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Panama Railroad-Continued.

Page.
Purchasing agent-
Buys material wherever it is cheapest...

2850
Eighty per cent of commissary supplies bought in New York.

2853
Iron purchased in Europe.

2850
Remarks on..

2835, 2836
Ross, D. W., purchasing agent..

2835
Supplies furnished to people on Isthmus purchased by.

2851
Rates-
Across Isthmus for freight..

2548, 2549, 2814
Charged steamship lines..

2794
Reasons for selecting present directors.

2546
Report made by Gen. George W. Davis as governor of Canal Zone.... 2445-2487
Resolution adopted by Isthmian Canal Commission regarding purchase of
coal..

2838
Respecting its independence of the Isthmian Canal Commission. 2328-2331
Rolling stock inadequate to move freight.

2289
Sells coal..

2837
Shonts, T. P., president of.

2798
Should be turned over to contractor.

1986
Should not be merged with government of Isthmian Canal Commission.. 2551
Statement showing cash assets on hand January 9, 1902..

2802
Steamship lines-
Are asked to cooperate

2814
Having traffic agreements with.

2801
Operating independently

2802
Steamships controlled by--
Are of American registry

2799
Carry freight to east coast of North and South America..

2850
Carry material and supplies to be used by Canal Commission.

2850
Contract with Cramps for rebuilding

2918, 2920 2924, 2926, 2940
Date contract was let to Cramps for rebuilding.

2881-2914
Depreciation account depleted in making cash payments to Cramps.... 2941
Former testimony of Mr. Drake

2941
In competition with other lines

2849
Money raised for rebuilding by sale of bonds. 2882, 2883, 2885, 2915, 2916
Price paid for rebuilding.

2873
Rebuilding approved by executive committee

2877, 2915
Regular tariff charged for carrying freight.

2849
Sections 3 and 4 of charter under which company is operated

2820
Statement showing number of passengers carried from Colon to New
York from June 1 to September 30, 1905 .

2664
Wallace, J. F., reduced rates materially.

2850
Were rebuilt.

2872, 2873
Stevens, John F., director and vice-president

2798
Stock transferred at different times.

2943
Stock purchased by United States..

2445
Subsidy due Republic of Colombia for privilege of using land across
Isthmus..

2869
Supplies on hand

2869
Supplies, price of, delivered at Culebra cut.

2852
System of bookkeeping used..

2906, 2912
Table showing outstanding bonds and other liabilities

2552
Traffic agreement can be terminated in ninety days

2802
Traffic manager-
In market for freight

2849
Regulates price for carrying freight between New York and Colon on
steamers

2848
Walker, R. L..

2800
Transfer or retransfer of stock representing ownership of company

2948
Transportation.

2793
Under control of Canal Commission..

2842
Under control of concession from Republic of Colombia was obliged to ex-
tend tracks to deep water in Bay of Limon

2908
Under control of Secretary of War..

2065
Unimportant after canal is built.

2319, 2320
Use of, to divert commerce to Panama route..

2030
Utilization in building canal

1953

Panama Railroad-Continued.

Page.
Walker, R. L., traffic manager...

2800
Wallace, John F.-
Stockholder...

2005
Vice-president and general manager...

2006
Water supplied at Colon during dry season

2324
Panama waterworks....

2641
Parker, J.H., member of executive committee Panama Railroad..

2824, 2885
Parsons, William Barclay:
Member of executive committee Panama Railroad

2824, 2885
Member of engineering committee.

2162
Testimony questioned.

2037, 2044
Was not a member of executive committee when Cramps contract was let. 2886
Pepperman, W. Leon, member of executive committee Panama Railroad 2816
Philippine Islands: Duties of General Davis when he was military governor.. 2164
Pinar del Rio.......

2163
Pipe lines, correspondence in regard to

2573, 2688-2703
Pocahontas coal:
Best steam coal to be obtained in this country..

2844, 2846
Coal purchased by Panama Railroad

2841, 2844
Have maintained regularity of price.

2845, 2846
Preferred by Navy Department to any other..

2847
Used exclusively by Panama Railroad for past six or eight years

2844
Political relation of Canal Zone to the United States.

2729
Population, density of

2166
Portland cement, formula for making.

2718
Porto Rico:
Duties of General Davis when governor of..

2163
Great rice user.

2761
Ports of delivery, on Pacific and Atlantic to which traffic agreements relate 2801
Postal system, Čanal Zone.

2752
Prescott, H. G., general superintendent Panama Railroad..

2328
Purchasing agent. (See Panama Railroad.)

R.

Rains, cause of daily or yearly output uncertain

2085
Rates:
Across Isthmus for freight

2548, 2549, 2814
Charged steamship lines by Panama Railroad.

2794
Redfern:
Disbursing officer for Walher Commission...

2779, 2780
Mentioned..

2777, 2779, 2782
Reeves, A. L., first general superintendent Panama Railroad

2828
Reid. William, & Co.,

2856
Report of Commission of 1899 and 1901:
Fixing price to be paid for canal property....

2146, 2148
Report by Gen. George W. Davis when governor of Canal Zone..

2334
Rio Grande: Character of material at mouth......

1989
Royal Mail Steamship Company:

Competitor of ships controlled by Panama Railroad.. 2800, 2805, 2840, 2849
Mentioned.....

2794
Sandstone: Indication of, in boring for Bohio dam.

2051
Sanitation:
Character of work.

2017, 2287, 2437, 2474
Isthmus

2017, 2474, 2523
Schaler, James R.: Second general superintendent Panama Railroad.

2828
Schwerin, R. P.

2775
Scope of Commission's report.

2424
Sea gates: Necessary..

2055, 2056, 2725
Sea-level plan:
Accidents..

1980
As far as Central cut is concerned, simply a railroad proposition..

1991
Atlantic to Obispo...

1990
Best, in opinion of Mr. Wallace.

1950
Chagres River, cause of currents in.

2089
Chagres River, course of, followed by.

2241

Sea-level plan-Continued.

Page.
Chagres water entering from Gamboa will be clean.

2195
Channel...

1977, 2196
Cheaper to maintain than lock canal.

1988, 2029
Comparative cost of maintaining channel.

1977, 2087, 2196
Comparison with Suez Canal...

1976
Construction of, passing places would involve much extra expense

2093
Cost not to be considered.

1951
Cost of maintenance.

2087
Cost of widening.

1976, 1978, 2200
Cost to widen 500 feet from Panama Bay to Miraflores.

1976, 1978
Course pursued in building..

2053
Currents

2089, 2189, 2191
Curvature of, compared with others

2171, 2210, 2211
Depth of, for large ships not sufficient.

1978, 2093
Disposition of material dredged....

1983
Diagrams of ships.

2178
Diagrams showing ships passing on curves.

2210
Diversion works only for use during canal construction.

2212, 2242
Draft of vessels...

1978, 2093
Dredging

1983, 2053, 42
Effect movement of ships will have on slopes.

1982, 2101
Effect on large ships..

2101
Engineering difficulties..

2083, 2084
Estimate of cost not too low.

2185
Excavation only thing required to build.

1951, 1991, 2024
General Davis favors sea level..

2163
Important objections to...

2080, 2083, 2087
Impossible for large ships to pass each other.

2092
Interest on money invested should be considered in cost of maintenance. 2087
Lock gates can not be kept open half the time..

2102
Maintenance....

1988, 2029, 2198
Material necessary to remove from Culebra cut.

2084
Must be prepared to receive flow of Chagres River at all times.

2091
Names of engineers opposed....

2107, 2108
Navigation.

2087
Necessary to divert channel of Chagres to enable dredges to work.

2098
Never finished...

2102
Not necessary to use tidal locks if 500 feet width was established from Pacific
to Miraflores..

1977
Obispo to Bay of Limon.

2725
Objections to building.

2052, 2056
Objections to the use of dredges alone for building.

2053
Objections to, by Colonel Ernst

2052, 2056
Opinions of different engineers.

2106
Pacific to Miraflores...

1990
Passage of large ships through..

2197
Power plant should be placed at Gamboa.

1984
Prism of

2086
Reasons for rejecting.

2080, 2083
Restricted channel preventing ships turning.

2185
Rise of tide.....

2089
Rock excavation below tide level.

2102
Safer from enemy

1984
Safety of large ships when in motion.

1980, 1981
Salt water in, is a factor in determining sufficient depth.

2177
Sea gates not necessary.

1977
Slopes..

1978, 1982, 2726
Speed of vessels.

1977, 1980
Summary of cost of maintenance.

1988, 2029, 2198
Tidal lock

2187, 2188, 2190, 2191
Time and money two greatest factors against building.

1950, 2055, 2057
Time necessary to build..

1951, 1993
Time necessary to remove material from Culebra cut determines the time of
completion...

2085
Time for excavation underestimated.

2086
Too narrow and not the type of canal referred to by Congress.

2097
Transportation of material big element of cost...

2052

Sea-level plan--Continued.

Page.
Turn-outs, cost of maintenance.

2197, 2209
Up to San Pablo, and possibly to Obispo, would cost very little to add an
extra 100 feet in widih.

1976
Use of dredges in building.

2053
Velocity of current caused by Chagres River and tributaries.

2093
Water supply ample for Gamboa dam..

2214, 2215
Width for future business..

1976, 1984, 2088
Width compared with Suez ('anal.

2091
Width of, cost of increasing...

2178, 2179, 2180 2181
When completed, receives all flood waters

2238
Work accomplished by the French from Colon to Bohio.

2725
Seepage.

1964, 2114
Ships:
Drait of...

1978, 2087, 2092, 2093
Maximum load line marked on

2176
Rising in sea-level canal.

2088
Steering of, without rudder, in canal.

2172
Size and types of, throughout the world.

2087
Table showing movement of, at port of Colon..

2377
Shonts, T. P.:
Date of entrance upon service with Canal Commission..

2774
Duties specified by an Executive order..

2010
Letter by, transmitting telegram from Mr. Stevens, chief engineer, stating
character of foundation for Gatun locks..

2111
Letters by, to Secretary of War, in regard to former Chief Engineer Wal-
lace....

2686-2688
Member of executive committee of Panama Railroad.

2816
President of Panama Railroad..

2798
Statement submitted by, showing receipts, expenditures, and statistics of
operations of hotels and mess kitchens on Isthmus.

2511-2514
Silt..

1962
Simmons, J. Edward: Member of executive committee Panama Railroad.. 2825, 2844
Soo (anal:
Length of..

2167
Locks in, an object lesson to Board of Consulting Engineers.

2168
Locks, size of...

2167
Valuation of freight passing through.

2169
Spillways:
Borings for.

2119, 2120
Location..

2073, 2075, 2119
Thickness of hill for location.

2076
Spooner Act:

A provision by which army engineers and officers can fill two positions.... 2772
Act of, attached as Exhibit No. 1 to Secretary Taft's testimony

2578
Authority given by, to the President.

2577
Decided the type of canal..

1956, 2411, 2413, 2721
Enabled President to make Hay-Varilla treaty.

2728, 2729
Gives President authority to select any sites for dams that in his opinion will
be best.....

2722
Power to reorganize new commission.

2783
Very broad...

2548
When approved.

2518
Steamship lines:
Are asked to cooperate with Panama Railroad..

2814
Carrying canal-construction material.

2809
Go around Horn..

2809
Lines engaged in independent traffic do not stop at Isthmus.

2809, 2810
Names of, having traffic agreement with Panama Railroad from New York
to Isthmus and from Pacific coast to Isthmus.

2801
Operating independently of Panama Railroad.

2802
Policy of Panama Railroad toward.

2810
Ports stopped at by steamers sailing from New York to Colon.

2805
Subsidized...

2809
To which traffic agreements relate.

2801
Steam shovels:
Number of, in action at one time..

1997
Used for excavating...

1996

Page.
Stearns, Frederick P.: Testimony, questioned by Mr. Wallace.

2028
Stevens, John T. (chief engineer):
Date of appointment.

2520
Director and vice-president Panama Railroad.

2798, 2816
Letter on type of canal..

2108
Telegram on foundation for Gatun locks.

2111
Stokes, Sir John: Report by, on navigation.

2173
Streams:
Effect on navigation in canal ....

2094
Tendency to establish tortuous course.

2094
Tendency much increased if it flows between banks of erosive material. 2094
Strom, C. A.: Mechanical engineer..

2636, 2641
Stuyvesant docks......

1981
Suez Canal:
Arguments against, by those who were opposed to.

2174
British ship Terrible passed through.

2176
Compared with proposed sea-level.

1976
Compared with Soo Canal.

2168, 2169
Competition with Panama Canal.

1979
Cost of operating and maintaining.

2204, 2205, 2206
Cost of operating turn-outs.

2181
Currents..

2091
Dredging needed to keep channel open.

2195
Depth.....

1981, 2092
Enlarging capacity of.

2175
Excessive rates for passing through.

1951
Government of Canal Zone.

2216
Navigation....

2172, 2176
No sea gates.

2202
Number of passing places.
Profits...

2207
Size of vessels passing through.

2203
Tonnage passing through.

1951
Turning points in..

2174
Width of, compared with proposed sea-level, at Panama.

2091, 2201
Sullivan & Cromwell: Attorneys for Panama Railroad.

2890
Sundry technical reports relating to Panama Canal..

2308
Supplemental report by Gen. Geo. W. Davis...

2485
Supreme Court of United States:
Appeal to..

2270
Decision by.

2732
Surveys: Made by French..

2126
System of accounting adopted by Canal Commission.

2441

2094

T.

Table of comparative distances in statute miles..

2031
Table showing movement of vessels at port of Colon.

2377
Taft, William H., Secretary of War:
Additional correspondence between John F. Wallace, Admiral Walker,
E. A. Drake, T. P. Shonts...

2704-2713
Date of departure for Panama..

2519
Exhibits attached to statement made by. (See Exhibits.)
Labor ..

2575
Letter submitting to President first annual report of Isthmian Canal Com-
mission..

2393-2404
Letter transmitting report of (anal Commission on claims of New Panama
Canal Company..

2556
Opinion on organization of a commission and duties.

2785
On ordering the enforcement of article 13 of the treaty

2759
Purchasing supplies for the Commission...

2715, 2717
Recommends payment of 4} per cent mortgage bonds of Panama Railroad... 2748
Reference to Markel contract

2572
Remarks on organization of old Commission under Admiral Walker.

2783
Revocable license to l'nion Oil Company, from Panama to Colon 2573, 2574
Shall canal be built by contract.

2575

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