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THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. The most important papers in the current issue of the Quarterly are the sketch of Nietzsche and the discussion on the Boers and Uitlanders, both of which claim separate notice. Most of the other articles are biographical and historical, but none of supereminent worth.
WILL THE NEXT POPE BE ELECTED IN ROME? The inevitable approach of the time when a new Pope must be elected leads to much being written about the Papal Conclave, and the Quarterly gives a great deal of information on the subject. The reviewer traces the successive efforts which the Church of Rome has made to improve the system of papal election, but thinks that the new documents, carefully examined, show the presence of dissension, trickery and artifice. The attempt to bind by law men who are determined for the time to own no earthly superior seems to be useless. Among the Bulls, published for the first time in 1891, is one of October 10th, 1877, which reveals the change due to the loss of the temporal power :
The first Article confirms to the Sacred College the right of electing the Pope, to the absolute exclusion of any intervention on the part of the secular Power. The second provides that, with a view to accelerate the election, the Cardinals may dispense with the accessory ceremonials of the Conclave as set forth by previous enactments. ... The third annuls all previous rules concerning the duties of the civil and municipal magistrate in connection with the Conclave. The fourth states that, in the event of the death of the Pope taking place at Rome, the Cardinals present in the Curia at the moment of his decease shall decide, by an absolute majority of voices, if the election shall take place out of Rome ånd out of Italy. As soon as the number of Cardinals present shall be one-half plus one of all the members of the Sacred College, they may, if they think fit, proceed immediately to an election. ... By Article 6 the Pope, having regard to the position of the Holy See, expresses his wish that the Conclave may be held out of Italy. Article 7 prescribes that if the Cardinals shall decide on holding the Conclavo in Italy, and even at Rome, if there shall be any infringement of the respect due to the place of meeting, or of their personal independence, either by private persons or by the agents of the Government, the Conclave must be dissolved, and must assemble out of Italy. The question suggests itself to the reader, if the Pope's
Is wish were complied with, and the next election were held out of Italy, would this not be a good step towards de-Italianising the Papacy?
“THE NEW ART-CRITICISM." In a sympathetic notice of Mr. Berenson's “ Venetian Painters,” the reviewer gives a summary of his “ method of analysis and comparison which makes it possible to reconstruct the artistic personality of a painter" :
The careful study of an artist's early works will not fail to reveal the existence of certain types which have been acquired from his first teacher, and will thus enable us to recognise the model upon which his style has been formed. It is, naturally enough, in the less expressive and least noticed features, such as the ears and the hands, as well as in such details as the hair and draperies, that the habits of execution which a painter has derived from his teacher will be detected. And these consequently will supply the best clue to an artist's origin and to the history of his education. Side by side with these peculiarities, we shall note certain varieties of form, of colouring and expression, in which the artist's personal and individual character reveals itself. And in the course of his career, we shall find traces of the presence of other influences which have helped to modify these original tendencies and to mould his style. We commend this clear and simple explana
tion to those writers who still think it necessary to sneer at the new connoisseurship and to deride what they are pleased to call the cult of the big toe or the ear-toe-and-nail test.
SIR THOMAS MORE AND HIS BOOK. A warm appreciation of the author of “Utopia" and his work discerns in it “ something vaticinatory":
Rudhart finds it underlain by three great truths: that toleration should prevail in matters of religious belief; that all political power should not be vested in a single hand; that the well-being of the body politic depends upon the ethical and religious fitness (Tüchtigkeit) of its members. The first two of these truths we may reckon-it must be hoped--among the secure conquests of the modern mind. The third, perhaps, is, as yet, by no means generally apprehended.
More's character in " daring to be good” is declared to be “no ordinary manifestation of the triumph of those ideal forces":
It was no ordinary vindication of the freedom of the rational will to follow its transcendental law. Nor is it easy to overestimate the value of one sipgle life like More's. Duty, selfdevotion, sacritice,-the things written upon every page of it, - what is the explanation of them? They are inexplicable apart from the supersensuous, the ideal, the divine and eternal.
OTHER ARTICLES. The change in Cicero's attitude to Cæsar from his eulogy of the Dictator in his speech for Marcellus in B.C. 46, to his abuse of the fallen tyrant in the second Philippic, which has led Mr. Froude to doubt the orator's honesty, is justified by the reviewer as throughout sincere. A vivid account-which ladies will read with special interest of the extravagances of Elizabethan fashions concludes by attributing them partly to the mistaken economics which led to the hoarding of money. There is also a study of the life of Speaker Onslow, who is said to be “still looked up to as our chief authority on all questions of Parliamentary practice." The writer on “ Money and the Masses in America" refuses to forecast the result, as “the Bryanites are a great upheaval, and it is as yet impossible to say to what extent the forces which produced them continue in operation. They indicate à social disorder which must inevitably continue in activity long after the election."
The Windsor. The October issue offers an excellent array of good things. Major A. Griffiths's Paper on Female Prisoners, and Mr. Wintle's Experiences round the London Restaurants, claim special notice. Dr. Conan Doyle, who contributes a short story, is “ portrayed” by Archibald Cromwell, and very warmly “appreciated” by Hugh S. Maclaughlan. The topographical sketch is of Blackpool, by Mr. John Hyde, and an attractive sketch it is of the great Lancashire Brighton, with its fifty thousand trippers of a Saturday afternoon and a “season” population of one hundred and fifty thousand. The “ Vagabonds Museum," by Mr. T. A. Jones, is a humorous collection of beggars' tricks and pictures on view at the London Society for the Suppression of Mendicity. The family likeness in these pictures has led to the conviction that “somewhere in London there is a studio where these things are manufactured, but its exact locality has so far escaped detection.” “The Largest School in the World," described by S. L. Bensusan, is the Jews' Free School, Spitalfields, which accommodates three thousand five hundred children. One cannot but admire the success with which Jewish philanthrops deals with the children of Jewish refugees, who only speak Yiddish to begin with, and are taught, besides the Code subjects, English and Hebrew.
THE REVUE DE PARIS. THE Revue de Paris has on the whole escaped the prevalent Russian fever, and with the exception of two articles, both recalling long past events-namely, the visit of Peter the Great to France and the curious relations which existed between the two countries in 1817-the Revue does not in any way touch upon the public events of last month. And yet the two instalments of Balzac's voluminous and interesting letters to the “foreign lady," the Russian Countess who afterwards became his wife, might by some be considered as bearing on the FrancoRussian Alliance, if only because they prove to a singular degree the ardent sympathy which once united through long years of absence the most gifted French writer of the century and the Russian lady who became, from the moment he saw her, his ideal. But this curious correspondence, which will be found noticed elsewhere, really supplies tho personal element of which French editors are so curiously chary.
The place of honour in the first October number is given to a collection of somewhat dull passages from the diary kept by Taine, the historian, during a tour in Western France, taken during the years 1863 and 1866. He gives a very unpleasant picture of the Brittany of that day, and declares, on the word of one of the Government officials, that Parisian vice is greatly recruited from this corner of France-an assertion which is the more astounding abroad, as the Breton is credited with the special virtues which distinguish the Irish peasantry.
AN ALPINE CLIMBER'S PARADISE. Another travel paper of a very different nature is an account of “The New Zealand Alps,” by the well-known climber E. A. Fitzgerald. Of late years the French have taken an ever-increasing interest in Alpine exploration, and the publication of an excellent map of the mountains described adds much to the interest of the article. The well-known Swiss guide, Mathias Zurbrigen, who had previously accompanied Sir Martin Conway to the Himalayas, was with Mr. Fitzgerald in New Zealand. and together they made the ascent of most of the peaks composing the chain which includes Mount Sefton, the Matterhorn of the New Zealand Alps. The writer describes New Zealand as being, from every point of view, the Alpine climber's paradise.
A FRENCH VIEW OF BAYREUTH. Bayreuth seems to exercise a strange fascination on all those who make their way to the quaint little German town with a view to being present at the Wagner performances. This last summer ten thousand strangers, French, German, American, and even Chinese, made á pilgrimage there, and among them M. Ferneuil, who recounts at some length his impressions of the scenes at which he assisted. He was much struck by the essentially German character of the scenic effects, and of the impression produced by the performers. It is to the strongly national character of the Bayreuth Buhnenfestspiele that the success of these performances is due. The Teuton, unlike the Frenchman, easily resigns himself to sinking his individuality in a group or an association. In other words, the German actor or actress has no wish to pose as a star, but is quite content to form part of a perfect whole.
The Wagnerian drama requires complete subordination on the part of those interpreting it, and this will never be found in any country but Germany. “Where else,"
cries M. Ferneuil, “would be found such artists as Sucher, Brema and Schumann Einke, willing to accept small parts?” He also awards the highest praise to the orchestra for showing the same forgetfulness of self or when performing in the world-famous theatre or operahouse. On the other hand, the French critic does not share the general admiration for the scenery and costumes, which, to his fastidious taste, appear unsuitable and illconsidered from every point of view.
ITALY, FRANCE AND TUNIS. The second number of the Revue de Paris opens with a description by Count Adolf de Circourt of the mission undertaken by him to Berlin in the winter of 1843. The famous French diplomat, who has now been dead some years, played a considerable part behind the scenes of contemporary French history, and he was in turn trusted by Louis Philippe, the Republican Government of 1818, and Napoleon III.; but he probably owed the conduct of the important negotiations entrusted to him in 1818 to his intimate friendship with Lamartine, to whom was confided everything that concerned the Republican Government's relations with foreign Cabinets.
Of more immediate importance is Signor Franchetti's analysis of the Franco-Italian Treaty of Commerce, or rather that portion of the Treaty which relates specially to Tunis. As a member of the Italian Parliament, the writer speaks with a certain authority, and it is evident that he represents the party who wish to see once more restored the most cordial relations between the two countries. Incidentally, he gives some curious statistics, which, if they are correct, go to show that, unlike France, Italy can boast of a largely increasing population, of which the surplus finds an easy mode of dispersion by emigration. Three hundred thousand Italian men and wonien leave their country every year. M. Franchetti lets it be clearly seen that the situation in Tunis is becoming in Italy as bitter a question as that of the English occupation of Egypt is in France, and he indicates that when Italy consented to form an integral part of the Triple Alliance she intended her action to be taken as an answer to France's action in Africa. Those interested in international politics will find this article, which is written with moderation and good temper, a valuable contribution to the history of our own time,
THE JUGE D'INSTRUCTION An anonymous article on the French Bench, or rather Magistracy, contains some good reading. Before the Revolution, legal appointments were hereditary. Now, it seems it is by no means difficult to obtain the position of judge. A certain number, like our own “Great Unpaid," are willing to do the work of a magistrate for nothing. Even when a magistrate is paid, the salary would be considered insignificant by many an English clerk, for a French judge of the fourth class is only too well pleased when, after some years of unpaid work, he is appointed to a post worth £120 a year. And yet it is greatly to the honour of the French Magistracy that the charge of venality is never brought against them. Still, the fact that their position carries with it so extremely small an income makes them naturally painfully anxious for advancement, and though absolutely incorruptible when in the exercise of their functions, there is nothing they will not do as men and private citizens in order to obtain a better judgeship, or, rather, a better paid post. On the other hand, the judges of whom so much is heard in England, in other words, the juges d'instruction, play an all-powerful part in French life, for it is they who have it in their power to torture, from the British point of view, a supposed criminal into acknowledging the crime of which he is accused. It is an old joke that in France a young man who was passing his Bar examination was asked, “Who holds the greatest position in France ?” Instead of naming the President of the Republic, he stammered out, “ The juge d'instruction,” and the youth was not so far wrong. for everything short of physical torture is within his power. On a simple written order of the juge d'instruction, the French citizen's house can be broken into, his letters read, his servants questioned, nay, even his family grave opened. It is curious to note that the anonymous writer of this article considers that the French Magistracy have two powerful enemies, namely, the press and the political world; and certainly a section of the Paris press does not love the French Bench, and seldom mentions it without some unpleasing epithet. These attacks, which really mean very little, are answered on the part of those whom they seek to injure by the most absolute silence. As for the political world, those composing it or touching on it have too often had to appear before the juge d'instruction to wish him much good, and it will be interesting to see if these two all-powerful and venal sections of the French world of to-day will carry out their openly-expressed intention of abolishing one of the oldest and most worthy of French institutions, for on the whole la magistrature is in every sense above reproach.
THE REVUE DES DEUX MONDES. We have noticed elsewhere M. Leroy Beaulieu's article on the Tsar's tour in the first October number of the Revue, and Vicomte d'Avenel's article on Workmen's Wages in France.
M. Goyau continues in the first October number his articles on Protestantism in Germany. He tells the curious story of the attack by Harnack on the Prussian Liturgy in 1892 The Emperor William II. when he opened, after restoration, Luther's famous church at Wittenberg in 1892, made a declaration obviously aimed at the heresies of Harnack, and the Prussian Church soon afterwards issued a circular, in which of course they supported the Emperor.
Other articles in the number are, one on “ Algeria in 1896," by M. de Varigny, in which we see the justifiable pride of the patriotic Frenchman in the fine colony of which his country has become possessed; and an article by M. Michel, of the Academy of Fine Arts, on the “ Masters of the Symphony”- Bach, Haydn, and Mozart.
To the second October number, M. d'Haussonville contributes the regulation article which as a matter of course appeared in so many periodicals at the time of the Tsar's visit to France-namely, one on the previous visit of Peter the Great in 1717.
M. Brunetière, another well-known Academician, contributes a specimen of the kind of philosophical article which Frenchmen love on “ The Bases of Belief.” It is interesting to note that he refers more than once to Dr. Balfour's book on “The Foundations of Belief,” which appeared last year, and to Mr. Benjamin Kidd's “Social Evolution.”
Other articles in the number include one by M. Bellessort on the salt petre works of Iquique, forming one of a series of articles of travel in Chili and Bolivia. M. Bellessort's account of the Peruvian women is very flattering.
THE NOUVELLE REVUE. The October numbers of the Nouvelle Revue afford little material for criticism. We have noticed elsewhere an interesting paper on the monastery of Troitza. The first October number is almost entirely devoted to Russia, and the first article is a welcome and a salutation to the Tsar. The second article on steel weapons, by General Dragomirof, is of high technical interest. A touching sketch of two little children by Prince Serge Wolonsky is succeeded by a picture of a battle-field by M. de Mayer; and M. de Gourlof writes a severe article upon the supposed encroachments of the English in Spanish America. The two next papers on “ Soul”-or “Seoul,” as we call it—and the “Fair of Simbirsk" are experiences of travel. Mme. D'Engelhardt collects a number of Russian proverbs, some of them very telling. Mme. Adam contributes some reminiscences of the late Tsar Alexander III.
The address of the editorial staff to Mme. Adam in the second October number is a fine commemoration of the nineteenth year of the Nouvelle Revue. The “Recollections of General Oudinot” are succeeded by a thoughtful paper of M. Raffaelli's on “ Art under a Democracy.” He tells us that in France in the year 1830 there were about three thousand painters, and the names of only ten can be said to have remained. There are now thirty thousand painters, of whom he does not believe that more than ten or fifteen names will suurvive. This paper will be found interesting. The story of the French Pope, John XXII., takes us back to the days of Petrarch. “A Journey to the Gorge du Loup” is a picturesque paper. Mme. Adam's letters on foreign politics are noticed elsewhere.
THE ART MAGAZINES. LIFE AND WORK OF MR. MARCUS STONE. THE Christmas number of the Art Journal, the Art Annual, is devoted to the Life and Work of Mr. Marcus Stone. Those who know the style of subject for which Mr. Stone is now famous will be surprised to hear that the artist has already gone through several phases. Mr. Alfred Lys Baldry writes in the Annual:
What first attracted Mr. Stone was a species of military genre, and later he turned to historical subjects treated in a somewhat free and unconventional manner. Septiment, too, occupied him largely at one time, and he painted several pictures in which the motive was the telling of a pathetic story, or the representing of an emotional moment which gavo opportunity for dramatic grouping and arrangement. opportunity for dramatic groups and
Referring to Mr. Stone's well-known style, the article continues :
His pictures are popular because they unite daintiness of sentiment with attractiveness of setting and arrangement. They are painted not to appeal to any craving for sensationalism, but to present in as fascinating a form as possible those events in which all classes are interested because of their common possession of a certain range of human emotions.
Mr. Baldry gives an interesting account of Mr. Stone's career, notes on bis pictures and his methods, and a list of his works. There are four full-page plates, a photogravure of " A Prior Attachment” being the frontispiece. “. Edward II. and Piers Gaveston” is a fine line engraving.
PERHAPS no pocket diaries are more generally couvenient than the “ Back-Loop” ones issued by Messrs. John Walker and Co., of Warwick Lane. They are published in all sizes—from one suitable to the waistcoat pocket to one to contain letters,
THE ARTS AND CRAFTS. To the art world the most important event of the month has been the Arts and Crafts Exhibition at the New Gallery, and thero are several interesting notices of it. One of the most important articles in the Studio (October) is the first notice of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition, with illustrations of the work of Mr. C. Harrison Townsend and Mr. Walter Crane. The October number of the Artist is an Arts and Crafts number. Mr. Aymer Vallance writes on Mr. William Morris, while Mabel Cox devotes over thirty pages to the Exhibition, also fully illustrated.
Mr. Lewis Day, writing in the Art Journal (November), thinks such an exhibition keeps alive some care for the artistic side of making, while the identity of the actual makers of the things beautiful may be more conducive to originality of design and conscientious workmanship. The critic in the November Magazine of Art (Mr. Lewis Day ?) says the Exhibition is not only better artistically, but is saner æsthetically than those of previous years, and the workers' productions are more closely in harmony with the cultivated taste of the true lover of art.
There are several other articles in the art magazines on various Arts and Crafts not in relation to the New Gallery Exhibition. In the Studio, it is Continental Bookbindings, by Mr. A. J. Meier-Graefe; in the Art Journal, it is Gold, Silver, and Coppersmiths, by Mr. F. Miller ; in the Magazine of Art, it is the Dellia Robbia Pottery Industry; Art and Electricity, by R. Jope-Slade; and Stencilled Stuffs by Mr. Lewis Day. Of course almost every article in these magazines is beautifully illustrated.
With the November number the Magazine of Art begins a new volume in an enlarged forin. The extra pages are to be devoted to the Art Movement of the Day, decorative art in all its most recent developments. In the current number we note, in addition to the articles referred to, a very interesting notice of the career of Mr. Laurence Alma Tadema by Mr. Spielmann. A new feature is “ Notes and Queries.” Through this page readers may obtain information on all matter relating to artistic bistory, biograplıy, technique, methods and processes, copyright law, etc.
Architecture continues the excellent illustrated papers on the cathedrals, and Winchester is begun in the October number. The same number also contains articles on Vézelay, by Mr. J. Coates Carter; Modern English Ironwork, by Mr. H. Longden ; and the Wye and Severn, by Mr. C. G. Harper. These, too, are well illustrated.
eren worse. Again, the number of criminals who fall each year into the clutches of the law varies from 5,000 to 6,000, and of these it is calculated hardly any are reformed. Signora Marsilli writes of homes in which the children are “ignorant of everything that they ought to know, and are familiar with everything of which they should know nothing." Her description reaches a climax orer the child-workers in the Sicilian sulphurmines-boys of eight and ten, unrestrained by any factory act, who, without even a shirt on their backs, run along the narrow passages of the mines and up the steep gradients to the pit's mouth bearing heavy sacks of sulphur on their shoulders, and who make their dinner off bits of black bread which they dip in the stinking oil of the little hand-lamps that light them through the darkness. Verily, as the authoress says, there is room in Italy for a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children similar to our own. Much, she admits, has been done by private charity, but much more needs to be done if Italy is to take her rightful place among the humane nations of Europe..
The Nuova Antologia (October 1st) publishes the first of what promises to be an exceedingly interesting series of articles from the pen of L. Mariani on “ The Kingdom of Minos,” sympathy with the Cretans being very keen in Italy just now, partly owing to a fellow-feeling with all rebels against foreign tyranny, and partly from the fact that for four and a half centuries Crete was actually part of Italy, being one of the possessions of the Republic of Venice. This first article gives an historical account of the island, and especially of the successive revolts by which since 1821 the Christian inhabitants have wrung certain reforms out of their Turkish rulers, the most important being of course the celebrated Halepa Convention of 1878, since revoked. The author maintains that the Cretans have proved themselves in every way worthy of liberty, and concludes: “Crete will always remain an open sore, a cause of trouble to herself and to Europe, as long as she remains under the disgraceful dominion of the Turks.”
The mid-October number opens with an Ode of Welcome to Princess Hélène of Montenegro, the first royal bride destined to wear the crown of United Italy, and it contains further, à propos of the royal wedding, an appreciative article by D. Ciampoli on the folk-lore and love-songs or “ pjesme" of Montenegro, which are sung by the Montenegrin women to a mandoline accompaniment. These pjesme are described as possessed of “an exquisite imitative harmony and great wealth of rhythm; concise, plastic, tender, the verses flow like pure water, and are clear cut like a virgin profile.” In all Slav songs marriage plays a great part, and the inspiration is half Pagan, half Christian. Judging even from the prose-translated specimens included in the article the Montenegrin songs seem inspired by a passionate and poetic imagination, not without a tinge of sadness, and an Eastern wealth of colour and imagery which should render them a fascinating subject of study.
We have received copies for the first half-year of its existence of Bessarione, a new Italian and Catholic magazine started in the interests of ecclesiastical unity between the Latin ard Greek Churches. The name is taken from the celebrated Cardinal Bessarione, Archbishop of Nicæa, who laboured in the cause of unity in the fifteenth century. The periodical is well printed and well got up, and contains up-to-date information on learned questions of the day. The October number gives the various Eastern and Western versions of the wellknown pious legend of the Seven Sleepers.
THE ITALIAN REVIEWS. It is not often that Italian ladies contribute to the Italian magazines, but the Rassegna Nazionale (October 1st) opens its pages this month to an eloquent appeal from the pen of Signora G. Rottigni-Marsilli on behalf of the destitute and suffering childhood of her country. It is an article which, for passionate pleading, backed up by undeniable facts, might have sprung from the pen of Mr. Benjamin Waugh himself. Juvenile depravity, juvenile crime, and juvenile destitution are, according to our authoress, rampant not only in many overcrowded city courts, but also among the scattered rural population. The annual death-rate for legitimate children under one year in Italy is 190 per 1,000, and for illegitimate 294 per 1,000-a proportion that speaks for itself, though it is only fair to add that the figures for France and Austria are
SOME ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINES.
The Ludgate. The most useful article in the Ludgate for November is Mr. J. E. Archibald's well illustrated paper on Belfast. Frederick Dolman describes some London Ladies' Clubs. There is a short illustrated account of the American Presidential Campaign. The portraits of the two candidates show a remarkable resemblance. Miss Olga Nethersole describes her first appearance, and there is another theatrical paper entitled " Stars that have Set.” Mr. Wood's series of papers on Regimental Journals is continued.
Cassell's Family Magazine. Cassell's Family Magazine announces several changes to be commenced with the December number. In future the magazine will consist of one hundred and twelve pages instead of eighty pages as hitherto. All the old features are to be retained, and the extra space devoted to fiction and popular articles. In the December number Flora Annie Steel will commence a story entitled " The Gift of the Gods,” a romance of the West of Scotland. A series of papers on the lives and homes of Continental womanhood will be begun, and a description of the Princess of Wales' horses will be the first instalment of a set of papers under the title “My Horses.” The first paper in the November number is entitled, “ Punch and Cousin Jonathan.” In it Mr. M. H. Spielmann describes the view taken by the English comic press of their kinsfolk across the sea. The article is illustrated by the reproductions of several cartoons from Punch, It is a curious illustration of the rapid growth in importance of the New World Mary S. Warren has an instructive paper on “ Porcelain : How it is made.”
Pall Mall Magazine. The Pall Mall Magazine for November is a very good number. The most striking paper-Mr. Schooling's graphic setting of marriage statistics-demands separate notice. A serial begins by the late R. L. Stevenson, entitled “St. Ives: the Adventures of a French Prisoner in England." H. A. Vachell gives a vivid sketch of the Italian colony of organ-grinders, ice-cream vendors and the like near Hatton Garden, and bewails “the passing of the Organari.” They are, it appears, being elbowed out by more aggressive British rivals. “ Twenty years hence the organari of London will be as extinct as the dodo or great auk. We shall have lost a soft skein of vivid colour." Sir E. F. du Cane contributes a straightforward business-like account of Italian prisons. Life at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, is portrayed by Lieutenant Commander J. Kelley (U. S. Navy). The number of cadets are limited by law to one cadet from each congressional district, and eleven appointed by the President. General Sir Hugh Gough continues his memories of the Indian Mutiny. Stoneleigh in Warwickshire is the topographical paper, by the Honourable Mary C. Leigh. The illustrations are as usual distinguished, and well executed. The frontispiece is a reproduction of Rembrandt's portrait of himself,
McClure's Magazine.' Mrs. ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS's new creed is noticed elsewhere. There is a splendidly illustrated article on the Daguerreotype in America, by Mrs. D. T. Davis. The daguerreotypes of Garibaldi, Daniel Webster, and Fenimore Cooper are especially interesting. Another well illustrated article is E. M. McKenna's account of the home and pictures of Alma-Tadema. An interesting paper is that giving an account of railroading in the Rockies. The story of Lincoln's nomination in 1860 is told at length, and Rudyard Kipling commences his new story, “Captains Courageous.” The rest of the magazine is devoted to fiction.
The Strand. Its tradition of variety and freshness and surprise is kept up in the Strand for October. About the big telescopes of the world Mr. W. G. Fitzgerald tells a great deal in his illustrated interview with Sir Howard Grubb, of the Dublin astronomical works. The Lick telescope is fixed on Mount Hamilton 4,200 ft. above sea level, is 57 ft. long, weighs 40 tons, and has an object-glass 36 in. in diameter. C. T. Yerkes, of Chicago notoriety, eager only to “lick the Lick,” has caused to be made a tube 64 ft. long, weighing 75 tons, with an objectglass 40 in. in diameter. Sir Howard designs as the telescope of the future a floating reflector, with tube 80 ft., and a 10 ft. mirror 11 st. thick, 100 tons in weight, taking three to five years and £33,000 to construct it. The record of heroism this month is supplied by sailors who have won the Victoria Cross. Mr. F. Steelcroft recounts the exploits of big gamehunters--Sir Robert Harvey, Mr. and Mrs. Turner-Turner, Mr. T. W. Greenfield, Sir Wm. Gordon Cumming, and Captain George Campbell. Sketches of Leaders of the Bar follow on the recently concluded series of judges, Sir Richard Webster, Sir R. B. Finlay, Sir Edward Clarke, Sir Robert Reid, Sir Frank Lockwood, Mr. J. F. Oswald, Mr. W. Bowen Rowlands, and Mr. Francis Williams being the barristers selected for portraiture. “Idols” come in for some quaint notice. "Nose Improvers" claim other notice.
The Woman at Home. APART from the always prominent fiction, the chief attraction of the Woman at Home for October is Sarah Tooley's character sketch of Marie Corelli. It is explained that this is no pseudonym, but the real name of the novelist. She comes of Italian blood, but was adopted in her infancy by Dr. Chas. Mackay, writer of “ Cheer, Boys, Cheer.' She was brought up by private governesses in great seclusion. She was intended for the musical profession and sent to a convent in France to finish. Her health broke down and the great crisis of her inner life came. She returned home and wrote her first story, “ The Romance of Two Worlds." first story, “ The Romance of TW
Published in 1885, it became a success from the first. From the late Lord Tennyson she has received a complimentary note. The Prince of Wales is said to have written her about “ The Sorrows of Satan.” She is still a Republican. Religious, she is no spiritualist. “Her belief in the supernatural is founded," she asserts, “ upon the teaching of Christ alone.” The statement is made that “Miss Corelli has never had her portrait taken," and “nothing will induce her to give her picture to the public.” Her figure, though small, is described as “ perfectly and daintily proportioned," and full of vitality. Her residence is Dr. Mackay's house in Longridge Road, Kensington. She dislikes Society functions. “Her chief characteristics are intense pride and independence.” The other personal sketch is that of the Duke of Devonshire by “a Parliamentary Hand," who suits his style to his subject and writes plain common-sense. The views of Chatsworth are the principal features of interest.