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Excavation-Continued.

Page.
Estimate made by Mr. Wallace for, between Bohio and Miraflores for sea-
level plan...,

2104
Estimate made by Board of Consulting Engineers for, between Bohio and
Miraflores for sea-level plan..

2104
Material removed by dry, from Pedro Miguel and Obispo would be cheap-
est

1999
Much rock excavation in sea-level canal.

2102
Only thing required in building sea-level canal.

1951
Plan upon which it should be carried on

1991, 1992, 2000, 2002
Rains, cause of, daily or yearly output uncertain

2085
Rock under water

1976, 2000
Time for, on sea-level plan is underestimated.

2086
Exhibits, list of, attached to Secretary Taft's statement:
Exhibit 1. The Spooner Act..

2578
Exhibit 2. Treaty with the Republic of Panama.

2581-2586
Exhibit 3. Urgent request for legislation by Gen. Geo. W. Davis.

2583
Exhibit 4. Letter by Gen. Geo. W. Davis to Rear-Admiral Walker, in re-
gard to the collection of revenues on Isthmus.

2586
Exhibit 5. Minutes of, conference of November 28, 1904, 10 a. m., at Presi-
dent Amador's Palace, Panama .

2588
Exhibit 6. Confidential letter of Secretary Taft to the Secretary of State in
regard to repealing the Dingley Tariff Act on the Isthmus ..

2590
Exhibit 7. Notes of a meeting held in office of the Secretary of War, June
11, 1904.

2591
Brief of a conference held in the office of the Secretary of War,
June 18, 1904, between Secretary Taft and a delegation of
Panamanians ..

2594
Agreement between the Secretary of War (acting for the Canal
Commission) and the Commission of Panama.

2595
Exhibit 8. Currency and coinage-No. 84—The national convention of
Panama decrees

2597
Exhibit 9. Showing statement of payments made by Isthmian Canal Com-

mission, at rate of three-fourths of 1 per cent for United States currency,
delivered to the Commission

2599
Exhibit 10. Letter from T. P. Shonts to Secretary Taft transmitting letter
from disbursing officer Williams.

2600
Exhibit 11. Memorandum in the method of selecting employees for Isth-
mus service..

2603
Memorandum regarding T. A. Davis

2606
Memorandum of Mr. Cooley for the Secretary of War

2606
Exhibit 12. Statement showing requisitions for material and supplies on

hand in purchasing department on February 1, 1905, not ordered. 2610
Exhibit 13. Instructions to Maj. Charles F. Mason, surgeon U. S. Army, to
proceed to Panama..

2618
Colon health office

2620
Department of hospitals

2619
Maritime quarantine

2619
Panama health office.

2620
Sanitary service of the Canal Zone

2619
Exhibit 14. An act to provide for the Government of the Canal Zone, the
construction of the Panama Canal, etc..

2613-2618
Exhibit 15. Confidential memorandum for Secretary of War from J. F.
Wallace, Chief Engineer.

2623
No. 1. Panama Railroad

2623
No. 2. Traffic agreement between the Panama Railroad Com-
pany and the Pacific Steamship Company

2623
No. 3. Commission organization.

2624
Exhibit 16. Report of subcommittee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce
on investigation of affairs of Panama Railroad. ..

2627
Exhibit 17. Copies of papers complaining of rates on Panama Railroad by
Fred W. Carpenter to R. L. Walker.

2629
Exhibit 18. Letters by W. E. Dauchy, acting chief engineer in regard to
canal-including reports from different engineers..

2634-2661
Exhibit 19. Personal letters from Chief Engineer Wallace to the Secretary
of War in regard to conditions on Canal Zone.

2661-2664

Exhibits, list of, attached to Secretary Taft's statement-Continued.

Page.
Exhibit 20. Statement of number of employees of the Isthmian Canal Com-

mission, located on the Isthmus during the months from January, 1905,
to October, 1905 ...

2664
Exhibit 21. Newspaper clippings showing condition of employees and
attractions offered by Commission to same

2665–2669
Exhibit 22. Correspondence with Mr. Wallace as to his appointment as

chief engineer, also in regard to his resignation.. 2669-2675
Statement of conversation between Secretary of War, Mr.
Cromwell, and Mr. Wallace, June 25, 1905, at Hotel Man-
hattan.

2673-2675
Exhibit 23. Showing different Bureaus in Department of Construction
and Engineering ..

2675-2677
Exhibit 24. Letter of Chief Engineer Wallace to W. E. Dauchy and H. G.

Prescott in regard to relations between Isthmian Canal work
and Panama Railroad

2677
Material on hand....

2678
Exhibit 25. Letters from Governor Charles E. Magoon, respecting condition

of affairs of Commission on Isthmus as found on May 24, 1905, the date
when he and John F. Wallace arrived

2679–2686
Exhibit 26. Letters from T. P. Shonts to Secretary of War in regard to
former Chief Engineer Wallace .....

2686-2688
Exhibit 27. Pipeline, correspondence in regard to.

2688-2703
Exhibits-List of, attached to testimony of Edward A. Drake. (See Panama
Railroad.)

F.
Farmers Loan and Trust Company.

2927
Farnam, R. L....

2763, 2780
First visit of Commission to Isthmus..

2426
First Annual Report of Isthmian Canal Commission..

2411-2484
Subjects discussed in-
Act authorizing construction of an isthmian canal..

2411
Bohio Dam, plans in regard to...

2429
Colon, Engineering force assigned to.

2432–2435
Control of Chagres River above Gamboa, field parties organize to take
charge of..

2430
Engineering and construction operations, number of parties.

2436
First annual report of governor of Canal Zone, as Appendix No. 2... 2465
First visit of Commission to the Isthmus of Panama..

2426
General purposes of organization...

2431
Government of Canal Zone.

2453
Harbor at Cristobal, one of first questions considered.

2428
Instructions from President, placing the government of Canal Zone
in charge of Canal Commission.

2419
Material, supplies, and machinery.

2442
Organization of Commission.

2424
Panama Railroad..

2445
Proposed dam at Gatun and Tiger Hill alternatively,' engineers as-
signed to..

2429
Sanitation, importance of..

2437
Scope of Commission's report.

2424
System of accounting adopted by the Commission.

2441
Transfer of canal properties to the United States.

2423
Treaty with Republic of Panama..

2413
Fish industry: Size of, on Isthmus..

2763
Free lances: Description of....

2815
Freight:
Cost for carrying through canal..

1979
How it is handled..

2804
(See Panama Railroad.)
French Panama Canal Company:
Adopted plan for lock canal as sea-level plan was too expensive ...

2081
Amount asked for canal property by...

2143
Bonds..

2297
Choron, Louis, chief engineer.

2086
Claims of, pending before Commission.

2018, 2145, 2287, 2291
Condition of maps left by..

2069

French Panama Canal Company Continued.

Page.
Date when property ol, was turned over to the United States..

2518
Just doing enough work to retain franchise..

2013
Material belonging to, and condition of..

2013
Organized by receiver..

2081
Plans of....

2080, 2082
Records of, in regard to Chagres River.

2070
Stockholders in.

2297
Surveys by....

2082
Telegram, stating price wanted for property.

2150
Time it would have required for them to construct canal.

2013, 2142
Value of maps left by

2070
Various levels considered.

2082
Work accomplished.

1972, 2141
Fruit Line Steamship Company..

2794
Fuel secured from Panama Railroad Company

2288

G.
Gallagher, Hugh J., Maj.

2782
Gamboa:
Amount of water discharged by Chagres River at this point.

2096
Distance from, to Obispo.

2054
Should be location for power plant for sea-level plan..

1984
Gatun locks:
Amount of material necessary to construct.

1994
Difficulty in constructing..

1994
Material taken out of..

2719
Gautron, Jean Pierre: Liquidator old Panama Canal Company.

2891
General purposes of organization.

2431
Geological gorges.

1960, 1970, 1973, 1974, 2184
Goodrich, Admiral, U. S. Navy: Report by, to Secretary of Navy regarding the
steering of vessels..

2172
Gorgas, W. C., U.S. Army: Charge of sanitation on Canal Zone

2017
Gorgona waterworks..

2641
Government of Canal Zone. (See ('anal Zone.)
Grunsky, C. Ewald: Member of board of directors Panama Railroad....... 2827, 2888

H.

Hains, Peter C., Brigadier-General, U. S. Army, retired

2079
Connection with Panama Railroad

2137
Cost of maintaining sea-level canal another reason for favoring lock canal.. 2087
Member of Canal Commission..

2109
Member of Walker Commission.

2079
Reasons for favoring lock canal.

2080, 2099, 2105, 2106
Reasons why he went to Paris..

2128, 2130
Reasons for being opposed to sea-level canal

2080, 2083, 2095
Statement of.

2079-2152
Testimony of, in regard to purchase of canal property.

2142, 2144
Time and money two of the important factors against sea-level canal. 2083
Time connected with Panama Canal...

2123
Would prefer sea level if country between Gamboa and Pedro Miguel was
as easy to cut through as that between Bohio and Gamboa ..

2109
Hamburg-American Steamship Company in competition with steamers con-
trolled by Panama Railroad Company.

2849
Harbor Cristobal: One of first questions considered.

2428
Harper, A. C., resident engineer, La Boca .

2641
Harrod, B. M.: Written statement by.

2509--2511
Hay-Concha treaty.

2958-2967
Copy of treaty.

2958
Date of ratification.

2936, 2937
Extracts read from.

2845
Letter from Secretary Hay to Señor Don José Vicente Concha in regard
to.....

2944-2953
Letter from Secretary Hay to Hon. W. P. Hepburn in regard to 2951-2952
Letters from Señor Don José Vicente Concha in regard to.

2953-2957
Letter from Wm. Nelson Cromwell to Secretary Hay in regard to.

2955
PO-VOL 3-06-

-66

Hay-Varilla Treaty:

Page.
Adopted number of provisions from Hay-Herran treaty

2757
Attitude of Panama people toward

2523
Copy of ....

2581
Date of ratification..

2518, 2522, 2886
Effect on Panama Railroad..

2551
If negotiations to perfect should be desired.

2744
Legal rights under.

2744
Powers of Congress under..

2745
Provides for extending our jurisdiction

2743
Provides that the United States may import free of duty everything for use
of canal and employees...

2757
Ratification of..

2518, 2522, 2886
Reference to..

2747
Serious judicial questions arise under.

2727
Spooner act enabled President to make.

2728, 2729

I.
Indurated clay:
Caused by volcanic eruptions..

2120
Compared with some found in borings made for bridge across the Missouri
River..

1961
Not proper name.

2120
Remarks on.

1952, 1957, 1972, 1974, 2051, 2077, 2155
International Banking Corporation established branch banks on Isthmus. 2274
Instruction from President placing government of Canal Zone in charge of Canal
Commission

2419
Isthmian Canal Commission:
Act authorizing construction of canal.

2411
Annual report for five months year 1904.

2411
An improvement over old Commission.

2015
Appointments made.

2016
Círcumstances leading to the severance of Mr. Wallace, and correspondence
relating thereto...

2557-2572
Committees appointed, and names of members on each.

2425
Conduct of affairs by..

2293–2297
Directed to submit such plans as might be proposed by the Board of Con-
sulting Engineers..

2109
Does not control rates of Panama Railroad.

1987
Duties ...

2012, 2066, 2068
Duties of various members connected with.

2010-2015
Employment of labor...

2067
Executive order practically placed entire power of, in hands of three mem-
bers...

2009
Exhibit No. 23, showing different bureaus in Department of Construc-
tion...

2675-2677
Financial statement by treasurer of Commission as Appendix No. 1.

2463
First annual report by

2411-2484
First visit of Commission to Panama.

2132, 2161, 2426
General purposes of organization..

2431
Instructions received from the President.

2419
Machinery of all kinds should be turned over to contractor by.

1988
Material on hand......

2442-2678
Material supplies and machinery.

2442–2678
Meetings of, on Isthmus.

2291
Members of....

2009-2010
Names of members who authorized the payment of for French property. 2150
Necessity for the reorganization of....

2292, 2773
Organization...

2025, 2424
Panama Railroad.

2445-2452
Preparations made by, for the accomodation of employees.

2016-2017
Ports established on the Zone...

2736
Project of..

2109
Salaries

2773
Sanitation..

2437
Scope of Commission's report.

2424
System of accounting..

2441

Isthmian Canal Commission-Continued.

Page.
Waterworks and sewer system for Panama and Colon..

2432, 2434, 2435
Work accomplished......

2068, 2069
(See First annual report by.)
Isthmus of Panama:
Cattle on.

2333
Regarding condition of country between Bay of Limon and Bay of Panama. 2286
Sickness on and means to relieve..

2240

2635

J.
Johnson, M. O.: Supervising Architect.
Judicial system. (See Canal Zone.)

K.
Kiel Canal:

Compared with proposed canal at Panama..
Experience with tides in...
Lock gates in.

Tidal locks in, have to be closed.
Kosmos Steamship Line:

Called "free lances"
Has been asked by Panama Railroad to enter into a tariff agreement..
Very important line...

2102
2103
2102
2156

2815
2815
2815

2029

L.
La Boca:
Channel at..

1976
Dam site, location poor..

1953, 1990
La Boca Dock:
Bonds sold by Panama Railroad for the building of.

2907
Cost of constructing...

2907
Laborers:
Chinamen..

2286
Employment of..

2067, 2575
Feeding of, difficult to do by contract.

2323
Number of, from time to time on Isthmus.

2067
Number of, employed on Isthmus by French.

2125
No shortage of..

2285, 2286
Number of, on Isthmus at time of transfer to the United States. 2284, 2286
Rice used by, as food....

2760
Went to Isthmus voluntarily, and early arrivals at their own expense. 2285
Laboratory tests.
Lampre, Édouard: Council for old Panama Canal Company.

2891
Lands:
Amount used for Gamboa dam..

1988, 1989
Amount necessary to submerge.

2072
Expense of, for acquiring same.

2788
Probable cost of..

2072, 2225, 2226, 2227
Submerged, for building lock canal.

1984, 1985
Titles to..

2073, 2222, 2223, 2224
Lock canal:
Accidents in locks much overdrawn.

2103
Amount of land necessary to build.

2072
Authorized by Spooner Act...

2722
Capacity of, in comparison with sea-level canal.

2034
Concerning curvature of...

2035, 2171, 2172
Construction of immense locks for, would probably take as long as it would
to construct sea-level plan...

1994
Cost and time two strongest reasons for favoring.

2081
Depth of, greater than sea-level plan...

2087, 2088
Deepened and widened at less cost than sea level.

2102
Far superior in every way.

2153, 2154
Fresh-water canal.

2102
Height of water in during dry season..

2098
Lockage time....

2156
Navigation in, safer.

2035
No objectionable currents in..

2101, 2154

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