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Senator ROBSION. Do the electric light users have to pay this $15,000,000?

Mr. MAYER. We won't have to pay it if we take advantage of all the natural resources we have at our doors wasting away to the seas every day in the week. I have a resolution I would like to read. The CHAIRMAN. Whose resolution is this?

Mr. MAYER. Mine.

The CHAIRMAN. All right.

Mr. MAYER (reading):

In consideration of the development of the now wasted energy of the Potomac River water power estimated in excess of $5,000 per day net value, for the direct daily benefit of a community of approximately 750,000 persons; and

In further consideration of the proper development of the Great Falls water power to sell electricity at less cost than now prevails so that there will be a net income of over a million dollars per year either to pay for all the proposed park development under the Cramton public park bill or rather to pay for all the new development of the municipal center or both in addition to covering cost of elimination of alley homes, without a single dollar of additional taxes being levied against District of Columbia home owners: Therefore be it

Resolved, That for the purpose of conserving one of our natural resources and in the interest of economy Congress authorize the construction of a hydroelectric power plant at Great Falls, without destroying the palisades and beauty of the Potomac River Valley, this development to be undertaken under the direction and control of the United States Army engineers for the benefit of all the people with provisions that the electric power generated shall be sold to citizens of the District of Columbia and contiguous territory through existing distributing agencies at such rates and on such terms as shall be fair and reasonable and will adequately provide for amortizing the cost of constructing and maintaining the proposed electric power plant, the development and maintenance of public parks, the development of our municipal center, the elimination of present alley housing conditions, and for other public purposes.

I believe that regardless of the cost of the municipal center, tourists of the country will help to pay to a large extent through their visits. here and spending money.

In the manufacture of electric power for District of Columbia communities 300,000 tons or more of coal, one of the nation's greatest natural resources, are required to be serviced to the boilers of the Potomac Electric Power Co. in a single year at a cost of approximately $1,500,000 for this fine natural resource delivered to the gods of destruction through the insatiable maws of the fiends of fire, the boilers. The cost of processing this fuel into electric energy I do not know but undoubtedly it is greater than the cost of processing electric energy from the point of falling water over the dam into the pit of production through hydroelectric methods.

If by transforming the water continually flowing through the trough of the Potomac, wasting away to the sea, churning in daily agonies of protest as it fitfully falls over the rugged crags of both the upper and lower rapids, serving no particularly valuable purpose-if this wantonly wasted force of nature is put to use to serve mankind. and benefit humanity in endless ways in order to serve the best purposes of life and nature's God, the returns and blessings derived therefrom should be manifold the mere matter of dollars to be derived from the sale of created energy properly harnessed.

Out of the abyss of nothing but foaming, dancing, splashing water, in constant turmoil, the mind's eye conjures a melody, fluted by the falling waters, that calls into being a vision of a majestic group of sparkling virgin-white temples of human service surmounting

a central hill in the city of Washington, Capital of the most lavishly blessed country of people the world has ever known, correlated to mightier, more majestic, more sumptuously imposing and stately structures surmounting Capitol Hill and strewn on either side of a magnificient esplanade, stretching its impressive course to the tomb of the saviour of human freedom in America-Lincoln-and on beyond the crossing of a noble bridge to the highest hill hereabouts where rises the solemn columned Valhalla of Arlington, sublime symbol of the mighty dead whose lives were spent in helping to make the lives of the rest of humanity more worth while.

With the complement of municipal-center structures gracing the John Marshall promontory, setting like gems of glory part way among the mighty expanse of the noblest architecture Greece or any other nation has ever bequeathed mankind, there are still other noble purposes and benefits to accrue through the long-beckoning years ahead from the mere damming of the waters of the Potomac. If the waste of one natural resource-coal-amounts to $5,000 per day surely there is in the making an additional $5,000 or more per day saving from another now wasted natural resource in the increased efficiency, production, and output of current by water power, making $10,000 or more daily, over $3,650,000 per year, equaling a return of 3% per cent more or less, on $100,000,000 to amortize and pay the cost of hydroelectric power development of the Potomac to help the building up of the National Capital's municipal center, to help create driveways and parkways along the magnificient setting of the Palisades of the Potomac, and to help accomplish other public benefits as well as to point the way, above all other considerations, as to how simple and sensible it is to turn a wilderness of waste into blessings and joys for untold multitudes without the imposition of any of Caesar's taxes on citizens of Washington's communities and without grinding out gain unnecessarily for the power-combine octopus just as is now being arranged at Boulder Dam.

Dilettante advocates of "flora and fauna" development of Great Falls on a cost and taxation basis of over $15,000,000 can not guarantee or hardly hope for a corporal's guard up to as many as 2,000 daily visitors to benefit from the proposed park development, totaling as many as 730,000 visitors a year at an expense to the people of over $1 per visitor, figuring 5 per cent as the annual cost of $15,000,000 or more outlay. One thousand visitors per day would average over $2 per visitor annual expense. Yet one thousand daily sight-seers would not pay a fee of as much as 20 cents for the privilege I dare say. On the other hand hydroelectric development would give us a park development free of charge at no cost or taxation imposed on the public and in addition would directly benefit 730,000 people every day in the year through cheaper power rates to District of Columbia communities in addition to providing the National Capital with many millions of dollars of improvements and benefits without a single dollar of additional expense to the taxpayers.

Mr. AYERS. Mr. Chairman, I would like to approach the subject from another angle.

The CHAIRMAN. Very well.


Mr. AYERS. I am executive secretary of the Ten Mile Square Club, a very small organization whose chief object is the study of government of the District of Columbia. The organization is opposed to any form of suffrage in the District of Columbia after many years of study, and on that basis we would feel, since we do not have suffrage here, that Congress would be very liberal in any appropriation it makes for the District of Columbia, and in particular such a financial arrangement as this may be. In other words, it would be perfectly justifiable, since Congress has absolute control of any large amount of money of this kind, to lend it to the District of Columbia without any interest costs whatsoever, and I think Congress on that one phase alone could entirely justify itself in making the loan without interest, regardless of the size of the loan.

That is all I care to say.

Senator ROBSION. You base your action in giving up your right to vote on the fact you get the interest off the loan?

Mr. AYERS. No. When I came here about 30 years ago we were decidedly in debt.

Senator ROBSION. If that is not the reason why you do not want to vote, then why do you urge it here as a reason why we should allow the interest?

Mr. AYERS. Because I feel the Government has absolute control over what we shall spend and we carry much of that burden, more than the property interests of the Federal Government here by far, and that is the only way in which the Federal Government could make its contribution.

Senator ROBSION. Are you willing for the Government to loan the money

Mr. AYERS. NO. I say "no" before you ask the question.

Senator ROBSION. I imagine you make up your mind on things just about that way.

My question is this: If the Government should loan the money to the District of Columbia without interest, are you and your Ten Mile Square Club in favor of paying it back?

Mr. AYERS. Absolutely.

Senator ROBSION. All right.

Mr. AYERS. We are not asking anything that is not reasonable, and that would be unreasonable.

The CHAIRMAN. I am going to lay aside this municipal center bill. There are a couple of small, less important measures, and I think the commissioners are interested in them.

(Whereupon the committee proceeded to the consideration of other matters.)



Chairman Senate Committee on the District of Columbia,

April 24, 1930.

Washington, D. C.

MY DEAR SENATOR CAPPER: Supplementing my letter of April 2 and my statement before your committee on April 22 in regard to the municipal center loan bill (S. 4180), I have the honor to submit the following additional reasons

and justifications for increasing the proposed loan from $15,000,000 to $25,000,000, the same to be repayable at the rate of $1,000,000 a year without interest.

There is as great a need to-day for a number of permanent structures in the District of Columbia as there is for the new municipal center, structures that can not be financed from current revenues any more than we can finance the municipal center from current revenues at this time. All of the projects that I enumerated, and many more, are needed now. They are projects that are not built for this generation alone but for future generations as well, and the cost of all such permanent structures or betterments should be spread over a period of years. The increasing of the proposed loan by $10,000,000 would accomplish this purpose. The authorization act should specifically specify the

objects to be covered by it.

In my letter of April 21 I suggested the following urgently needed better


Rock Creek Valley Bridge, Madison Street overpass-
Massachusetts Avenue Bridge over the Anacostia River and ap-


Reservoir south of Anacostia River.

Four branch public libraries..

Fort Drive___.


To the above might well be added the following items:
Piney Branch sewer.

Improvement of Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway.
Improvement of Anacostia Park

Recreation center.

Reconditioning old parks.


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Rock Creek Park, Madison Street overpass.-The estimated cost of this project is $1,500,000. It is contemplated to complete a road from the intersection of Utah Avenue, Military Road, and Daniels Road across Rock Creek Park on the high level to Madison Street, including the high level bridge.

This bridge is on the line of one of the recognized thoroughfare streets, and when completed, it will be possible to come from Potomac River, up Nebraska Avenue to Military Road, or from the District line from Wisconsin Avenue and Military Road, through to the intersection of Military Road and Utah Avenue and Daniels Road, across Rock Creek Park, connecting with Sixteenth Street, Fourteenth Street, Georgia Avenue, New Hampshire Avenue, thence connecting with South Dakota Avenue across the northeast section of Washington, intersecting Rhode Island Avenue and Bladenburg Road, thence east along the southerly boundary of the National Training School, and then connecting with New York Avenue and Maryland Avenue extended, on out into Maryland. At present Military Road goes down into the valley making a very bad intersection in Rock Creek Park with Beach Drive and the various other park roads. present Military Road does not connect with Sixteenth Street and comes to a dead end at Georgia Avenue. It is planned that when the Madison Street overpass is built the present Military Road will act as the Fort Drive and a park connection.


Massachusetts Avenue Bridge. This project is estimated to cost $3,000,000. It involves the building of a concrete arch bridge over the Anacostia River and the railroad tracks connecting with Minnesota Avenue on grade, and the extension of Massachusetts Avenue through to Alabama Avenue SE., all on dedicated right of way.

A new bridge across the Anacostia River between the Pennsylvania Avenue Bridge and the Bennings Bridge is urgently needed. This bridge should cross the river in line with Massachusetts Avenue. Massachusetts Avenue is the only street in the entire District of Columbia that runs from boundary line to boundary line. A bridge at this point will stimulate development of the large territory east of the Anacostia River in the vicinity of Fort Dupont Park. The development of this entire section of the District has been retarded through the lack of bridges and transportation facilities.

The Pennsylvania Avenue Bridge is an old steel and wooden bridge of a limited carrying capacity. It has a narrow roadway with a narrow and dangerous approach on its east end. It will have to be replaced in the next 20 or 25 years and before it can be replaced a new bridge will have to be built at some other point. The place for a new bridge is Massachusetts Avenue.

Not only is a new bridge needed for traffic and for the opening up of a new section of the District but it is also needed to carry the water supply for the territory south of the river. The water supply for this entire territory is now carried under the Pennsylvania Avenue Bridge. If for any reason this old bridge was damaged and the water main broken it would mean the cutting off of the water supply to this section of the District for some time.

A new bridge at this point would enhance property values and result in increased revenues to the District.

Reservoir south of the Anacostia River. This project is estimated to cost $350,000 including the laying of a 30-inch main from Eighteenth Street and Minnesota Avenue to the new reservoir to be located on Government owned property in the vicinity of Pennsylvania and Alabama Avenues.

The supply of water for the entire territory south of the Anacostia River at no time exceeds an 8-hour supply. It is stored in 3 steel tanks, 1 on the elevation back of Randle Highlands, 1 at Good Hope, and 1 in Congress Heights. All of the water for this section of the District is carried across the river in mains swung under the Pennsylvania Avenue Bridge. This is an old steel and wooden bridge

of a limited carrying capacity.

Property values in the territory south of the Anacostia River amount to about $20,000,000. In this territory are located the great Government hospital for the insane with a population of about 6,000 persons, the Belleview Experimental Laboratory of the Navy, Bolling Field, Naval air station, Industrial Home School, and Home for the Aged and Infirm. Certainly an 8-hour supply of water is not sufficient for this territory, especially so when we consider that for this supply we are depending on mains swung under an old bridge as frail as the Pennsylvania Avenue Bridge.

If the Massachusetts Avenue Bridge is provided for, water mains can be carried under that bridge, thus assuring a constant supply of water to the proposed reservoir.

Branch public libraries. The amount submitted ($550,000) is to provide for four branch libraries to be located as follows: Georgetown, Anacostia, Petworth, and Eckington.

The Georgetown branch is estimated to cost $135,000 and it will serve about 35,000 or 40,000 persons; the Anacostia branch is estimated to cost $125,000, and it will serve about 15,000; the Petworth branch to cost $150,000 and to serve about 60,000; and the Eckington branch to cost $140,000 and serve about 30,000 persons.

These four branch libraries are earnestly needed and should be provided for. Fort Drive. For this project an estimate of $1,600,000 is submitted. This sum would complete the drive from Wisconsin Avenue through to Fort Totten which is just east of North Capitol Street, and a section of the drive from Fort Mahan to Fort Stanton.

Washington is handicapped from the lack of cross-town streets. The Fort Drive when completed will act as a very important cross-town drive for passenger or pleasure vehicles. The Fort Drive from Wisconsin Avenue to Fort Totten would allow communication from east to west for pleasure vehicles without going south on the heavily congested avenues like Wisconsin, Connecticut, etc., and then coming north again on streets like Sixteenth, Georgia Avenue, and North Capitol, thus relieving a good deal of congested traffic in the center of the city. The construction of a section of Fort Drive in Anacostia would no doubt help transportation facilities and also stimulate development in that section of the city.. Such a development in Anacostia would also have a large park value and thus increase the value of the land within its region, stimulate growth, and in this way return to the city treasury an increased revenue from taxes.

Piney Branch sewer. This project is estimated to cost $600,000. It contemplates the construction of the combined sewer system from the present outlet of the Piney Branch combined sewer system just west of Sixteenth Street to a location just south of Klingle Valley Road in the Zoological Gardens.

At present the entire Piney Branch Valley combined sewer system is discharged in a dry valley bed west of Sixteenth Street. The original supply of water in this valley is being cut off due to the fact that the entire head of the valley has been filled in and built up. Consequently, the remaining portion of the valley is dry

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