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abandoned them to their own wicked ways, and to the judgments denounced against transgression.

And how, my young friend, do the promises and threatenings of God affect your heart? Do they produce corresponding emotions of gratitude, and of a salutary fear? Look at them in their true and momentous import. Implore the influences of the Holy Spirit, that you may feel, and yield to, their



The ratifying of the covenant. Moses encourages Joshua, and delivers to the priests and elders copies of the law. Divine communications to Moses.

"Ye stand this day," said Moses, "all of you before the Lord your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel, your little ones, your wives, and the stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood, unto the drawer of thy water that thou shouldest enter into covenant with the Lord thy

God, and into his oath, which the Lord thy God maketh with thee this day."

What were the peculiar ceremonies attending the ratifying of the covenant we are not informed. They were, doubtless, those which were employed on similar occasions; and this covenant, made in the plains of Moab, it is said, was in addition to that entered into between God and the Israelites at Horeb. It was designed to lead the new genera tion, which, in the meanwhile, had risen up, to feel their obligations to Jehovah, and to bind them to his service.

Moses accompanied it with still further instructions and exhortations; with promises and threatenings; with prophetic forebodings of the future disobedience of the nation, and of the consequent judgments that would overtake them. And yet, even in the midst of these judgments, if they would repent and turn again to the Lord, so great is his mercy, he would pardon their iniquities, and receive them once more to his favor; delivering them out of their troubles, and shedding down his blessings upon them.

The tender concern of Moses for his countrymen, in these closing scenes of his life, is very striking and affecting. It would seem as if he could hardly bring his parental counsels to a close. He gives line upon line, and precept upon precept. He brings forward with the most touching pathos,

and solemn urgency, every consideration which the circumstances in which they were placed afforded, to impress upon the minds of the Israelites the duty and advantages of obedience, and the awful consequences of departing from the love and service of Jehovah.

In concluding his earnest appeal, at this time, Moses gives vent to the feelings of his heart in this impassioned language, which we would do well to consider as also addressed to ourselves, by Jehovah, with reference to the proffered blessings of the Gospel of Christ, and the inheritance of the heavenly Canaan.

"I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live that thou mayest love the Lord thy God, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days; that thou mayest dwell in the land which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them."

It was not long before the people were again assembled; and Moses meets them for the purpose of making some further communications.

He tells them, that he is now one hundred and twenty years old; that not being permitted to go with them over Jordan, and the time of his departure out of the world drawing nigh, he can no

longer continue to be their leader and head. Joshua,
he adds, is to take his place, and conduct them
into the promised land.
Jehovah himself will go
before them; and give them the victory over the
present inhabitants; and the secure possession of
their country. With this divine strength to sus-
tain them, he bids them be of good courage; as-
suring them that they have no cause of fear, for
God will not fail them, nor forsake them.

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In view of the whole assembly, Moses, also, calls out Joshua to occupy a conspicuous station near him, and addresses him in these inspiriting words : 'Be strong and of a good courage; for thou must go with this people unto the land which the Lord hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it. And the Lord, he it is that doth go before thee: he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed." How well adapted is such a scene, to prepare Joshua to enter, with resolution and an affectionate trust in God, upon his new and arduous career of duty. How would it serve, also, to inspire the people with respect for one whom their venerable leader, under the divine direction, has thus selected to be his successor, and whom he treats, before them all, with these striking marks of attachment and confidence.

On this occasion, (when could there be a more appropriate one,) Moses delivered to the priests

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who bore the ark of the covenant, and to all the elders of Israel, copies of the law, which he had himself written, or caused to be written under his immediate direction. It is most probable, that each copy embraced the five books of Moses-the Pentateuch, as it is termed. The number of copies we have no means of ascertaining. One, by the direction of Moses, was to be placed in the side of the ark of the covenant, to be kept there as a witness against the Israelites, should they violate the obligations which it contained. Others, doubtless, were distributed to be used by the proper persons in the instruction of the people, and, not improbably, one for each tribe.

In delivering these memorials of the commands of God and the duties of his people, and of the solemn covenant which had been formed between them, Moses gave this injunction: At the end of every seven years, at the feast of tabernacles, when all Israel should come together to appear before God, they were to be assembled, men, women, and children, and the strangers that were among them, to hear this law read in their presence, that they might learn to fear the Lord their God, and observe to do all the words which it contained.

After completing this official act, Moses ordered the people once more to return to their respective locations in the encampment; while he waited with an increasing interest, and subdued solemnity of

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