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THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN'
Court, which has happily, as I know
from my own observation, found incar. “PROTECTION, EDUCATION, HEALTH, AND THE (PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS"
nation in its Judge, does not only say, BY JOHN FINLEY
“Come, take my hand, and I will lead
you out of the shadows, back again to Lately Commissioner of Education of the State of New York
the kingdom of youth," but it actually HE editor of a New York magazine
So, I say, Judge Hoyt (who, when I does, with common sense, patience, and spoke to me some months ago of first knew him, was, as I recall, a intelligent open-eyed sympathy, lead
the unusual demand for a partic- Mayor's secretary at the City Hall) has, many a youth back to that firm ground ular number of that periodical. As I no doubt from a sense of modesty as to which is his kingdom out of the quickhad contributed something to that num- his own service, chosen a title of this sands. If it were a sentimental, ineffecber I was prepared for a complimentary consequential book that does not give tive tribunal ready to condone every reference to my own contribution. In- intimation of its salvaging content. For fault, it would be, as the author says, stead, he made appreciative comment on the Children's Court, whose operation it as little helpful to the children, and so an article by Judge Hoyt, of the Chil- describes, not by explaining the ma- to the community, as a court would be dren's Court, in the same number.
chinery, but by showing the changes that had no other purpose than the When I left New York, I asked to worked in the lives of the children punishment of every offense. As it is, have sent to the boat an advance copy whom it touches, does, in a more literal the cases are as closely and as scienof a book by the same author containing sense than that in which Wordsworth tifically studied as if the Court were a this article, with many additional chap- pictured the “shades of the prison hospital. Every case is a concrete probters about his experience with children house," prevent their "closing in upon lem. and their parents as they passed in pro- the growing boy.” The spirit of this The general reader will, however, not cession through his court.
I should like to call attention to this unique book from the point of view of one interested especially in its conclusions, and, also, of one at the moment passing through the city of Charles Dickens, who, as Judge Hoyt says, "has never been credited with being one of the originators of the Children's Court movement, but who must have dreamed of its realization when he wrote 'Oliver Twist,'” for Judge Hoyt finds the prototypes of those who come in real life before him, or who touch their lives, in the fictional characters of Fagin and Sykes and Monks, of Nancy and Bumble and Mr. Brownlow, of Magistrate Fang and Mr. Grimwig. But whatever credit Judge Hoyt may allot, and rightfully, to Charles Dickens, it is pertinent to add that except for the practical service of Judge Hoyt, and such as he, there would be nothing but literary credit to give to Charles Dickens for his "Oliver Twist."
The book bears the title "Quicksands of Youth.” But it is by no means a geography of moral morasses in New York City such as an urban social engineer might make, with maps showing particular areas of peril. It should have a more hopeful title, for it has to do chiefly with deliverance from evil and not with sloughs of temptation. There is a classical song of deliverance composed by a prophet who sat as a judge beneath a palm tree in Palestine. But Judge Hoyt's recital of incidents illustrative of "eighty per cent of success as against twenty per cent of failure" in child probation cases is a more hopeful prophecy and with no unseemly or vengeful rejoicing in it. It would be quite as profitable for the average citizen to read the chapter on Harry
PRESIDING JUSTICE FRANKLIN C. HOYT, OF THE NEW YORK CHILDREN'S COURT Samuels, “A Recruit for Law and
The illustration shows Judge Hoyt talking with a juvenile offender in the private examination Order," and the sequel chapter, “Twenty
room of the Children's Court Building. The cases are first tried in the main court room, with Months After," as to read the fifth chap- every observance of legal formality and etiquette. The presiding justice then appears in judicial ter of the Book of Judges, beautiful as robes, and the young offender instinctively feels the power and majesty of the law.
delinquent is not at that time dismissed, he is remanded to the care of a welfare society or the latter is.
probation officer, and Judge Hoyt's relation to the case becomes personal and intimate like
that of a “big brother." "Quicksands of Youth" tells some of the absorbing stories of this 1 Quicksands of Youth. By Franklin Chase
fraternal or paternal relationship. Hoyt, Presiding Justice of the Children's Court
Judge Hoyt, by the way, is a grandson of Salmon P.
was Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by appointment of the City of New York, New York, 1921.
take up this work for such information, teachers." Especially are religious in personal experiences of the author, He will as soon go to the annual reports training and moral training by parents though the book is well illustrated by of the Probation Commission. But I am and ecclesiastical advisers to be em- the voyager's own snap-shots. able out of my own experience to phasized, for Judge Hoyt adds, “If our
SHADOW-SHOW (THE). By J. H. Curle. The assure the reader that if he does take up experience in the Children's Court has
George H. Doran Company, New York. this book he will not put it down until proved one thing, it is that religion is
The author of this volume underhe has finished it, so full is it of hope- essential to the training of children, and
stands the human side of many counful, humorous, and appealing incident. that no lasting good can be achieved
tries and questions and how to discuss I have had a like experience with an- when their spiritual development is
the inter-relations of peoples with other book in the same week-Secretary neglected.”
philosophy, humor, and keen observaLansing's. But I had more hope for the 3. Health; and here he lays stress
RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
Ernest Garvie, M.A., D.D. (International appreciation may not see the little book tion, let him come to the Children's
Theological Library:) Charles Scribner's itself, I summarize its conclusions Court."
Sons, New York. reached through the divination of one 4. Pursuit of happiness. “We might This volume should be useful to many who has looked into the hearts of neg- as well realize,” says the Judge, “that, a preacher. It deals with the choice of lected, misguided, unhappy children in a whatever we may do, children are going subjects and texts, the contents, characgreat city. to join in the universal quest for hap
ter, arrangement, composition, and deThese conclusions put society under piness and pleasure as one of their
livery of the sermon. The book is probation, requiring it, if it is to escape rights. It is for us, therefore, to see charged with simple, practical counsels. inevitable punishment, to give every that they are properly guided in their child "protection, education, health, and search for recreation and are taught to LIFE INDEED (THE). A Review, in Terms of
Common Thinking, of the Scripture History the pursuit of happiness," so far as it find enjoyment in the finer things of life."
Issuing in Immortality. By John Franklin is in the power to do so.
These are not new auguries. The Genung, Late Professor of Literary and 1. Protection is the right to a "nor. teachers who daily look into the hearts Biblical Interpretation in Amherst College.
The Marshall Jones Company, Boston. mal, decent, and sympathetic home," and minds of children have been utter
After Professor Genung's death this and is the “right to be safeguarded ing like conclusions. But they come
book was found in manuscript among against corrupting influences and de- with especial force from this judicial basing environments." haruspex who has made an independent
his papers—"his last message crystal
lized ... out of a broad and deep life.” 2. Education is something beyond the examination of the omens. three R's and under the "very best of
It is well worth careful, meditative readLondon, England.
ing by all who care for the life of the
spirit. Professor Genung's “Epic of the THE NEW BOOKS
Inner Life" is a classic, and, as an in
terpreter of the Bible and of the spiritBIOGRAPHY
ciently impressive. Professor Marquand ual life of which the Bible is itself an FOLKS. By Victor Murdock. The Macmillan follows his previous system in giving to interpreter, ranks with George Adam
Company, New York.
us a catalogue of the sculptor's works, Smith's "Isaiah" and Griffis's “Lily
and this catalogue constitutes the body or rather contrasted with Dickens's
Connecting immor"Sketches" and Thomas Fuller's "Holy
of the monograph; it is followed by a tality, as the New Testament connects
suggestive bibliography. There and Profane State." They are like them
are it, with the life of the spirit, Dr. Genung only in being psychological miniatures,
brief biographical and critical com- shows how faith in immortality is
ments. vivid, pictorial, sketchy.
The book is excellently illus- brought to light only as that life of the
They are thoroùghly American, with the charac
trated. It is of particular value to those spirit is brought to light. We have teristic breezy atmosphere of a Mid
students of the history of art specially faith in immortality when we possess Western town in the early days of its interested in tracing the transition of
immortality. It is characteristic of him existence.
the chaste lines of the early periods of to regard Bible texts as windows and to If they are fiction, they are realistic fiction; if fact, they are
sculpture to the robuster if less inspir- look through them at the prospect which epic history; if photographs, they are ing and more melodramatic lines of
they open before us. Thus in a single later ages. artistically colored photographs. They
sentence he invites you as it were to lay
down his book and think; unless you are apparently fact and fiction so in
ESSAYS AND CRITICISM geniously mixed that the reader cannot
can do that, it is not a book of much NEW ENGLAND GROUP AND OTHERS. By value to you. tell what is fiction and what fact, what
For example: “He who Paul Elmer More. Shelburne Essays. imagination and what memory, and we
is, has spelled His name in the letters
Eleventh Series. Houghton Mifflin Comdoubt whether the author himself can
of human life, has expressed His nature
pany, Boston. tell. They are entertaining and more; Catholic in his interests, conserva
in the terms of human nature, and now they are inspirational. The author retively progressive in his judgments,
we have but to look at it and see if it is ports Lew Wallace as saying of the neither radical nor reactionary in his
not so." Or, again: “The Lord will "boom articles" in the paper which his
temperament, keenly critical in his never acquit a man and say that he did father edited that "every line had a analyses, constructive in his purpose,
not transgress when he did. ... But He drum and fife in it." The drum and
Mr. More's essays are well worth read- will forgive, will take the guilt as guilt fife have been inherited by the son.
ing as introductions to the authors of and cover it up with mercy." Here are
whom he treats. He is luminous with- two of the profoundest doctrines of GIOVANNI DELLA ROBBIA, By Allan Mar- out being brilliant and judicial without evangelical faith embodied each in a quand. Princeton Monographs in Art and being dull
sentence, and each sentence Archæology, VIII. The Princeton University
an emPress, Princeton.
bodiment of spiritual experience. Professor Marquand has added an
TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION
Throughout, this book is a product of other to his monographs on the Robbia CRADLE OF THE DEEP (THE). An Account
one who had studied not only books but family. He now discusses the work of
of a Voyage to the West Indies. By Sir
life, the life of the spirit, and reveals
Frederick Treves. Illustrated. E. P. DutGiovanni della Robbia. Giovanni was
ton & Co., New York.
and teaches that life as Paul did, "comless original than was Luca or Andrea. This is a new printing of Sir Fred- paring spiritual things with spiritual." Doubtless Giovanni was strongly de
erick Treves's well-known and well-liked It is not always easy reading; not bependent upon Verrochio and other con- book about a voyage to and among the cause it is obscurely written, but betemporary sculptors.
But Giovanni's West Indies. The interest of the narra- cause it endeavors to carry the reader works, as we see through the medium tive is in the lively and graphic résumé into a realm which in this materialistic of this scholarly volume, were suffi
of the history of the islands rather than age is to many readers a foreign country.
THIS WEEK'S OUTLOOK
WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF CURRENT HISTORY
ILL H. HAYS, Postmaster-General of
BY J. MADISON GATHANY
Sullivan, Indiana, in 1879. He was SCARBOROUGH SCHOOL, SCARBOROUGH-ON-HUDSON, N. Y.
graduated from Wabash College in 1900.
He was City Attorney of Sullivan from Humanizing the Post Office on the topic “Why War?" what points
1910 to 1913. As Chairman of the would you emphasize? O you know of any distinct and
Republican National Committee he manDefine these words: Insidious, anomnotable advance made in the Post
aged the campaign which resulted in alous, diplomats, reactionary, contiguous, Office Department while Mr.
Warren G. Harding's election to the vernacular press, plutocratic, allegations. Burleson was in office? If so, tell about
Presidency. In the preparation of this
Here are four books well worth readit.
article, The Outlook's plan was that Mr. ing: “An Introduction to the History of Mr. Hays pronounces the American
Hays should speak to its readers by Japan," by Katsuro Hara (Putnams); Post Office “the greatest of all busi
means of an interview; but he regarded "Modern Japan," by A. S. and S. W.
the subject as of such importance that nesses." What facts are there which
Hershey (Bobbs, Merrill Co., Indianaptend to justify such a sweeping state
he wrote the article on "Humanizing olis); "Must We Fight Japan?" by Walment?
the Post Office" himself. ter D. Pitkin (Century); “Why War?" Can you suggest to Mr. Hays some by F. C. Howell (Scribners).
ENRY WALSWORTH KINNEY was also definite ways in which he might conduct with great profit to those under him a
Ambassador Harvey Makes a tory of Hawaii. He was graduated from welfare department, a department which
the University of Copenhagen in 1897
Speech he is very desirous of establishing?
and did graduate work at the University Can you express in four or five sen- On another page The Outlook reports of California. He has been a teacher, tences how Postmaster-General Hays that Ambassador Harvey said in London
chemist, reporter, and editor. He was believes the Post Office should be con- recently that "the present Government
Superintendent of Public Instruction of ducted?
could not, without betrayal of its crea- the Territory of Hawaii from May 1, Is the Post Office the oldest of the ten tors and masters, and will not, I can
1914, to April 1, 1919. He is now on the Executive Departments? Which is the assure you, have anything whatsoever
editorial staff of “The Trans-Pacific," of youngest of these Departments? What to do with the League, or any commis- Tokyo, Japan. He is the author of “The salary does each of the heads of these sion or committee appointed by it, or Island of Hawaii." Departments receive? State very briefly responsible to it, directly or indirectly, what the chief duties of the heads of openly or furtively." Does this pro
ARRY LEE has done extensive work Executive Departments are. nouncement by Ambassador Harvey ac
among hospitals devoted to the
cure of returned soldiers. Give a brief sketch of the history of cord with what President Harding and
His sketch the United States Post Office. What im- Secretary Hughes have said in this
entitled “The Friend" appeared in The
Outlook for May 18. provements have been made in the country about the League of Nations postal service during the last fifty and America's relation to it? Does the AROLD SCARBOROUGH is a member of years?
above statement by Mr. Harvey please Define with accuracy the following you? What are your reasons?
pean staff. His articles "The Most expressions: Obsessed, in lieu of, com- In this same speech our Ambassador Distressful Country" and "The Turbumensurate, subterfuge, decency, morale, to the Court of St. James's said that “we
lent Isle" appeared in The Outlook for slogan.
sent them [our soldiers and sailors] March 30 and April 6.
solely to save the United States of
AWRENCE F. ABBOTT, President of The What does the expression “militaristic April 2, 1917, President Wilson told in
Outlook Company, was graduated nation" niean? Does possessing an the following words what America's
from Amherst in 1881 and soon afterarmy and a navy mean that a country ideals and purposes were in going into
wards in California met Franklin K. is militaristic? Is there any actual proof the war: “We are glad to fight thus for
Lane, of whom he writes in this issue. that Japan is any more militaristic than
the ultimate peace of the world and for AROLD TROWBRIDGE PULSIFER, whose Great Britain or the United States? the liberation of its peoples, the German
One of the writers on another page of peoples included; for the rights of na- which Franklin Knight Lane voiced his
TÉPHANE LAUZAxxe, editor of the of life and obedience." Why did ing such a rôle in the Far East? America enter the World War? Was it
Paris "Matin," has frequently conIf it is true, as different writers in
tributed to The Outlook. His most resolely to save the United States of this issue of The Outlook say, that there America?
cent visit to the United States was in
Is Ambassador Harvey's is “a growing antipathy in America, view of why we entered the war your
company with the French special anCanada, Australia, and elsewhere"
bassador, M. Viviani. His article in The personal view? toward Japan, that Japan "in vain
Outlook for March 16, 1921, with a state.
On another page The Outlook tells us scans the horizon for a sincere friend," that it is not only right but expedient
ment by Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of and that army and navy expenditure in that America and Great Britain should
France, was widely quoted. Japan is “isolating Japan from the rest continue to live in the spirit of comity
became Comof the civilized world,” who and what and enduring friendship. Why right? are to blame for such a situation? Is it Why expedient? What, with reasons, is of New York and President of the right that other nations should hold
your opinion of those who hold to an University of the State of New York in such attitudes towards Japan?
ancient grudge against Great Britain? 1913. He had previously been President What do you learn about current What do you think of what is written of Knox College, Professor of Politics at Japanese politics by reading the two in the book entitled “A Straight Deal Princeton, and President of the College articles found elsewhere in this issue on or the Ancient Grudge." by Owen Wister of the City of New York. He has been Japan?
(Macmillan)? If you have not done so Harvard exchange lecturer at the Sor. If you were asked to make a speech already, you certainly ought to read bonne. He was born at Grand Ridge,
"The English-Speaking Peoples," by Illinois, in 1863, and was educated at 1 These questions and comments are designed not only for the use of current events classes G. L. Beer (Macmillan), in which the Knox College and Johns Hopkins. He ind clubs, debating societies, teachers of history * English, and the like, but also for discus
author writes on the future relations is a Knight of the Legion of Honor, in the home and for suggestions to any and international obligations of all the Chevalier of the Crown of Italy, and er tho desires to study current affaire as as to read about them - The Extory, English-speaking peoples.
Knight of the Holy Sepulcher.
Jmissioner of Education
eta the State
How Woodlot County
OODLOT County was poor. Taxes
were high and the roads—nothing
but mud-holes. The schools were of the one-room, cross-roads variety with one weary teacher apiece. In the winter the children were unable to get to school regularly.
In stormy weather Woodlot County was dead.
The $200,000 bond proposal for new roads was a bursting bomb in the calm of a peaceful night.
Woodlot County awoke; but not all at once. For two years they had been trying to settle the good roads plan. It was a conversation between John Wright and Daniel Summers that started the ball rolling.
“How much would you sell your farm for to-day, Daniel ?” his neighbor asked.
"Four thousand cash," said the farmer.
year option at that price," came the answer quick as a wink.
“ You will not," replied Summers, after a moment's thought. “You'd take it up if the bond issue went through—why, with a hard road out through here, you'd clear a fine profit! If that road went through, I wouldn't take”
Wright began to laugh and left his neighbor to think it out.
In less than two years the county had some fine Tarvia roads open to traffic every day in the year—dustless, mudless and traffic-proof.
Woodlot became a busy, prosperous county. Acentralgraded school had been established.
Farmers saved enough in hauling costs alone to pay off the bond issue and in maintenance cost the Tarvia roads paid for themselves.
Thus did Woodlot County hoist itself out of the mud and stagnation.
Tarvia Auto-truck Distributor
MISSISSIPPI RIVER SCENIC LINE
ROCKY MT. NATL (ESTES) PARK
, neighborhood? What is your private opinion of your family? Do you agree with Oliver Herford's dictum: “God makes our relatives ; thank God we make our own friends "? We should like to know what kind of environment you live in; does it stimulate or does it depress you? Would you have chosen it if you had had any say about it?
For the best letters on the subject of "Mine Own People” we will award : a first prize of Fifty Dollars a second prize of Thirty Dollars a third prize of Twenty Dollars
Tell us truthfully of your revolts, if any, against your home life; also of your enthusiasms. If you are a woman, what do you really think of your men? If you are a man, let us have a critical estimate of your women folk. What complaints have children of their parents, and parents of their children? Do you approve of your neighbors ? Be objective. Don't be introspective. You don't have to be bitter.
CONDITIONS OF CONTEST 1. Write your name (add a pen name, if you like,
for publication) and address in the upper lefthand corner of your letter. We urge the use
of pen names. 2. All letters must be typewritten on one side of
the paper only. 3. Limit your letter to 600 words of average length. 4. Your letter, to be eligible, must reach us on or
before June 20. 5. We reserve the right to purchase for publica
tion desirable letters not winning prizes. 6. Unavailable letters will not be returned. 7. The staff of The Outlook will be the judges of the contest.
Address all contest letters to CONTEST EDITOR, THE OUTLOOK COMPANY
381 Fourth Avenue, New York
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