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agreement in the direction of a radical curtailment of armaments.

Regarding Mr. Borah's disarmament resolution in the United States Senate, the Tokyo "Yomiuri" (the "Town Crier") recently remarked:

It is fundamentally necessary to arrive at a political agreement among the three countries, with a view to removing international bad feeling. ... In this country, if the present armament competition is to continue indefinitely, financial and economic pressure may drive people towards Bolshevism. ... If the peoples of Japan, Great Britain, and America

calmly consider the situation, they
will find that the present tendency is
both foolish and dangerous.

The Tokyo "Nichi Nichi" ("Every
Day") concludes:

Japan is only compelled to proceed
with the prearranged plan because of
the necessity of self-preservation.
We believe the case is also the same
with Great Britain and America.

But, unless the question of disarmament is solved, no fundamental solution of financial problems is possible. In Japan many important social measures also are sacrificed for the sake of armaments. . . . Even if

no agreement be proposed by America, Japan should take steps to curtail armament expenses.

Another important paper of Tokyo, the "Asahi” (the “Morning Sun"), thus concludes:

Of all the nations, America is making the greatest efforts to enlarge her armaments. As a result, it is America that can most effectively urge disarmament. If such a proposal is made by her, Great Britain and Japan ... will enthusiastically respond.

The first step, therefore, would seem to be "up to us.”

"THE EVERLASTINGLY FAVORED NATION”! AN INTERVIEW WITH THE FRENCH PRIME MINISTER

BY STÉPHANE LAUZANNE

EDITOR OF “LE MATIN,” PARIS NLY a few hours intervened be. “This matter," he said, “does not al. been responsible for this, but in advance tween the arrival of Mr. René low one moment's discussion. I do not I certify that the mistake has been an

Viviani, returning from New think that within ten generations there involuntary one. No French Minister York, and the departure of Prime Minis- can be a single Frenchman who will has ever conceived the idea of harming ter Briand, leaving for London. And have forgotten what America did in this American interests in any way whatsoMr. Briand spent these few hours in war. And I do not believe that there ever. The rapidity with which I replied conference with Mr. René Viviani; this is a single Frenchman to-day who would personally to the note of the Secretary shows the great importance, in the days consent that America be deprived of any of State, Hughes, on the Yap question we are passing through, which the Gov- right whatsoever or of any benefit which and its mandates is the best proof of ernment of the French Republic attaches victory has given to all of us. It is our desire to give immediate satisfacto all that comes from America.

possible that errors have been com- tion to America each time that she may Prime Minister Briand also received mitted in this respect; I do not want to be brought to express a claim owing to me for some length of time, and it goes look into the past and seek to know an incomprehensible error." without saying that he spoke exclusively which of my predecessors may have And Mr. Briand further stated: about America. His opinion regarding

"In that house of the Quai d'Orsay, all things about America is extremely

where not a single day passes but some simple.

representative or other of a nation of "I cannot,” said he, "conceive any

the world enters, there is one person other policy for a French Minister, who

whose entrance is always most welcome soever he be, than to maintain the

to us, and that is that of the American closest, the most trusting and affection

Ambassador. There is no example in ate relations with the great sister Re

the records of the Ministry of Foreign public. I consider as a national calam

Affairs of France that there has ever ity any shadow which would come be

been any painful or annoying incident tween America and France. And I

with the representative of the United deem it a national happiness all that

States. We always consider him, no unites and brings nearer to each other

matter what Administration be in power the two countries. Franco-American

in Washington, as a great friend. Mr. friendship is a dogma for me, an un

Hugh C. Wallace, who is on the point of alterable, intangible, and sacred thing.

leaving us, will leave nothing but the

regrets of his departure, and Mr. Myron I told the Prime Minister that this

T. Herrick, who is coming back, will feeling, in my opinion, was reciprocated

find only open hands to receive him. by nearly all the Americans unani

"This does not only depend on the mously; but that it was necessary to

great industrial power of the United express this feeling in its reality., And

States, which every one holds in respect, the reality was that Mr. Viviani and I

but it is because the United States is a had found in Washington a certain feel

great moral power which every one ading of surprise at the manner in which

mires. The representatives of America the American interests have sometimes

have the right to say that they are been treated, after the peace, and in par

speaking in the name of the most disticular in the Pacific and in the matter

interested and most generous nation in of the cables and petroleum.

the whole world—that is a force which "America thinks," I said, "that she

dominates all the other forces. ..." helped to win the war and that under

Thus spoke Mr. Aristide Briand. these circumstances she has a right to

And truly, I do believe that what the see that her interests are not hurt in

Prime Minister of to-day said to me the peace by those with whom she was

(C) Keystone

Prime Minister of to-morrow would say associated"

ARISTIDE BRIAND, PRESIDENT OF THE COUN- likewise, America enjoys at the Quai Mr. Briand did not permit me to CIL OF MINISTERS IN THE FRENCH GOVERN- d'Orsay a special treatment the treatfinish.

MENT, WHOSE INTERVIEW EXPRESSES THE ment of the everlastingly favored na-
OFFICIAL AS WELL AS THE UNOFFICIAL

tion. 1 Copyright by The Outlook Company, 1921.

FEELING OF FRANCE FOR AMERICA

Paris, France.

[graphic]

THE INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN Court, which has happily, as I know

from my own observation, found incar“ PROTECTION, EDUCATION, HEALTH, AND THE (PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS"

nation in its Judge, does not only say, BY JOHN FINLEY

“Come, take my hand, and I will lead

you out of the shadows, back again to Lately Commissioner of Education of the State of New York

the kingdom of youth," but it actually HE editor of a New York magazine So, I say, Judge Hoyt (who, when I does, with common sense, patience, and

spoke to me some months ago of first knew him, was, as I recall, a intelligent open-eyed sympathy, lead 1 the unusual demand for a partic. Mayor's secretary at the City Hall) has many a youth back to that firm ground ular number of that periodical. As I no doubt from a sense of modesty as to which is his kingdom out of the quickhad contributed something to that num- his own service, chosen a title of this sands. If it were a sentimental, ineffecber I was prepared for a complimentary consequential book that does not give tive tribunal ready to condone every reference to my own contribution. In- intimation of its salvaging content. For fault, it would be, as the author says, stead, he made appreciative comment on the Children's Court, whose operation it as little helpful to the children, and so an article by Judge Hoyt, of the Chil describes, not by explaining the ma to the community, as a court would be dren's Court, in the same number.

chinery, but by showing the changes that had no other purpose than the When I left New York, I asked to worked in the lives of the children punishment of every offense. As it is, have sent to the boat an advance copy whom it touches, does, in a more literal the cases are as closely and as scienof a book by the same author containing sense than that in which Wordsworth tifically studied as if the Court were a this article, with many additional chap- pictured the “shades of the prison hospital. Every case is a concrete probters about his experience with children house," prevent their "closing in upon lem. and their parents as they passed in pro- the growing boy.” The spirit of this The general reader will, however, not cession through his court.

I should like to call attention to this unique book from the point of view of one interested especially in its conclusions, and, also, of one at the moment passing through the city of Charles Dickens, who, as Judge Hoyt says, "has never been credited with being one of the originators of the Children's Court movement, but who must have dreamed of its realization when he wrote 'Oliver Twist,'" for Judge Hoyt finds the prototypes of those who come in real life before him, or who touch their lives, in the fictional characters of Fagin and Sykes and Monks, of Nancy and Bumble and Mr. Brownlow, of Magistrate Fang and Mr. Grimwig. But whatever credit Judge Hoyt may allot, and rightfully, to Charles Dickens, it is pertinent to add that except for the practical service of Judge Hoyt, and such as he, there would be nothing but literary credit to give to Charles Dickens for his "Oliver Twist.”

The book bears the title "Quicksands of Youth.” But it is by no means a geography of moral morasses in New York City such as an urban social engineer might make, with maps showing particular areas of peril. It should have a more hopeful title, for it has to do chiefly with deliverance from evil and not with sloughs of temptation. There is a classical song of deliverance composed by a prophet who sat as a judge beneath a palm tree in Palestine. But Judge Hoyt's recital of incidents illustrative of "eighty per cent of success as against twenty per cent of failure" in child probation cases is a more hopeful prophecy and with no unseemly or vengeful rejoicing in it. It would be quite as profitable for the average citizen to read the chapter on Harry

PRESIDING JUSTICE FRANKLIN C. HOYT, OF THE NEW YORK CHILDREN'S COURT Samuels, "A Recruit for Law and

The illustration shows Judge Hoyt talking with a juvenile offender in the private examination Order," and the sequel chapter, "Twenty

room of the Children's Court Building. The cases are first tried in the main court room, with Months After," as to read the fifth chap every observance of legal formality and etiquette. The presiding justice then appears in judicial ter of the Book of Judges, beautiful as

robes, and the young offender instinctively feels the power and majesty of the law. If the

delinquent is not at that time dismissed, he is remanded to the care of a welfare society or the latter is.

probation officer, and Judge Hoyt's relation to the case becomes personal and intimate like

that of a "big brother." "Quicksands of Youth" tells sone of the absorbing stories of this 1 Quicksands of Youth. By Franklin Chase

fraternal or paternal relationship. Judge Hoyt, by the way. is a grandson of Salmon P. Hoyt, Presiding Justice of the Children's Court

Chase, who was Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by appointment of of the City of New York. Charles Scribner's -8, New York, 1921.

Abraham Lincoln

[graphic]

take up this work for such information teachers." Especially are religious in personal experiences of the author, He will as soon go to the annual reports training and moral training by parents though the book is well illustrated by of the Probation Commission. But I am and ecclesiastical advisers to be em- the voyager's own snap-shots. able out of my own experience to phasized, for Judge Hoyt adds, "If our

SHADOW-SHIOW (THE). By J. H. Curle. The assure the reader that if he does take up experience in the Children's Court has

George H. Doran Company, New York. this book he will not put it down until proved one thing, it is that religion is

The author of this volume underhe has finished it, so full is it of hope. essential to the training of children, and

stands the human side of many counful, humorous, and appealing incident that no lasting good can be achieved

tries and questions and how to discuss I have had a like experience with an when their spiritual development is the inter-relations of peoples with other book in the same week-Secretary neglected."

philosophy, humor, and keen observaLansing's. But I had more hope for the 3. Health; and here he lays stress tion "amending of the earth" when I finished upon instruction in the laws of sex Judge Hoyt's. hygiene, saying that "if any one should

RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY Lest some of the readers of this brief doubt the wisdom of giving such instruc- CHRISTIAN PREACHER (THE). By Alfred

Ernest Garvie, M.A., tion, let him appreciation may not see the little book

come to the Children's

D.D. (International

Theological Library.) Charles Scribner's itself, I summarize its conclusions Court."

Sons, New York. reached through the divination of one 4. Pursuit of happiness. “We might This volume should be useful to many who has looked into the hearts of neg. as well realize," says the Judge, “that, a preacher. It deals with the choice of lected, misguided, unhappy children in a whatever we may do, children are going subjects and texts, the contents, characgreat city.

to join in the universal quest for hap- ter, arrangement, composition, and deThese conclusions put society under piness and pleasure as one of their livery of the sermon. The book is probation, requiring it, if it is to escape rights. It is for us, therefore, to see charged with simple, practical counsels. inevitable punishment, to give every that they are properly guided in their child "protection, education, health, and search for recreation and are taught to LIFE INDEED (THE). A Review, in Terms of

Common Thinking, of the Scripture History the pursuit of happiness," so far as it find enjoyment in the finer things of life.”

Issuing in Immortality. By John Franklin is in the power to do so.

. These are not new auguries. The Genung. Late Professor of Literary and 1. Protection is the right to a "nor teachers who daily look into the hearts

Biblical Interpretation in Amherst College.

The Marshall Jones Company, Boston. mal, decent, and sympathetic home," and minds of children have been utter

After Professor Genung's death this and is the "right to be safeguarded ing like conclusions. But they come against corrupting influences and de

book was found in manuscript among with especial force from this judicial basing environments." haruspex who has made an independent

his papers—“his last message crystal2. Education is something beyond the examination of the omens.

lized ... out of a broad and deep life.” three R's and under the "very best of London, England.

It is well worth careful, meditative reading by all who care for the life of the

spirit. Professor Genung's "Epic of the THE NEW BOOKS

Inner Life" is a classic, and, as an in

terpreter of the Bible and of the spiritBIOGRAPHY

ciently impressive. Professor Marquand ual life of which the Bible is itself an FOLKS. By Victor Murdock. The Macmillan follows his previous system in giving to interpreter, ranks with George Adam Company, New York.

us a catalogue of the sculptor's works, Smith's “Isaiah" and Griffis's “Lily These papers might be compared to

and this catalogue constitutes the body Among Thorns.” Connecting immoror rather contrasted with Dickens's

of the monograph; it is followed by a tality, as the New Testament connects "Sketches" and Thomas Fuller's "Holy

suggestive bibliography. There are it, with the life of the spirit, Dr. Genung and Profane State." They are like them

brief biographical and critical com- shows how faith in immortality is only in being psychological miniatures,

ments. The book is excellently illus- brought to light only as that life of the vivid, pictorial, sketchy. They are

trated. It is of particular value to those spirit is brought to light. We have thoroughly American, with the charac

students of the history of art specially faith in immortality when we possess teristic breezy atmosphere of a Mid

interested in tracing the transition of immortality. It is characteristic of him Western town in the early days of its

the chaste lines of the early periods of to regard Bible texts as windows and to existence. If they are fiction, they

sculpture to the robuster if less inspir look through them at the prospect which are realistic fiction; if fact, they are

ing and more melodramatic lines of they open before us. Thus in a single epic history; if photographs, they are later ages.

sentence he invites you as it were to lay artistically colored photographs. They

down his book and think; unless you are apparently fact and fiction so in

ESSAYS AND CRITICISM geniously mixed that the reader cannot

can do that, it is not a book of much NEW ENGLAND GROUP AND OTHERS. By value to you. For example: "He who tell what is fiction and what fact, what Paul Elmer More. Shelburne Essays. imagination and what memory, and we Eleventh Series. Houghton Mifflin Com

is, has spelled His name in the letters doubt whether the author himself can

pany, Boston.

of human life, has expressed His nature tell. They are entertaining and more;

Catholic in his interests, conserva in the terms of human nature, and now they are inspirational. The author re

tively progressive in his judgments. we have but to look at it and see if it is ports Lew Wallace as saying of the neither radical nor reactionary in his not so." Or, again: “The Lord will "boom articles" in the paper which his

temperament, keenly critical in
temperament, keenly critical in his

his never acquit a man and say that he did father edited that "every line had a analyses, constructive in his purpose, not transgress when he did. ... But He drum and fife in it." The drum and

Mr. More's essays are well worth read- will forgive, will take the guilt as guilt fife have been inherited by the son.

ing as introductions to the authors of and cover it up with mercy." Here are

whom he treats. He is luminous with two of the profoundest doctrines of GIOVANNI DELLA ROBBIA. By Allan Mar- out being brilliant and judicial without evangelical faith embodied each in a quand. Princeton Monographs in Art and being dull.

sentence, and each sentence an emArchæology. VIII. The Princeton University Press, Princeton.

bodiment of a spiritual experience. Professor Marquand has added an

TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION

Throughout, this book is a product of other to his monographs on the Robbia

CRADLE OF THE DEEP (THE). An Account one who had studied not only books but

of a Voyage to the West Indies. By Sir family. He now discusses the work of

Frederick Treves. Illustrated. E. P. Dut

life, the life of the spirit, and reveals Giovanni della Robbia. Giovanni was ton & Co., New York.

and teaches that life as Paul did, “comless original than was Luca or Andrea. This is a new printing of Sir Fred- paring spiritual things with spiritual." Doubtless Giovanni was strongly de erick Treves's well-known and well-liked It is not always easy reading; not bependent upon Verrochio and other con- book about a voyage to and among the cause it is obscurely written, but betemporary sculptors. But Giovanni's West Indies. The interest of the narra- cause it endeavors to carry the reader works, as we see through the medium tive is in the lively and graphic résumé into a realm which in this materialistic of this scholarly volume, were suffi- of the history of the islands rather than age is to many readers a foreign country.

THIS WEEK'S OUTLOOK

CONTRIBUTORS'

GALLERY WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF CURRENT HISTORY' WILL H. Hays, Postmaster-General of

W the United States, was born in BY J. MADISON GATHANY

Sullivan, Indiana, in 1879. He was SCARBOROUGH SCHOOL, SCARBOROUGH-ON-HUDSON, N. Y.

graduated from Wabash College in 1900.

He was City Attorney of Sullivan from Humanizing the Post Office on the topic "Why War?" what points

1910 to 1913. As Chairman of the would you emphasize? O you know of any distinct and

Republican National Committee he manDefine these words: Insidious, anomnotable advance made in the Post

aged the campaign which resulted in alous, diplomats, reactionary, contiguous, Office Department while Mr.

Warren G. Harding's election to the vernacular press, plutocratic, allegations. Burleson was in office? If so, tell about

Presidency. In the preparation of this Here are four books well worth read.

article, The Outlook's plan was that Mr. it.

ing: “An Introduction to the History of Hays should speak to its readers by Mr. Hays pronounces the American

Japan," by Katsuro Hara (Putnams); Post Office “the greatest of all busi

means of an interview; but he regarded "Modern Japan,” by A. S. and S. W. nesses." What facts are there which

the subject as of such importance that Hershey (Bobbs, Merrill Co., Indianaptend to justify such a sweeping state

he wrote the article on "Humanizing olis); "Must We Fight Japan?" by Wal

the Post Office" himself. ment?

ter D. Pitkin (Century); "Why War?Can you suggest to Mr. Hays some by F. C. Howell (Scribners).

ITENRY WALSWORTH KINNEY was also definite ways in which he might conduct

H born in 1879, but in Wailuku, Terriwith great profit to those under him a Ambassador Harvey Makes a tory of Hawaii. He was graduated from welfare department, a department which

the University of Copenhagen in 1897 he is very desirous of establishing?

Speech

and did graduate work at the University Can you express in four or five sen- On another page The Outlook reports

of California. He has been a teacher, tences how Postmaster-General Hays that Ambassador Harvey said in London

chemist, reporter, and editor. He was believes the Post Office should be con- recently that “the present Government

Superintendent of Public Instruction of ducted? could not, without betrayal of its crea

the Territory of Hawaii from May 1, Is the Post Office the oldest of the ten tors and masters, and will not, I can 1914, to April 1, 1919. He is now on the Executive Departments? Which is the assure you, have anything whatsoever editorial staff of “The Trans-Pacific," of youngest of these Departments? What to do with the League, or any commis

Tokyo, Japan. He is the author of "The salary does each of the heads of these sion or committee appointed by it, or Island of Hawaii." Departments receive? State very briefly responsible to it, directly or indirectly, what the chief duties of the heads of openly or furtively.” Does this pro

LARRY LEE has done extensive work

11 among hospitals devoted to the Executive Departments are.

nouncement by Ambassador Harvey acGive a brief sketch of the history of cord with what President Harding and

cure of returned soldiers. His sketch

entitled “The Friend" appeared in The the United States Post Office. What im Secretary Hughes have said in this

Outlook for May 18. provements have been made in the country about the League of Nations postal service during the last fifty and America's relation to it? Does the IT AROLD SCARBOROUGH is a member of years?

above statement by Mr. Harvey please 11 the New York “Tribune's" EuroDefine with accuracy the following you? What are your reasons?

pean staff. His articles “The Most expressions: Obsessed, in lieu of, com In this same speech our Ambassador Distressful Country" and "The Turbumensurute, subterfuge, decency, morale, to the Court of St. James's said that "welent Isle" appeared in The Outlook for slogan.

sent them [our soldiers and sailors] March 30 and April 6.

solely to save the United States of
Japan
America." In his speech to Congress,

I AWRENCE F. ABBOTT, President of The What does the expression “militaristic April 2, 1917, President Wilson told in

L Outlook Company, was graduated nation" mean? Does possessing an the following words what America's

from Amherst in 1881 and soon afterarmy and a navy mean that a country ideals and purposes were in going into

wards in California met Franklin K.

Lane, of whom he writes in this issue. that Japan is any more militaristic than the ultimate peace of the world and for IT AROLD TROWBRIDGE PULSIFER, whose Great Britain or the United States? the liberation of its peoples, the German II verses bear as title the words in

One of the writers on another page of peoples included; for the rights of na which Franklin Knight Lane voiced his this issue of The Outlook refers to tions great and small, and the privilege creed, is an editor of The Outlook. Japan as “the England of the Orient."

of men everywhere to choose their way Do you see any objection to Japan play of life and obedience." Why did

STÉPHANE LAUZANNE, editor of the ing such a rôle in the Far East?

Paris “Matin," has frequently conAmerica enter the World War? Was it

tributed to The Outlook. His most reIf it is true, as different writers in solely to save the United States of this issue of The Outlook say, that there America? Is Ambassador Harvey's

cent visit to the United States was in is “a growing antipathy in America, view of why we entered the war your

company with the French special amCanada, Australia, and elsewhere” personal view?

bassador, M. Viviani. His article in The toward Japan, that Japan “in vain On another page The Outlook tells us

Outlook for March 16, 1921, with a statescans the horizon for a sincere friend," that it is not only right but expedient

ment by Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of and that army and navy expenditure in that America and Great Britain should

France, was widely quoted. Japan is "isolating Japan from the rest continue to live in the spirit of comity TOHN HUSTON FINLEY became Comof the civilized world," who and what and enduring friendship. Why right? J missioner of Education of the State are to blame for such a situation? Is it Why expedient? What, with reasons, is of New York and President of the right that other nations should hold your opinion of those who hold to an University of the State of New York in such attitudes towards Japan?

ancient grudge against Great Britain? 1913. He had previously been President What do you learn about current What do you think of what is written of Knox College, Professor of Politics at Japanese politics by reading the two in the book entitled "A Straight Deal Princeton, and President of the College articles found elsewhere in this issue on or the Ancient Grudge," by Owen Wister of the City of New York. He has been Japan?

(Macmillan)? If you have not done so Harvard exchange lecturer at the SorIf you were asked to make a speech already, you certainly ought to read bonne. He was born at Grand Ridge,

"The English-Speaking Peoples," by Illinois, in 1863, and was educated at 1 These questions and comments are designed not only for the use of current events classes

G. L. Beer (Macmillan), in which the Knox College and Johns Hopkins. He and clubs, debating societies, teachers of history

author writes on the future relations is a Knight of the Legion of Honor, and English, and the like, but also for discussion in the home and for suggestions to any and international obligations of all the Chevalier of the Crown of Italy, and reader who desires to study rurrent affairs as Mell as to read about them - The Editors. English-speaking peoples.

Knight of the Holy Sepulcher.

is militaristin

there any

tho

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OODLOT County was poor. Taxes
were high and the roads—nothing

but mud-holes. The schools were
of the one-room, cross-roads variety with one
weary teacher apiece In the winter the chil-
dren were unable to get to school regularly.

In stormy weather Woodlot County was dead.

The $200,000 bond proposal for new roads was a bursting bomb in the calm of a peaceful night.

Woodlot County awoke; but not all at once. For two years they had been trying to settle the good roads plan. It was a conversation between John Wright and Daniel Summers that started the ball rolling.

“How much would you sell your farm for
to-day, Daniel ?" his neighbor asked.

“Four thousand cash,” said the farmer.
“I'll give you fifty dollars now for a two-

year option at that price," came the answer quick as a wink.

“You will not,” replied Summers, after a moment's thought. “You'd take it up if the bond issue went through—why, with a hard road out through here, you'd clear a fine profit! If that road went through, I wouldn't take”

Wright began to laugh and left his neighbor to think it out.

In less than two years the county had some fine Tarvia roads open to traffic every day in the year—dustless, mudless and traffic-proof.

Woodlot became a busy, prosperous county:
A centralgraded school had been established.

Farmers saved enough in hauling costs alone to pay off the bond issue and in maintenance cost the Tarvia roads paid for themselves.

Thus did Woodlot County hoist itself out of the mud and stagnation.

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