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papers that the car in question belonged
to his brother, Hildebrand Harmsworth,
having been taken out unknown to its
owner by the chauffeur. Of course there
was no more prominence in the North-
cliffe papers about the matter, although
rival journals did not forget to empha-
size the story, including the offer of a
hundred pounds reward. Incidentally,
it may be mentioned that Mr. Hildebrand
Harmsworth, a very kindly man, was
deeply shocked at the discovery and did
all that a generous expenditure of money
could do to meet the loss of the bereaved
parents. It was two weeks later that a
murder mystery engaged the principal
attention of the London papers. A
murdered girl had been flung out of a
train in a tunnel a few miles from Lon-
don. The murderer could not be dis-
covered. There was a consultation of
departmental chiefs in Lord North- Bain

cliffe's office on the matter. Among Bain


PROBABLY a reward of a hundred pounds be offered



BRITISH LABOR MOVEMENT" when the mood was on him he would have little conversations with the junior

Will Crooks talked as freely to his monmembers of the staff who were at work

arch as he would to a follower in the at their desks. On one occasion he

East End of London. Both men were stopped at the desk of a young fellow

soon deep in the troublous times which fresh from college who had not long

were upon England. The King plainly been in the office.

showed his anxiety about the future. "Do you like the work ?" asked Lord

Will Crooks, who is the most sympaNorthcliffe in a kindly way.

thetic soul in the world, tried to re“Yes,” was the reply. “I like it quite

assure the King as they shook hands in well.”

good-by: “Now, look here, old chap, How much money are you getting?"

don't you go worrying about things; "Five pounds a week,” the man re

everything is going to turn out all right, plied.

old fellow." There is cause for a little "And re you happy and contented ?"

speculation in what must have been the The young man made the only pos

mental attitude of the nobles and dignisible reply. "Thoroughly,” said he.

taries clustered round as they observed "You are!” snapped Lord Northcliffe.

the familiarity. But what the King "Well, remember, then, I want no man

thought of it is best expressed by the happy and contented in this firm at five

fact that before the next garden party pounds a week."

he and the Queen together sent a special A reporter who had been but a short

letter to Will Crooks and his wife, sayBain time with the “Daily Mail” died sud

ing how much they wanted them to be

LORD NORTHCLIFFE, A SELF-MADE MAN. denly after an operation for appendicitis.

present. He left a wife and one little child. Lord


SINCERE, HIS MIND AND HIS MOOD ARE Northcliffe called a board meeting the


THERE some talk of reday after the man's death, and within

HEAVEN" twenty-four hours a sum of a thousand

first real Labor leader that Britain ever pounds had been invested for the wife.

ward,” said Lord Northcliffe, thought- had, and probably the only man of real One day Lord Northcliffe ascended from

fully. “But where was my brother genius up to the present time in the his own rooms on the main floor to Hildebrand on that night?"

British Labor Movement. I have known the offices of one of his principal papers,

him for twenty years, and have enjoyed bringing in his hand a clipping from

INGS have no longer any ruling him as much in private as in public. an evening paper which set forth how in a country village an automobile had incident in which the King of England gift of pithy phrase and a splendid knocked down and killed a child and figured last year may be told in connec

voice. A mutual friend thought it had sped on its way regardless. The tion with the new spirit of affairs. Will

would be interesting to bring him in car could not be traced. He gave in. Crooks,' a Labor member of Parliament, touch with Theodore Roosevelt when the structions that every measure of pub- a cockney with a big black beard and latter was in England, for he knew that licity should be engaged in finding out devoid of aitches, a sincere and much

in vigor, humor, and individual power the identity of the car. The story was loved man, as remote from highbrow

the two men had something in common. written up in dramatic form. An offer Socialists as from hide-bound Conserva- As a result they were introduced and of one hundred pounds was made for

tives, was among the fashionable crowd spent some little time together. Afterany one who could give facts as to the

of guests at the royal garden party. ward the mutual friend, with expecownership of the car, and the best in.

The King got him into conversation. tancy of a dual admiration, sought the vestigating journalist on the staff was

opinion of each. Burns gave a grunt of sent down to the country to probe mat

1 As this issue of The Outlook goes to press disgust. "I've no use for this Roosevelt,"

from England reports the ters. The almost malicious glee of the

He was forced to resign he said, "I couldn't get a word in edgeother papers in Fleet Street may be his seat in Parliament early this year owing to

ways!" The mutual friend saw Roose imagined when it was found out through

velt a few days later and asked him his the instrumentality of Lord Northcliffe's

He was born in 1832. opinion of Burns. Roosevelt made a



T'entering publielie-John Burms, the

K -, is a ,


cable despatch death of Will Crooks.

sickness. It is said that his health was broken
in 1917 when he witne used the destruction, by a
German air bomb, of a school-building filled
with little ehildren.

fierce gesture of contempt. "The man's a talking hyena!" he said.


in on men's

W main everywhere. Who would have



imagined a few years ago that the first woman to take her seat in the British Parliament would be an American-born citizen? Lady Astor is already an eminent figure in public affairs. I remember seeing her take her seat in the House of Commons, a little figure, at once demure and alert, and showing no indication in her complacent self-confidence that she was making history and breaking a rule of centuries. She broke another rule before she had been in the House a week. It has been the custom for generations that a member, by placing his hat or card on a seat, could retain that seat for the rest of the sit. ting. Lady Astor came in one day, saw a vacant place, and took it. The member to whom it belonged entered a little later and found the custom of the ages had been violated by this transatlantic member. For two outraged seconds he stood like a man in a trance. Then he bowed to Lady Astor, who regarded him quizzically, and passed on to find a place on the back bench. Lady Astor will have many companions probably after the next election, but by virtue of priority she will be more or less the leader. Almost certainly one of her colleagues will be Miss Cristobal Pankhurst, so well known with her mother as a suffrage leader in the days when women

Paul Thompson were fighting to get the vote. Miss spite of all you have said about the Pankhurst, probably the best woman equality of women, that you really and speaker in England, will always remain truly wish you were a man?" "Don't in my mind by virtue of a retort I once you wish you were?" exclaimed Miss heard her make at a public meeting. It Pankhurst. She will certainly add to was at a time when the suffragettes the enlivenment of Parliament which were very unpopular and they were sub- Lady Astor has already introduced. jected to all kinds of insulting interruptions. At the close of her address Miss R. Pankhurst asked for questions, and a

may agree or disagree with his man rose at the back of the hall and plans and policies, is incontestably full of said, sneeringly, "Is it not a fact that, in interest as a man. His personality from

[graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small]



the time he risked his life in opposition for golf. In other words, he is a very get in the summer." It was at this to the Boer War has always been un. mixed human kind of individual. In the point that Megan shook her father vioderrated by his opponents. The fact has rush of world affairs in which he takes lently by the shoulder. continually given him an initial advan- so large a part I like to think of him as tage. His rhetoric covers a cold brain, insisting on having apple pie for his tea N the domestic circle Mrs. Lloyd and if I were asked to sum him up in a every Sunday afternoon, as he used to George is supreme. In her pretty short phrase I should say that for good do when a young fellow in his Welsh vil- smile and kindly humorous talk you still or evil he puts things through. He is a lage.

get a reflection of Maggie Owen, the fascontradictory, tantalizing kind of per- His hair has become snow-white cinating girl whom Lloyd George wooed son, a world figure with more power in during the war, but his eyes are as and won on a Welsh farm thirty years his own country than any man has bright and lively as ever, and I was told ago. The dinner table rings with lively possessed since Oliver Cromwell. He is by a Cabinet Minister recently that of exchanges when only intimates and nevertheless at close quarters an all the Ministers at Downing Street he, members of the family are present. tremely genial, fun-loving man who de- with the greatest load of responsibility, Some of these conversations with the lights in good stories, who can on occa- remains the brightest and strongest and comments on public men and public matsions look very serious as he listens to the livest of all those who sit round the ters, could they but be published, would ponderous highbrows, but who has council table.

be of vaster interest just at present than secret contempt for words, however I remember the impression I had of the great current works of literature. thoughtful and beautiful, if they are not him just before the war, when he was Lloyd George derived much of his backed up by effective action. It is Chancellor of the Exchequer, and when early power from his ready wit. Many a strange thing to say about a man with he was likely to be overwhelmed by the examples of it are current. He had such undoubted gifts of oratory as are strong protest as a result of a measure plenty of opportunities of exercising it possessed by the British Prime Minister, taking away powers that the House of when he was the focal point of so much but it is a fact, as his friends and his Lords had held for over eight hundred animosity. He was jeered at for his shrewder enemies will testify, that, years. He had remodeled the financial polity, for his lowly upbringing, for his while the newspaper readers in all coun- system of the country, and he was lay. profession, even for his physical appeartries picture him as the strong or wily ing out further big projects. As I sat ance. He is not a very big man. Once or provocative statesman of set purposes talking in his library at Downing Street a raucous objector shouted at him in the and big policies, those who have met his little daughter, Megan, then at a middle of a meeting, “What does a little him in the flesh retain a picture of him fashionable ladies' school, was at his Welsh attorney know about it? You litless true in general design but far more side, her hand deep in his long hair. tle five foot six of nothing!” living. They see him as a twinkling. "What's the next big plan you have “Ah, that must have been an English. eyed man, a trifle knock-kneed, utterly afoot ?" I asked. He paused for a mo- man,” said Lloyd George. "In Wales we unassuming in his personal relation- ment as he pulled his daughter's ear. measure a man from his chin up." ships, devoid of the so-called dignity"It's a serious undertaking. I propose a Gusts of humor as well as gusts of which has hedged in statesmen of the grave and momentous measure. Nothing passion are still eddying round the lit. past, a man considerably concerned less than one which takes away the six tle Welsh wizard. They will till the end about the weather of the next week-end weeks' school holidays that little girls of the chapter.



F there was ever a city that faced epitaph ought to read: 'Here lies back. For the first time in her glistenadversities gamely, it is Detroit..

He borrowed $100,000 from ing history Detroit is close-hauled. The Rome and Chicago were burned, San a bank in 1921.'”

easy-going looseness of her structure, Francisco was shaken to pieces by an Before the train had reached Engle- the flowing freedom of the garments of earthquake, Rheims was shelled. But wood the one with the air of a motor this buoyant young goddess of the MidDetroit had to quit building motor cars, magnate had struck the other for job dle West, are no longer in evidence. Do and that was a calamity that the most which is a sample of what has been hap- the metaphors appear to be mixed ? melancholy patron of the erstwhile pening to Detroit.

Well, Detroit mixes her metaphors these Pontchartrain bar had never contem- One unhappy day last fall when the days instead of her drinks. Go to Deplated. Neither a flood nor a fire could lake fogs lay like a wet blanket over the troit and see if you can think in any. have annoyed Detroit more. To stop city, Detroit discovered that her motor thing but mixed metaphors. A curious building cars was unthinkable.

industry was gradually ebbing away. confusion reigns. Detroit has been Late the other night in the smoking Production rapidly declined from bad to tapped on the temple and still goes compartment of a Michigan Central worse. Factories were shut down com. along in a sort of daze. She used to train that was pulling out of Chicago's pletely. Hamtramck found itself ham. have so many motor cars that she had Twelfth Street station a man with the strung. In the last week of December to park them diagonally along the unmistakable air of a motor magnate Detroit's so-called employment curve curbs; but the lines of cars that used handed another an extensive cigar and ceased curving altogether, unbent itself to be parked on Woodward Avenue have began to renew an old friendship. He into a straight and. sinister line, and been noticeably thinned out. She now described the rise and decline of his took a high dive that carried it close to parks her cars in almost every available business and was presently boasting the bottom of the industrial stream In empty lot; they are for sale with all that he had recently achieved the dis. her industrial prime Detroit had had manner of astonishing bargain prices tinction of walking into his bank and fully 200,000 workers on her various painted on their wind-shields. You can borrowing $100,000. When the loan had pay-rolls. But she began the present walk in and get almost any kind of been effected, the banker turned to the year with jobs for only about one per- used, second-hand, rebuilt, or renewed borrower and asked whether he had son out of every ten who had formerly car you want, pay down almost anything written his epitaph. The other shook been employed. And with 175,000 out you like, and pay the rest when and his head.

of her 200,000 employees bewildered and how you please. On Jefferson Avenue. "Well," continued the banker, “your out of work Detroit gamely started to where clerks and mechanics used to dig herself out.

drive their own cars, you will now see 1 Bang!

This is the story of Detroit's come- a string of Fifth Avenue busses.

Now we've lost all our San Francisco liseribers. The Editors.


But if Detroit no longer rides in its own private cars, Detroit still rides. It is surprising to see how many De. troiters ride on the Coney Island devices that have appeared on Jefferson Avenue near the Boulevard. It is said that any number of big motor car men are stock. holders in the various amusement park ventures. If necessary, they propose to sell pleasure transportation on wooden horses at fifteen cents a ride instead of in limousines at heaven only knows how much per mile.

It was three years since I had been in Detroit, and these changes were more astonishing than the sight of Detroit's palatial new newspaper plant, the new Orchestra Hall, the Woodward Hotel, and the absence of the Pontchartrain, torn down to make room for the new home of the First and Old Detroit Photograph by George Adams National Bank. No Detroiter had the "DETROIT NOW PARKS HER CARS IN ALMOST EVERY AVAILABLE EMPTY LOT; THEY heart to wreck the famous landmark, so ARE FOR SALE WITH . . . BARGAIN PRICES PAINTED ON THEIR WIND-SHIELDS" the bank turned the job over to John J. O'Connor, a slim but courageous young head and bought a brown-stone mansion depressed to continuously improving. fellow from Chicago, then one of the in the residential Hancock Avenue, As general business thus betters itvice-presidents or something, and now where they are now doing business.

self the demand for Detroit's typical manager of the finance department of Detroit was dazed but not downed product should increase in a manner the United States Chamber of Com- when she entered 1921 with a scant

to offset, at least in part, the usual

seasonal falling off in demand. merce. 25,000 workers on the job. By the end

Second, the country as a whole was Detroit is probably dancing less these of January nearly 40,000 were back at

at a business standstill largely bedays than she has ever danced before. their machines. By the end of Febru

cause no one had had the courage to The city which invented the slogan, ary more than 50,000 were again draw.

start something. The automobile "Where life is worth living," and then ing pay and turning out cars; by the manufacturers broke the ice, and as lived up to it, goes about with end of March nearly 90,000, and at the their product calls for contributions strangely thoughtful look, and it isn't close of April more than 100,000 De. from every craft, their activity may occasioned entirely by the fact that troiters were again doing happy time in prove to have been the start toward

much better business conditions. It Ontario, Canada, just across the river, the factories.

is well recognized that the automohas voted to go dry.

On June 1, Detroit factories again em

bile led the way to renewed activity The lobby of the Statler no longer ployed 170,000 workers, or sixty per cent

in 1919. looks like a convention of advertising of the number employed a year ago. For several weeks past the emrepresentatives, for Detroit's manufac- But the month of May showed a decrease ployment statement shows an inturers are buying substantially less of about 4,000.

crease of over six thousand men cach space in advertising mediums in which The city that put power-driven wheels week among the membership of the to state the virtues of their wares, and under the Allied armies, that designed

Employers' Association. The total

number of men employed by our incidentally the Statler bar is presided and built the Liberty motor for air.

members was 112,852 on May 1. over by barmaids serving crackers and planes, has now discovered how to turn

These figures register accurately the milk. out more work than ever before with

improvement in the motor-car indusIf the late Harry Ford, whose brief less effort. Detroit is close-hauled. I

try. Some of the largest factories are career glowed so brilliantly in Detroit am indebted to Roy D. Chapin, Presi- now producing more than sixty per motor circles, and who laid down his dent of the Hudson Motor Company, for cent of the output attained at the life in captain's uniform, could return the expressive phrase. She is taking height of the post-war demand. to his old haunts, he would find Detroit back only the best of her former em- Edward S. Jordan, President of the strangely altered. W. C. Durant has ployees, and straw-bosses who used to Jordan Motor Car Company, declares: abandoned control of General Motors, stand about and supervise are now "Our own reduction in price which and has organized the Durant Corpora- operating machines. An intensified was made the first of May increased our tion. Important changes are said to be efficiency has taken hold of Detroit. production five times within the thirtytaking place in numerous organiza- Hugh Chalmers, who burst upon De. day period. This reduction in price was tions. Lee Councilman is a motion pic- troit as a boy wonder from Dayton, tells made possible by the liquidation of all ture nabob in New York. Lee Olwell me that Chalmers cars are again com- inventory, improved labor efficiency, and and Charlie Steele occupy desks in ing through at sixty-five per cent of our ability to buy new materials on a Wall Street. Even C. R. Lester, for capacity. His hair is turning gray, but definite quantity basis at new prices. It years technical manager of Packard, has he has as much of the old fire as ever. is a noticeable fact that whenever lower vanished from Detroit and has gone into Henry M. Leland, President of the prices are offered to the public by any business in Cleveland. Ralph Estep's Lincoln Motor Company, and the Nestor manufacturer, there has been a marked golden English no longer illuminates of the automobile industry, in an exclu- increase in sales.” motor car advertising; he was killed in sive statement to The Outlook, describes During the month of April alone battle during the World War, and one Detroit's return to normalcy:

27,188 Detroit unemployed were taken of his husky cubs, Arthur Kudner by The best information now available

back to work, an extraordinary number name, is ably carrying on some of the indicates that Detroit is approaching

when it is considered that during April Estep writing jobs.

a condition of normal business ac- in the country as a whole only 43,368 A delightful sample of the new De- tivity.

men were re-employed. Chicago stood troit in action is the headquarters of Spring is always the big buying second on the list with a record of 3,098 Theodore F. McManus, Inc., the noted

season for automobiles, but two rea

men re-employed. advertising agency. Mr. McManus and

sons may be cited to support the

It is reported that sixty of the big his associate, Lee Anderson, unable to

view that present activity will prove
more than seasonable.

Detroit plants have resumed full-time find the sort of offices they wanted

First, business conditions

schedules and that only nineteen are downtown, smote all precedents in the changing the country over from very now working part time.




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the age in which John Calvin lived and

to the theological school to which he SIX REVIEWS BY LYMAN ABBOTT

belonged than to John Calvin personally,

The Reformation throughout is treated *T is very difficult for any one to give Dr. Holland ? was a canon of St. Paul's as something more than a mere theologi.

a fair summary of an opinion which Cathedral, London. He was apparently cal controversy, or even a mere religious

he regards as fundamentally erro- a High Churchman and certainly an revolution; it was "the beginning of a neous. Instead, therefore, of reporting active social reformer; was one of the new season in the world's great year." Professor Bacon's interpretation of founders of the Christian Social Union, I do not know where will be found in Jesus and Paul,' I put here in a para- the object of which was "to study in so small a compass so comprehensive a graph my own, which is at almost every common how to apply the moral truths statement of the forces, spiritual, intel. point directly opposite to Professor and principles of Christianity to the lectual, and economic, which contribBacon's. I think it clear from the Gos- social and economic difficulties of the uted to prepare for and to produce the pel narrative that Jesus came out from present time.” Mr. Paget thinks him a great awakening as is contained in the the wilderness after pondering his life great man, but fails to give the reader first chapters of this book. The sketches problem with a clearly defined belief adequate grounds for that opinion. In of individuals, which are a feature of that he was the Messiah promised by his preface he definitely declines to the volume, are both vivid and judicial. the ancient prophets and with a clear “appraise his [Holland's] theological And throughout religion is assumed to conception that his mission was to be and political teaching." Yet some basis be more than either a theology or a accomplished by no startling display of for such appraisal is just what the form of piety and the Reformation to divine miraculous power, but solely by reader wants—and fails to get. How be more than a change in either eccle. spiritual forces, operating from within did Canon Holland differ in theology siastical forms or theological thoughts. the souls of men; that he never changed from Lightfoot or Liddon or Keble; how Thus one chapter is devoted to "Social or modified that conception, though it in sociology from Kingsley or Maurice Conditions," another to “The Capitalismay have grown clearer, and doubtless or Morris? A page and a half of tic Revolution," and still another to the the kind of opposition he would en- bibliography show Canon Holland to various interpretations of the Reforma. counter did grow clearer to him; that in have made considerable contributions to tion by the various and contradictory his first recorded sermon in the syna- the religious literature of his time. schools of thought. This largeness of gogue at Nazareth he publicly intimated But the reader is left without any valua- view and this judicial spirit are the dishis faith in his own mission and in the tion of this literature or any informa- tinguishing characteristics of a volume universality of the kingdom of God; tion as to its spirit and character. The which future teachers, whether of rethat in his parables, notably those in the "Memoirs" will be valuable chiefly to ligious or secular development, cannot thirteenth chapter of Matthew, he ex- those who already know Canon Holland afford to ignore. plained the nature of the kingdom as a as a writer and desire to add to that gradual, spiritual development, in con- knowledge some information concerning Mr. Bridgman's book is a source of trast with the prevailing Jewish concep- him as a citizen, friend, and familiar much valuable information about the in. tion of its sudden and miraculous correspondent.

fluence of New England and New Eng. appearance in that generation; that he

landers upon the life of the world. It never taught directly or by implication The author of "The Age of the Refor- must have required both a careful collecthat his Father required any expiation mation," } like his father, Henry Pre- tion of an immense amount of historical or sacrifice or blood-shedding as a con- served Smith, is temperamentally a and not easily acquired material and a dition of forgiveness of sin; that his scholar, by which I mean that he is a wise selection from the material so acteaching, both by words and by life, was partisan of the truth; and a partisan of quired. It traces in considerable detail wholly inconsistent with that which was the truth can never be satisfactory to the migrations of New Englanders, who the prevalent Jewish idea of his time; any other partisan. No religious con- have continued their fathers' pilgrimage, and that, while Paul in his letter to the troversialist will be satisfied with this not only into all the Northwestern States Romans uses some of the phraseology volume, which is characterized by the of the Union, so as to make their influ. of the Pharisees, he uses it solely for same painstaking research and the same ence felt as a dominating influence from the purpose of getting behind their iron

endeavor to give judicially both sides of Boston to San Francisco and Portland, clad armor that he might supplant the hotly debated questions which are charac- Oregon, but also into Hawaii, Japan, notion that religion is a painful and teristic of the author's interesting Life of China, India, the Near East, and Microscrupulous obedience to law with the Martin Luther. Luther is not portrayed nesia. Mr. Bridgman interprets well the truth that it is a free acceptance of a as a demigod nor the Pope as a demi- nature of this influence in a single senlife freely given, and supplant the devil. The portrait of Henry VIII of tence: "The New England dynamic will notion that the righteousness of God England is quite different from that continue to be a mighty power in the must be appeased or satisfied before he painted by Froude in his "History of world as long as New England men keep can forgive with the truth that God's England," though there is a family like- open the channel between themselves and righteousness freely rightens all those ness; but the argument by which Hen- God.” But he does not merely give a who desire to possess his holy charac- ry's defenders sought to justify his di- general interpretation; he illustrates ter, that he is a forgiving, helping, heal. vorce from Catherine is given briefly but and enforces it by thumb-nail biographi. ing God to all who put their trust in fairly. The author has no apologies to cal sketches, and these are in turn illushim.

make for the sale of indulgences, but he trated by sixteen portraits. This understanding is fundamen- is able to report with fairness the apol. tally and at every point in opposition to ogies which were made for them. I

It is well worth while for the Western that of Professor Bacon; but I have put do not think he gives sufficient credit to thinker to attempt to get in touch with it so often and in so many different John Calvin's contribution by his doc

Oriental thought, and Tagore is a lise. forms before the readers of The Outlook trine of divine sovereignty to the doc- ful teacher for that purpose. Contact and so recently in a narrative of per- trine of human liberty, for historically

is not easy; not because the thoughts sonal experience in the little book and philosophically the two are insepa


are so different, but because the think. "What Christianity Means to Me," that rable; but he does make it clear that the

ing is so different. The Westerner I need not here further define or restate burning of Servetus was due more to

reasons; the Easterner states. The one the grounds on which it rests.

: Henry Scott Holland: Memoirs and Letters.

arrives at conclusions; the other reports Edited by Stephen Paget, E. P. Tutton & Co., 11 and Paul. By Benjamin W. Bacon


* New England in the Life of the World given at Manchester College, Oxford. 3 The Age of the Reformation. By Preserved Howard A. Bridgman. Macmillan Company, New York. $2.30.

Henry Holt & Co., New York, $J.


New York

By The Pilgrim Press, Box


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