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of modern life. In the Middle Ages, wax candles were the luxury of the rich, and cost from 12 f. to 20 f. the pound. And even
in the eighteenth century the Duchess of Burgundy declared that she had not had a candle in her rooms until she came to the French Court. It is curious that the inventive yenius of that day was never directed to the improvement of the oil lamp, which had come down from the Egyptians, the Greeks, and the Romans. It gave a bad light and emitted continually an acrid smoke, but it does not seem to have occurred to the artists of the eighteenth century to do anything but make their lamps in the most beautiful shapes, and embellished with the most beautiful chasings. M. d'Avenel traces the course of invention in artificial lighting The physician of Geneva, Argand, invented the lamp with a double current of air, but Quinquet, a Paris chemist, stole the idea and made both money and fame out of it, while Argand died in poverty in 1803. The public and private lighting of Paris by gas, electricity, paraffin, oil, and candle, represents every year the light that would be given by one candle burning for four million years. One realises somewhat the enormous profits of manufacturing gas by the fact that in France enough coal to produce one cubic metre of gas only costs seven centimes, and that the bye-products after the gas is extracted are worth nearly as much. The Paris company has to mix with its French coal a certain proportion of cannel coal brought from Scotland and the North of England, in order to bring the lighting power of the gas up to the legal standard. Even so, the lighting power is five per cent. lower than that of London, though it is six per cent. better than that of Berlin. He notes the difficulty of storage as greatly handicapping electricity in its contest
THE REVUE DES DEUX MONDES. The first June number of the Revue is more than usually interesting to British readers, for it contains articles on Australia and New Zealand, and on Mr. Ruskin.
M. d'Haussonville continues his series of historical papers on the Duchess of Burgundy and the Savoy Alliance. We have noticed elsewhere the curious analysis of religious parties in Germany.
FRENCH VIEW OF AUSTRALASIA. M. Leroy-Beaulieu's article on Australia and New Zealand is written in a spirit of frank appreciation of the colonising genius of the British race. M. Leroy-Beaulieu spent four months in America and then crossed the Pacific, shipping at Hawaii and Samoa. The latter, of course, recalls to the Frenchman the Mariage de Lori rather than R. L. Stevenson. M. Leroy-Beaulieu found Auckland very like an English port, not only in its inhabitants, but also in the appearance and arrangement of its streets. He tells regretfully the story of how nearly New Zealand became a French possession, but he has certain candid misgivings whether his countrymen would have had the spirit to develop it and carry on a thirty years' struggle with the natives. It may not be generally known that there are four Maori deputies in the New Zealand Parliament, and that two hundred and fifty Europeans in the colony have married Maori wives. M. Leroy-Beaulien's descriptions of Australia, like his account of Tasmania and New Zealand, are almost entirely historical and read like a glorified guide-book, but they are interesting as the observations of an exceptionally able and impartial Frenchman.
REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENTS. M. Benoist continues his series of papers on the Organisation of Universal Suffrage, dealing with the real representation of country as exhibited in non-French legislations. Ile gives statistics of Baden, Bavaria, Saxony, Wurtemburg, and other states of the German Empire, which are classified as survivals of ancient forms of an organic representation. Under the heading of mixed and renewed forms of organic representation we have the Austrian Empire, Spain, the Hanseatic towns of Lubeck, Bremen, Hamburg, and the elements or fragments of organic representation in the Netherlands, Sweden, Roumania, Servia. Under new forms or projects of organic representation we have the revision of the Belgian Constitution, 1890-1893.
M. Delaborde, under the title of “ The Great Ordeal of the Papacy,” contributes an interesting article based on M. Valois's hook, “ France and the Great Solism of the West.” M. de la Sizéranne continues his series entitled "The Religion of Beauty: a Study of John Ruskin,” in a paper on Mr. Ruskin's works. There is nothing new in the article to a Ruskinian, but it is curious to see how profoundly the Frenchman is impressed by Ruskin's extraordinary wealth of ideas, the magic of his style, and his terrible irony.
The rest of the number, though excellent, is not specially remarkable. M. Zamy continues his papers on" The Government of National Defence (1870-71),” with an article on the ideas of the men of the time.
Here we meet with Jules Ferry, General Trochu, Gambetta, Jules Favre, and above all the lately-mourned Jules Simon, with others of less fame.
THE EVOLUTION OF ILLUMINANTS. Particularly interesting is M. d'Avenel's paper on artificial lighting, considered as part of the mechanism
SWEDISH REVIVAL, M. de Heidenstam contributes an interesting paper on the origins of the Swedish novel. He finds in Sweden, as elsewhere, a reaction in the direction of idealism, & disposition to be no longer content with physiological facts, tending towards psychologic studies, allegories, and symbolical fantasies, though it is necessary to add that as yet there are not in Sweden schools or systems of literature, but simply individual writers.
M. Albert Hans's article on the Emperor Menelik has the merit of actuality. The ignorance prevailing in Italy as to the strength of the Abyssinians has all along astonished the world. Yet so far back as 1888, Count Antonelii reported that Menelik had 196,000 men at his disposal. M. Hans gives a most interesting account of the organisation of Menelik's army and the personality of the Emperor himself.
Chambers's Journal for July, besides its customary stock of fiction, is as usual very instructive. Michael MacDonagh gives a great deal of interesting information about the salaries and functions of Her Majesty's Ministers. He remarks upon the odd disproportion between ceremonial precedence and official power, the Lord Chancellor taking precedence of all other Members of the Government, and the First Lord of the Treasury, who is mostly Premier, coming nearly half-way down the Cabinet. Another curious arrangement is that an exLord Chancellor of Ireland receives a yearly pension of £3,692 6s. ld., the penny being duly paid quarterly in farthings. Dr. Andrew Wilson tells the story of the Salmon, and H. A. Bryden informs us Who are the Boers ?
compare the French system with that pursued by German examiners.
Another article bearing on military matters is an analysis of France's colonial army. The writer, Lieut.Colonel K., discussing the mismanagement of the Madagascar Expedition, points out that what was and is wanted, is not so much to create a colonial army as to reorganise those regiments that have already seen foreign service. He would like to see a colonial legion entirely recruited on a voluntary and well-paid system, mainly composed of old soldiers tempted back into the ranks by the hope of good pay and the fair chances of promotion. He also laments the youth of most of the regiments sent out to Tonkin and Madagascar. It is strange that while so many French military men and politicians are able to voice admirable theories, their suggestions are rarely acted upon at the right moment, and year after year the most lamentable blunders continue to be made by the French War Office, blunders which lead to the loss of many valuable lives, and what the French Government considers even more serious, enormous sums of money. It is before, not after, such an expedition as that of Madagascar, that articles by Lieut.-Colonel K, and his colleagues would be of real value.
M. Duclaux attacks courageously the difficult question of alcohol, a question becoming each year of more moment to the French nation.
THE FRENCH IN CONSTANTINOPLE.
THE REVUE DE PARIS. THE two June numbers of the Revue de Paris contain much that is of exceptional interest. Some hitherto unpublished verses by Victor Hugo contrast strangely with that most inodern of writers, Sudermann. The painter Munkacsy continues his reminiscences; Mme. Darmesteter presents to French readers a singularly finished sketch of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. “ Menelik and his Empire," by M. Maindron, is noticed elsewhere.
The place of honour in the June 1st number is given to General Fleury's reminiscences of the eventful years 1843, '49, 250, '51. This officer, who was at one time an important member of the staff of the Duc d'Aumale in North Africa, had many opportunities of meeting both the Orleanists who had made the past, and the Bonapartists who were about to make the immediate future, of the France of that day. The General's Bonapartist sympathies stood him in good stead. He had made the acquaintance of Prince Louis Napoleon in London, and many years later it was to him that the Pretender turned when desirous of obtaining the moral support of the French army with the Coup d'État. There is little doubt that Napoleon III. may be said to have owed the ultimate success of his audacious plot or plan to the loyal assistance early rendered him by Fleury. To the student of French history these few pages are of special value, for they show how slight were the causes which led the French nation to take the momentous decision which turned the fairly solid and highly organised Republic of 1850 into what soon became an absolute Dictatorship. But up to the present time no such vivid and apparently accurate record has been given to the world.
PROTECTION IN MEDICINE. Some over-ardent French patriots have lately started the theory that no foreign medical men should be allowed to practise in France; and further that something should be done to restrict the number of foreign medical students who come in greater numbers each year to benefit by the superior knowledge and science of the great French doctors. This suggestion seems to have alarmed many of those whose interests, pecuniary and otherwise, are bound up in the foreign student, and a critic who prefers to remain anonymous points out the short-sighted folly of doing anything to discourage a large attendance at the medical schools. It seems that 433 Russians, 217 Bulgarians, 211 Roumanians, 204 Turks, 82 Greeks, 83 Egyptians, 70 Swiss, 112 Germans, 100 Americans, 47 South Americans, 6 Japanese, and 8 Persians are now inscribed as students in Paris, and of these by far the greater number join the medical schools. The foreign students as a whole are divided into 1,489 men and 339 women.
FRENCH MILITARY DEFECTS. M. Lavisse continues his criticism of the examinations held in connection with the military school of Saint Cyr; and he gives the result of some correspondence which his former articles have brought him on the subject, a correspondence the more interesting when we consider that a Frenchman rarely if ever writes to the papers or communicates with a writer unknown to him. The fact that many professors and a certain number of St. Cyriens have cared to communicate with M. Lavisse shows the truth of many of his observations. With but few exceptions the examiners fully confirm all he says on the subject as to the entrance examination appealing rather to mechanical accuracy than to the intelligent acquirement of knowledge. It would be interesting to
Constantinople during the Crimean war was transformed into a vast camp, and the many little intrigues, social amenities, and political interests which absorbed the thoughts of those French soldiers and diplomats who constantly made their way backwards and forwards from the seat of war to the capital of Turkey, are recounted by M. Thouvenel, who kept from day to day a diary of all that went on. We are given a glimpse of Prince Napoleon “ Plon-plon,” Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, the French ambassador, Beneditti, the Duke of Cambridge, and Abdul-Medjid, the latter more civilised, and apparently more courageous than his successor of to-day, for he seems to have been quite willing to receive French and English visitors, and even offered to share his palace, and treat as a brother the Emperor of the French! Indeed, everything was prepared for Napoleon III. and the Empress Eugénie, even to the bedroom furnished for the Empress hung with cloths studded with pearls and diamonds; great stables were also built to accommodate the French Household Cavalry, and the Sultan prepared to meet the Emperor's yacht at Marmora. This scheme never became a reality; and it was not till fourteen years later, on the occasion of the opening of the Suez Canal, that Abd-ul-Medjid's brother and successor received the Emperor and Empress.
M. Mamuel contributes a pleasant account of Adolphe Franck, the well known Professor of Philosophy, and friend of Victor Cousin. This old world philosopher, as his biographer styles him, taught in turn at the Sorbonne, at the Collège de France, and at the Collège Charlemagne, and so exercised considerable influence on the youth of many notable Frenchmen of our own day.
Those who meditate a sojourn at Florence or, indeed, in any Italian city, would do well to read a charming and instructive article by “Brada,” in which she gives a vivid account of the inany-sided life, social, philanthropic and artistic, of the City of Flowers. The exhibition now being held at Berlin forms the subject of an anonymous article, probably written by a French resident in Germany.
THE NOUVELLE REVUE.
COSMOPOLIS. THERE is so much that is admirable in the publication In Cosmopolis we have fiction by Mr. Zangwill, a short edited by Madame Juliette Adam, that it is a pity to note story by Paul Bourget, and a dramatic piece by Madame the increasing Anglophobia observable in the publication. Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. Lady Blennerhassett The evil done to France by "la perfide Albion” is writes in German on “ The Ethics of the Modern literally dragged into almost every article, and this with Romance." Madame Jessie White Mario defends the a lack of humour, and in a spirit of violent prejudice pain action of Italy during the Franch-German war, maintainful to any reader who is also a lover of France. Often a ing the attitude of the Italians was always the same. just criticism of British methods is omitted to give place Victor Emmanuel was willing to support France against to some utterly absurd accusation of a kind calculated to Germany if France would allow him to take Rome; if not, raise a smile to the countenance of any Frenchman who not. Mr. and Mrs. Pennell give the first chapter of their has had the slightest dealings with Englishmen, or who history of lithography. It is entitled “The Cellini of can claim to be at all conversant with English methods. Lithography,” and is a description of the struggles and Even in a valuable article on Siam the writer seizes the triumph of Aloys Senefelder. One of the most interesting opportunity to have a fling at a British transport com articles in the Review is the collection of letters from the pany; in an account of the
Olympian Games the supposed famous Russian novelist Tourgenieff to Madame Pauline degeneracy of the English athlete is hailed with joy; a long and important criticism of the French Ministry of
Viardot, to Gustave Flaubert, and to Madame Comman
ville. Mr. Norman writes the English chronique under Foreign Affairs resolves itself into a violent attack on the British in Africa and the East; and it is hardly necessary
the title of “ The Globe and the Island." The title should to add that both Madame Adam's own eloquent “ Letters
really be “The Globe, tho Island, and Myself,” by Henry on Foreign Politics” are almost entirely devoted to abuse Norman. of British policy and political personalities, an exception being only made in favour of Mr. Labouchere, who is cited
THE ITALIAN REVIEWS. as "the only friend of France."
It is, however, only fair to add that Madame Adam THE Italian magazinés offer few noteworthy features pays a generous tribute to English art and literature, this month, with the exception of the article on Thomas and one of the longest contributions of general interest
Hardy, noticed elsewhere. In a lengthy and wellto the June Ist number of the Revue is the Prince de
informed article on the Soudan, Signor Catellani, in the Valory's exh tive study of Byron, who, both as man
Nuova Antologia (June 1st), writes with feelings of warm and poet, has always enjoyed great popularity in France.
friendship towards England, and declares that Italy Another literary article deals with the literature of the
should accept her advance towards Khartoum with Finns. The national poetry of Finland is justly famed 'pleasure and gratitude. He flatteringly compares the among folk-lorists. The chants or ballads still sung by
influence of England over uncivilised countries to that the peasantry in the country districts are of immense of a competent farmer, who not only extracts from barren antiquity, and little by little they are being gathered
soil all that it is capable of producing, but at the same and noted down for the benefit of future generations.
time steadily increases its productive powers. The M. Mury begins what should be a most valuable work
Civiltà Cattolica (June 20) makes a vigorous attack on on Siam and the Siamese. The writer spent a consider
the Italian custom of duelling, from which we learn that able period in the country, and he gives those whom 3,513 duels have been fought in Italy in the last fifteen business or pleasure is likely to take to“ Mu’ang Thai”
years, making a yearly average of 234, the vast majority 4 great deal of valuable information.
of wbich have been fought with swords. The Rassegna An excellent translation of Ibsen's “ Peer Gynt,” verses
Nazionale continues to show greater variety in its conby Mistral, the Provençal poet, a continuation of tents than its contemporaries, and emphasises its LiberalM. Blomdus's technical articles on Unity in Military
Catholic and anti-Jesuit tendencies. Signor Grabinski Action, and two hitherto unpublished letters written by has a very pleasant article on a recent volume " The Madame de Pompadour to the Marquise de Boufflers and
Close of a Reign,” in which R. de Cesare whitewashes the Duchesse de Charost, make up the varied if somewhat King Ferdinand II. of the Two Sicilies of many of the thin contents of the Nouvelle Revue.
imputations from which he has suffered. An “ Italian Parish Priest” discourses on the possibility of the recent
curious rapprochement between ultramontane Catholics The Canadian Magazine steadily improves. Its June
and Republican Radicals in Italy leading to the foundanumber is very readable. It deals faithfully with the
tion of an Italian Republic, an event he would deplore shortcomings of Canadian newspapers in an article
from both patriotic and religious motives. Signor V. claiming separate notice. Mr. Loring replies on behalf
Ricci, an Italian deputy, writes on the dangers of of the Imperial Federation (Defence) League to Sir
decentralisation in a country which has been united for Charles Tupper's strictures of the previous month, and
as few years as Italy, and Professor Luxoro denounces insists that Canada makes practically no contribution to Imperial Defence. A glowing account is given by Mary opposed to the true interests of art.
the custom of giving prizes in art schools as one that is Temple Bayard of Dr. Oronhyatekha, the pure-blooded Canadian Indian, who was educated at Oxford under Sir Henry Acland, and is now the eloquent and An interesting number of the Leisure Hour is opened wealthy head of the Order of Foresters in Canada. by a complete series of portraits of the thirty-six Mr. O, A. Howland describes the Canadian Historical presidents of the Royal Society, with notes by Mr. Herbert Exhibition which will take place at Toronto next year, Rix, late Assistant Secretary. Mr. Basil Worsfold's on the gathering of the British Association in that city, instructive account of the political development of South and the Royal celebration of the fourth centenary of the Africa is set off by pictures of the government buildings discovery of Canada.
in the Colonial and States capitals.
SOME ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINES.
The Pall Mall Magazine.
as usual and lavish in fiction. J. Harrison's etching of a Strand.
street scene in Rouen forms an exquisite frontispiece, The Strand for June is above the average of interest: and the colouring of Madame Roth's “ Day Dreams” is The renderings of Sir J. E. Millais' pictures take the eye not soon forgotten. Mr. A. E. Knight describes the at once.
The heroes of the Albert Medal provide a peculiarities of luminous plants with illustrations so series of thrilling stories which begin with this number. vivid as almost to deserve themselves to be called Especially instructive papers are Mr. Schooling's “ Rail- luminous. Charles Dickens the Younger's notes on places way Facts in Fancy Frames,” Mr. Fitzgerald's “ Romance and people referred to in his father's fiction claims of the Museums," and an article on ". The Romance of
separate notice. The Song of the Fates, alike in its verse Buried Treasure,” Mr. Framley Steelcroft's “ Curiosities
by D. C. Tovey, and in its illustrations by E. F. Skinner, of Angling" is full of incidents of interest to those who is a weird business, have never flung a line.
The New England Magazine.
The New England Magazine for June is, as in other Harper's Monthly Magazine continues its paper on numbers, remarkable for its topography in picture and in “George Washington," which, as usual, is admirably prose. Fletcher Osgood tells how Boston gets its water, illustrated. Mr. Laurence Hutton describes the literary
with many an illustration of Lake Cochituate and kindred landmarks of Venice. The article is illustrated by feeding grounds. The celebrity of the persons who have pictures of the heroes of Petrarch, Browning, Byron, and been interred in Mount Auburn makes Frank Foxcroft's others. Dr. C. F. Thwing describes the State of Ohio- account of that cemetery of interest to Europeans also, Mr. McKinley's State. Senator Lodge writes on " English especially the pictures of the tombs of Longfellow, 0. W. Elections,” for the purpose of showing up the seamy side
Holmes, and Russell Lowell. A similar though less of these appeals to the people.
intense feeling is raised by Annie Downs' sketch with
portraits of historic Andover. Max B. Thrasher gives as Ludgate.
rather rosy view of a month spent in an English work
house-as guest of the matron. Out of a very miscellaneous series of contents in this month's Ludgate, one turns perhaps most readily to a
Pearson's. sketch of a common lodging-house in East London which
The most useful article in Pearson's Magazine is the the writer introduces to us as the first of several papers
description of Manchester and Salford, which cities are describing “Lowest · London.” Miss M. B. Bright. the fourth in the series “Gates and Pillars of the Empire." portrays with illustrations the antiquities of Rye and
The subject is rather slightly treated, but is well illusWinchelsea. A few words with fine portrait' are given trated with views of Manchester and reproductions of of Mrs. Beerbohm Tree's first appearance. Portraits are
pictures in the Art Gallery. There is an interesting shown of all the Earls and Dukes of Bedford down to the
account of Camille Flammarion, the French astrologer. present occupier of the title. Miss Mary Howarth
by M. Griffiths, and an article giving a sketch of some writes of some tableted houses in London. A snapshot
leading lady journalists. Harry Furniss writes and of a prairie fire, from pursuit by which he was escaping
illustrates an article on the House of Commons, under with difficulty, is furnished by a contributor in Argen
ihe title of “ The Best Club in England.” A new series tina, and the novelty and daring of the thing secure him
is started in the July number entitled The White the competition prize.
Slaves of England,” tho first instalment of which deais
with the alkali workers. The only other article of The Century.
interest is a short paper describing the making of The Century for July is an excellent number—just the swords. sort of magazine one likes to take with one on a holiday or a long railway ride. Mr. T. B. Aldrich's poetic
Scribner's. prophecy to England of America,-“She at thy side shall There is ono of Julian Ralph's bright, vivid, and hold the world at bay,”—and Mr. James Bryce's third descriptive papers which, with illustrations by Henry paper on South Africa are quoted elsewhere. Mr. F. McCarter, tells us all that we want to know about. Marion Crawford gives a fine prose-picture of St. Peter's Coney Island, the great seaside resort of New Yorkers. at Rone. Its vastness and its history seem to have Sir W. M. Conway describes a journey of a thousand profoundly impressed him. A vivid and Whymperesque miles through the Alps, which is illustrated with some description of a winter spent at 77 deg. 44 sec. N. lat. is excellent views of mountainous scenery. Mr. J. C. Beard given by F. W. Stokes under the heading “An Arctic describes as a new art the improvement that has been Studio," with interesting drawings of the Eskimo. The made of late by an American in the art of stuffing writer declares that “ the beauties of nature in those animals and of grouping them so as to make them look high latitudes are far more varied than in any other part like life. Cosmo Monkhouse collects together several of the world that he has seen.” Mr. W. N. King portraits of Turner, and Th. Bentzon writes enthusiastifurnishes “ Glimpses of Venezuela and Guiana.”. G. C. cally on Joseph Milsand, a French friend of Browning. Genet supplies a hitherto unpublished manuscript by The article contains several letters from Mr. and Mrs. Mine. Campan, under the title of “ A Family Record of Browning Mr. Boyesen contributes it short story, Ney's Execution." Treating of the topics of the times entitled “In Collusion with Fate," and Mr. Brander the editor waxes very jubilant over President Cleveland's Matthews discourses on The Poetry of Place Names.” “Emancipation Declaration,” as he calls the decision in favour of Civil Service reform and against the "spoils In Longman's Magazine Mr. Grant Allen writes one os system.”
his interesting natural history papers.
THE AUSTRALASIAN REVIEW OF REVIEWS.
OPENING OF NEW OFFICES. When the REVIEW OF REVIEWS was established six years ago, my object was to create if possible an organ which would circulate throughout the whole of the English-speaking world, and would at the same time supply the English-speaking man, wherever he might live, with the cream of the seriodical literature of the world at a price that brought it within the range of every body. Of the success of the REVIEW OF REVIEWS in Great Britair. I need not speak, but the success of the REVIEW OF Reviews in America and in Australia has been at least as remarkable. The Review of Reviews of New York, which from the first has been under the absolute direction of my colleague and partner, Dr. Albert Shaw, has achieved a success which gives it a front position in the first flight of American magazines. It is a matter for congratulation that the success of the Australasian Review of Reviews is quite as great as that of either the American or the English Reviews. The population of course among which it circulates is not so numerous as that in which the other Reviews obtain subscribers, but reckoned in proportion to the population the circulation of our Review in Australasia is higher than in any of tho other sections of the English-speaking world.
In concert with my esteemed editor and colleague, Mr. Fitchett, I am making arrangements to have the Australasian Review of Reviews set up as well as machined at Melbourne. In order to expedite the reproduction of the magazine, and to increase the facilities for its rapid publication, Mr. Fitchett reports that he has just taken new and extensive premises, a view of the outside of which accompanies this brief notice of the progress of the enterprise, in which I hope my readers are almost
BORO as much interested as I am myself. Our new Australasian office will be our headquarters, not merely for the Review, but I hope also for all our other publications. I am particularly anxious to secure a wide circulation for the “ Books for the Bairns ” in Australasia, for one of the things which stirred me up to make the attempt to popularise the old folklore of the nursery was a letter which I received from an inspector of schools in Australia, who actually declared that a whole generation was grow
OUR NEW OFFICES IN MELBOURNE. ing up in Australia which was in total and utter ignorance of all the charming reminiscences and legends and fairy stories upon which the youth of our race has been
so necessary a reform must ever be a matter of great
satisfaction to Mr. Fitchett and all thode who are nurtured for centuries. I am not without hope that the connected with the REVIEW OF REVIEWS. circulation of this Review and the wide distribution of Ciassical English literature throughout the colonies may tend to do something to arrest a tendency which, of late, TISSOT'S PICTURES OF THE LIFE OF CHRIST. has been rather conspicuous in some quarters to ignore The remarkable pictures by M. Tissot, illustrating the the past and to treat the historic glories of our race as if Life of Christ, which are on view at the Lemercier they had never existed.
Gallery in Bond Street, have attracted a vast amount of One result of the troubles in South Africa and the interest in both artistic and religious circles. True that threatened breach with Germany has been to give an interest has not been the cause of any of those exciting impetus to the study of English history in the Colonies. scenes which characterised the exhibition of the pictures. Mr. Fitchett, the editor of the Australasian Review of to our more emotional neighbours in Paris, but thougly Reviews, has begun the publication of a series of stirring more plilegmatic, we in England have been no less deeply stories of British battles by land and sea in the columns moved by M. Tissot's powerful work. His three hundred of the Melbourne Argus, entitled “Deeds that won the and sixty-five pictures constitute a more realistic and Empire.” They have caught on amazingly, and it is comprehensive pictorial review of the whole life of Christ evident that young Australia is slowly waking up to the than anything ever before exhibited. We have the fact that it has been defrauded of its inheritance by the permission of Messieurs Mame and Fils, of Tours, to rerefusal of the authorities to teach history in public produce one of these paintings as our frontispiece this schools. That is the sin against the Holy Ghost, said month. The subject chosen is one specially applicable in Mr. Cecil Rhodes, when talking over the subject long view of the article dealing with Dr. Barnardo's work. before the recent trouble arose in the Transvaal. It is among the waifs and strays. We may add that Messieurs to be hoped that with the influence of a wider and more Mame and Fils are the publishers of the forthcoming patriotic spirit, the interdict of history may be done book “The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ,” in which the away with. To have co-operated in the attainment of coloured reproductions of M. Tissots pictures will appear.