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lor's nomination, 57; an "old
horse turned out to root," 62;
failure to effect gradual eman-
cipation, 86; position on sla-
very, 115; Lincoln's beau-ideal,
115; on slavery in district of
Columbia, 119.
Cleveland, Ohio, address at,
184.

Colfax, Schuyler, letter to, 144.
Colonization of negroes, question
of. 76, 103, 114, 233; address
to deputation of colored men

on, 243.
Colored troops, at Jacksonville,
Fla., 278; their weight in the
Union scale, 278, 286, 303, 304;
employment of, 287, 294, 297;
the president desires appoint-
ment of Jacob Freese to a reg-
iment of, 289; massacre of, at
Fort Pillow, 296; the duty of
the government toward, 297;
numbers in the Union service,
304; their hope of reward, 304;
attempted employment of, by
Confederates, 321.
Columbus, O., speech at, 147;
address to Ohio legislature at,
183.

Compensated emancipation, rec-
ommended to congress, 217,
225, 285; economy of the
scheme, 219; would shorten
the war, 219; appeal to border
state representatives in behalf
of, 232; preliminary proclama-
tion regarding absolute, 254.
Compromise of 1850, 75, 82, 85,

89; a full settlement of the
slavery question, 81.
Confederate States of America,
desire for peace and reunion in,
314; scheme of appropriation
of money for, 315.
Confederate troops, prayer among,
250.

Conkling, James C., letter to,
regarding Union mass meeting
to be held at Springfield, Ill.,
284.

Cooper institute, New York,
speech at, 157-169.
Cotton-gin, effect of its preven-
tion on slavery, 132, 135.

Declaration of Independence,
rights, equality with whites,
status, etc., of negroes under,
75, 99, 109, 111, 113, 115, 124,
126, 156, 170; the negro's share
in framing, 96; mutilation of,
97;
Lincoln's interpretation of,
99, 100; its ultimate purpose,
100; called a "self-evident
lie," 84, 86, 124, 141, 203;
wellspring of Lincoln's politi-
cal sentiments, 187; continued
the federal union, 192.
Deist, Lincoln suspected of being
a, 47.

Delahay, M. W., letter to, 142.
Delaware, estimated cost of

emancipation in, 219.
Democratic party, vulnerable

point of, 25; sheltered under
Gen. Jackson's military coat-
tail, 62; views on slavery, 103,

129-131; degradation of ne-
groes by, 103; exultation over
defeat of Blair in Missouri, 130.
Dictators, who can set up, 276.
Dictionary of congress, brief au-
tobiography for, 104.
Divine purpose, 308, 318.
Divine truth and justice, 198.
Divine will, meditation on the,
257.

Dixon, Senator James, conversa-
tion with, concerning emanci-
pation, 293.

Douglas, Stephen A., fracas with
Francis, 27; Lincoln's speech
at Peoria, Ill., in reply to, 75-
85; purpose to nationalize
slavery, 75, 146; bill to organ-
ize Kansas and Nebraska, 75-
85, 89, 98; on equality of ne-
groes and whites, 98, 102;
claims that negroes were not
included in Declaration of In-
dependence, 99, 126, 156; of-
fended with Lincoln's state-
ment as to "house divided
against itself," 105, 106; per-
verts Lincoln's position in vari-
ous speeches, 106, 112; don't
care policy, 110, 115, 130, 133,
169, 173; construction of the
Declaration of Independence,
110, 113, 126, 156; influence of,
115, 125, 156; position regard-
ing status of slavery according
to the fathers and the Constitu-
tion, 132, 135; on slavery in
the Territories, 131, 133, 152,
154; position as between negro

and crocodile, 149, 173; popular
sovereignty, 152; essay in
Harper's Magazine, 153. See
also Joint Debates, Negroes,
Popular Sovereignty, Slavery,
and other topics of discussion.
Dred Scott decision, Lincoln on
the, 96-102, 110, 128, 156;
Douglas's position on, 96-102,
110.

Duel, arrangements for, with Gen.
Shields, 45.

Durant, Thomas J., letter to
Cuthbert Bullitt from, 236.

Election of 1860, views on fusion
for, 142, 143, 175; danger of
local ues in, 144, 145, 146;
use of money in, 175; nomina-
tion of Lincoln for the presi-
dency, 176.
Emancipation, plans for gradual,
77, 86, 130, 162, 216, 232, 254 ;
Henry Clay on, 115; Washing-
ton on, 158; Jefferson on, 162;
effect of, on suppression of re-
bellion, 217; compensated, 217,
219, 225, 232, 254, 285; mili-
tary, 224, 294; appeals to border
states for, 232, 294; letter to
Greeley on, 248; reply to com-
mittee from religious denomi-
nations of Chicago asking issu-
ance of proclamation of, 250;
its effect in Europe, 252; brings
on the crisis of the contest,
291; unaccompanied by servile
insurrection, 290; conversa-
tion with Gov. Bramlette and

Senator Dixon on working of,
293; letter to A. G. Hodges
concerning working of, 293;
the test for complainers of,
294; results of a year of trial,
294; its purpose to save the
Union, 294; in Louisiana, 321.
Emancipation proclamation, pre-
liminary, 253; issued Jan. 1,
1863, 270; a military measure,
272, 286, 290, 294; not to be
retracted by the president, 272;
notice of, given beforehand,
276; alleged to be unconstitu-
tional, 286; dislike of, 286.
Equality, definition of, 100.
Everett, Edward, letter introduc-
ing, 255.

Fast day, appointment of a na-
tional, 206.

Federal Union, Lincoln's devo-

tion to, 81, 89, 91, 186, 248, 293;
influence of slavery on the
stability of, 81, 104, 105, 153,
171, 181, 244; house divided
against itself, 104; Lincoln
does not expect it to be dis-
solved, 105, 106; threatened
secession of south in event of
election of Republican presi-
dent, 151, 166; threatened
disruption of, 164, 184, 193;
the one thing necessary to the
salvation of, 182; devotion of
the people to, 182, 186; the
preservation of the business of
the people, 183; perpetuity of,
191; older than the Constitu-

tion, 192; unbroken by ordi-
nances of secession, 192; physi-
cal reasons against secession,
196; confederate avowal of
purpose to sever, 201; its in-
tegrity the primary object of
the contest, 248; the president
declares its restoration his sole
purpose in carrying on war,
248, 303; feeling in the border
states, 253; proposed meeting
at Springfield, Ill., of uncondi-
tional Union men, 286; com-
promise embracing mainte-
nance of, impossible, 286; the
president's endeavor to pre
serve failing his re-election, 306.
Fort Pillow, massacre at, 296.
Fort Sumter, effects of assault of,
201.

Fortress Monroe, negotiation for
meeting with confederate com-
missioners at, 314.

Free labor, 215; contrasted with
slavery, 74; hurtful effect of
slavery upon, 127, 149, 171.
Free negroes, colonization of, 244.
Freese, Jacob, president desires
his appointment as colonel of
colored regiment, 289.
Frémont, J. C., presidential can-
didacy of, 94; correspondence
with, 207; emancipation proc-
lamation of, 207; need of as-
sistance, 208; visit of Mr. Blair
to, 209; no imputation against
his honor, 209; his proclama-
tion discussed, 210, 211, 294;
in Shenandoah valley, 230; at-

tempt at military emancipation,
294.

Frémont, Mrs. J. C., letter to, 209.
Fugitive-slave law, Lincoln's po-
sition on, 77, 116, 118; attitude
of New Hampshire and Ohio
on, 145, 146; enforcement of,
184, 189, 190; effect of seces-
sion on, 190.
Fugitive slaves, constitutional
provision for, 189.

Galena, Ill., speech at, 90.
Galloway, Samuel, letters to, 146,

175.

Gasparin, Count, letter to, 240.
Gettysburg, battle of, letter to
Gen. Meade after, 279; address
at, 289.

Grant, Lt. Gen., correspondence
with, 279, 298, 302, 307, 313,
314 letter of acknowledgment
of services at Vicksburg, 279;
his business and fighting quali-
ties, 281; letter of thanks to,
298; declaration "I am go-
ing through on this line if it
takes all summer," 301; de-
spatch to, recommending a bull-
dog grip on the enemy, 302;
letter to, respecting Robert Lin-
coln's desire to enter the service,
313; tribute to, 320.
Greeley, Horace, letter to, 248;

attacks the government on ac-
count of captured negroes, 252.
Gunther, C. F., Lincoln collection
of, 137.

Gurney, Mrs. E. P., letter to, 306.

Hackett, J. H., letters to, 283,

289.

Hahn, Michael, letter to, 291.
Hale, J. T., letter to, 181.
Hamlin, Hannibal, letter to, 256.
Harper's ferry, raid charged to

Republican party, 160, 161, 163.
Harper's Magazine, Douglas's es-
say in, 153.

Henry, Dr. A. G., letter to, 136.
Herndon, W. H., letters to, 50,
51, 60, 61; pecuniary matters
with, 50.

Hodges, A. G., letter to, 293.
Hooker, Col. J., letter to, on his
taking command of the army
of the Potomac, 275; plan of
campaign against Richmond,
278.

"House divided against itself can
not stand," 86, 104, 105.
Howard, Gen. O. O., letter to,
281.

Human freedom, test of a govern-
ment founded on the principles
of, 276, 277, 289.
Hunter, Gen. D., correspondence
with, 208, 278; asked to go to
Frémont's assistance, 208; rev-
ocation of order of military
emancipation, 224-226, 294;
commanding colored force in
Florida, 278.

Ide, Dr., letter to, 299.
Illinois, election questions in, 5;

slavery resolutions in legisla-
ture, 18; Whig prospects in,
1840, 27; doubtful for Taylor,

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50; nomination of Lincoln for
U. S. senatorship, 104; elec-
tion of Douglas to U. S. senate,
136; the president's home pride
in, 212.

Illinois house of representatives,
remarks before, 25.
Inaugural addresses, the first,
188; the second, 316, 319.
Independence hall, address in,

187.

Indiana, poetry reminiscent of
early life in, 48; address to an
Indiana regiment, 319.
Indianapolis, address at, 182.

Jackson, Andrew, the shelter of

his military coat-tail, 62; no
sectionalism and election of, 92.
Jefferson, Thomas, invitation to
Boston on his birthday, 140;
his definitions and axioms of
free society, 140–142 ; on grad-
ual emancipation, 162.
Johnson, Reverdy, letter to, 235.
Johnston, letters to, 47, 50.
Johnston, John D., letters to, 70,
72.

Joint debates, Ottawa, 114;
Freeport, 116; Charleston, 122,
123; Quincy, 127, 132; Alton,

133.

Judd, Norman B., letter to, 135.

Kansas, bill for territorial govern-

ment, 75; the slavery question
in, 88, 89, 90, 147; Speed's
position on border warfare, 87;
speeches in, 1-5 Dec. 1859, 152.

Kansas-Nebraska bill, 75-85, 89,

98.

Kellogg, William, letter to, 180.
Kentucky, slavery in, 87; address
to people of, 147-152; a vital
point, 211; objections to Fré-
mont's proclamation, 211.
Know-nothing party, Lincoln not
a member of, 91.

Lamborn, on errors of the
administration, 25, 26.
Lawyers, advice to, 68-70.
Liberia, colonization in, 76, 245;
interview with president of, 245.
Liberty, definitions of the word,
295, 296.

Lincoln, Mrs. Abraham, letter to,
282.

Lincoln, Edward Baker, birth of,
49.

Lincoln, Robert T., anecdote of,
49; desires to enter military
service, 313.
Lincoln, Sallie Bush, message to,

73.

Lincoln, "Tad," message to, 283.
Lincoln, Thomas, letter to, 68;
death of, 72.

Louisiana, mob law in, 9; Union

feeling in, 235; complaint
against Gen. Phelps, 235 ; com-
plaints of Union men in, 236,
238, 239; letter regarding elec-
tion of representatives to U.S.
congress, 262; the president's
desire for election in, 263; first
free state governor of, 291;
convention in, 291; negro fran-

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