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agreement in advance upon the question about which citizens of the United States-were to crown his there might have been insuperable difference of career by concluding a definite treaty which would opinion.

link together the Empire and the Republic by the The third advantage is that the whole Arbitration question as

to what territory was Established. originally ceded is to be referred to a

tribunal which will be composed of two American and two English arbitrators, who will have power, if they so decide, to select as the fifth an English-speaking man, whether American or British. If they cannot agree, the King of Sweden is to be asked to appoint the fifth person. The decision of this tribunal is to be final. The rights of the settlers on either side of the boundary are to be carefully and equitably guarded, each case is to be considered on its specific merits, and, in establishing the facts, the ordinary rules of law are to prevail. The terms

From the Hindi Punch.) of the Treaty have been received with satisfaction,

(November 8, 1896. both in the United States and at home, and what is more strange, even in Venezuela, whose virtual dis establishment of a permanent court for arbitrating appearance as an independent State is, of course, all diffieulties which arise between the two great still veiled by the provision that a separate treaty branches of the English-speaking race. must be concluded between Venezuela and Great

Public opinion in the United States is Britain. So far as Great Britain was concerned, Spain much exercised by the disregard shown

and well worth the sacrifice of the disputed Her Islands. by the Spanish Government to American territory in order to commit the United States to

sentiment in relation to Cuba. It the recognition of its responsibilities in South continues to be a drawn battie between the insurAmerica. The American Commission appointed to gent Cubans and General Weyler. The latter haz inquire into the question has been hung up, and no been urged to show vigour, and warned that unless report will be presented unless it should be called he succeeds in suppressing the insurrection he will för by the board of arbitration. It is not likely that be recalled in disgrace. And the Mother Country any decision will be arrived at for twelve months or has shown she is in earnest by raising a new loan

of ten millions sterling, covering it twice over in fact, It is to be hoped that the negotiations for the purpose of prosecuting the war with vigour.

for the establishment of a permanent Now the prosecution of a war with vigour in Cuba Permanent Board of Arbitration will not be sus means the perpetration of no end of atrocities and Court.

pended until after the settlement of pretty wholesale shooting of insurgents. Uncle Sam, the Venezuelan frontier. The two Governments were who is clready much disgusted with the reek of the so nearly in accord on the general question, that it Cuban smoke which comes to him across the ditch would be a thousand pities if they were to let the which divides Cuba from Florida, is muttering about threads drop and have to begin everything again de intervention, to which Spain retorts by making ready novo, after a decision which quite possibly may make

for war.

It is a knotty business, nor does there one or other of the two Powers somewhat sick. Most seem to be any prospect of a settlement one way or arbitrations do, for after all, if two men sit on horse the other. Even the complete withdrawal of the back, one must sit behind; and arbitrations, like law Spanish forces would be far from restoring peace to suits, result in verdicts which usually dissatisfy the distracted island. Spain has another insurrecboth parties and certainly dissatisfies one. Still for tion on her hands in the Philippine Islands, where, all that, they are very much better than the appeal undeterred by fear of American protests, her officers to battle, which hitherto has been the only alter are displaying a vigour which recalls the atrocities of native. It will be well if President Cleveland

our revolted Sepoys, rather than the action of a the only man who has on three consecutive presiden- civilised and European Power.

Cuba and the tial elections received the vote of the majority of the Philippines are to Spain rather as a kind of decayed



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eye teeth, which ache horribly, but it is a terrible British garrison. There seems, however, to be no job to extract them.

America may be the dentist of disposition on the part of the British Government destiny for Cuba, but who will wield the forceps in to take the hint. Speaking at the Guildhall on the Philippines ? Japan?

November 9th, Lord Salisbury declared with sig. Italy has at last concluded a Treaty nificant emphasis, he did not see any reason in the The Exit of Italy

with King Menelik of Abyssinia which condition of Europe for evacuating an acre of the from closes the door upon her hope of a territory we are occupying.

So far indeed are we Abyssinia.

great African Empire. Everything from evacuating Egypt, or thinking of any such step but the small colony of Erythræa on the Red Sea at present, that one of the newspaper sensations last coast is to be given up. So Italy gets back her month has been the circulation of a circumstantial soldiers who were prisoners of war in Abyssinia, statement to the effect that the Sirdar, during his and King Menelik is freed from the dread of Italian visit to this country, has secured the sanction of the conquest. Henceforth he is to be recognised as an Government to his plans for advancing next year

upon Khartoum with a mixed Anglo-Egyptian force English Miles

of twenty-five thousand men. The story is declared to be premature, but if all goes well in Dongola—and so far everything has gone better than was expected --it is almost certain that when the Nile is high next year an attempt will be made to re-establish the authority of the Khedive in the city of Khartoum.

The French, on the whole, have taken Lord SalisKassa! Agor dat issowah

bury's declaration very quietly, a symptom which Belesa,

tends to confirm the belief that as the FrancoAlmeio

Russian understanding recognised that Germany was to keep Alsace and Lorraine, so it recognises the

status quo in the Nile valley.


The Tsar, after spending a little holiobok


day in Darmstadt, has returned to Antare

Lobanoff's par Fragiale



Russia. Many reports have been flying

about as to the selection which he has Gojam

made of a successor to Prince Lobanoff. It was SHOA

indeed telegraphed all over Europe that Count Intato Härar

Vorontsoff-Daschkoff was to be appointed Foreign

Secretary, with the status of Chancellor. The news ITALIAN SPHERE !

no sooner printed than it was contradicted. The next statement was that M. Nelidoff was to

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be brought from Constantinople in order to direct independent sovereign who can make treaties and do the foreign policy of Russia. That also seems to be as he pleases for all the world as if he were a great premature, and the reasons which led to the passing Power. The Italians on the whole are very glad over of M. Nelidoff when Prince Lobanoff was that at last they have been able to let go of the selected are still more potent to-day. Russia can ill ears of the wolf who had fastened his fangs pretty afford to change ambassadors at Constantinople at deeply into their wrist. It is a sad awakening from such a crisis as the present. the dream which led the Italian kingdom to embark

A cold douche has been administered

The on its African adventure.


to the somewhat gushing sentiment of It is understood that Abyssinia en “ Under the French by the declaration of England's

standing." Advance joyed the benevolent support of France

M. Hanotaux in the French Chamber. in and Russia in the conclusion of peace, Questioned as to whether he could not make a the Soudan.

and rumour has it that at least one of full statement as to the Franco-Russian Alliance, the two partners would be very glad to facilitate a he stated in effect that he could not, because similar treaty of evacuation which would deliver the there was nothing more

The visit of a'ljacent regions of Africa from the presence of a the Tsar, and the speeches made by the Tsar and


to say

had an op


President Faure at Chalons, had notified to the world the existence of a friendly understanding, and to their words nothing could be added. Thereupon there went by the board the last lingering hope that the friendly understanding had been converted into a binding treaty. Russia, in 1890, sought in voin for the renewal of the secret treaty with Germany, which was to all intents and purposes equivalent to a quasi-guarantee of the Treaty of Frankfort, for 'it bound over Russia to friendly neutrality in case France went to war to snatch back the lost provinces. It was not until Count Caprivi had refused to renew that treaty that Russia began to coquette with France. After all these


the courtship does not seem to have got farther thai

affectionate understanding entered into by Russia, quite as much for the purpose of preventing France disturbing the peace of Europe as for any, love of the Republic.

“ And who may he be?” asked her visitor in amazement. “Why, Monsieur Hanotaux,” said she ; "he does very well. I see no need for a colleague.” It is a pretty phrase, and will serve to gild the pill, although it may be more correct to say that France has become a Russian dependency than that the French Foreign Minister is the successor of Prince Lobanoff.

The Ger.

man Reichand

stag has Bismarck's Revelations.

portunity of debating therevelations made by Prince Bismarck; first as to the existence of the Treaty with Russia, and secondly, its annulment by Count Caprivi. The Foreign Minister made the best defence he could, and avoided saying anything with even more than the usual official capacity for using noncommittal terms, but like most discussions in Parliaments on foreign affairs, it came too late to do any good. What a farce representative Government is when foreign affairs are on the carpet. Here is the German Reichstag, the representative assembly of the German Empire, discussing for the first time, in 1896, a treaty which was made in 1884, the very existence of which was

never whis[November 12, 1896.

pered, much less debated,

during all the years in which it governed the policy of Germany, and which was annulled in 1890, equally without the knowledge

consent of the Reichstag. Could anything illustrate more forcibly the emptiness of the theory that the Reichstag has any control over the foreign policy of the German Empire? There are some who believe that our English Parliament has almost as little say in the matter, and that no doubt is true, with one important proviso. Our Parliament cannot control


So much

· Gilded

portant is

the way things are done than the thing that is done, that France is really rejoicing and feeling as if her old position was restored in Europe by virtue of an understanding which, for the time being at least,

From Vanity Fair.] definitely forbids her to dream of revenge.

Still, with all their skill at make-believe, the French made a wry face over the news that there was no treaty to be announced. As consolation to our susceptible neighbours, may I quote a box mot of Madame Novikoff? Her Excellency, the other day, was listening to a discussion about the person who was to succeed Prince Lobanoff as Foreign Minister, when she suddenly exclaimed, “Why two?' We have a very god one already."




foreign policy, but it makes and unmakes Foreign assuring each other all the time that they are so Ministers. In Germany the Imperial Chancellor horribly afraid of the responsibility of bringing about does not depend either for his appointment or his a war, that they would rather allow the Sultan to

bring it about himself. A contingency by no means improbable.

I hear from Constantinople that M.

Nelidoff takes the very gloomiest view Sick unto Death. as to the prospect in Turkey. No one

knows better the utter rottenness of the whole fabric than the ambassador who has done his best to patch it up. Massacres continue to occur occasionally, and the ambassadors are so powerless that they cannot even secure safe conduct for the philanthropic agents who are charged with the distribution of the charity of Europe to the Armenian remnant. Under these circumstances it is not inconceivable that the plan which Mr. Stride puts forward in one of the American reviews might be realised, and the long continued agony of the Christian East once more compel Western Christendom to organise knight-hospitallers who would undertake to succour the wretched, even although the distribution of relief entailed at the same time the maintenance of a sufficient armed force to keep the marauders at bay.

Although all the Great Powers are Rumours pledging themselves to do nothing to

of Partition.

bring about the partition of Turkey,

and are pledging themselves

emphatically than ever to the maintenance of the From tlk.]

[November 13, 1896. territorial status quo, rumours are gaining ground CONSUMED IN THE SERVICE OF THE COUNTRY !

that the Cabinets are discussing the possible eventu

ality of the break up of the Ottoman Empire. The maintenance in office upon the vote of the majority visit of the Grand Duke Nicholas to Vienna has been of the Reichstag. But, notwithstanding this dif made the occasion of a rumour to the effect that he ference, Lord Salisbury is probably as little hampered was to sound the Emperor of Austria upon a proby our Parliament as Prince Bismarck was by his. visional scheme of partition. Austria, according to

Lord Salisbury's speech at the Guild this story, was to be allowed to go to Salonica; Salisbury

hall has been accepted throughout Italy was to have Albania ; Russia, Asia Minor ; and Salvation Europe as an utterance making for France, Syria ; and we were to be allowed to retain through the

peace. Sultanate.

Lord Salisbury spoke smooth Egypt. Some such scheme as this may possibly be

words and prophesied peace. He floating about in the minds of continental statesmen, praised the European concert, abjured all notion of but its translation into actual fact would raise so isolated action, and beyond a significant hint that many difficulties that the statesmen and sovereigns, the salvation of Turkey was to be sought for through who, as Lord Salisbury said, are trustees for their the Sultanate-he did not say through the present peoples, may be pardoned if they shrink, as from a Sultan-nothing was said that could make even the nightmare, from the thought of a general partition. most sensitive of the Great Powers feel that we were

The November Cabinets have been going to precipitate the much dreaded war. So the


held, but with rather less than the

November order of the day is to do nothing, but to let the Cabinets.

usual number of more or less authentic ambassadors exercise such pressure as they can, by

reports as to the decision of Ministers. hinting at the possible deposition of the Sultan, and It is stated that the Cabinet has decided not to pro




pose any more legislation than can be helped. It Ireland or any other place. It is a pity that a will introduce a bill for increasing a grant to place like East Bradford some means courd not be denominational schools. To this it was committed devised for taking a second ballot. This might at by its promise of last session, but to what extent it least be done experimentally. There would be no will depart from last year's programme is probably difficulty in getting to know every one who voted at not even yet settled by the Cabinet, from which, be the last election. Both parties might then agree to it remembered, Sir John Gorst has been jealously appoint an Election Committee, to issue ballot papers excluded. Instead of including a bill for Secondary to all the electors who voted, after which they could Education in the bill dealing with Elementary be collected in sealed envelopes. Then, and not till schools, it is to be introduced as a separate measure, then, we should be able to form some definite idea a sensible course which ought to facilitate its passing, as to how many Unionists swell the I. L. P. poll. whatever happens to the bill for subsidising the If we judge by the figures of the last election, Mr. denominational schools.

Hardie drew 922 votes from the Unionists and 613 The proposal made by the Chief Con from the Liberals. But last election affords no stable The

stable, the Mayor, and the Chairman of data for calculating how things stand now. Hamburg Strike. the Trades Court in Hamburg, that the

There is an all round disposition to

The dispute which caused the dockers’ strike

belittle the work of next Session.

Coming in that seaport should be referred to arbitration, is a Session.

Parliament will meet on January 19th, good sign. They suggest that a board of eight members

and Ministers, it is expected, will conshould be formed, four to be elected by the dockers tent themselves with an irreducible minimum of no award to be made unless six members concur. It measures to be announced in the Queen's speech. It is significant of the difference between the two is not expected that they will yield so far to the countries that a proposal which in England was mado clamour of the Church party as to introduce any by a cardinal, in Germany emanated from the Chief measure sanctioning Rate Aid for Voluntary Schools. Constable. Of the strike itself it is not necessary to What is more probable is that there will be a central say much here. Hamburg is one of the greatest and grant, not made to all schools, but to needy schools most prosperous seaports in the world. And strikes -the need of the schools to be decided by some always occur when trade is rapidly improving or local representative body. Such, at least, is Sir rapidly diminishing. It is the interest of all civilised William Hart Dyke's suggestion, and there seems men, and especially of a great commercial nation like some probability of its being accepted. the English, that these disputes should be settled as

In discussing the Education Bill, it

The speedily and as peacefully as possible. But because


is well to remember that neither Lord Tom Mann, in his capacity as dockers' champion, was

Behind the

Salisbury nor Lord Hartington will

Throne, busy enough to get himself locked up at Hamburg as

really decide this matter. All political a foreign agitator, the German newspapers discover questions are in the end financial questions, and the that the whole quarrel is due to British jealousy of man who keeps the strong box of the Cabinet is a German trades --a kind of outward and visible sign very strong man indeed. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach of John Bull's dislike to the demand for things is not an heroic figure; he is not a very popular “Made in Germany ”! The commercial wars of speaker ; but upon most questions that come up in modern times seem to be capable of generating as the Cabinet he has more to say than any of his much insane jealousy per square inch as the revolu colleagues. Take, for instance, this matter of educationary wars of a century since when Pitt was the tion. It is he who holds the strings of the purse, bogey of the French nursery.

and although the Anglican Church plays the role of The bye-election in East Bradford the importunate widow, it may weep and wail from East

resulted in the return of a Unionist in morning until night without relaxing the heart of Bradford Election, the place of a Unionist.

But he only Sir Michael. In like manner it is probable that it polled a minority of the constituency, is he who will decide definitely what is to be done Mr. Billson, the Liberal, having 4,526 votes; Mr. in the way of carrying out the recommendations of Keir Hardie, the Independent Labour candidate, the Recess Committee in Ireland. He is beliered 1,953, or 6,479 votes against the Unionist candidate. to hold very strong views in opposition to the finding Mr. Keir Hardie may be anything you please, but he is of the Commission on the financial relations of the certainly not an advocate for things as they are in two countries, and although he is no more Irish

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