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THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. I NOTICE elsewhere Mr. Sidney Low's article on the Olney Doctrine,” Mr. Crouch's “World Beneath the Ocean," and Mr. Thwaite's “Commercial War between Germany and England.” Mr. Macnamara's “ Local Support of Education" also requires special mention.

WANTED-A NAVAL RESERVE. The Hon. T. A. Brassey, writing on "Manning the Navy in time of War," insists upon the importance of paying more attention to the reserve.

The policy of maintaining the personnel of the navy in peace at war strength is too costly and too wasteful of our national resources. Rather we should address ourselves to the task of building up a powerful reserve. As a first step, and before adding to the numbers, the conditions of enrolment must be altered so as to secure greater efficiency. Of the three sources of supply the fishing population alone can be relied upon to yield at once a substantial body of recruits. The colonies, which are not at present in a position to make a serious money contribution to the naval defence of the Empire, could furnish good men for a naval reserve. No remedy is possible without substantial assistance from the State.

AN EMPIRE ROTTEN AT THE HEAD. Professor R. K. Douglas, writing “Some Peking Politicians," begins his article by giving the following illustrations of political blackmail which prevail in the Chinese capital :

It is a matter of common knowledge in China that Li Hung Chang, when deprived of his viceroyalty and ordered to Peking, was compelled to distribute among the Court officials and others no less a sum than eight million taels, equivalent to about one million sterling, in order to protect himself against the attacks of his political enemies.

In such a hotbed of corruption, it is only natural that Conservatism should flourish :

At the present moment the anti-foreign element is more than usually rampant at the capital. The man who has the main direction of affairs is a certain Weng, the quondam tutor of the Emperor and a Confucianist of the Confucianists. For some years he has exercised considerable influence over the Emperor, and has been a consistent opponent of Li Hung Chang and all his works.

Mr. Douglas despairs of any improvement:

Such being the condition of affairs in China, we may well despair of the future of the Empire. The whole system of administration is rotten to the core, and there is no sign or symptom of any cffort towards progressive reforms. Ninetynine out of every hundred mandarius are wedded by long habit and by personal interest to the existing system.

MACHIAVELLI AS TUTOR OF THE ENGLISH. Mr. W. A. Phillips has an article on “ Machiavelli and the English Reformation,” which suggests the thought that the phrase "perfidious Albion!” which has been bestowed upon our beloved country by our neighbours across the Channel, may really be due to the extent to which English statismen in the formative period of our history embodied the teachings and were saturated with the spirit of the famous Florentine. Certainly it is difficult to describe more exactly the typical English idea of the right way to make reforms than was done by Machiavelli:

“Whoever desires to introduce reforms into a State," Machiavelli had written, “in such manner as to have them accepted, and maintained to everybody's satisfaction, must retain at least the shadow of old institutions, so as to appear to have altered nothing, while in fact the new arrangements are entirely different from the old."

Mr. Phillips says:

During the reign of Elizabeth, even more than during that of Henry the Eighth, the statecraft of Machiavelli seems to have been consistently applied. The conditions obtaining in England at the time of the Queen's accession were, indeed, not altogether unlike those which had prompted Machiavelli to write his “ Discourses.” If Elizabeth did not derive her principles and method of government directly from Machiavelli, it is more than probable that they were suggested to her by the most trusted of her ministers, who, without doubt, had studied him to good purpose.

ON THE SELLING OF BOOKS. Mr. Shaylor, of Simpkin, Marshall and Co., writes an article which will be read with interest by all concerned in the making and disposing of books. It is not an article which can be summarised, but there are one or two facts which stick in the memory after we have laid the magazine down. One of these is that in what I presume is Simpkin and Marshall's establishment:

In addition to the trade at the counter, 1,500 letters were received from country customers in one day, resulting in the despatch of seven hundred or eight hundred parcels. It will thus be readily understood that the labour involved in grappling with the details of the work must be prodigious. During the busy autumn season as many as seventy new books are sometimes submitted for “subscription" in one day.

Mr. Shaylor recalls another fact which is worth remembering. He quotes the authority of Mr. Macmillan and Mr. Chatto:

The former, at a recent dinner, stated that his firm only accepted 22 out of 315 MSS. submitted to them in one year, and the latter in a Press interview asserted that his firm retained on an average about 13 out of 500.

IN PRAISE OF TRISTRAM SHANDY." Mr. Herbert Paul writes an essay on Sterne, which is full of delicate appreciation of the great humorist. Mr. Paul says :

There have been few greater masters of conversation than Sterne, and in what may be called the art of interruption no one has ever approached him. He is one of the makers of colloquial Englislı, and thousands who never heard of Shandy Hall repeat the phrases of the Shandy brothers. Of all English humorists except Shakespeare, Sterne is still the greatest force, and that the influence of Parson Yorick is not extinct may be seen in almost every page of the “Dolly Dialogues.”

WHO IS THE SLEEPING EMPEROR ? Mr. Karl Blind devotes some pages to an attempt, and apparently a successful attempt, to prove that the Emperor of Germany, who Germany represents as sitting asleep in the Kyffhauser Mountains, was not the famous Barbarossa, but a very different Emperor indeed. Mr. Blind says :

Taking all in all, it is manifest that the “Barbarossa" myth is quite a lato graft upon the stem of the original tale about Kaiser Friedrich the Second, an enlightened adversary of priestcraft, the antagonist of the Papacy, the expected Reformer of the Church, and Disestablisher of Monkhood. Many of the sayings attributed to him, which show him in the light of a man who would readily have assented, had he lived in our days, to the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley, and Häckel, would lind little countenance, at present, in high quarters at Berlin.

A DOCTOR ON VACCINATION. Dr. Malcolm Morris does not like the finding of the Vaccination Commission, and calls it in his article the Superfluous Vaccination Commission. His title destroys in advance the force of his argument that the antivaccinationists have no reason to claim the report as a

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victory for their cause. If it had told on the other

THE NEW REVIEW. side we should have heard nothing about its superfuity. I HAVE noticed elsewhere the two most notable and What Dr. Morris would have liked the Commission to most contrasted articles in the December number of the have done is thus summed up by himself :

New Review, 'under the title “A Man and a Woman." I would retain the element of compulsion in full force as The fiction is there as usual, and also an article about the far as primary vaccination is concerned, but I would make • Tyburn Tree,” for everything relating to the gallows " martyrdom less cheap.” Instead of repeated penalties, I seems to have a strange fascination for the editor and would impose one fine sufficiently substantial to act as a his staff. deterrent. In case of persistent disobedience I would go the

A GOOD WORD FOR SERVIA. length of temporary disfranchisement, a penalty which is not too great for an act of bad citizenship. Re-vaccination shoul:l

Mr. Herbert Vivian, who has been travelling in the be promoted by a system of rewards. I am inclined to think

Balkans, writes an article upon his impressions of Servia, that it would be better to entrust the duty altogether to public

which is in many respects a surprise. It is chiefly vaccinators, who should seek out the persons to be vaccinated

surprising because it shows that Mr. Herbert Vivian can at their own homes, and whose work should be under Govern write without extravagance and state facts as sensibly as ment inspection. I think also it is the clear duty of the State if he were a commonplace, ordinary citizen. He has for to make itself responsible for the supply as well as for the uso once, at least, resolutely abandoned his favourite fantasof pure lymph.

tical and paradoxical pose. Speaking of Servia, he says:-HOW ENGLAND HAS ROBBED IRELAND.

As an ally in the solution of the perennial Eastern Question, Mr. J. Clancy, writing on “ The Financial Grievance her loyalty, her sturdy common-sense, and her jealousy of of Ireland,” holds out a pretty prospect for the English

Russia may be invaluable to us. As a market for our cottons, taxpayer. He says in a postscript:

iron, steel, and machinery, and also as a granary more trast

worthy and more accessible than those of the new world, sbe Since the foregoing pages were written, another Parliamen

may easily affect our commercial destiny. In any case she is tary return has been issued on the motion of Mr. Joseph A.

a dainty miniature and cannot fail to please the eye of every Pease, M.P., an examination of which will show that the over

artist. Beautiful Servia ! My soul will always linger amid taxation of Ireland, which the Royal Commission found to exist, has been considerably aggravated by that great effort of

the rapture of thy purple hills. Liberal statesmanship, the Finance Act of 1894. On the lowest estimate the over-taxation of Ireland now amounts to Mr. F. Boyle has a curious paper upon "Sitting Down," more than three millions sterling a year.

a process which appears so natural to us that most Even if this be an exaggeration, and the amount be readers would imagine that it was universal, but, says under instead of over £3,000,000 a year, it is not Mr. Boyle :surprising to learn that:

Reviewing, in fact, the population of the globe, it seems For the present it would appear as if the political campaign

likely that the men and women who sit are less than ten per on the one side and on the other in Ireland were about to be

cent. When we look closely, it appears that only Europeans, suspended in favour of an agitation, participated in by all

their descendants, and those whom they have instructed, sit. parties, in support of the demand that the robbery referred to

The custom is not universal even in Europe. should cease. One great result of the work of the Financial Mr. T. A. Archer, in an article entitled “ The Italiaas Relations Commission is, as bas been said, that the controversy in Tunis,” describes how the Sicilians conquered Sfar in as to the facts of the financial grievance of Ireland inay be the twelfth century. His point of view is stated in the said to be ended.

following paragraph : Mr. Clancy deals with the various answers that are

It may be permitted to an Euglishnan to hope that, when made to rescue this wholesale plunder of the weaker the final break up of the Turkish Empire is accomplished, country by the richer. He says, for instance :

Italy, though she has now lost Sfax and Mahdia, Tunis and The taxes which Great Britain pays, and which Ireland Bona, and all the other African conquests of her great King does not pay, amount to just £1,188,300; and if Ireland Roger, may succeed in saving Tripoli from the jaws of paid her share of those taxes, the total result would scarcely

France. be altered to the extent of a decimal.

UNITED SERVICE MAGAZINE. Then replying to the assertion that excessive taxation is balanced by excessive expenditure, he reminds us

The United Service Magazine sadly needs an editor that:

who has some idea as to the arrangement of his articles.

Here is the December number, for instance, containing The excessive expenditure in Ireland is the direct result of British policy. Why, for instance, does the Irish Constabulary

a very remarkable paper by Colonel Graves on the cost a million and a half annually instead of half a million,

Madagascar War," which tells the story at first hand which would be the cost if that force were organised on the

of the hopeless defence of the Malagasy capital against same scale as the police in England and Scotland ? Because

the French stowed away at the tail-end of the magazine. Great Britain is governing Ireland against her will.

while the first part is devoted to an eulogy of Mr. Stanhope as War Minister. This, no doubt is deserved, but

Mr. Stanhope's merits or demerits are hardly to be The Rev. Harry Jones preaches a sermon in favour of Temperance against Total Abstinence. Mr. Cuthbert

regarded as a living interest justifying the position

accorded to his paper. Those on " the Italian-Abyssinian Hadden discusses the authorship of “Rule Britannia,” but comes to no conclusive result, for he says:

Treaty” and on the “ Classification of Warships ” are

papers that interest every one who takes an interest in The question of the authorship of “Rule Britannia” will pro the Empire; but precedence is given over these valuable bably, however, never be definitely settled. Thomson left it in doubt; so did Mallet.

papers to a discussion on the training of stokers, and a

story of the advance of Kori-Gaun, which took place The Hon. Sidney Peel describes “A Seventeeath about fifty years ago. The brief article upon Tar Century Chesterfield,” and the only other article is an Dogs I notice elsewhere. There is also a very ininteresting description of the burial of the Japanese teresting paper on Napoleon at St. Helena by Sir James Minister, Prince Taruhito Arisugawa.



THE NATIONAL REVIEW. I QUOTE elsewhere the article on Governor Altgeld of Illinois, which is the chief feature in the December number.

SAIREY GAMP SECONDA. Sairey Gamp, as Dickens portrayed her, is dead. In her place we have the modern nurse of to-day, of whom none can speak too highly; but according to Miss Emma L. Watson, who is responsible for the article entitleil "Some Remarks on Modern Nurses,” by “One of Them,” Sairey Gamp Secunda is even more objectionable than her mother. Miss Watson, although she calls herself a modern nurse, admits that she is an old-fashioned nurse with old-fashioned notions, and, therefore, she lifts up her voice on high to proclain how much she has been shocked about the unseemly behaviour in public of certain young women in nurses' dress. . These dreadful young females, the Misses Sairey Gamp, are thus flagellated by their old-fashioned sister :

No profession was ever started with higher aims, fairer hopes, or brighter prospects; and now through the thoughtless misbehaviour of a lot of light-minded, silly women, who ought never to have been allowed to enter a hospital for work at all, the whole thing will come to grief unless some change takes place, for there is no gainsaying the fact that there is a growing dislike to nurses, especially among quiet people. I know many who will put up with anything rather than run the risk of having one of these undesirable young women in their homes, for fear they may intrigue with the servants, upset the harmony and general arrangements of the house, carry on desperate flirtations with unblushing effrontery with the male members of the family, and tell improbable and outrageous stories to the women. It is a great pity that these objectionable persons cannot be weeded out of the nursing world altogether, but I don't see well how that can be done while the public continue to patronise the private institutions · which make large incomes out of the earnings of nurses, and which care so little about the character of the women they employ so long as they bring grist to the mill.

Probably in the last sentence the real gist of the article lies. It is an attack not so much upon the modern nurse as the modern nursing institution.

representatives and office-holders should all be communicants. The next reform he demands is an alteration in the attainment and tenure of the benesced clergy. The Church Committee in the House of Commons, says Mr. Boscawen, does emphatically expect from ministers effectual settlement of the patron question, and also a measure granting legislative free lom to the Church.

THE FUTURE OF SOUTH AFRICA. Mr. W. F. Bailey writes an article on the “Nativo Problem in South Africa." He sums up as follows:

The general conclusion may be drawn that South Africa, as a whole, will never be a white man's country in the same sense as are the United States of America, Canada, Australia, or New Zealand. The bulk of the labour of the community will not fall on the European inhabitants. The country will afford no outlet for the teeming, labouring populations of England or the Continent. Skilled labourers and artisans will doubtless find employment there, but the pick-and-shovel man had best keep out of the country. It will rather resemble India and Ceylon than Australia and New Zealand. Europeans will always find in it an outlet for their energies, an opening for the employment of their capital, and an opportunity for adding to their wealth. Its climate is far moro suitable for them than that of India, and were South Africa without its native races it might have a career like unto that of Victoria or New South Wales, Colorado or California. But we must judge of the future of the country by the tendencies that environ it, and its destiny is limited and controlled by racial conditions from which there is no escape.

A GOOD WORD FOR LORD ABERDEEN. The Agent-General for New Zealand, writing on the “ Functions of a Governor-General, defends Lord Aberdeen from the attack made on him by Sir Charles Tupper, who complained bitterly that Lord Aberdeen had refused to act upon his recommendations when some of Sir Charles Tupper's nominees, who were nominated after the constituencies had returned a majority against Sir Charles Tupper. Mr. Reeves says:

Is it desirable that Governors should be made instruments for exasperating Colonial democracies against both Second Chambers and the Imperial Connection? If that be desirable, then the more often Governors take such advice as Lord Aberdeen declined to take from the Tupper Ministry the better. But surely it is preferable that the vexed question of the existence and form of Colonial Second Chambers should be settled on its own merits rather than that these bodies should be brought into discredit with the mass of the electors by being made—from the democratic point of view-worse than they already are, and made so by unfair interference. The approval which I am convinced that Lord Aberdeen's firmness will receive from Colonists everywhere need not be and should not be confined to a section or a party.

THE ORIGIN OF HAMLET. Mr. Arthur Lyttelton, in a paper entitled " A Guess at the Origin of Hamlet,” maintains that the play, as it originally existed before Shakespeare took it in hand, was “Hamlet" without Hamlet, the character of the Prince of Denmark being the addition which Shakespeare made to the original drama :

My theory of the construction of Hamlet is this. Shakespeare, taking up, like any other playwright and manager of the time, a play that had evidently struck the popular fancy, found it a very barren story of revenge, with a murder, a ghost, a good deal of bloodshed, and some striking lines and phrases. There was apparently nothing much to be made out of this. But the poet's imagination, and his intense interest in character, seized on the one point in which there lay a possibility. He took the merely external causes of delay, as the old piece represented them, and transformed them into internal subjective motives, arising out of the nature of the man himself.


Miss Haldane writes a paper under this title, in which she sets forth what has been done in the direction of forming associations for the promotion of thrift amongst the female members of the working class. She says:

It signifies a movement in which much may be done by those who wish to share in it; it represents an attractive method of inculcating thrift; but thrift in itself is a somewhat negative and barren virtue, and it represents, what is more important, a new educational factor in the lives of the greater half of the population of our islands. Its work is practically before it, and it is work which presents largo possibilities of future attainment. It helps those who participate in it to help themselves, and it is only when men and women put forth an effort on their own account that any real benefit is attained.

CHURCH REFORM. Mr. A. G. Boscawen, M.P., contributes an article on this subject. He says:

Logically, the first of all reforms should be to create a representative Church body, which should have power to determine all questions directly affecting Church government and discipline.

He would check Convocation, and reform it; make it really representative of all Orders of the Clergy, and add to it real houses of laymen, properly recognised. The franchise should be given to any elector who would profess himself a member of the Established Church; but

but for the signature might have been mistaken for the work of a wonian. Professor Ray Lankester contributes a letter defending the advocacy of his statements and judgments concerning Mr. Rhodes's book.

THE FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW. I do not know exactly how it is, but the Fortnightly Review for December, notwithstanding that it contains some useful articles, and one or two that are brilliant enough, leaves a heavy impression. Possibly there is a little too much history. Dr. Dillon's article on“Germany's Foreign Policy," although as instructive as a professor's lecture, is almost entirely historical. So is Mr. Wilson's paper on “ Arbitration, and the worst of that paper is that its history is misleading and inaccurate. For instance, what can be thought of an historian of the working of arbitration who is either ignorant of or wilfully suppresses the facts concerning the arrangements for the settlement of the claims under the Behring Sea award ? Mr. Karl Blind's account of “ Young Turkey” is also old history, and even the paper on the “Impending Famine in India" is seven-eighths history; in fact the Fortnightly Review is almost an historical handbook this month. I notice among the leading articles the two papers on German foreign policy and Prince Bismarck's Revelations, Miss Sutcliffe's paper on “ Turkish Guilds," Mr. Kirk wood's article upon the Indian famine, Mr. Hardy's “ Lessons from the American Election,” and “Emeritus's”. criticism of Lord Rosebery.

THE NEW FRENCH ACADEMICIAN. Madame Blaze de Bury writes a very appreciativo notice of M. le Duc d'Aumale, the writer who, at the age of forty, has been elected to succeed M. de Lisle in the French Academy. She says :

If one may say of Brunetière that he is the Bonaparte of our criticism, of Lemaitre that he is its Mazarin for penetration and subtlety, one may say of Anatole France, neglecting examples of statesmen in the comparison, that he is the his fanciful writings, a Voltaire whose verve breaks out in Mis Nouvelles and criticisms; a Voltaire without a Frederick; and yet who knows? Perhaps we would not have to seek far among the correspondents of our author in order to find the intellectual small-change of the King of Prussia.

AN OLD NONCONFORMIST INDEED! Mr. H. M. Bompas, Q.C., writes a paper on the “ Education Bill” from the old Nonconformist standpoint. There is not much snap in it, but the chief points which Mr. Bompas makes may be found in the following extracts :

There was in some of the provisions, and in some of the omissions of the Government Bill, good reason for objection by Nonconformists, even of the old school. But the Bill was, as a whole, however, largely in favour of the very principles for which Nonconformists have always contended, and it is to be feared that it was opposed by many merely out of hostility to the party by whom it was introduced. From whichever source the money is to be found there cannot be, consistently with the principles held by the older Nonconformists, any control by the State or local authority of the voluntary schools, but only such inspection as shall be sufficient to secure that the money is properly expended and the secular education duly given.

OTHER ARTICLES. Vr. J. A. Murray writes enthusiastically upon a favourite subject of many essayists, the Persian poet, Omar Khayyam. Mr. H. H. Statham criticises adversely the decision of the Select Committee on the proposed new Government offices. He says:

The first thing that has to be recognised is, that no War Office architecturally worthy of the nation can possibly be built on the site as recommended by the Select Committee of this year.

There is a brief paper by the author of " Dodo,” which

THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW. THERE are a number of interesting discussions on a variety of subjects in the December Westminster, but none belonging to the front rank of importance. Mr. Dewey's analysis of the causes which led to the depopulation of France craves separate notice. Mr. R. Seymour Long writes on Socialism and militarism, and argues that it is in the wide spread of the Socialist movement in modern Europe, and in the international and cosmopolitan character which it has assumed, that the most reasonable hopes are afforded of the overthrow of the military system everywhere and the disappearance of war from the civilised world, He therefore asks lovers of peace whether they ought not to throw in their lot with the Socialist movement.

J. B. W.C. argues in favour of Lord Salisbury's restriction of arbitration as a substitute for war, and insists that in the instances he would except it would be an evil thing for the arbitral court either to decline to decide or to give a decision that will not be accepted. The nonacceptance of a decision would so prejudice the public opinion of the world against a nation, that no nation would readily incur such a risk. But conciliation might affect what the writer thinks arbitration could not touch.

H., writing on the situation in Ireland, considers that Mr. Healy is now almost completely isolated, with no supporters in Ireland, and that the recent Dublin Convention will speedily bring about the unification and solidarity of the Irish Party. The baneful tendency to resort to secret societies which Parnell first nearly. crushed and after his fall carefully revived, may now soon be as nearly repressed again,

Mr, G. A. B. Dewar compares the old M.P. and the new, and concludes that the average legislator of the second half of the century is well in advance of the legislator in the first half in incorruptness, in keenness for politics, in devotion to work and in grip of public questions, but not so much in " tact, courage, goodtemper, courtesy," and in respect of independence is considerably behind.

Miss Joanna M. Hill contrasts Cottage Homes with “boarding out” for pauper children, and strongly urges the superiority of the latter system. It is not only less costly: it offers a real home and not a pseudo home to the little ones.

Mr. W. N. Shansfield in a rejoinder to Mr. Wilson's depreciation of modern journalism, denies that culture and literary ability are less sought after now than before. Newspapers depend not merely on number of subscribers but on their quality : for quality of constituency affects the income from advertisements, a commercial condition which no newspaper can neglect. The superior writer attracts the readers whom advertisers wish to reach.

A PLEASING study of Richard Jefferies by Charles Fisher appears in Temple Bar. The contrast between Wordsworth's and Jefferies' view of Nature is suggestively drawn, the vision of the Divine in the former being met in the latter by a sense of the “indifference of Nature," and “no God in Nature." G. L. Norgate's aspects of “Matthew Arnold," and a paper on the “ Basilicas of Rome," are two other interesting features in the number.


between district nursing in America and district nursing THERE are two or three capital articles in the November here, but I do not know whether the English district number of the Forum, but I notice elsewhere Dr. Brook's

nurses have a Loan Closet. Mrs. Sedgwick says: bad article with a good title on Women from the Perhaps the most important adjunct of the Association is standpoint of a Naturalist,” Mr. Stride's interesting

its Loan Closet. In this Closet, which has four branches at suggestion for the re-establishment of the order of St.

convenient points in the city, is kept whatever is likely to be

needed in the sick-room. Bedding, clothing for patients, John of Jerusalem as a means of solving the Eastern Question; Mr. William Ferrero's paper on “Work and

apparatus ordered by the physicians,-all are supplied in

abundance as loans to the patient. Each article is carefully Morality," and Miss Gertrude Buck's fascinating article marked, and each nurse is required to see that whatever she on the New Education.

loans is eventually returned in a condition as clean and whole THE EMERSON LEGEND.

as possible. A very bright paper, full of the genial spirit of Emerson

OTHER ARTICLES. himself, is that which Mr. H. D. Lloyd has contributed Mr. Gennadius continuing his account of the “ Recent under the title of " Emerson's Wit and Humour." It is Excavations in Greece," describes the discoveries that have not an article from which to snap extracts, but one to be been made by the French at Parnassus, where the music read by all, both by those to whom Emerson is unknown, of the Hymn to Apollo was discovered in the ruins. and by those who have long enjoyed the honey which Julia Ward Howe, in an article entitled “Shall the is stored in the hives of his works. One extract and only Frontier of Christendom be Maintained ?" seems to plead one can I permit myself:

for a crusade against the Mahommedan religion on the There has already come to be an Emerson legend, like the ground that it demands the disregard of human brotherLincoln legend, grave and gay. This legend is the repository hood or the shedding of human blood. Julia Ward of the familiar story that having gone together to see Fanny Howe's proposal, if acted upon by Christendom, would Elssler dance, Margaret Fuller said to Emerson, “This is hardly advance the cause of Human Brotherhood, and poetry!” and_he replied, “It is religion !” Legend also would certainly lead to the shedding of more blood on a attributes to Emerson the maxim that the consciousness of

very gigantic scale. She would, however, probably disbeing well-dressed gives one a moral support greater than the consolations of religion. But it was not his own, but a quota

claim any attempt to give effect to her protest by carnal

weapons. tion he gives from the talk of a bright woman. Conway tells this story as current about Emerson, though he does not pretend that it is true. Wishing to know Bowery life at its

THE ARENA. roughest, Emerson mussed his hat, turned up his coat collar, It is to be hoped that now the election is over that the and going to the bar of a saloon called for a glass of grog. Arena will endeavour to cultivate a little more variety. The bar-keeper took a glance at his visitor, and said, “ Lemon

For the last six months it has been too strenuous for ade will do for you.” This must be classed with the legend that when Emerson visited Egypt the Sphinx said to him,

anything. The November number is very sombre, but “You're another!” Among the traditions of Emerson is that

for next year they announce the publication of a fascione night in the small hours his wife was awakened by hearing

nating scientitic romance by Camille Flammarion, the him stir about the room. “Are you sick ?” she asked anxiously.

French Astronomer, entitled “A Celestial Love," which "No, only an idea.” But Cabot spoils this story by saying, may perhaps enliven it up a bit. The frontispiece of the evidently with direct reference to it, that Emerson never got November number is a full-length portrait of " Kate up at night, as some one has faucied, to jot down thoughits. Field,” who died this year. Three-fourths of the paper In Boston a story is current which is well found, even if it is are devoted to issues connected with the election which not true. A believer in the immediate second coming of is now over. Christ went about warning people that the end of the world

THE RE-DISCOVERY OF CHRISTIANITY, was at hand. Emerson heard him serenely, and only said, " We can do without it."

There are two papers of general interest. One is Pro

fessor Buchanan's preliminary announcement, in view of Mary K. Sedgwick, in a paper on this subject, which is

his re-discovery of Christianity, of the forthcoming chiefly devoted to a description of the methods of the

publication of a new version of the Gospels, which he District Nursing Association in Boston, tells us that the

declares have been communicated to him by the spirit

of the Apostle John. Of this forthcoming book Professor idea of district nursing was taken across the Atlantic

Buchanan says: from England only eleven years ago :District nursing began in England in 1875, when Mr.

This restoration of lost history is far more than a higher

criticism. It is accompanied by evidences which the writer's William Rathbone, M.P., employed a woman to go about

friends regard as unanswerable, which challenge every reader's among the sick poor of Liverpool and minister to their needs in their own homes. So great and immediate was the practical

investigation, give history a broader basis, and setisfy the

demands of the agnostic inquirer as well as the enlightened benefit of the service thus rendered that other cities followed the example of Liverpool. In 1885 Miss Abbie C. Howes, of

philanthropist and Christian. The sixteen years of my Boston, who had watched the workings of the English system,

recent investigations, after much preparation, will show that came back to the United States filled with the desire to see a

the Christianity of Christ is not lost nor forgotten, but that similar system established in her own city.

the history of Him and His disciples down to the destruction Similar work, but upon a somewhat different basis, was

of Christianity as a Church will soon appear, showing the

identification of the lofty wisdom of Jesus with the noblest begun almost at the same time in Philadelphia, and there are

results of modern science and the profoundest modern ethics, now, in 1896, carefully organised associations for district

born out of humanity's deep sufferings, realising that the nursing in New Bedford, Brooklyn, Chicago, Kansas City,

brotherhood of humanity, the vital principle of Christianity, Buffalo, and Baltimore. In addition to the work done by

is the world's only salvation. these specitic organisations, nurses are sent out by the general charities or by churches in New York City, Wilmington,

THE RED INDIAN NOT DISAPPEARING. Delaware; Hapton, Virginia, and other cities, and similar The other article is an interesting paper by Mr. J. W. experiments are being constantly undertaken.

Pope, of the United States Army, in which he succeeds There does not seem to be very much difference in putting forward a very good case to prove that there


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