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thereof, slaughtered and prepared in the establishments herein before described for the purposes of interstate or foreign commerce to be made during the nighttime as well as during the daytime when the slaughtering of said cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, or the preparation of said food products is conducted during the nighttime.

That on and after October tirst, nineteen hundred and six, no person, tirm, or corporation shall transport or offer for transportation, and no carrier of interstate or foreign commerce shall transport or receive for transportation from one State or Territory or the District of Columbia to any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, or to any place under the jurisdiction of the United States, or to any foreign country, any carcasses or parts thereof, meat, or meat food products thereof which have not been inspected, examined, and marked as inspected and passed," in accordance with the terms of this Act and with the rules and regulations preseribed by the Secretary of Agriculture: Proridel, That all meat and meat food products on hand on October first, nineteen hundred and six, at establishments where inspection has not been maintained, or which have been inspected under existing law, shall be examined and labeled under such rules and regulations as the secretary of Agriculture shall prescribe, and then shall be allowed to be sold in interstate or foreign commerce.

That no person, tirm, or corporation, or officer, agent, or employee thereof, shall forge, counterfeit, simulate, or falsely represent, or shall without proper authority use, fail to use, or detach, or shall knowingly or wrongfully alter, deface, or destroy, or fail to deface or destrov, any of the marks, stamps, tags, labels, or other identification devices provided for in this Act, or in and as directed by the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder by the Secretary of Agriculture, on any carcasses, parts of carcasses, or the food product, or containers thereof, subject to the provisions of this Act, or any certificate in relation thereto, authorized or required by this Act or by the said rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture.

That the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made a careful inspection of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats intended and offered for export to foreign countries at such times and places, and in such manner as he may deem proper, to ascertain whether such cattle, sheep, swine, and goats are free from disease.

And for this purpose he may appoint inspectors who shall be authorized to give an official certificate clearly stating the condition in which such cattle, sheep, swine, and goats are found.

And no clearance shall be given to any vessel having on board cattle, sheep, swine, or goats for export to a foreign country until the owner or shipper of such cattle, sheep, swine, or goats has a certificate from the inspector herein authorized to be appointed, stating that the said cattle, sheep, swine, or goats are sound and healthy, or unless the Secretary of Agriculture shall have waived the requirement of such certificate for export to the particular country to which such cattle, sheep, swine, or goats are to be exported.

That the Secretary of Agriculture shall also cause to be made a careful inspection of the carcasses and parts thereof of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, the meat of which, fresh, salted, canned, corned, packed, cured, or otherwise prepared, is intended and offered for export to any foreign country, at such times and places and in such manner as he may deem proper.

And for this purpose he may appoint inspectors who shall be authorized to give an official certiticate stating the condition in which said cattle, sheep, swine, or goats, and the meat thereof, are found.

And no clearance shall be given to any vessel having on board any fresh, salted, canned, corned, or packed beef, mutton, pork, or goat meat, being the meat of animals killed after the passage of this Act, or

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except as hereinbefore provided for export to and sale in a foreign country from any port in the United States, until the owner or shipper thereof shall obtain from an inspector appointed under the provisions of this Act a certificate that the said cattle, sheep, swine, and goats were sound and healthy at the time of inspection, and that their meat is sound and wholesome, unless the Secretary of Agriculture shall have waived the requirements of such certificate for the country to which said cattle, sheep, swine, and goats or meats are to be exported.

That the inspectors provided for herein shall be authorized to give official certificates of the sound and wholesome condition of the cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, their carcasses and products as herein described, and one copy of every certificate granted under the provisions of this Act shall be filed in the Department of Agriculture, another copy shall be delivered to the owner or shipper, and when the cattle, sheep, swine, and goats or their carcasses and products are sent abroad, a third copy shall be delivered to the chief officer of the vessel on which the shipment shall be made.

That no person, firm, or corporation engaged in the interstate commerce of meat or meat food products shall transport or offer for transportation, sell or offer to sell any such meat or meat food products in any State or Territory or in the District of Columbia or any place under the jurisdiction of the United States, other than in the State or Territory or in the District of Columbia or any place under the jurisdiction of the United States in which the slaughtering, packing, canning, rendering, or other similar establishment owned, leased, operated by said firm, person, or corporation is located unless and until said person, firm, or corporation shall have complied with all of the provisions of this Act.

That any person, firm, or corporation, or any officer or agent of any such person, firm, or corporation, who shall violate any of the provisions of this Act shall be deemned guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished on conviction thereof by a fine of not exceeding ten thousand dollars or imprisonment for a period not more than two years, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

That the Secretary of Agriculture shall appoint from time to time inspectors to make examination and inspection of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, the inspection of which is hereby provided for, and of all carcasses and parts thereof, and of all meats and meat food products thereof, and of the sanitary conditions of all establishments in which such meat and meat food products hereinbefore described are prepared; and said inspectors shall refuse to stamp, mark, tag, or Tabel any carcass or any part thereof, or meat food product therefrom, prepared in any establishment herein before mentioned, until the same shall have actually been inspected and found to be sound, healthful, wholesome, and fit for human food, and to contain no dyes, chemicals, preservatives, or ingredients which render such meat food product unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or unfit for human food; and to have been prepared under proper sanitary conditions, herein before provided for; and shall perform such other duties as are provided by this Act and by the rules and regulations to be prescribed by said Secretary of Agriculture; and said Secretary of Agriculture shall, from time to time, make such rules and regulations as are necessary for the efficient execution of the provisions of this Act, and all inspections and examinations made under this Act shall be such and made in such manner as described in the rules and regulations prescribed by said Secretary of Agriculture not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act.

That any person, firm, or corporation, or any agent or employee of any person, firm, or corporation who shall give, pay, or offer, directly or indirectly, to any inspector, deputy inspector, chief inspector, or

any other officer or employee of the United States authorized to perform any of the duties prescribed by this Act or by the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture any money or other thing of value, with intent to influence said inspector, deputy inspector, chief inspector, or other officer or employee of the United States in the discharge of any duty herein provided for, shall be deemed guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not less than five thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars and by imprisonment not less than one year nor more than three years; and any inspector, deputy inspector, chief inspector, or other officer or employee of the United States authorized to perform any of the duties prescribed by this Act who shall accept any money, gift, or other thing of value from any person, firm, or corporation, or officers, agents, or employees thereof, given with intent to influence his official action, or who shall receive or accept from any person, firm, or corporation engaged in interstate or foreign commerce any gift, money, or other thing of value given with any purpose or intent whatsoever, shall be deemed guilty of a felony and shall, upon conviction thereof, be summarily discharged from office and shall be punished by a fine not less than one thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars and by imprisonment not less than one year nor more than three years.

That the provisions of this Act requiring inspection to be made by the Secretary of Agriculture shall not apply to animals slaughtered by any farmer on the farm and sold and transported as interstate or foreign commerce, nor to retail butchers and retail dealers in meat and meat food products, supplying their customers: Provided, That if any person shall sell or offer for sale or transportation for interstate or foreign commerce any meat or meat food products which are diseased, unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, knowing that such meat food products are intended for human consumption, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for a period of not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment: Provided also, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to maintain the inspection in this Act provided for at any slaughtering, meat canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment notwithstanding this exception, and that the persons operating the same may be retail butchers and retail dealers or farmers; and where the Secretary of Agriculture shall establish such inspection then the provisions of this Act shall apply notwithstanding this exception.

That there is permanently appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of three million dollars, for the expenses of the inspection of cattle, sheep, swine, and goats and the meat and meat food products thereof which enter into interstate or foreign commerce and for all expenses necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Act relating to meat inspection, including rent and the employment of labor in Washington and elsewhere, for each year. And the Secretary of Agriculture shall, in his annual estimates made to Congress, submit a statement in detail, showing the number of persons employed in such inspections and the salary or per diem paid to each, together with the contingent expenses of such inspectors and where they have been and are employed.

Total, Bureau of Animal Industry, three million nine hundred and forty-six thousand nine hundred and eighty dollars.

BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY. SALARIES, BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY: One plant physiologist and pathologist, who shall be chief of bureau, four thousand five hundred dollars; one chief clerk, two thousand dollars; one editor, two

$3,000,000.00 thousand dollars; one superintendent of gardens and grounds, one thousand eight hundred dollars; four clerks, class four, seven thousand two hundred dollars; seven clerks, class three, eleven thousand two hundred dollars; twelve clerks, class two, sixteen thousand eight hundred dollars; twenty-seven clerks, class one, thirty-two thousand four hundred dollars; one seed clerk and superintendent, one thousand two hundred dollars; one clerk or artist, one thousand two hundred dollars; one artist, eight hundred and forty dollars; sixteen clerks, at one thousand dollars each, sixteen thousand dollars; six clerks, at nine hundred dollars each, five thousand four hundred dollars; eight clerks, at eight hundred and forty dollars each, six thousand seven hundred and twenty dollars; one clerk, eight hundred dollars; eleven clerks, at seven hundred and twenty dollars each, seven thousand nine hundred and twenty dollars; three clerks, at six hundred and sixty dollars each, one thousand nine hundred and eighty dollars; two clerks, at six hundred dollars each, one thousand two hundred dollars; one clerk or messenger, four hundred and eighty dollars; one photographer or clerk, nine hundred dollars; one assistant photographer, six hundred dollars; one illustrator or clerk, nine hundred dollars; one carpenter, nine hundred dollars; one carpenter, eight hundred and forty dollars; two gardeners or assistants, at one thousand dollars each, two thousand dollars; four gardeners, at nine hundred dollars each, three thousand six hundred dollars; two gardeners, at eight hundred and forty dollars each, one thousand six hundred and eighty dollars; four gardeners, at seven hundred and eighty dollars each, three thousand one hundred and twenty dollars; one gardener, six hundred dollars; one gardener, seven hundred and twenty dollars; two gardeners, at six hundred and sixty dollars each, one thousand three hundred and twenty dollars; one skilled laborer, nine hundred dollars; one painter, eight hundred and forty dollars; two plumbers, at eight hundred and forty dollars each, one thousand six hundred and eighty dollars; three firemen, at seven hundred and twenty dollars each, two thousand one hundred and sixty dollars; two clerks or messengers, at eight hundred and forty dollars each, one thousand six hundred and eighty dollars; three skilled laborers, at seven hundred and twenty dollars each, two thousand one hundred and sixty dollars; three skilled laborers, at six hundred and sixty dollars each, one thousand nine hundred and eighty dollars; six skilled laborers, at six hundred dollars each, three thousand six hundred dollars; one messenger, six hundred and sixty dollars; three messengers, at six hundred dollars each, one thousand eight hundred dollars; three watchmen, at seven hundred and twenty dollars each, two thousand one hundred and sixty dollars; two watchmen, at six hundred dollars each, one thousand two hundred dollars; five skilled laborers or messengers, at four hundred and eighty dollars each, two thousand four hundred dollars; two messenger boys, at three hundred and sixty dollars each, seven hundred and twenty dollars; one messenger boy, three hundred dollars; in all, one hundred and sixty-three thousand and sixty dollars.

GENERAL EXPENSES, BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY: To investigate fruits, fruit trees, grain, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, grasses, forage, drug, medicinal, poisonous, fiber, and other plants and plant industries, in cooperation with other branches of the Department, the State experiment stations, and practical farmers; to study plant and orchard diseases and demonstrate the treatment of same; to study plant physiology in relation to crop production; to originate and improve crops by breeding and selection; to investigate and encourage the adoption of improved methods or farm management and farm practice; to investigate the feeding value of farm crops and the use of fertilizers; to investigate the causes of decay in forest timberand timber used for construction purposes, and to devise means for preventing the decay of the same; to investigate the practical application in agriculture of the fixation of

$163, 060.00 atmospheric nitrogen by bacteria and other microorganisms in soils and in the root tubercles of leguminous and other plants; to cultivate and distribute these nitrogen fixers; to study and find methods for preventing algal and other contaminations of water supplies; to carry on special investigations of the conditions of grain production, handling, grading, and transit, and of the means of improving the same; to model fruits, vegetables, and other plants, and furnish duplicate models to the experiment stations of the several States, as far as found practicable; to investigate the methods of harvesting, packing, storing, and shipping fruits and vegetables, and for experimental shipments of fruits and vegetables within the United States and to foreign countries; to cultivate and care for experimental gardens and grounds, manage and maintain conservatories, greenhouses, and plant and fruit propagating houses; to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to continue the necessary improvements to establish and maintain a general experimental farm and agricultural station on the Arlington estate, in the State of Virginia, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of Congress approved April eighteenth, nineteen hundred; to investigate and report on the cost of making tea and the best method of cultivating and preparing the same for market; to investigate and develop the domestic production of sugar-beet seed and the best methods of increasing the tonnage of sugar beets; to continue inquiry and ascertain the progress made in the production of domestic sugar from beets and sorghum and other sugar-producing plants; to collect, purchase, propagate, test, and experiment with rare new seeds, bulbs, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, and plants; for the employment of investigators, local and special agents, agricultural explorers, experts, clerks, illustrators, assistants, student or scientific aids, foremen, gardeners, mechanics, and all other labor and scientific assistance required in conducting investigations and experiments in the city of Washington and elsewhere. And the employees of the Bureau of Plant Industry outside of the city of Washington may, in the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, without additional expense to the Government, be granted leaves of absence not to exceed fifteen days in any one year, which leave may, in exceptional and meritorious cases where such an employee is ill, be extended, in the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, not to exceed fifteen days additional in any one year.

For collating, mapping, illustrating, digesting, printing, reporting, publishing, and disseminating information on the results of these investigations and experiments. And the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby directed to obtain in the open market samples of seeds of grass, clover, or alfalfa, test the same, and if any such seeds are found to be adulterated or misbranded, or any seeds of Canada blue grass (Poa compressa) are obtained under any other name than Canada blue grass or Poa compressa, to publish the results of the tests, together with the names of the persons by whom the seeds were offered for sale.

For actual and necessary traveling expenses; for telegraph and telephone service; for gas and electric current; for forage, ice, postage, and washing towels; for express and freight charges; for the purchase of chemicals, materials, office, field, and laboratory supplies, fertilizers, office fixtures, fuel, apparatus, machinery, tools, and other implements, and repairs to same, horses, vehicles, horseshoeing, and harness; for rent and repairs, not to exceed nineteen thousand dollars, in the District of Columbia; and for all other necessary expenses, four hundred and ninety-five thousand two hundred and sixty dollars: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend five thousand dollars of the amount hereby appropriated to especially investigate parasites and orchard diseases prevalent in the Ozark Mountain region of the States of Missouri and Arkansas, and to work out, if possible, in cooperation with the fruit experiment stations of said States, the

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