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anty of thirty thousand dollars a year with contingent profits to join a wellknown New York law firm, but, although greatly tempted, he had turned the offer down, as there were things which he wanted to complete in his public service. That this decision was a real sacrifice is proved by the fact that it is announced that the estate which he left for his family was little or nothing.

As I think it over, I believe what most appealed to me about Franklin Lane was his genuineness. He was not afraid to express himself. He had sentiment without being a sentimentalist, visions without being a visionary, imagination without being a mere day-dreamer, practical judgment and compromise without being a materialist, passionate patriotism without being a jingo or a race hater. As a fine and cheering specimen of self-revelation there could not be any. thing better than the letter, already referred to in this article, which he wrote just before his death. I should like to print the whole of it, but space will only permit some extracts. He begins it like one of the epistles in the New Testament:

dose of dazing opiate which was to do its work in about fifteen minutes. I then mounted a chair and was wheeled along the corridor to the elevator, stopping meantime to say adieu to my dear ones, who would somehow or other insist on saying good-by, which is a different word. I was not to be given the usual anæsthetic because my heart had been cutting up some didoes, so I must take a local anæsthetic which was to be administered by a very celebrated Frenchman. I need not tell you that the whole performance was managed with considerable éclat, and Dr. Will Mayo, probably the first surgeon of the world, was to use the knife, and in the gallery looking on were Dr. John Finney of Johns Hopkins, Dr. Billings of Chicago, Dr. Vaughan of the Michigan University, and others. On the whole, it was what the society reporter would call a recherché affair.

For two days I had knowledge that this operation was to take place at this time and my nerves had not been just as good as they should have been. Those men who sleep twelve hours perfectly before being electrocuted have evidently led more tranquil lives than I have, or have less concern as to the future. Ah, now I was to know the great secret! For forty years I had been wondering, wondering. Often I had said to myself that I should summon to my mind when this moment came some words that would be somewhat a synthesis of my philosophy. Socrates said to those who stood by after he had drunk the hemlock, "No evil can befall a good man whether he be alive or dead." I don't know how far from that we have gone in these twentyfour hundred years. The apothegm, however, was not apposite to me because it involved a declaration that I was a good man, and I don't know anyone who has the right to so appreciate himself. And I had come to the conclusion that perhaps the best statement of my creed could be fitted into the words, “I accept," which to me meant that if in the law of nature my individual spirit was to go back into the great Ocean of Spirits, my one duty was to conform. "Lead, Kindly Light" was all the gospel I had. I accepted. I made pretense to put out my hand in submission and lay there.

Franklin K. Lane, who is recuperating from an operation at St. Mary's Hospital in Rochester, Minnesota, to a few friends:

It is Wednesday afternoon and I am now sitting up in bed talking to my good friend Cotter. Until yesterday I did not clearly visualize any one thing in this room, and did not know that it had a window except that there was a place that noise came through, but I did, know that it had a yellow oak door that stared at me with its great big square eye all day and all night.

Last Friday, you see, about ten in the morning I took the step that I should have taken months, yes years, ago. I was stretched on a stiff, hard table, my arms were clamped down and in three-quarters of an hour I had my appendix and my gall bladder removed, which latter was a stone quarry and the former a cesspool. To-day most tentatively I crawled on to a chair and ate my first mouthful of solid food. But four days ago I managed to shave myself and I am regarded as pretty spry.

"Please do breathe very deeplyjust one good deep breath."

That pain was burning the side out of me. I tried to get my hand up to my side. Of course it was tied down. I swore, "O Christ! This is terrible!"

"It will stop if you will reach for a big breath"—and I resigned myself. Men who are given the third degree have no stronger will than mine. I knew I was helpless. I must go through, I must surrender to that Circean voice. I heard the doctor in a commonplace monotone say, "This is an unusual case"-the rest of this sentence I never heard. ...

I am doing well; cared for well; as happy as can be; have had none of my angina pains since the operation. And as I lie here I contemplate a frieze-a procession of doctors and nurses and internes, of diagnosticians and technicians and experts and mechanics and servitors and cooksall, the great and the small, in profile. They are to look like those who have made their pretenses before me during the past year—the solemn and the stupid, the kindly, the reckless, the offhand, the erudite, the practical, the many men with tubes and the many men with electrical machines. Old Esculapius must begin the procession, but the Man with the Knife, regnant, heroic size, must end it.

What a great thing, what a pride, to have the two men of greatest constructive imagination and courage in surgery in the world as Americans, Dr. Charles and Dr. Will Mayo.

What a letter from a dying man! It is a practical illustration of one of Theodore Roosevelt's finest sayings: “Only those are fit to live who do not fear to die." And at the very end comes out Lane's instinctive pride in welltrained, efficient, sympathetic Americanism.

Ten years before I made Franklin Lane's acquaintance—that is to say, more than forty years ago -I made the acquaintance of another delightful American who, by a curious coincidence was to become, like myself, an admirer of Lane, although a much more intimate friend. I speak of Roland Cotton Smith, the rector of St. John's Church, Washington, D. C., the church which has ministered to a long roll of Presidents and statesmen. I first knew Cotton Smith as a crack tennis player in college. I admired and looked up to him for his skill as a tennis player, in which sport I was a mere duffer. I have since come to look up to him and admire him

an appraiser of spiritual values. When Franklin Lane took up his official life in Washington in 1905, he became a member of Cotton Smith's congregation. After Lane's death Cotton Smith, who happened to be in New York, came into my office to talk to me about this devoted American whom we both knew, one at the beginning of his career, the other more intimately at its end. The letter which Lane wrote on his deathbed and from which I have quoted was given to me by Cotton Smith. In it Lane speaks of diagnosticians. If I

He then proceeds briefly but graphically to describe what happened in the operating room.

as

Then, after commenting on various forms of tragic death which he himself had witnessed, he continued:

But never before have I been called upon to deliberately walk into the Valley of the Shadow and, say what you will, it is a great act. Here was a path the end of which I could not see. I was not compelled to take it. My very latest doctor advised me against taking it. I could live some time without taking it. It was a bet on the high card with a chance to win, and I took it.

I undressed myself with my boy's help in one of the hospital rooms and then arraying myself in my best suit of pajamas and an antique Samurai robe which I use as a dressing-gown, submitted myself to being given a

The process there was lightninglike. I was in torture. "Lift me up, lift me up!"

"What for?"

"I have one of those angina pains and I must ease it by getting up and taking some nitro." That had been my practice, but I did not reason that never before had the pain come on my right side.

"Give him a whiff of ether." The tenderest arms stole around my head and the softest possible voiceUlysses must have heard it long ago -"Now do take a deep breath." I resisted. I had been told that I would see the performance.

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The ('hrist whom you call is in that

small light. So the knight marched on shining

in mail, Dauntless in spirit, he cannot fail, He will find, what he holds, the Holy

Grail. It may be that to some readers the sketch which I have attempted of Franklin Knight Lane will seem too intimate, but on the whole I think I will let it stand as it is. Generally speaking, I do not think that Americans get enough intimate views of the finer side and sweeter qualities of their public

The turmoil and stress of political life is such that our judgments are more prone to be critical and bitter than friendly and helpful. As the statesmen of my generation pass away, as they are now beginning to do more and more rapidly, the younger men must "carry on," and they ought to have a chance to know something about the inner life of the men of affairs whom they are to fol. low. That is my only excuse, if excuse is needed, for this kind of personal portrait.

LAWRENCE F. ABBOTT.

men.

A knight he was, and a knight by

name,
And he started forth to play the

Game,
With a light in his hand to find the

Flame.

The impulse to lift yourself up from

the sod,
The urge of your feet on the path

you have trod,
The fact of the search is the truth

of a God.

He asked the many, he asked the

few : Who fashioned the stars and distilled

the dew? And the few did but smile and an

swer—who?

The strength you need in the thick

of the fight,
The truth you seek in the dark of

the night,

THE SITUATION IN EGYPT

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE

T

HE increasing independence of his home. It has been such a triumphal In the fall of 1919 a Commission Egypt from Turkish authority entry as must have greeted Roman headed by Lord Milner, British Colonial

from the time of the founder of Emperors, but far more popular, more Secretary, proceeded to Egypt to investi. the dynasty of the Khedives, Mohammed cordial, and more demonstrative,

gate the situation. They were to report Ali, early in the past century, to the But who is Saad Pasha Zaghlool? A to Parliament as to the causes of disconrevolution of Arabi Pasha in 1882; the former student of the Azhar, Islam's tent and the possible solution of the occupation of Egypt by the British and greatest university, at Cairo, a Govern- questions involved. the making of modern Egypt under Lord ment official rising through successive The leaders of the Nationalists renCromer and his successors from 1882 to stages to become a member of the Khe- dered it almost impossible for the Coni1914; the deposing of the Khedive dive's Cabinet as Minister of Education, mission to have any contact with the Abbas II; six years of the “Sultans" he stepped forward in the fall of 1914 Egyptian people. They proclaimed a Hassain and Fouad, both of them nom- as an advocate of the removal of the boycott, not only of the Commission, but inated and maintained in office under a British Protectorate and the declaration of any who would confer with its memBritish Protectorate and martial law- of independence for Egypt. He and his bers, on the ground that England had these, with the war, have been the fac. colleagues insisted upon the application no right to send such an investigating tors contributing to the remarkable of President Wilson's principle of self- Commission or to legislate concerning a political awakening which has taken determination for small nations, and de- sovereign state, as they claimed Egypt possession of Egypt to-day. No genera- manded a representation at the Paris was. tion in all the days of the Ptolemies, Conference. They were refused permis- Meanwhile the Commission secured Romans, Saracens, or Mamelukes ever sion to go to Paris by the British its data and returned to London in the saw such a state of the popular mind authorities and suddenly deported to spring of 1920. Not long afterward or such a desire for participation in the Malta. The nation clamored for their Saad Pasha and the delegation were inaffairs of the nation. For centuries return, which was soon granted. The vited to London for conference with the pashas have done what thinking was impression prevailed in the nation's Commission. Not a little difficulty had necessary to control the fellahin of the mind (greatly emphasized by the Na- to be surmounted in order to accomplish Nile Valley. To-day from these same tionalist leaders) that their return was this, the British maintaining that the peasants the pasha leaders claim and the result of intimidation of British delegation did not officially represent seek their authority,

officials by the popular demonstration. the Egyptian Government and the deleThis week (early in April) the The riots of the spring of 1919 followed. gation insisting that it did. Moreover, Pasha of the Pashas, Saad Zaghlool, has The support of the demand for the with- the British maintained that whatever returned to Cairo. Cabinet Ministers, drawal of England from Egypt increased arrangement might be made must safeofficials of every grade, delegations of apace. Saad Pasha and a small delega- guard England's interest in Egypt, and every sort, princes, ladies, the masses tion of leaders were practically elected that England was responsible to the and the classes-every one except the by the Egyptian people to proceed to Powers of Europe for the protection of Sultan-are vying with one another in Paris and London to secure what was their subjects and investments in Egypt, welcoming him back. Processions, demanded. It was said that £1,000,000 Saad Pasha, as has been said, stood cheering hosts, banners, thousands of was collected and placed at the disposal squarely on the platform of entire inde students, immense crowds of rich and of the delegation. Saad Pasha raised pendence. poor, high and low, panegyrics, have the banner of complete independence for In September, 1920, the Milner Commarked his arrival at Alexandria, his Egypt; he staked everything on this mission proposed as a basis of negotiaroute to Cairo, and from the station to and left no alternative.

tion a scheme whereby the Capitulations

PASHA

OF THE

PASHAS

sure he is а

dema gogue.

Some

will be dictator himself. Some say

say he

absolute control

mass and then lead them to an agreement with

stand with Saad

Pasha"

were

—those treaties under which foreigners
residing in Egypt enjoyed ex-territorial SAAD ZAGHLOOL.,
rights and privileges—would be abol.
ished and England would become spon-
sor for all foreign interests in Egypt. "Now he is back
The scheme provided for a very large

in Egypt. No one

knows what may reduction of direct British authority

happen. Some are in the control of the Department of State, maintaining British advisers only

dangerous for the Ministries of Finance and Justice. Some of the delegation returned to

he will gain the Egypt to sound public opinion (what an

of a anomaly for Egypt!), and when they returned to London it was to notify the Milner Commission that no negotiations England. would be entered into except upon the

Meanwhile the na

tion is taking its distinct declaration that the Protectorate was to be withdrawn.

At last, in February, 1921, the report of the Milner Commission to the British

dence which they

demanding question as to whether Egypt or EnkGovernment was published. It was They felt it was only a diplomatic land shall control the Sudan. a moderate, sane, sympathetic, and scheme to change conditions somewhat, A remarkable feature of the present

situation is the co-operation of the thoroughgoing statement of the condi- but to leave England in the saddle. tions as the Commission had found

By the end of March the Ministry had Mohammedan and Coptic elements of them; but it did not declare the abolish. fallen; its members had been guarded the population. While it is true that ing of the Protectorate. Almost simul- day and night and escorted through the one finds an occasional Copt who detaneously, however, Lord Allenby, Brit- streets by armed patrols during the year plores the possibility of control passini; ish High Commissioner at Cairo, sent a

of their office. A new Cabinet was out of the hands of the British, the grea! note to the Sultan asking him to appoint formed with Adly Pasha Yeken as Prime majority claim a complete coalescence

of these two elements of the population an official delegation to proceed to Lon Minister and Rushti Pasha, formerly don to negotiate for new relationships of

Prime Minister two or three years ago, which have been so mutually antago. the British and Egyptian Governments

as Vice-President of the Cabinet. Adly nistic for a thousand years. One fre. and upon the basis of the abolishing of

Pasha had been for the past year in quently sees banners in the processions the Protectorate.

close touch with the delegation in Lon. displaying both the Crescent and the The Egyptian people and their dele

don and Paris and was regarded as the Cross, and indeed hears among the gation at London saw in both the Milner most able one to arrange some effective shouting "Long live the Cross with the report and in Lord Allenby's note no negotiation. In accepting the appoint- Crescent!” Since the beginning of the indications of the complete indepen. 'ment to form a new Cabinet he notified Moslem conquest thirteen centuries ago

the Sultan that it was with the under- no one ever saw or heard such things
standing that the official delegation to in Cairo.
be sent to London should be presided The present demonstrations have
over by Saad Pasha.

given no indication of any tendency to Great was the rejoicing when Adly violence such as occurred two years Pasha's Ministry took office. Some were ago;' all the shouting has been rather surprised, some became suspicious, constructive in its suggestions, even gowhen within a day or two was an- ing so far as to be cheering both for nounced that Saad Pasha had cabled Saad Pasha and for the Milner Commisfrom London that no steps should be sion and England, although one does not taken until he arrived in Cairo. He just see how the two positions are to be had been gone for two years, and was

harmonized. leaving for Egypt immediately.

Meanwhile the foreign population of And now he is back in Egypt. No one Egypt is seriously wondering what their knows what may happen. Some are

Governments in Europe and America sure he is a dangerous demagogue, are to say concerning the decisions to choosing rather to awaken emotion and be made. If Saad Pasha proves to be sway the crowd into dangerous ex- enough of a statesman to co-operate with tremes. Some say he, being an Egyp- the European Powers as well as with tian, , will never co-operate with Adly England, they feel that security and Pasha and his Cabinet of Turkish origin progress may be attained; if he does toward dictating the policies of Egypt, not, they anticipate a large withdrawal but rather will be the dictator himself. of European investment along with the Some say he will gain the absolute con- removal of British authority. Meantrol of the masses and then lead them to while the nation, for the present at an agreement with England on a basis least, is taking its stand with Saad of less than absolute independence. Pasha, and clamoring for the removal of Some say England is quite ready to every vestige of British authority, and withdraw and surrender everything to suggesting the undoing of many things Egyptian control except the Suez Canal. done by Great Britain in Egypt since Some look for an uprising of the masses 1914, even to the extent of the restoring if they discover that the British are of the Khedive Abbas II to his auactually contemplating leaving Egypt, thority. The end is not yet. claiming that what they have learned of

Cairo, Egypt.

SCRIPTOR.
British security and justice shall not be
LORD ALLENBY, BRITISH

COMMIS-
surrendered for what Turks have to 1 Despatches, howeyer, have reported at least

one recent outbreak, occurring since this was SIONER AT CAIRO

offer. Some look for trouble over the written.-The Editors.

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