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hard for the citizens to be effective, and was that element which always exists framed and put through Buffalo's Charthe number of times it was necessary at all times and which is dissatisfied ter, revived. It rented quarters and befor them to appear discouraged partici- with whatever régime is in control, gan the work of gathering data, raising pation in public matters. Now the Into this situation was projected on money, and enlisting speakers to conCouncil holds a town meeting every Fri- the first of January, 1920, a Councilman duct a campaign in behalf of the Char. day afternoon. Its members are pres- who for many years had been a chronic ter. Citizens who before had grumbled ent, sitting as a committee of five, to agitator. The public decided to give at the conduct of certain of the Counwhich all matters requiring hearings him a chance. He recognized no re- cilmen began to count their blessings are referred. The citizen needs to ap- sponsibility as an administrator in the under the present method of transacting pear only once. The entire city govern- affairs of half a million interdependent the city's business as compared with ment is present, because the Commis- people, but continued to use his position the way in which it used to be done, and sioners are heads of all the various city as a platform for the advocacy of the it was not long before the tide of public departments. The log-rolling between most extreme and radical ideas. With- opinion was steadily rising in favor of members of a large Board of Aldermen out the slightest sense of dignity or the Commission Charter, is no more. Instead, the five Council- courtesy, he gave way to the use of vio- The Mayor announced a hearing on men elected from the entire city have a lent and abusive language, which at the bill before making his decision. vision of the needs of the city as a times goaded some of his colleagues be. This hearing was held on a Saturday whole. They are as sensitive to the yond endurance.

afternoon at the City Hall. Never beviews of people from the water-front as A spirit of protest arose among the fore

the Council Chamber they are to those from the most pros- thinking people of the community. The crowded with citizens representing perous residential sections. There is no politicians thought they saw an oppor- every walk of life. The opposition to delay in the settlement of any matter tunity to overthrow the Commission the Rowe Bill was led by the President before the Council, so that a business Charter by capitalizing the dissatisfac- of the Commission Charter Association, man may quickly determine just where tion with the scenes enacted in the Dr. F. Park Lewis, a distinguished he stands. The people have gradually Council Chamber. A bill was intro

physician. The whole afternoon speaker come to realize that their presence in duced in the New York Legislature, late after speaker voiced abhorrence of the the Council Chamber counts. The re- in the session of 1921, purporting to idea of returning to the old aldermanic sult is that they are coming in greater amend the Charter of the City of Buf- régime. There were delegates present and greater numbers to the Council falo. In reality, it was its uprooting. from all kinds of organizations-from hearings and there are many more It proposed to turn over to a board of business men's associations, from womeeting with the city Commissioners nine $2,500-a-year aldermen plus men's clubs, from social bodies. Union each Friday afternoon than was ever Mayor and a Comptroller elected at labor came forward as a unit. in supthe case with the committees of the large all the power and duties involved port of the present type of city governformer boards which had charge of the in administering the affairs of the great ment. By careful count the membership city's affairs. It has been a very easy city of Buffalo. It was an absurd pro- represented at this hearing totaled over matter to fix responsibility for mistakes posal. The authorship of the bill was one hundred thousand persons. or to get action. This is a striking con- never revealed. The Hon. George H. Although the meeting was well advertrast to the days when the best of in- Rowe, its introducer in the Assembly, tised and the Council Chamber was tentions were lost in the labyrinth of is a mere stripling in years and experi- crowded to the doors, there were only boards, commissions, and legislative and ence, and yet it received the almost

seven persons who appeared in favor of executive officials.

unanimous support of the members of the Rowe Bill, and two of these seven One of the principles of the new Char- both houses. What Buffalo's most were the members of the Assembly and ter which it was framed to render easy public-spirited citizens accomplished Senate who were responsible for its inof accomplishment was that any man only after years of effort and by troduction. All through that long afterwho was doing his duty should be left storming Albany en masse this youth noon until well after six in the evening undisturbed, no matter what his politics achieved with ease. The sponsor for men and women stood in the Council might be. This principle has been car- the bill in the upper house, Senator Chamber in order to listen to the proried out, and there has been no scandal Gibbs, stated that both party organiza ceedings and to take part in them. involving graft or corruption or thiev- tions wanted it, and the solidity of the The Mayor disapproved the bill in a ery of any kind. Under aldermanic vote in its favor is conclusive evidence

message which had for its background rule, whenever there was a municipal that he spoke the truth. Under the law the popular experience and attitude election there were certain voting pre- of New York State, the bill could not which this article has attempted to piccincts in the city in which it was neces- go to the Governor if disapproved by ture. He concluded with a summary sary to employ as high as fifteen patrol- the Mayor, unless repassed by the which ran as follows: men to preserve order. Since the new

Legislature, as it was a local bill affect- “I am unwilling to impose upon the Charter has gone into operation one ing the municipality. The bill provided public the burden of expense in time patrolman to each precinct has been de- that a special election be held on May and money involved in a special election tailed only as a precaution. Plainly, 31 to decide whether the proposed Char- to determine what is obvious. nothing has been at stake making it ter should be adopted. Under New York “I am unwilling that this city of half a worth while to buy or bulldoze or slug legislative procedure, the Governor . million people shall go back to the conthe voters.

might not have approved the bill until trol of a bi-partisan political machine. Now this course of events was not at May 15, only sixteen days before the "I am unwilling that over eight millall pleasant to active politicians. Buf- referendum. At any rate, the time ion dollars of taxpayers' money on falo's Charter was planned to loosen the would have been too short to organize deposit, with forty million dollars addigrip of machine politics upon city gov- an effective campaign against the ser- tional borrowing power, all accumulated ernment, and it was working out just ried ranks of the two great party ma- during the years of Commission rule, as it was expected to do. There were chines. It was an attempted application shall be dissipated by a form of governother elements which had reasons for in politics of the German war plan, that ment discredited by experience and condissatisfaction. There were some people a disciplined force by quick action demned by every student of economics. who sincerely believed in party govern- might crush a greater, unorganized, po- "This bill forces an issue neither ment. There were those who would tential force.

sought nor welcomed by our citizens, like to profit by the permission to vio- When it became apparent that and clearly not needed by the city." late State and local laws in a way serious effort was to be made to destroy Senator Gibbs announced that in view which they could not do under the the commission government of the city of the Mayor's veto he would not press direct responsibility placed upon the of Buffalo, citizens who had taken no the bill for repassage. This spelled its Mayor. There were those who preferred interest in public affairs for years be- death, and once again Buffalo's public a corrupt board of aldermen but dared gan to bestir themselves. The old Com- opinion had triumphed over an unwillnot openly advocate it. And then there mission Charter Association, which had ing Legislature.

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FTER years of restless wanderings road that leads through the firs to my peaceful radish from its twenty-day to and fro, from Broadway to the newly acquired tumble-down house on sleep.

Bronx and from Herald Square to the bluffs go winding still, and, if I Hard upon the heels of this interestHarlem, I am free to be my own land- miss the traffic rushing up and down the ing information I find that some of my lord in my declining years. I have pur- Great White Way, I'll sit, Gulliver- dead-and-gone neighbors were substanchased a home of my own.

fashion, beside the outlet to my inlet tial slave-owners, and I am chiefly worMy little farm, which I have called when the tide pours in and out and ried lest one or two of them may not "Firtide," is about thirty acres in extent listen to my own Niagara Falls.

have been buccaneers. There is an adand stretches from a sunny river road I might even harness this five-foot mirable stony point on the shore of my down to the banks of the Piscatauqua, ebb and flow and, in time, develop farm which hugs Clam Cove and around which it borders for a thousand feet or power sufficient to saw my cord-wood, which the waves lash at high tide that more. There is a tide-water inlet on for I rather mistrust my first introduc- might well have been a nocturnal renone side of the place and a clam covetion to the ax. But I feel sure that I dezvous for some lesser Kidd or Morcuddling the other boundary, so that the will be able to set out a young orchard, gan. However, I would not go so far as far-fung vista to the west, over river and on this point alone I am speculat- to dig under the brow of the hill for and bay, promises to be an admirable ing with keen interest. Will these trees Spanish doubloons or pieces of eight. hide-away spot where I can retire and meet the appetites of the yet unborn? As a matter of fact, on my first flying compose my opus magnus.

In the nursery school of bottle or visit to the farm I was sure I heard the The rocky bluffs, sloping meadows, breast they have their own imperious clanking of a gibbet chain, only to find, and irregular shore line, all topped by say, and who can presage what their upon investigation, that the discord was tangled birch and thick clumps of lofty taste will be? Will they prefer apple, but the groaning of some piles which white pine forest, suggest a rambling peach, or grape? It is a curious ques- support the ancient bridge over the inold estate by nature picturesque, and, tion as to whether the coming century let as the incoming tide lapped them although small for a country place, it will bring to Firtide another tea party back and forth in a barnacled embrace. seems, to my untutored eye, accustomed or another amendment.

Much to my amazement and dismay, to hotel rooms or wedged-in apartments, Of food there is a natural plenty. In I also read of how the first owner of a vast and incalculable expanse of prop- the rapidly flowing Piscataqua there is my two-hundred-year-old house on the erty.

abundance of fish, and Clam Cove fairly bluff was struck by lightning and found Why, Firtide is as large as the whole bristles with succulent bivalves. Back dead standing up in the doorway! He theatrical district of Manhattan. I of the old house there are some ancient had stepped to the door, it appears, mean to say that if I put my house on apple and cherry trees, still bearing with a wash-basin in his hands to colthe high bluff where the Times Building bravely, according to their blankets of lect rain water when the crash came. now stands Clam Cove would be Colum- blossoms this spring. Along the river The case of his huge silver watch was bus Circle. And, by the same token, if road and over my pasture are two or entirely melted away by the thunderRiver Road were Broadway, my shore three acres of wild raspberries, and on bolt, but the works were uninjured. line would be Eleventh Avenue, be. the southern hill above Clam Cove I Whether the timepiece was found still jabbers!

found a carpet of wild strawberries. ticking, or not, the chronicle does not It is bewildering to sit down in this On second thought, it will still be say. rush of modern civilization, with its well to plant some vegetables, for I have I wonder if I will see him on the first changing geography and laws and in- just read from a quaint little book that blustering thunder night I take possescome taxes, and soberly prepare to hew the Indians who formerly overran this sion. What with Indian graves, out of a thirty-acre patch of abandoned section of the country invariably took pirate or two, and some dead men who wilderness a home for posterity, even as sick on too much sea food, and until stand up in doorways, I am likely to my forefathers did.

the regular season of wild fowl and have some astral visitors to contest my There is a curious thrill to one like venison came in they usually sulked in claims, but, like Washington Irving's myself, a musical director, whose life cave and tepee.

Bold Dragoon, I feel that I am too has been spent in the orchestra pits of The little book to which I refer is a widely traveled to fear an old man who Broadway productions, at the thought quaint miscellany of how some of the had no better sense than to step out of clearing a bit of land for a potato ancestors of my new neighbors came to into a thunder-storm with a wash-basin patch, or planting a tree that may be. It appears that these early settlers in his hand. afford shady trysts or gracious fruits of York County, Maine, were for the And as for the Indian “hants" or years hence for those whom I may most part dissenters, and many of them rakish slavers, I, who know a Lamb's never see.

claimed kinship with the Puritans. AC- Club and many seasons of Broadway I can hardly hope that by sweat ofcording to the weather-beaten tome, runs and one-night stands, need fear brow and sturdy brawn the swing of my

fierce Indian battles were won and lost them not. At least I will have plots for ax will ever alter the scenery of Firtide. across the wooded bluffs of Firtide, and operettas a-plenty, and at my own door, Nor do I wish it. I have seen scenery it would not surprise me in the least to now that the reign of jazz is over and enough in my time. I will much pre- turn up a skull or two when I begin to the voice of true melody is heard in the fer to let the old winding, overgrown grub around my fruit trees or coax the land.

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(C) Keystone

William T. Tilden, the American tennis champion, who has won also the championship of England and France, as well as the world's championship at

Wimbledon, England

To win or lose in a fair competition is a sure means of developing respect for one's opponents. That is why international sport develops international friendliness. This is particularly true of amateur sport. Polo, though restricted to comparatively few who can afford the expense of the game, arouses wide interest because of the spirited nature of the game and its fine traditions of sportsmanship. The American team this year won a decisive victory over the British team. The picture here presents Mr. Hitchcock, of the American team, winning the race for the ball with one of the British

players, Lord Wodehouse

Wide World Photos

Bain

Bain

Miss Cecil Leitch, who by her victories Over American and French opponents, has won the undisputed title to the goll championship of the world

for women

Mle. Suzanne Lenglen, the
French player who has won
not only the English tennis
championship for women, but
also, in international matches,

the women's world title

P"

a

ground," or conceive the dead as HOW TO STUDY THE BIBLE

shadow dwelling in a land of shadows. BY LYMAN ABBOTT

Mrs. Harker, in one of her charming

stories of child life, has told of a little ROFESSOR SMITH defines the To study about the Bible is to study

boy who had been accustomed to play purpose of this book in the first questions of authorship, date, and com

cards with a grandfather who impressed two sentences of his preface: position. To study the Bible is to study upon his grandson the importance of **This series of studies is prepared for the various books which compose it for

always having a clean pack. When the the use of adult Bible classes. It aims the purpose of ascertaining its answer

grandfather died, the little boy crept to put into the hands of busy men and to such questions as, Who is God? What

into the room where the body lay awaitwomen a guide for the consideration is man? What are his duties? What ing burial and put a clean pack of cards of the fundamentals of a Christian are his reasonable hopes and aspira

into his hand. This is what humanity faith." tions? and What is the relation between

did in the childhood of the race. He apparently regards these two aims him and God? To such study Dr.

The Jewish people shared this comas identical. But for many they are not Smith's book is a very useful guide. It

mon feeling of mankind. Job expresses identical. The Roman Catholic regards should be studied with a Bible at hand

the common faith of his time: “As the the Bible as the source of Christian for convenient and frequent reference.

waters fail from the sea, and the flood faith only as it is authoritatively in- In this study two simple but very

decayeth and drieth up; so man lieth terpreted by the Church; and at the fundamental principles should always

down, and riseth not; till the heavens other extreme are scholars who consider be kept in mind.

be no more, they shall not awake, nor some of the teachings of the Bible as The first of these principles is that

be raised out of their sleep.” Hezekiah not only not Christian but anti-Chris- the Bible is a library, composed of

in his prayer gives expression to the tian. Thus by some the teaching of sixty-six different books, written by at

same conception of death: “The grave Paul and the teaching of Jesus are in- least forty or fifty different writers, and

cannot praise thee, death cannot celeterpreted as in direct conflict. We wish that a period of not less than a thou

brate thee; they that go down into the that Professor Smith had confined him- sand years, probably more, elapsed be

pit cannot hope for thy truth." self to the first of these purposes—the tween the date of the first and that of

Faith in a life beyond death was not interpretation of the Bible--for which it the last books which compose it. The

possible till man had born in him faith is admirably adapted, in spite of some unity of the Bible is that of spirit not

in a deathless life as a present possesincursions into philosophy, inspired by of form, a unity of minds living under

sion. his second purpose, to lay down the different civilizations, in different ages

Still pursuing our study of the Bible, fundamentals of the Christian faith. of the world, speaking under different

we come to the pregnant fact that faith He assumes with the author of the circumstances, and to different circles in immortality, which painted on the Second Epistle to Timothy that the ob- of readers.

tomb of the catacombs the emblems of ject of the Bible is to equip men for The other principle is that the

hope, came when faith in the spiritual godly living, and he applies its teachings Bible contains reports of religious

life and the possibility of that spiritual not to abstract theological questions errors as well as of religious teaching

life for the children of men was born. which scholars have raised since the last intended to correct them. If it con

Jesus brought life and immortality to book of the Bible was written but to tained no record of errors, it could be light, and he brought immortality to vital questions which existed before the no true history. No one could under- light by bringing life to light. Bible, and would exist if there were no stand Abraham Lincoln if he did not

He disclosed to his disciples a new kind Bible; such questions as the relation of understand the nature of American of happiness. It is to be found, he said, creed to deed, or right thinking to right slavery and the apologies and defenses

in ourselves not in our possessions, in living, the nature of God, the nature and that were made for it. No one can un

what

are not in what we get. needs of man, the meaning of faith, and derstand Isaiah if he does not know Blessed, men thought, are the grasping, how to meet trouble and temptation. something of the paganism which sur- for they get the earth. “Blessed," said With this brief explanation of the rounded and the semi-paganism which

Jesus "are the meek; for they inherit book I use it as a text for some reflec- pervaded Israel. The notion that there

the earth.” The truly happy souls are tions on Bible study.

are no errors recorded in the Bible and those that give their lives to service and There is a great difference between none reflected in the utterances of its

take what comes to them as a gift. study about the Bible and study of the teachers leads inevitably to the blunder

He disclosed to his disciples a new Bible. One might study in cyclopædias of the judge who said: "We have the kind of ambition--ambition for service. and treatises such questions as, Did highest possible authority for saying,

“Among the Gentiles they that are great Bacon or Shakespeare write the plays ‘All that a man hath will he give for his

exercise authority over them. But it which tradition attributes to Shake- life,'" and was humiliated to be told shall not be so among you; but whosospeare? When were those plays writ- the next day by a daily newspaper that

ever will be great among you, let him be ten? What use did the authors make of it was Satan who said it.

your minister." previous literary material? And he Let me illustrate these two principles

He disclosed to his disciples a new might never read a play through or ac- by applying them very briefly to the

kind of piety. “Great is Jehovah's quire any appreciation of Shakespeare's Bible teaching concerning immortality. mercy toward them that fear him," literary qualities. So one may, and Unillumined man cannot conceive of

said the Psalmist. The piety of the many do study such questions as, spirit apart from the body. In this re- Old Testament Jew was founded on When were the various books of the spect he is like some highly educated

fear. Christ founded piety on love. Bible written? By whom? What, if scientists of to-day, whom I neverthe. “He that loveth me shall be loved of my any, previous material did any of their less venture to call unillumined. He Father ... and my Father will love authors use? How and by whom were cannot picture to himself an unembodied him, and we will come unto him, and the various books brought together and spirit, so he constructs an idol of wood make our abode with him.” The hapmade one book? And he might never or stone to represent his deity, and rep- piness of character grows with read any book in the Bible through, or resents him hideous and wrathful, as growth and neither old age, infirmity, have any idea whether it gives one con- does the African, or placid and indif- nor sickness can rob us of it; the ambisistent answer to the ethical and spirit- ferent, as does the East Indian. tion to serve can always find occasions ual problems which life is continually when a man dies his friends embalm for service and it is never satiated; the presenting to all thoughtful minds, and the body and seal it up against decay piety founded on love brings us a divine if so, what that answer is.

that it may be ready for the return of companionship which removes the fear

the spirit, or bury bows and arrows of death. " Fundamentals for Daily Living By Robert Seneca Smith, Professor of Biblical Literature with the body that the departed may As we possess immortality we belie at Smith College. The Woman's Press, New

have them in the “happy hunting. in it. York City. $1.50.

we

our

So

TRANSPORTATION

EQUALITY

CONTRIBUTORS'

GALLERY
G su

of Buffalo since 1918. He was born in Chicago in 1875 and educated at Yale and at the Buffalo Law School. He began to practice law in Buffalo in 1898.

HEODORE STEARNS of Broad

[graphic]

BY M. L PULCHER

Tways leading conductors of light

Many States have been recently considering special legislation against heavy motor trucks and are levying onerous taxes on such trucks with the idea of thus securing protection for their roads. Mr. M. L. Pulcher, a well-known motortruck manufacturer, believes that trucks should be taxed—but only in just proportion to such taxes as are levied on other forms of transportation.—THE EDITORS.

M

opera; last season he conducted the
Kreisler-Jacobi operetta “Apple Blos-
soms." He was born in Berea, Ohio,
attended Oberlin, and studied musical
composition at Wurzburg, Bavaria,
where he later conducted grand opera
and composed his first opera, "Endym-
ion." He has been editor of “The
Etude." Before entering his musical
career he was a reporter on the Cleve-
land "Reporter" and "Plain Dealer,"
Chicago "Inter Ocean," Cincinnati “Trib-
une," Memphis “Commercial," Phila-
delphia "North American," and
with the Associated Press in New York
and abroad.
HARLES HENRY MELTZER was formerly

correspondent in Paris, Rome, London, Spain, Berlin, and Cairo, for the New York "Herald.” He has been dra. matic and musical critic for the New

was

ANY States are proposing legisla

tion to limit the load that can be

carried by a motor truck to such a degree that thousands of firms and men now owning heavy-duty equipment will be forced out of business and the capital invested in their trucks will be almost a total loss. Also State and National taxation of motor trucks and passenger cars is being carried to an unreasonable point.

It seems that the old fable of killing the goose that laid the golden eggs has been forgotten, for motor trucks are one of the greatest aids to commerce that

A Columbia Bicycle С.

FREE York "Herald” and is the author of the to boys and girls who secure we have to-day. Motor trucks hauled

35 new yearly subscrip

tions to The Outlook

on

English versions of Hauptmann's "Han

1,200,000,000 tons of freight in this nele," Sardou's "Madame Sans Gène,"

country in 1920. This stupendous ton“Manon Lescaut," and "Salome.” He has

nage was almost one-half that carried made many English singing versions of

by the railways in the same twelve grand operas, notably “Die Walküre,”

months, which amounted to 2,504,000,000 "Das Rheingold," "Les Contes d'Hoff

Here is a remarkable oppor- tons. mann," and “Koenigskinder."

tunity to get one of these high- If the fast-motor haulage had not fed TADE CHANCE attended the Peace

the railways, then the latter could not W

grade $70 Columbia bicycles.

have transported this great volume. On siaff of the New York "Tribune.” His

With but little effort you should

the other hand, if the railways had not article "A Premature Peace with Ger

borne the burden of the long haul, then many" appeared in The Outlook for

be able to secure 35 new yearly the trucks could not have had the shipMarch 16.

subscriptions to The Outlook, in ments to deliver at the other end.

But there are other ways in which the NOS A. MILLS has made extensive exE

reward for which you will receive

motor truck helps business and Governplorations in the Rocky Mountains

a Columbia — the bicycle the ment besides quantity of goods hauled. and has been "snow observer” in Colorado for the Government. He has long dough-boys rode in France. The profits made in manufacturing them been advocating bird, wild flower, and

are taxed by the Government. An addi. scenery protection and the development Every boy and girl who secures

tional excise tax is collected on the sale

of each motor truck. The eventual of National parks. He is the author of for us 35 new yearly subscrip"Wild Life in the Rockies," "The Spell

owner also pays a State license tax, tions to The Outlook will receive

usually based horse-power and of the Rockies," "Your National Parks,” "The Grizzly," and other books. His a bicycle. Even if you fall short

weight. And, in addition to all this, home is at Long's Peak, Colorado.

some States are now collecting a fixed of the required 35 subscriptions,

sum for heavy-duty trucks. In others, you will receive a valuable due they are taxing them off. from Wellesley College in 1920 and

There are five main means of transis now on the editorial staff of Scrib

bill which may be applied to the

portation to-day-steam, electric, inland ner's. She writes book reviews, verses, purchase of a Columbia bicycle. waterways, motor vehicle, and horses. and essays. Her home is in New York.

Each one is particularly suited to cer

Fill in and mail us the attached W. secured the

tain kinds of transportation, and should

coupon to-day and secure com- be allowed to do that haulage for which Americans which appeared in the June

it is fitted with the least hindrance.

plete instructions for entering 29 issue of The Outlook under the title

They all serve the public, which, in the

the contest. of "The Common Weal of English

end, is the Government. There should Speaking Peoples."

be no discrimination against any one of He was for five years a member of the House of Com-THE OUTLOOK COMPANY

these as opposed to the other. Each

should grow and develop in proportion mons.

Subscription Department

to its usefulness to the country. ICHARD BARRY is a contributor to

381 Fourth Avenue, New York R

If some one answers, "The automobile newspapers and magazines and a Send me instructions for securing a $70 bicycle. and truck spoil our good roads,” just novelist. His sketch of Secretary

ponder over this fact-it is the automoHughes, a companion piece to that of Mr. Name ...

tive vehicle that has brought us the bet. Mellon in this issue, appeared in The

(Write name in full)

ter highways and has contributed Outlook for July 6.

largely to their maintenance. TwoAddress. T YMAN ABBOTT is Editor-in-Chief of

thirds of the 9,000,000 automobile and • The Outlook. Age..... Parent's Name..

1,000,000 trucks are owned by people

P. "From " distinguished Britons and

a

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