank and file of the Liberal Party there should be so intense a feeling of dismay at the mere prospect of having to regard Sir William Harcourt as their chief.

From the Clarion.]

[October 17, 1896. The Lion and the Unicorn were fighting for the Crown. And so, between the pair of 'em, they pulled the party down.

conscience advise me? and, second, What is the most expe- some recent changes of what we suppose we must call Sir W. dient move for the party? A professional politician eliminates Harcourt's jrdgment, makes a headlong plunge to the ground. the former question. He has, therefore, only one thing to

THE LACKING SENSE OF CONTINUITY. think of instead of

His friends would have more confidence in Sir W. Harcourt two, and hence he

if they ever could be sure that he believed what he said, und can arrive at a decision more rapidly in

a sweet peace would steal into their minds unknown before if

he attained sufficient consciousness of the continnity of his cases where action

existence not to maintain in private propositions exactly must be taken immediately than nis

opposed to those which he proclaimed in public. It is not the rival who is worried

first qualification for a pilot who is wanted to weather the with

storm, this capacity of boxing the compass, nor is the ship a conscience. We need go no

likely to make much progress towards her destination when further to account

her captain's only rule of seamanship is to spread his sails and

run before the wind, no matter from what quarter it may for the nomination

blow. Sir W. Harcourt has never been known to profess any of Sir William

conviction which he was not ready to change on demand. Harcourt to the re

Even when inwardly he has cursed the necessity which comversion of the Liberal leadership

pelled him to execute so rapid a curve, he has obeyed. No

one was ever so pledged against Home Rule—so determined ITS DISADVANTAGES.

to crush Home Rule. But Mr. Gladstone yave the word, and It is a somewhat “Hey, presto!” behold the doughty champion of the Union curious reflection transformed into the eloquent and even fervent advocate of an upon the earnestness Irish Parliament. He may have made up for his complaisance

and sincerity of a before the public by damning Home Rule up hill and down IN 1873.

generation which has dale to his colleagues and his friends; but if so those shrieks sat at the feet of of private freedoin only emphasise the disgrace of his public

Carlyle, and Maurice, humiliation. It would, however, be unjust to Sir W. Harcourt and Newman, and Browning, that both the heirs presumptive vot to admit that this astonishing facility of conversion may in to party leadership are men who are as conscienceless part be due to the fact that he was trained

for the bar. He is not. as Disraeli himself. Sir W. Harcourt and Lord Randolph the only Home Secretary, by any means, who has shown to the Churchill are more or less avowedly imitators of Lord world that a barrister who is briefed by the refresher of the Beaconsfield. Whether Sir W. Harcourt was born originally portfolio of the Home Office, and a retaining fee of £5,000 without a conscience, or whether, like the man in Mark a year, can executo a right-about-face with as much alacrity Twain's story, he strangled it and tore

it to shreds, is not accurately recorded by the historian. All that is known is that if he had a large conscience once, he now has small that it has no place in practical politics. As for the advantage of this, even from the tactical point of view, there is room to doubt. It may be well to have your politician in these days of chopping and changing winds built like White's famous boats, which, with their double helm, can veer with any eddying gust; but it has its disad vantages. Some degree of stability is necessary in party leaders. It is the weight of the tail which enables a kite to rise. If by any accident the tail is cut, the kite, after a series of evolutions in the air almost as sudden

SIR WILLIAM HARCOURT'S STUDY AND LIBRARY AT MALWOOD. and as franticas

(Photograph by Mr. J. G. Short, Lyrdhurst.)

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